|Publication number||US3441270 A|
|Publication date||Apr 29, 1969|
|Filing date||Feb 21, 1967|
|Priority date||Feb 21, 1967|
|Publication number||US 3441270 A, US 3441270A, US-A-3441270, US3441270 A, US3441270A|
|Inventors||Nielsen Edwin A|
|Original Assignee||Ideal Toy Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (6), Classifications (16), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 9, 1969 E. A. NIELSEN 3,441,270
TELESCOPE DEVICE FOR TOY GUN Filed Feb. 21, 1967 Sheet of 3 FIG. E;
\I V I /JNVENTOR.
A GPA/' vs A ril 29, 1969 E. A. NIELSEN TELESCOPE DEVICE FOR TOY GUN Sheet Filed Feb. 21, 1967 FIG. 3
INVENTOR. [fin 4V. 4 MzzszA/ April 29, 1969 E, A NlELSEN 3,441,270
TELESCOPE DEVICE FOR TOY GUN Filed Feb. 21, 1967 Sheet 3 of 3 1N VEN TOR. (Fawn/,4 /i /zz.szn/
BYZ $23 Unite States atent 3,441,270 TELESCOPE DEVICE FOR TOY GUN Edwin A. Nielsen, Oceanside, N.Y., assignor to Ideal Toy Corporation, Hollis, N.Y., a corporation of New York Filed Feb. 21, 1967, Ser. No. 617,600 Int. Cl. A6311 33/00 US. Cl. 272-8 8 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A toy gun with a built-in sighting device. In a selfcontained optical housing, a stationary mirror normally This invention relates to visual apparatus, and more particularly, to a multiple mode sighting device for achieving simulated target viewing in connection with a toy gun.
As the present-day toy industry has continued to burgeon, one of the most sought after goals of designers and other toy craftsmen has been what can be generally characterized as realism. Thus, regardless of what type of toy is involved, designers have strived to create products which resemble the real-life versions thereof as closely as possible. This emphasis has been noticeable in all types of toys, but can be particularly appreciated with respect to animated dolls, movable vehicles and toy firearms and military apparatus.
In the toy firearms category, for example, one major problem has always been the normally limited versatility of toy guns. In many such toys, there is little or no sense of the realistic, although harmless, aiming, firing and resultant effects. This has been partially due to the inability to properly depict such results without the attendant difficulty and possible harm to those in the vicinity of the toys use. While designers have addressed themselves to this problem, there have been few fully satisfactory results. Thus, although toy guns have been designed involving the use of accompanying targets and projectiles, the disadvantages of such toys include their being cumbersome and occasionally, the problem of lost or at least poorly aimed projectiles. In addition, very few of such external target-type toys can be employed under varied lighting conditions. A generally unsatisfactory aspect of the prior art toys has often been the inability for the user of the toy to perceive any realistic result of the aiming and firing of the toy gun, without any attendant external equipment or possible injury associated therewith.
It is accordingly an object of this invention to provide a toy gun with a realistic sighting mechanism to permit the simulation of an actual target during the sighting and firing steps.
It is another object of this invention to furnish a selfcontained viewing device relying on internal optics to achieve realistic target simulation during sighting.
It is also an object of this invention to provide a toy gun with a sighting device to permit viewing and sighting in plural modes, thereby enabling aiming at both actual and simulated targets.
One particular illustrative embodiment in accordance with the .principles of this invention includes a. self-contained telescope and reflecting sighting mechanism inice corporated as an integral part of a toy gun. For example, the telescopic portion, including an eyepiece and a reflecting tube, can form part of a housing which is mounted upwardly from the main body of the gun, and generally centrally located between the muzzle and butt portions and, illustratively, at about the same location along the gun as is a simulated ammunition clip. The optical system embodied within the housing includes a rotatable figure wheel bearing on a viewable surface thereof several miniaturized representations of target figures, such as tanks, soldiers, etc. These simulated targets are adapted to be optically positioned, on a selective basis, opposite the reflecting surface of a stationary mirror in the upper portion of the telescopic device housing. During the aiming step, and therefore prior to the pulling of the trigger, the optical path followed by the reflected simulated target image is from the reflecting surface of the stationary mirror onto a similar reflecting surface of a second mirror which is movable. (The movement of this mirror, which is linked to the trigger mechanism, will be described below.)
Prior to the movement of the movable mirror, however, the simulated target image is further reflected from the reflective surface thereof through a conventional optical system to a telescopic eyepiece to permit the simulated aiming. When, following the selection of the appropriate target image, the viewer has appropriately centered the target image in the eyepiece, the gun is ready to be fired.
At this point, the trigger, which is pivoted on the frame of the gun and which is also spring-connected thereto, may be pulled by the operator. This action sets in motion a sequence of mechanically linked operations which leads to the pivoting of the movable mirror out of the reflected line of sight of the previously selected target image. Thus, the trigger is linked by a spring to an angular push-arm bearing a projecting stud at its upper end. Pulling the trigger causes appropriate rotation thereof and a cam-like movement of the spring, thereby causing rotational movement of the push-arm. Since the projecting stud at the upper end of the push-arm is disposed within a bifurcated slot at the lower end of an element which holds the movable mirror, the rotation of the push-arm causes a corresponding rotational movement on the part of the mirror holder.
Consequently, the mirror is removed from the line of sight which previously provided the viewer, at the eyepiece of the telescope, with the reflected image of the simulated target. Accordingly, the simulated target has been made to disappear and give the visual effect of having been killed or otherwise destroyed.
This normal aiming and firing sequence (the simulated night-fighting mode) can be manually controlled by the selective positioning of a mode switch, This switch, when moved into the daylight mode, causes the movable mirror to pivot out of the reflected line of sight prior to any aiming or firing steps. Accordingly, this leaves the direct optical path from the eyepiece of the telescope through to the normal objective thereof unobstructed and thereby permits direct sighting of actual physical objects under available light conditions.
It is therefore a feature of an embodiment of this invention that a movable mirror within an optical housing of a toy gun is adapted to be positioned in reflecting or non-reflecting positions to correspond to simulated aiming and firing steps respectively, wherby the destruction or disappearance of a target can be simulated.
It is still another feature of an embodiment of this invention that a rotatable figure wheel has a plurality of target figures thereon, to be reflected by internal optics to simulate actual targets during aiming.
It is still another feature of an embodiment of this invention that pulling the trigger of a toy gun serves to remove a mirror from the line of reflected sight from a figure wheel, causing the reflected target from the figure wheel to disappear and to thus simulate hitting the target.
Still another feature of an embodiment of this invention includes a switch for preventing a movable mirror from reflecting any simulated target images and to remain out of the reflected line of sight to permit direct sighting of actual objects through an optical device.
The above brief description, as well as further objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be more fully appreciated by reference to the following de tailed description of a presently preferred, but nonetheless illustrative embodiment demonstrating objects and features of the invention, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 is an overall perspective view of a toy gun in accordance with the principles of this invention, having various simulated gun portions and a telescopic housing mounted thereon;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the telescopic device shown generally in FIG. 1, during the normal image-reflecting step accompanying aiming of the gun, the conventional portions of the gun being shown merely in outline;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the telescopic device of the invention, shown following pulling of the trigger whereby the movable mirror has been pivoted out of the reflected line of sight, with the conventional portions of the gun being shown merely in outline;
FIG. 4 is a further enlarged and partially fragmentary view of the trigger and movable mirror linkage, with the mode switch being positioned to inhibit movement of the movable mirror into the reflected line of sight;
FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the knob and rod which can illustratively comprise the mode switch, taken along the line 5-5 of FIG. 4 in the direction of the arrows;
FIG. 6 is a sectional view of a portion of the optical reflecting system and the movable mirror linkage, taken along the line 66 of FIG. 3 in the direction of the arrows; and
FIG. 7 is an enlarged sectional view of a portion of the optical reflecting system of the telescopic device of the invention taken along the line 77 of FIG. 3 in the direction of the arrows.
A toy gun adapted for use in conjunction with the present invention is generally illustrated in FIG. 1, identified by the reference numeral 10. More specifically, the gun 10 includes a handle or butt portion 12, a front portion 14 which includes an illustrative barrel 16 and a typical illustrative handle 18, which may conveniently be hollow for storage of simulated ammunition, and a simulated ammunition clip 20. In addition, there is a trigger 22 enclosed within a typical trigger housing; the trigger is linked, as will be described hereinbelow, to various portions of a telescopic sighting device generally identified by the numeral 24 in FIG. 1.
The telescopic device 24 includes a telescopic tube 28 bearing an eyepiece 26 and a light-receiving objective portion 30. The upper portion of the device includes a generally cylindrical housing 32 with a light entry 34 which permits available light to reflect simulated target images to a viewer through the eyepiece 26. In addition, the gun 10 illustrated in FIG. 1 indicates a mode switch 36 disposed within two-position slot 38 to permit aiming and firing of toy gun 10 in different modes, as will also be described below.
The manner of aiming and firing the gun so as to, in the first instance, simulate target destruction by virture of the disappearance of a reflected target image, can best be appreciated by a consideration of the sectional views of FIGS. 2 and 3, together with the views of FIGS. 6 and 7. While the sectional views of FIGS. 6 and 7 are taken along the respective sectional lines with respect to FIG. 3 (fired position of the reflecting optical system), the explanation of the reflecting of the simulated target images is the same regardless of the position of the movable mirror 44. Thus, considering FIGS. 2, 6 and 7 together, there is a reflected image of the simulated target, such as a tank 68, on the viewable surface 40a of the figure wheel 40, which wheel is rotatable about its center pivot 41. In order to permit available light to be used in the reflecting system, the image surface 40a can illustratively be made of translucent or transparent material. Accordingly, available light can then outline the simulated target, such as the tank 68 in FIG. 7, by virtue of its passage into the housing 32 of the telescopic device 24 via entry hole 34.
When it is desired to aim the gun, one of the several varied simulated targets, such as the tank 68 on the viewing surface 40a of the figure wheel 40, is selected by the operator by the rotation of the wheel 40. Such rotation is made manually convenient by the provision of suitable studs or other projections 405 from the circumference of the wheel 40, as well as its being eccentrically mounted within cylindrical housing 32 (i.e., while the geometrical center of enrty hole 34 substantially coincides with th center of housing 32, the pivot point 41 around which the figure wheel 40 rotates is laterally offset from the aforementioned center).
Assuming that a particular simulated target such as tank 68 in FIG. 7 has been selected, that image is reflected, as generally illustrated in FIG. 2, ofl the lower reflecting surface of stationary mirror 42. This mirror, shown from both sides in FIGS. 6 and 7, is mounted so as to reflect the target image downwardly as indicated by the vertical center line in FIG. 2. As illustrated, the image then is reflected off a similarly positioned reflecting surface of movable mirror 44, which is held in the oblique position illustrated in FIG. 2 by a mechanical linkage to be described below, which linkage is ultimately connected to trigger 22. This final reflection of the target image is passed through the portion of telescopic tube 28 nearest to the viewer, and emerges therefrom through eyepiece 26. Accordingly, when a viewer aims the gun by looking through eyepiece 26, a suitably selected target image, such as tank 68, is pictured therein.
As previously noted, the movable mirror 44 is maintained in its oblique position illustrated in FIG. 2 by virtue of a linkage to trigger 22. Specifically, this linkage includes a mirror holder 46 having a holding arm 48 to which the mirror 44 is physically attached in a suitable manner and a lower bifurcated slotted portion 50. The projecting stud 52 of a push-arm 54 is disposed within the slot 50, arranged substantially vertically as indicated in FIG. 2, and adapted for suitable pivotal motion. As far as the alignment indicated in FIG. 2 is concerned, however, the relative positions of push-arm 54 and its projecting stud 52, with respect to the mirror holder 46, are such that the mirror 44 remains in its reflecting orientation. The position of the push-arm 54 is in turn dependent upon the position of trigger 22 and its associated elements. Thus, with trigger 22 in the unfired position illustrated in FIG. 2, there is no urging of push-arm 54 out of the position shown. In the absence of a trigger-pulling motion by the operator, spring 60, fixed to the gun frame at point 62 and to the trigger at point 64, maintains the trigger in its illustrated position. Accordingly, the bent spring 56, connected to the trigger 22 by insertion of one end of the spring 56 through aperture 58 of trigger 22, remains as shown with respect to projecting shift lever 54a of push-arm 54.
When the operator makes the decision to fire the toy gun, the optical steps which take place can best be visualized by noting that the mechanical and optical systems change from those illustrated in FIG. 2 to those illustrated in FIG. 3. Specifically, the pulling of trigger 22 (as generally indicated by the lowermost double arrowheaded line in FIG. 3) causes the trigger 22 to pivot about its pivot point 66. When suflicient trigger-pulling force has been exerted to overcome the tension provided by spring 60, the trigger assumes the position illustrated in FIG. 3. This illustration indicates the various rotated and translated positions of the linkage between the trigger 42 and the movable mirror holder 46. Thus, by virtue of a cam-like movement, the bent spring element 56, coupling trigger 22 (at hole 58 therein) to shift-lever 54a, causes a rotational movement of push-arm 54 from the position shown in FIG. 2 to that illustrated in FIG. 3. By virtue of such a movement, the stud 52 which projects from the push-arm 54 (see FIG. 6) causes a counterclockwise rotation of the movable mirror holder 46 about its pivot point 47. Accordingly, the mirror 44 assumes the nearly horizontal orientation illustrated in FIG. 3, the counterclockwise rotation of movable mirror holder 46 being limited by stop 51 within the telescope housing 24.
Thus, the reflected line of sight between the selected simulated target image on the viewing surface a of the figure wheel 40 is broken by the removal therefrom of movable mirror 44. As seen in FIG. 3, while the light can still enter at entry 34 and cause the image of the simulated target on figure wheel 40 to reflect ofl the reflecting surface on stationary mirror 42, the downward reflection of that image has no optical effect, due to the substantially horizontal orientation of movable mirror 44 by virtue of the pulling of trigger 22 as described above. On the basis of such a firing of the gun, the viewer, looking through eyepiece 26 as indicated in FIG. 3, looks straight out through the telescopic tube 28 and the outer objective 30 and sees, assuming a blank or daylight background, for example, no target whatsoever. As far as the viewer is concerned, therefore, the previously sighted target has completely disappeared in a rapid movement, thus providing the desired simulation of target destruction. When the trigger 22 is released, permitting the mechanism to return to the position illustrated in FIG. 2, the target once again appears to the viewer through eyepiece 26, and either additional aiming or different target selection can then occur.
As can be appreciated, it may be desired by a particular viewer to operate the toy gun independently of the simulated target images on the figure wheel 40, and thereby take advantage of the normal sighting system, in the absence of any reflected images, through the tube 28 by virtue of aiming through the eyepiece 26. However, the re fleeting arrangement illustrated in FIG. 2 would ordinarily prevent such unobstructed sighting. Accordingly, there is provided a mode switch, which can also be denominated a day aiming switch, including knob 36 and inwardly projecting rod 36a, which rod rides along slot 38 and can be seated therein in either of two positions. In its leftmost position, illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3, the aiming and firing described above with respect to those figures (characterized as the night-fighting mode) can take place. However, in the mode illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5 (characterized as the daylight mode), the knob and accompanying rod have been moved to the right-hand position in the slot 38 as can best be seen in FIG. 4. The substantially vertical extension of mirror holder 46, by virtue of the abutting relation with rod 36a, has been forcibly pivoted counterclockwise around pivot point 47, much in the manner that occurred when the trigger 22 was pulled as described above. Accordingly, the mirror 44 is moved into the substantially vertical orientation illus trated in FIG. 4 prior to the pulling of trigger 22. Once again, the movable mirror holder 46 pivots until it contacts stop 51 as illustrated in FIG. 4 and actual aiming through eyepiece 26 can then take place without any obstruction of the line of sight by reflection from movable mirror 44.
When the trigger 22 is pulled following the movement illustrated in FIG. 4, there is merely the simulated firing effect which accompanies such trigger pulling. No visual results are presented at this time. The operator can, at any convenient time, move the mode switch back to the position illustrated in FIG. 2 and then enter into the aiming and firing sequence previously described with respect to the simulated targets on the figure wheel 40.
It is to be understood that the above-described arrangements are illustrative of the application of the principles of the invention. Numerous other arrangements may be devised by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A toy sighting mechanism comprising a tube having a viewing aperture, an optical housing including a rotatable figure wheel having at least one simulated target image thereon, entry means for allowing light into said housing and onto said figure wheel, first stationary reflecting means for reflecting an image of said at least one simulated target image, second reflecting means movable between first and second positions for reflecting said image from said first position along a line of sight to said 'vie'wing aperture to present said target image thereat and control means for moving said second reflecting means to said second position and out of said line of sight to remove said reflected image from said viewing aperture, whereby the destruction of said target image is simulated.
2. A toy sighting mechanism in accordance with claim 1 wherein said tube includes an entry objective adapted to permit light to pass along said line of sight to said viewing aperture when said second reflecting means is in said second position, whereby said light is blocked from reaching said viewing aperture from said entry objective when said second reflecting means is in said first position.
3. A toy sighting mechanism in accordance with claim 2 wherein said second reflecting means includes a mirror and said control means includes a mirror holder for carrying said mirror, said holder having a projecting arm bifurcated for at least a portion of its length and being rotatable about a fixed point, a push member having a first leg bearing a projecting stud riding within the bifurcation of said holder and a second leg rigid with said first leg and a trigger normally in a rest position whereby said mirror is maintained in said first position and adapted to be moved to a fired position whereby said mirror assumes said second position.
4. A toy sighting mechanism in accordance with claim 3 wherein said control means further includes a first spring coupling said trigger and said second leg of said push member to cause said push member to rotate in response to the movement of said trigger from said rest position to said fired position and a second spring for normally biasing said trigger to remain in said rest position.
5. A toy sighting mechanism in accordance with claim 3 including in addition a switch having a projecting rod bearing against said projecting arm and adapted to rotate said mirror holder independent of the position of said trigger, whereby said mirror is shifted into said second position to permit unobstructed viewing between said entry objective and said viewing aperture.
6. In a toy gun for use in simulated and actual target aiming a telescopic device comprising a telescopic viewing tube having image-receiving and viewing ends and a housing mounted on said gun and having a light-admitting opening therein, a rotatable wheel with a transparent portion hearing at least one simulated target thereon and adapted to be selectively disposed opposite said light-admitting opening, a first mirror positioned to reflect an image of said at least one simulated target by the passage of light from said light-admitting opening through said transparent portion of said wheel, a second mirror normally positioned to reflect said image from said first mirror to said viewing end of said telescopic viewing tube and positioning means for simulating the destruction of said target by moving said second mirror out of a line of sight from said image-receiving end to said viewing end of said telescopic viewing tube.
7. A toy gun as defined in claim 6 wherein said positioning means includes a holder aflixed to said second mirror, said holder having an arm normally projecting substantially vertically, the lowermost extension of said arm being bifurcated so as to form a slot therein, a rotatable push-arm having a projecting pin seated in said slot and adapted to thereby control the rotation of said holder, a trigger pivotable about a fixed point on said gun and a spring member linking said trigger and said push-arm such that the pulling of said trigger causes the rotation of said push-arm and said holder in opposite directions whereby said second mirror is removed from said line of sight.
8. A toy gun as defined in claim 7 including in addition a mode switch for selectively positioning said second mirror independent of said trigger, said switch including a knob projecting from said gun and a rod extending inwardly from said knob and movable from a first position abutting said arm of said holder in said substantially vertical position to a second position whereby said holder is rotated to remove said second mirror from said line of sight.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,140,339 7/1964 Nisperly et a]. 350-301 3,218,745 11/1965 Golden 46175 3,382,608 5/1968 Ryan et al. 46175 3,397,484 8/1968 Ryan et a1. 46-175 ROBERT PESHOCK, Primary Examiner. CHARLES R. WENTZEL, Assistant Examiner.
U.S. Cl. X.R. 46l; 350--30l
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3140339 *||Mar 13, 1962||Jul 7, 1964||Marx & Co Louis||Optical toy of the periscope type|
|US3218745 *||Nov 30, 1962||Nov 23, 1965||Sawyer S Inc||Photographic toy gun|
|US3382608 *||Feb 28, 1966||May 14, 1968||Mattel Inc||Movie camera gun|
|US3397484 *||Oct 22, 1965||Aug 20, 1968||Mattel Inc||Sound and optical effects toy|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4132028 *||May 20, 1977||Jan 2, 1979||Takara Co., Ltd.||Reconfigurable toy with optical elements|
|US4288943 *||Dec 5, 1979||Sep 15, 1981||Ptaszek George W||Simulated firing and sighting system|
|US5901693 *||Oct 22, 1997||May 11, 1999||Hasbro, Inc.||Toy gun having an offset projectile launch and transparent viewfinding plunger|
|US6311424 *||Sep 28, 1999||Nov 6, 2001||Peter G. Burke||Telescope for weapons and other applications|
|US7349153 *||Jul 14, 2005||Mar 25, 2008||Jakks Pacific, Inc.||Toy weapon with a periscope suitable for allowing a user to view obstructed objects through the periscope|
|US20050132631 *||Sep 30, 2004||Jun 23, 2005||Target Solutions Llc||Tactical rifle scope|
|U.S. Classification||446/473, 472/63, 42/118, 359/862, 446/219|
|International Classification||F41G1/00, A63F9/06, A63F9/02, F41G1/40|
|Cooperative Classification||A63F2009/0626, F41G1/40, A63F2009/0622, A63F9/0252, A63F2009/0636|
|European Classification||A63F9/02G, F41G1/40|
|Nov 16, 1983||AS27||Nunc pro tunc assignment|
Free format text: IDEAL TOY CORPORATION 184-10 JAMAICA AVENUE HOLLIS, NY 11423 A CORP. OF DE * IDEAL TOY CORPORATION,A NY CORP. : 19720410
|Nov 16, 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CBS INC., 51 WEST 52ND STREET, NEW YORK, NY 1001
Free format text: NUNC PRO TUNC ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:IDEAL TOY CORPORATION, A CORP OF DE;REEL/FRAME:004210/0055
Effective date: 19831108
Owner name: IDEAL TOY CORPORATION 184-10 JAMAICA AVENUE HOLLIS
Free format text: NUNC PRO TUNC ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:IDEAL TOY CORPORATION, A NY CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004210/0050
Effective date: 19720410