Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3436045 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 1, 1969
Filing dateJul 10, 1967
Priority dateJul 10, 1967
Publication numberUS 3436045 A, US 3436045A, US-A-3436045, US3436045 A, US3436045A
InventorsWarren E Anspaugh
Original AssigneeGen Motors Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Appliance leveling foot and shipping pallet bolt
US 3436045 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A ril 1, 1969 w. E. ANSPAUGH 3,436,045


[Warren 6. flnspauglz ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,436,045 APPLIANCE LEVELING FOOT AND SHIPPING PALLET BOLT Warren E. Anspaugh, Eaton, Ohio, assignor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Filed July 10, 1967, Ser. No. 652,298 Int. Cl. F16b 41/00; B65d 19/44; B60p 7/08 US. Cl. 248-119 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An appliance leveling foot which is especially adapted to be used as a shipping bolt when the appliance is secured to a wooden shipping pallet. The shipping foot includes a molded rubber covering on a bolt head. The molded covering has two integral tabs connected to it through thinned frangible portions. In shipment, the appliance is placed on the pallet with the leveling feet threaded into the suitable sockets in the appliance bottom panel. This secures the pallet to the appliance. With the leveling foot in place, the tabs are stapled to the pallet allowing the bolts and appliance to move relative to the pallet while preventing rotation of the leveling feet thereby avoiding the possibility of their working loose during shipment.

This invention relates generally to appliance leveling feet and more particularly to appliance leveling feet which can be used as shipping bolts to secure the appliance to a shipping pallet and the palletized appliance so assembled.

The usual method for shipping appliances or other bulky items which are provided with leveling feet is to use the leveling feet securing means in conjunction with suitable devices to secure the appliance to a wooden pallet. It has been found that if ordinary leveling feet are utilized, these feet tend to work loose during shipment thus allowing the pallet to be separated from the appli ance. A solution to this problem is to provide separate shipping bolts for securing the pallet to the appliance and then using a lock wire in the shipping bolt to prevent the shi ping bolt from working loose. This solution, however, is undesirable since it requires extra pieces and the assembly of the lock wire is tedious and time consuming.

Accordingly, this invention is directed to providing an appliance leveling foot which can be used as a shipping bolt for palletizing the appliance and which will not work loose during shipment.

Other objects and features of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art as the disclosure is made in the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the invention as illustrated in the accompanying sheet of drawing in which:

FIGURE 1 is an elevation view of a palletized appliance in accordance with this inevntion.

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged view partially in cross section of a portion of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 is a section taken along the line 3-3 of FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 4 is a view similar to FIGURE 2 showing the leveling foot being disassembled from the shipping pallet.

Referring now to the drawing and more particularly to FIGURE 1, there is shown an appliance indicated generally at secured to a wooden pallet 12 by leveling feet 14. The detail of the leveling feet 14 is shown more clearly in FIGURE 2 where the bottom panel of the appliance 10 includes a dished portion 16 apertured at 18. A threaded nut 20 is tackwelded or otherwise suitably secured to the bottom panel 16.

The appliance 10 rests on a wooden pallet 12 which 3,436,045 Patented Apr. 1, 1969 has a countersunk hole 22 in alignment with the nut 20 and aperture 18. The leveling foot 14 includes a threaded shank 24 which extends through the holes 22, 18 and is secured in nut 20. The leveling foot also includes a head 26 which has a rubber or similar resilient material molded to it to provide a covering 28. The head of the leveling foot 14 abuts through a washer 34 the shoulders 30 of the pallet 12 produced by countersinking the hole 22 at 32. The covering 28 includes a pair of integral tabs 36 which are connected to the covering 28 through thinned frangible portions 38. With the pallet secured to the appliance 10 by the leveling foot 14 as shown in FIGURE 2, the tabs 36 are stapled to the pallet 12 at 40. This allows relative vertical movement between the pallet and the ap pliance while preventing rotation of the leveling foot 14 during shipment. To remove the appliance 10 from the pallet 12, the portions 38 are broken as shown in FIG- URE 4. The leveling foot is then unscrewed from the appliance and the pallet disposed of. The leveling foot is then rethreaded into the appliance and used to adjust it to a leveled condition in its operating environment.

It should be understood, of course, that the foregoing disclosure relates to only a preferred embodiment of the invention and that it is intended to cover all changes and modifications of the example of the invention herein chosen for the purposes of the disclosure, which do not constitute departures from the spirit and scope of the invention.

I claim:

1. In an appliance having a number of threaded holes in its bottom panels for threadably receiving adjustable leveling feet and which is secured to a pallet for shipping, the improvement comprising a plurality of bolts having heads on the side of the pallet opposite to said appliance, said bolts being secured within said holes, and a pair of tabs integral with said head and connected thereto by frangible portions whereby said bolt is adapted to be secured in a fixed angular position with respect to said pallet during shipment of said appliance.

2. The improvement as defined in claim 1 wherein said bolts are appliance leveling feet with resilient coverings molded to said heads whereby said bolts can be used to level said appliance after removal from said pallet.

3. A container for shipping including an appliance having a plurality of threaded holes in its bottom panel, a pallet adjacent said bottom panel and having countersunk holes in alignment with said first holes, a plurality of bolts extending through said countersunk holes and secured within said threaded holes, said bolts having heads with resilient covering molded thereto and being disposed in said countersinks to secure said pallet to said appliance and tab means integrally connected to said head covering through frangible portions, and means to secure said tab means to said pallet whereby said bolts are angularly fixed during shipment.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,355,804 8/ 1944 Hutchinson. 2,744,654 5/1956 Swerdlow -9 2,767,944 10/1956 Moore 16-19 2,890,545 6/1959 Fiddler 248-188.4 2,972,440 2/ 1961 Munroe. 3,080,690 3/1963 Budd 108-51 FRANCIS K. ZUGEL, Primary Examiner.

US. Cl. X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2355804 *Aug 3, 1940Aug 15, 1944Teletype CorpPackaging receptacle
US2744654 *May 10, 1954May 8, 1956Gen ElectricClosure fastener and hinge construction
US2767944 *Oct 28, 1953Oct 23, 1956Gen ElectricSupporting structure for clothes washing machines and the like
US2890545 *May 11, 1956Jun 16, 1959Nat Lock CoLeg equalizers for appliances and the like
US2972440 *Oct 30, 1957Feb 21, 1961Moraine Box CompanyRefrigerator crate
US3080690 *Mar 9, 1961Mar 12, 1963Pallet Devices IncMethod of manufacturing apparatus handling means
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3575288 *Jul 17, 1969Apr 20, 1971Gen Motors CorpAdjustable leg assembly
US3648959 *Apr 13, 1970Mar 14, 1972Crown Zellerbach CorpPaperboard panel substitute for lumber
US3698545 *May 21, 1971Oct 17, 1972Unity Railway Supply Co IncShipping cover for ab type control valve
US3759471 *Nov 15, 1971Sep 18, 1973Gen ElectricQuick-release support member attachment means
US3891170 *Aug 19, 1974Jun 24, 1975Gen ElectricShipping skid
US3902692 *Jun 24, 1974Sep 2, 1975Westmoreland Plastics CoCombined assembly and shipping skid
US3912207 *Jul 30, 1974Oct 14, 1975Whirlpool CoShipping mount and suspension system for appliance
US4140295 *Mar 4, 1977Feb 20, 1979Daley Thomas GObject support member
US6839937 *Sep 25, 2002Jan 11, 2005Bush Industries, Inc.Leveling system
US7287732 *May 31, 2005Oct 30, 2007Balistreri Thomas WLeveling device
US7748682 *Jul 6, 2010Miele & Cie. KgPedestal stand for a laundry treatment machine
US8671849Oct 23, 2009Mar 18, 2014Sonoco Development, Inc.Shipping base with locator pins
US8672426 *Mar 31, 2011Mar 18, 2014Lg Electronics Inc.Clothes treating apparatus with stacking structure
US20040055107 *Sep 25, 2002Mar 25, 2004Bush Industries, Inc.Leveling system
US20060266896 *May 31, 2005Nov 30, 2006Balistreri Thomas WLeveling device
US20070102618 *Nov 8, 2006May 10, 2007Miele & Cie. KgPedestal stand for a laundry treatment machine
US20090205999 *Apr 16, 2009Aug 20, 2009W. Stuart Smith, Inc., D/B/A Heritage PackagingSealed Transport or Storage Package
US20110095157 *Oct 23, 2009Apr 28, 2011Sonoco Development, Inc.Shipping base with locator pins
US20110241501 *Oct 6, 2011Heo NamyeongClothes treating apparatus with stacking structure
U.S. Classification410/46, 206/386, 248/188.4, 206/320, 411/397
International ClassificationF16B39/02, F16M7/00, A47B17/02, A47B91/02, F16B41/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16B39/02, A47B91/022, F16B41/002, F16M7/00, A47B91/024, A47B17/02
European ClassificationF16B39/02, F16M7/00, F16B41/00B, A47B17/02, A47B91/02D2