Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3439823 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 22, 1969
Filing dateNov 27, 1967
Priority dateJun 6, 1967
Publication numberUS 3439823 A, US 3439823A, US-A-3439823, US3439823 A, US3439823A
InventorsBruno Morane
Original AssigneeOreal
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Container stopper comprising a hollow capsule
US 3439823 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 22, 1969 B. MORANE 3,439,823


FIG 2 n \ll 6 7 Inward-av BRUNO Mouse E MLAhwMuS United States Patent 3,439,823 CONTAINER STOPPER COMPRISING A HOLLOW CAPSULE Bruno Morane, Paris, France, assignor to LOreal, Paris, France Filed Nov. 27, 1967, Ser. No. 685,756 Claims priority, application Luxembourg, June 6, 1967,

Int. Cl. B65d 1/04, 79/00 US. Cl. 2156 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to bottles and like containers for holding a product which must not be mixed with a predetermined quantity of another product until the moment at which it is to be used in order to avoid loss of certain characteristic properties during storage.

It has naturally been suggested that hollow stoppers be employed, in which one of the products may be enclosed, and among the most commonly used stoppers of this type are those which comprise a rigid sliding part through which the enclosed product may escape from the stopper under the influence of gravity and come into contact with the other product in the bottle.

Some of these stoppers utilize a punch for the sliding part which perforates or cuts off the end of the stopper. Others use the sliding part to drive into the container 2. capsule provided with an opening through which the product contained in the capsule may escape, either naturally, or after shaking of the container.

Stopers of this type have several disadvantages, either when being filled, or during storage. When the product is hermetically sealed within the capsule, it is necessary to carry out a finishing step which requires a sealing membrane to be secured in place. When the product is not hermetically sealed, air is enclosed with it, thus creating a pressure within the capsule which tends to force the product out of the capsule during storage and handling before use, thus impairing the seal, so that some of the product in the capsule becomes prematurely mixed with the product in the container.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a hollow stopper of the above type in which the capsule is filled and positioned in the body of the stopper in a simple manner, with the stopper holding the product in such a way that is cannot escape during storage and handling of the container.

The present invention is directed to the new article of manufacture which consists of a hollow stopper of the type containing a sliding capsule holding a first product which is to be mixed with another product inside the container carrying the stopper. This stopper is characterized by the fact that it comprises a cap for the hollow cylinder which constitutes the capsule, which cap is axially slidable in the stopper body. The cap loosely encircles one end of the cylinder so as to permit the escape of air therebetween. The telescopic movement of the hollow cylinder alone, or of the hollow cylinder and cap in the axial passage of the stopper is limited by cooperating shoulders, and pressure exerted on the hollow cylinder forces the stopper into the bottle.

In order that the invention may be better understood, a preferred embodiment thereof will now be described,

3,439,823 Patented Apr. 22, 1969 purely by way of illustration and example, and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of the stopper according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is an axial sectional view showing the hollow cylinder mounted on the body of the stopper while the cylinder is being filled;

FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 2, showing the cap being placed over the opening of the cylinder;

FIG. 4 is an axial section similar to FIGS. 2 and 3, showing the cap and hollow cylinder forced outward;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary axial section showing the stopper mounted on a bottle; and

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary axial section showing the stopper mounted on the bottle of FIG. 5, after the cylinder has been pressed in.

FIG. 1 shows a stopper 1 which comprises a protective cover 2, a hollow cylinder 3, a body 4, and a plug 5. An assembly comprising these members is shown in FIGS. 2, 3, 4 and 5.

The stopper body 4 is made of a moldable material having a certain flexibility when subjected to light pressure, and comprises an inner cylindrical passage having two bearing surfaces of slightly different diameters, a surface 6 on a part 7 which projects from the main part of the body 4, and a surface 8 of slightly larger diameter, beginning at the opposite end of the stopper.

The outer wall 9 of the hollow stopper 3 slides against substantial frictional resistance on the surface 6. This hollow stopper has at one end a section 10 having a reduced outer diameter, and at the other end the bottom of the hollow cylinder consists of a web 11 which may be pressed by a finger.

The body 4, has near its outer edge, on the side remote from the cylindrical projection 7, an annular-recess 12 for receiving the neck 13 of a bottle 14. An annular, inwardly projecting ridge 15 in this recess is designed to catch over the flange 16 of the bottle neck. On the side opposite the recess 12 the body 4 carries a cylindrical wall 17 which supports the lateral Wall 18 of the protective cover 2, and a frangible ring 19 sealed to the body 4, said ring pressing the lower end of the cap 2 against the wall 17 before being torn.

When the hollow cylinder 3 is seated in the body 4, as shown in FIG. 2, that is to say, when the open end of the hollow piston 3 is flush with the edge of the body 4, the product 20, which is to be mixed, is introduced into the cylinder, and may fill the cylinder up to its upper edge. The cap 5 is then mounted on the cylinder so that its transverse web rests on the peripheral wall of the cylinder 3, with the skirt '22 of this cap positioned loosely between the section 10 of the peripheral wall of the cylinder, and the surface 8 of the body 4. By pressing the cap 5 lightly in the direction of the arrow F, the cap is forced into the position shown in FIG. 4.

This step drives at least part of the air which has been imprisoned between the web 21 of the cap 5 and the product 20 out between end section 10 of the hollow cylinder and the skirt 22 of the cap 5. There is thus no excess air pressure in the cylinder wrich would tend to force the product 20 out of it.

When the shoulder 23 of the plug 5 comes into contact with the end of the surface 8, the stopper securely contains the product 20 and may occupy any position without risking separation of the plug, which because of the friction between it and the associated bearing surface, has no tendency to separate from the body of the stopper.

At this time, the neck of the bottle may be inserted in the recess 12 of the stopper, in which position it is retained by the annular ridge 15, which snaps over the flange 16 on the bottle. The cover 2 is then placed in position and the ring 19 secured thereto in any suitable way. This ring holds the slightly frustoconical portion 18 of the cap against the wall 17 of the stopper.

When the product 20 is to be mixed with the liquid 24 in the bottle 14, the tongue 19a of the ring 19 (best shown in FIG. 1) is pulled until this ring is completely separated from the body 4, and the cover 2 is removed. Pressure is then exerted against the web 11 in the direction F1, thus forcing down the cap 5 which, when its skirt 22 ceases to be gripped by the inside of the wall 6 of the body 4, separates from the body 4. Once this separation has taken place, the product 20 falls by gravity into the liquid 24.

The downward movement of the hollow cylinder 3 is limited by the shoulders 25 near its upper end, which come in contact with the upper end of the wall 6.

The product 20 is mixed with the liquid 24 and the hollow cylinder 3 is then separated from the body 4 to pour out the liquid. If only part of the mixture is used, the cylinder 3 is again inserted in the cylindrical section 6, and the bottle thus reclosed.

The stopper according to the invention thus solves in a very simple way the problem of sealing the product Within the hollow cylinder; the close friction fit between the hollow cylinder and the cap inside the body of the stopper assures failure-free functioning of the stopper, the inviolability of which may be guaranteed by any known means.

It will of course be appreciated that the embodiment which has just been described may be modified as to detail without thereby departing from the basic principles of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A stopper comprising an annular body adapted to be carried on the mouth of a container, a capsule slidably mounted within said body, a cap closing one end of said capsule and having a skirt positioned between said capsule end and said annular body, with suflicient clearance between said capsule and skirt to permit the escape of air therebetween as said cap is positioned on said capsule, said cap and capsule being slidable as a unit within said annular body between a first position in which both said capsule and skirt are gripped tightly by said body to hold said cap on said capsule, and a second position in which said skirt is no longer gripped and will fall away from said body when positioned therebelow, thereby permitting any substance in said capsule to fall into the container which carries said annular body.

2. A stopper as claimed in claim 1 in which said annular body is formed with an axial passageway therein, one section of said passageway, which receives said skirt, being slightly larger in diameter than a second section within which said capsule is slidable.

3. A stopper as claimed in claim 1 in which the external diameter of that portion of the outer surface of the stopper encircled by said skirt is smaller than the external diameter of the remainder of the stopper.

4. A stopper as claimed in claim 1 in which said capsule carries an external shoulder near the end thereof remote from said cap which engages said annular body when said capsule is in said second position.

5. A stopper as claimed in claim 1 in which said cap and body are provided with cooperating surfaces which engage each other when said capsule is in said first position.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,653,611 9/1953 Smith 20647 X 2,781,141 2/1957 Lucien 215-6 FOREIGN PATENTS 773,154 4/1957 Great Britain.

DONALD F. NORTON, Primaly Examiner.

US. Cl. X.R. 206-47

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2653611 *Nov 24, 1950Sep 29, 1953Arthur E SmithClosure
US2781141 *Dec 19, 1951Feb 12, 1957Lucien Pierre EdouardApparatus for the simultaneous preservation of two different products out of contact with each other in the interior of a container
GB773154A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3731844 *Mar 22, 1971May 8, 1973Gillette CoDevice for the storage, mixing and dispensing of ingredients
US4089432 *May 6, 1977May 16, 1978The Upjohn CompanyVial and closure
US4194640 *May 8, 1978Mar 25, 1980The Upjohn CompanyVial and closure
US4203517 *Dec 4, 1978May 20, 1980Wella AktiengesellschaftContainer
US4470505 *Jan 26, 1983Sep 11, 1984Paul KorwinMethod and apparatus for storing, mixing and delivering dental amalgam
US4513861 *Oct 18, 1982Apr 30, 1985Martin BaramCartridge for chemicals
US4614267 *Dec 23, 1983Sep 30, 1986Abbott LaboratoriesDual compartmented container
US4727985 *Feb 24, 1986Mar 1, 1988The Boc Group, Inc.Mixing and dispensing apparatus
US4798287 *Jun 12, 1987Jan 17, 1989Imperial Chemical Industries PlcSystem for introducing flowable additive into a closed container
US4821875 *Feb 12, 1988Apr 18, 1989Imperial Chemical Industries PlcSystem for introducing additive into a container
US4865189 *Aug 24, 1988Sep 12, 1989Alcon Laboratories, Inc.Device for storage, mixing, and dispensing of two different fluids
US4971193 *Mar 28, 1990Nov 20, 1990Imperial Chemical Industries Public Limited Co.System for introducing additive into a container
US4979645 *Jan 3, 1989Dec 25, 1990Groves Michael HSystem for introducing additive into a container
US5794802 *Mar 4, 1997Aug 18, 1998Caola; JosephContainer for separation, storage, and mixing of ingredients
US6257428 *Mar 4, 1998Jul 10, 2001Joseph P. CaolaContainer for separation, storage and mixing of ingredients
US6372270 *May 16, 2000Apr 16, 2002Sean P. DennyDrink mix apparatus for making personal quantities of beverage
US7207330Jun 5, 2000Apr 24, 2007Innovata Biomed LimitedDelivery system
US7219665Sep 4, 2000May 22, 2007Innovata Biomed LimitedDelivery device
US7464704Nov 22, 2002Dec 16, 2008Innovata Biomed LimitedMedicament delivery assembly
US7571723Mar 1, 2007Aug 11, 2009Innovata Biomed LimitedDelivery device
US7571724Mar 1, 2007Aug 11, 2009Innovata Biomed LimitedDelivery device
US7874420Feb 9, 2009Jan 25, 2011Darren CoonAffixable dispensing capsule
US8205614Aug 10, 2009Jun 26, 2012Innovata Biomed LimitedDelivery device
US8474611 *Apr 8, 2009Jul 2, 2013Saulle MarcoMultiple aperture dosing closure system
US8511302Apr 22, 2005Aug 20, 2013Innovata Biomed LimitedDose counter mechanisms for medicament delivery devices
US8800550Nov 26, 2008Aug 12, 2014Innovata Biomed LimitedMedicament delivery assembly
US8851069Apr 21, 2005Oct 7, 2014Innovata Biomed LimitedInhaler
US9051100 *Aug 28, 2009Jun 9, 2015Fresh Co., Ltd.Cap and container with cap
US20020090426 *Mar 18, 2002Jul 11, 2002Denny Sean P.Methods and apparatus for making personal quantities of beverage
US20040228208 *Jun 22, 2004Nov 18, 2004The Government Of The United States Of America,Mixing vial
US20060292085 *Aug 29, 2006Dec 28, 2006Innovata Biomed LimitedMedicaments
US20070039618 *Oct 26, 2006Feb 22, 2007Innovata Biomed LimitedDelivery system
US20070163580 *Mar 1, 2007Jul 19, 2007Innovata Biomed LimitedDelivery device
US20070246044 *Apr 21, 2005Oct 25, 2007Innovata Biomed LimitedInhaler
US20090145432 *Nov 26, 2008Jun 11, 2009Innovata Biomed LimitedMedicament delivery assembly
US20100136121 *Jan 7, 2010Jun 3, 2010Innovata Biomed LimitedMedicaments
US20100200437 *Feb 9, 2009Aug 12, 2010Darren CoonDispensing Capsule
US20110204060 *Aug 28, 2009Aug 25, 2011Fresh Co., Ltd.Cap and container with cap
US20110272301 *Apr 8, 2009Nov 10, 2011Marco SaulleMultiple aperture dosing closure system
US20140048506 *Apr 26, 2012Feb 20, 2014Fresh Co., Ltd.Powdered raw material, bottle cap and container with bottle cap
DE2211753A1 *Mar 10, 1972Sep 28, 1972 Title not available
WO1984001355A1 *Sep 23, 1983Apr 12, 1984Scholten Bent Henrik Niels VonAn aerosol container or similar dispensing device for discharging pressurized liquids
WO2001030430A1 *Oct 20, 2000May 3, 2001Innovata Biomed LimitedDosage unit for dry powder medicament
U.S. Classification215/6, 215/DIG.800, 206/221
International ClassificationB65D51/28
Cooperative ClassificationY10S215/08, B65D51/2878
European ClassificationB65D51/28B2B