|Publication number||US344266 A|
|Publication date||Jun 22, 1886|
|Publication number||US 344266 A, US 344266A, US-A-344266, US344266 A, US344266A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
NITED STATES PATENT OFFICE,
MONTROSE GOTI'IAM, OF CENTREVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA.
MODE OF OPERATING OIL-WELLS.
QPEGIFICAI'ION forming part of Letters Patent No. 344,266, dated June 22, 1886.
Application filed April 6, 1886. Serial No. 108,005.
To all whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, MoN'rRosE GOTHAM, of Centreville, Pennsylvania, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in the Mode of Operating Oil-\Vells, of which the following is a specification.
My invention has reference to the art or mode of operating that class of oil-wells which may be termed non-flowing wells, or wells which require the use of some extraneous mechanism or instrumentality for the purpose of ejecting, lifting, or forcing the liquid there'- t'rom. In such wells the lifting or ejecting of the oil has been effected hitherto, so far as I am informed, by means either of a liftingpump or of air or other gaseous fluid forced into the well under high pressure through the instrumentality of a suitable air-pump or ejector worked by an engine and acting to drive the liquid out from the well. In all cases of which I have knowledge the lifting or ejecting instrumentality,..in order to operate, has required to be actuated by some prime mover, necessitating the employment of a steam boiler and engine, or their equivalent.
The object I have in view is to avoid the use of boiler and engine or other machines and apparatus of a similar character for the purpose above named, with a view to both economy, simplicity, and ease of operation.
In lieu of relying upon artificial power or upon compressing agencies actuated by ongines or machinery driven by power, I make use of natural gas, such as is now found at many points in the oil regions, taken at the pressure at which it issues from the earth, (which pressure in many instances is six-hundred pounds to the square inch and upward,) and supplied to the oil-well which it is desired to flow through piping which discharges the gas into the well at the point deemed most suitable or desirable for the purpose of effecting the lifting or ejecting of the oil. The natural pressure of the gas suffices for the purpose. All that is needed is to connect the gaswell with the oil-well by piping, (controlled of courseby suitable throttle,) through which the gas under its natural pressure is discharged into the oil-well at the oil-bearing point or at any other suitable point where it will act to force or carry the oil up through the Howing-tube and discharge it from the well. In this way I avoid the expense and trouble of all machinery such as has heretofore been em- (No specimens.)
ployed in this connection for lifting, compressing, and ejecting purposes, and I furnish to the oil-well that natural agent at natural pressure which converts the well into a flowingwell. i
In carrying out my invention no special change in the construction of the oil-well itself is required. That well may consist, as here tofore, of a casing and a central flowing-tube, and also a packing or packer between the two, if desired. The supply-pipeleading from natural-gas well may open upwardly into the lower end of the tube, something after the fashion of an injector or ejector nozzle, so as to discharge the gas upwardly through the tube, with the effect of lifting and ejecting a stream of mingled gas and oil; or the gas may be introduced into the casing below the packer, or the packer may be dispensed with. A tight casing-head may be provided, and the gas-pipe may open into the casing itself, so that the gas by its pressure shall force the oil down the casing and thence up through the central flowing-pipe; or, in lieu of conducting the natural gas directly to the well to be flowed, I can interpose between the two wellsthc gas and the oil wellone or more gasometers. connected on the one hand with the gas-well and on the other hand with the oil well or wells. These are but few of the many arrangements that may be employed. I do not of course restrict myself to any special one of them, believing myself to be the first to have artificially in trod ueed natural gas under its natural p ressure into an oil-well, and there used it as the agent whereby the oil is expelled or ejected from said well.
Vhat, therefore, I claim as new and of my own invention is The mode herein described of operating oilwells, the same consisting in connecting the oil-well with a natural-gas well by means of piping, through which the gas from the gaswell, under its natural head or pressure, is supplied and introduced into the oil-well at the point appropriate to effect the lifting, forcing, or ejecting therefrom of the liquid, substantially as hereinbefore set forth.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 5th day of April, 1886.
MARVIN A. GUs'rIs, MARcELLUs BAILEY.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4017120 *||Nov 28, 1975||Apr 12, 1977||The Dow Chemical Company||Production of hot brines from liquid-dominated geothermal wells by gas-lifting|