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Publication numberUS3444710 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 20, 1969
Filing dateMar 9, 1967
Priority dateMar 9, 1967
Publication numberUS 3444710 A, US 3444710A, US-A-3444710, US3444710 A, US3444710A
InventorsGaugler Richard S, Siegla Donald C
Original AssigneeGen Motors Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Domestic clothes washer with fluid flow agitation
US 3444710 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 20, 1969 R, s GAUGLER ET AL 3,444,710

DOMESTIC CLOTHES WASHER WITH FLUID FLOW AGITATION Filed March 9, 1967 l l l I l 5 a /MZ [l0 AIR/ 5d r", Y COMPRESSOR M/f/ .f l r h ,y @y

ATTO R NFY United States Patent O 3,444,710 DOMESTIC CLOTHES WASHER WITH FLUID FLOW AGITATION Richard S. Gangler and Donald C. Siegla, Dayton, Ohio,

assignors to General Motors Corporation, Detroit,

Mich., a corporation of Delaware Filed Mar. 9, 1967, Ser. No. 621,811 Int. Cl. D06f 17/02, 37/00, 29/00 U.S. Cl. 68-184 3 Claims ABSTRACT F THE DISCLOSURE This invention is directed to domestic clothes Washing apparatus and more particularly to an improved fluid ow circuit in a domestic clothes washer for directly surging fluid into an intimate soil removing contact with articles being cleaned therein.

In domestic clothes washers, typically, a mechanical agitator is present and operative during a washing phase of an automatically controlled sequence of operation to rapidly move relative to articles within a tub portion of the washer so as to surge cleaning fluid through the articles for removing soil therefrom.

Such mechanical agitators take many forms but are all characterized by at times having the washing load passed directly in physical contact therewith. This physical contact can produce a noticeable, physical Wear of articles being cleaned.

An object of the present invention therefore is to irnprove domestic clothes washers by eliminating the need for a mechanical agitator therein.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a domestic clothes washing apparatus that includes a fiuid circuit therein operative during the washing cycle of operation to circulateuid through a wash tub of the apparatus and to control the uid circulating during the washing cycle of operation to produce a pulsating action in the fiow within the tub that will cause a continuous circulation of articles within the tub and a fluid surging action for removing soil from the articles being cleaned.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a domestic washing apparatus that eliminates direct physical contact between a mechanical agitator and articles being cleaned by inclusion therein of a fluid distributing system operative during a washing phase of an automatically controlled sequence of operation including a pump, valve means for selectively directing fluid from the pump to drain or to a washing tub portion of the apparatus and a fluid amplifier including 4means for continually diverting a jet stream between first and second fiuid inlets to the washing container and at a frequency to produce a pulsing fluid action within the washing tub in the vicinity of the inlets thereto for producing a surging of fluid through articles being cleaned.

Yet another object of the present invention is to improve domestic washer apparatus without a mechanical agitation therein by the provision of an improved fluid impulse generating system for producing a pulsating fluid surging action within a washing tub portion of the apice paratus and including inlet means to the water container for producing an inlet flow tangential to the periphery of the water container and of a pulsing nat-ure which causes articles within the container to recirculate along a path defined by the periphery of the washing tub.

Further objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings wherein a preferred embodiment of the present invention is clearly shown.

In the drawings:

FIGURE l is a view partially in vertical section and partially in elevation of a domestic washer including the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged fragmentary horizontal sectional vieW taken along the line 2-2 of FIGURE l;

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view taken along the line 3-3 of FIGURE 2; and

FIGURE 4 is a diagrammatic representation of a washer system including another embodiment of the present invention.

In FIGURE l, a clothes washer 10 is shown including an outer casing 12 in which is located a water container 14 having a top access opening 16 which is below a loading port 18 in the top of the casing 12 which is closed by a door closure member 20.

A control panel 22 on the rear of casing 12 includes a user control knob 24 for selecting an automatically controlled sequence of washing operation, for example, of the type that includes timer controlled fill, wash, rinse, and spin dry phases of operation.

The timer controller is not shown but is understood to include motor tmeans and cam operated switch means or the like connected across a power source and operative to periodically actuate an electrically energizable motor 26 to operate a pump 28 through a first drive shaft 30 The motor 26 includes an output shaft 32 connected by a clutch assembly 34 to a spin shaft 36 secured to the underside of an article containing basket 38 located within the container 14.

The water container 14 has a drain fitting 40 in the bottom thereof which connects to a drain conduit 42 thence through the inlet of the pump 28. The outlet of the pump 28 connects to a discharge conduit 44 and to a solenoid operated valve 46 that is conditionable either to direct fluid through a conduit 48 to drain or through a supply conduit 50 to a fluid pulse generating device 52 which communicates with spaced apart inlet openings 54, 56 through the interior of the water container 14.

The fluid pulse generating device 52 more particularly is a self-excited fluid amplifier including an inlet 58 with a jet forming nozzle y60 which discharges through an interaction region 62 located down-stream of the tip of a fixed flow divider or splitter 64. On one side of the splitter 64 is located a first flow path 66 and on the other side thereof is located a second flow path 68. Flow paths 66, 68 connect with inlet openings 54, 56 respectively through a seal 69 between the device 52 and container 14.

The interaction region 62 is communicated with a down-stream portion of the flow path 66 by a control passageway 70. Likewise, the region `62 is communicated with a down-stream portion of the flow path 68 by a control passageway 72.

A feature of the present invention is the arrangement of the inlets 54, `56 to face in a direction so that uid flow therethrough will be more or less tangential to the periphery of the perforated article `containing basket 38 as best seen in FIGURE 2. This fiow pattern induces a circulation of uid through the water container circumference so that articles within the basket 38 will be repeatedly passed into close proximity with fiuid issuing from inlets 54, 56.

The operation of the embodiment of the illustrated arrangement in FIGURES 1 through 3 includes a fill cycle of operation wherein the timer controller is set by the user control knob 24 to condition a fill circuit (not shown) to allow a predetermined amount of water to pass through an inlet chute 74 into the interior of the water container 14.

Following the till phase of operation, the timer controller conditions the motor 26 to operate the shaft 30 whereby the pump 28 will draw liuid from the water container 14 Iand pass it through valve 46 which is conditioned to direct the iiuid upwardly through conduit 50 thence through the fluid amplifier 52. The fluid amplifier power jet is initially either directed through the fiow path 66 or ow path 68. In either event, the uid fiows back through one of the control passageways 70 or 72 to produce a pressure differential across the interaction region 62 that acts to shift the power jet into the other of the ow paths. Immediately the pressure differential through the interaction region 62 will reverse to cause a reshift of the power jet to its original path. This shifting action of the power jet will continue at a predetermined cyclic rate to produce a pulsing fluid fiow through the spaced apart inlet openings 54, 56, which pulsing ow will produce a fiuid impulse within the container 14 with impulses being at the highest level of intensity in the region 76 as seen in FIGURE 2. The uid pulses from the inlet openings 54, 56 desirably have a frequency in the sonic range for example, 100 cycles per second. During the washing cycle the pump 28 continually draws fluid from the container 14 to supply the pulse generating device 52.

Following the washing cycle of operation, the clutch 34 is conditioned so that the motor 26 will rotate the basket 38 at a predetermined speed so that fluid will be centrifuged from articles therein and drained from the water container 14 through the conduit 42, pump 28 and valve 46 that is conditioned to divert fluid through the drain conduit 48 and exteriorly of the casing 12 through -a suitable household drain fixture.

Following the spin cycle of operation, the water container may be filled with rinse fluid which is subsequently extracted therefrom during a final spin phase of operation.

In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIG- URE 4, a diagrammatically shown system is illustrated that includes a water container 78 like that in the first embodiment which includes an outlet 80 connected to a pump 82 which discharges through a supply conduit 84 to the inlet 86 of a modified iiuid pulse generating device 88 which discharges pulsating fluid jets through spaced apart openings 90, 92 in the water container 78. In this embodiment of the invention, the fluid pulse producing device 88 rather than being self-excited as was the case in the previously described embodiment, is associated with 1a selfexcited fluid amplifier 94 to produce a rapidly cycling differential control pressure across a fluid interaction region 96 in the device 88 to increase the frequency of fiuid pulses within the water container 7 8.

More particularly, the liuid amplifier 94 includes an inlet 98 connected by a conduit 100 to a suitable source of compressed uid such as an air compressor 102. The inlet 98 of the amplifier 94 is connected by path 104 to a power jet producing nozzle 106 and into a fiuid interaction region 108 that is divided by a fiuid divider 110 or splitter into spaced apart outlets or discharge paths 112, 114. The outlet end of the path 112 is communicated through a control passageway 116 to one side of the interaction region 108. Likewise, the down-stream end of the fiow path 114 is communicated through a control passageway 118 with the opposite side of the interaction region 108.

The jet issuing from the nozzle 106 will be shifted back and forth between the flow paths 112, 114 in the same 4 manner as was the power jet in the first embodiment thence to be discharged as a plurality of rapidly shifting fluid fiows through control conduits 120, 122 terminating in openings 124, 126 located on opposite sides of the interaction region 96 of pulse generating device 88. Thus, a power jet issuing from a power jet forming nozzle 128 of the device 88 will be shifted at an increased frequency between outlet paths 129, 130 communicating respectively through inlets 90, 92 to the interior of the water container 78. By virtue of the second described embodiment of the invention, the intensity of the fluid pulses of the water container 78 will be of a somewhat greater magnitude with that experienced in the water container 14 in the first embodiment.

While the embodiment of the present invention as herein disclosed constitutes a preferred form it is to be understood that other forms might be adopted.

What is claimed is:

1. In a domestic clothes washer apparatus, the combination of a water container, a perforated basket having a peripheral wall located within said water container including a peripheral wall of lgenerally circular form surrounding said basket peripheral wall, a fluid inlet fitting in said water container for directing uid interiorly of said water container and into said perforated basket, said fluid fitting including a first and a second opening located above another on said container, means for drawing fluid from said water container and for directing uid to said first and second openings, said means including a fiuid jet nozzle and a fixed ow divider member forming first and second ow branches down-stream of said fluid jet nozzle for diverting said fiuid jet into said first and second openings, means forming a control region between said fixed diverter member and said fluid jet nozzle, and means for creating a pulsating pressure differential across said control region for oscillating said fluid jet back and forth between said first and second fluid branches to produce pulsing jets of fluid through said fluid inlet fitting openings into said perforated basket, said first and second openings of said fluid inlet fitting both facing in the same direction to produce a high intensity impulse cleaning region within said basket, said first and second openings further being directed tangentially to said preipheral basket wall whereby said pulsing jets promote a generally circular flow of clothes within said perforated basket along the peripheral wall thereof to move yarticles therein into and out of cleaning contact with the high intensity impulse cleaning reigron.

2. In a domestic clothes washer apparatus, the combination of a water container, a perforated basket having a peripheral wall located within said water container including a peripheral wall of generally circular form surrounding said basket peripheral wall, a uid inlet fitting in said water container for directing fiuid interiorly of said water container and into said perforated basket, said iiuid fitting including a first and a second opening located above one another on said container, means for drawing uid from said water container and for directing fiuid to said first and second openings, said means inclduing self-excited fluid amplifier means including a jet nozzle and a fixed ow divider member forming first and second fiow branches down-stream of said fiuid jet nozzle for diverting said fluid jet into said first and second openings, means forming a control region between said fixed diverter member and said fluid jet nozzle, said self-excited fluid amplifier means including means for creating a pulsating pressure differential across said control region for oscillating said uid jet back and forth between said first and second fluid branches to produce pulsing jets of fiuid through said uid inlet fitting openings into Said perforated basket, said first and second openings of said fluid inlet fitting both facing in the same direction to produce a high intensity impulse cleaning region within said basket, said first and second openings further being directed tangentially to said peripheral basket wall whereby said pulsing jets promote a generally circular liow of clothes within said perforated basket along the peripheral Wall thereof to move articles therein into and out of cleaning contact with the high intensity impulse cleaning region.

3. In a domestic clothes washer apparatus, the combination of a water container, a perforated basket having a peripheral wall located within said water container including a peripheral wall of generally circular form surrounding said basket peripheral wall, a fluid inlet fitting in said water container for directing iluid interiorly of said water container and into said perforated basket, said fluid titting including a rst and second opening located above one another on said container, means for drawing fluid from said water container and for directing iluid to said first and second openings, said means including a rst uid amplifier having a jet nozzle and a Xed flow divider member downstream of said liuid jet nozzle for diverting said fluid jet into said irst and second openings, means forming a control region between said fixed diverter member and said iuid jet nozzle, a source of compressed air, a second fluid amplifier having an inlet connected to said source and a pair of outlets, means between said inlet and said outlet producing oscillating air pressure impulses in said outlets, means connecting said outlets across said control region of said rst fluid amplier for creating a pulsating pressure differential across said control region for oscillating said iluid jet back and forth between said first and second uid branches to produce pulsing jets of fluid through said uid inlet iitting openings into said perforated basket, said first and second openings of said fluid inlet fitting both facing in the same direction to produce a high intensity impulse cleaning region with said basket, said rst and second openings further being directed tangentially to said peripheral basket Wall whereby said pulsing jets promote a generally circular llow of clothes within said perforated basket along the peripheral wall thereof to move articles therein into and out of cleaning contact with the high intensity impulse cleaning region.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,116,626 l/1964 Moschetti et al. 68--23 3,358,478 12/1967 Heskestad 68--184 FOREIGN PATENTS 888,741 2/1'962 Great Britain.

WILLIAM I. PRICE, Primary Examiner.

U.S. Cl. X.R. 68-3, 23

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3116626 *Dec 15, 1961Jan 7, 1964Gen ElectricLaundry machine for washing and centrifuging with slip clutch
US3358478 *Feb 25, 1966Dec 19, 1967American Standard IncMulti-jet agitation of wash solution in a washing machine
GB888741A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3650129 *Nov 9, 1970Mar 21, 1972Whirlpool CoArticle washing apparatus
US4227550 *May 12, 1975Oct 14, 1980Bowles Fluidics CorporationLiquid oscillator having control passages continuously communicating with ambient air
US4325235 *Apr 3, 1980Apr 20, 1982Bowles Fluidics CorporationWashing apparatus
US4407032 *Dec 17, 1981Oct 4, 1983Bowles Fluidics CorporationWashing method using a fluidic oscillator
US5050259 *Oct 11, 1990Sep 24, 1991Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki KaishaDrum type washing apparatus and method of processing the wash using said apparatus
US5085064 *Jun 14, 1990Feb 4, 1992Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki KaishaDrum type washing and dehydrating machine
US5107606 *May 10, 1991Apr 28, 1992Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki KaishaDrum type washing apparatus and method of processing the wash using said apparatus
US5113881 *Jun 22, 1990May 19, 1992Israel LinDynamic ultrasonic cleaning and disinfecting device and method
US5142887 *Apr 24, 1991Sep 1, 1992Priem Richard JResonant wave-jet agitator washing machine
US5212969 *Jul 9, 1992May 25, 1993Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki KaishaDrum type washing apparatus and method of processing the wash using said apparatus
US5289703 *Jul 13, 1992Mar 1, 1994Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki KaishaDrum type washing machine
US5669251 *Jul 30, 1996Sep 23, 1997Hughes Aircraft CompanyLiquid carbon dioxide dry cleaning system having a hydraulically powered basket
US6088863 *Jan 20, 1999Jul 18, 2000Micell Technologies, Inc.Cleaning apparatus
US6098430 *Mar 24, 1998Aug 8, 2000Micell Technologies, Inc.Cleaning apparatus
US6122941 *Jan 20, 1999Sep 26, 2000Micell Technologies, Inc.Cleaning apparatus
US6233982 *Apr 4, 1996May 22, 2001Thies AgMethod and device for the treatment of ready-to-wear, textile apparel parts
US6248136Feb 3, 2000Jun 19, 2001Micell Technologies, Inc.Methods for carbon dioxide dry cleaning with integrated distribution
US6332342Apr 26, 2001Dec 25, 2001Mcclain James B.Methods for carbon dioxide dry cleaning with integrated distribution
US6347645 *Mar 7, 2001Feb 19, 2002Whirlpool CorporationFluid dynamic diverter valve for an appliance
US9389221 *Apr 5, 2015Jul 12, 2016Feng TianApparatus for processing biological samples
US20070266745 *Jun 5, 2006Nov 22, 2007Danny KaganFluid stream agitator
US20150285790 *Apr 5, 2015Oct 8, 2015Feng TianApparatus for processing biological samples
CN1071820C *Jul 29, 1997Sep 26, 2001雷斯昂公司Liquid carbon dioxide dry cleaning system having hydraulically powered basket
EP0343096A2 *Feb 21, 1989Nov 23, 1989Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki KaishaDrum type washing apparatus and method of processing the wash using said apparatus
EP0343096A3 *Feb 21, 1989Apr 18, 1990Churyo Engineering Kabushiki KaishaDrum type washing apparatus and method of processing the wash using said apparatus
EP0548064A2 *Feb 21, 1989Jun 23, 1993Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki KaishaDrum type washing apparatus
EP0548064A3 *Feb 21, 1989Dec 15, 1993Mitsubishi Heavy Ind LtdDrum type washing apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification68/184, 68/3.00R, 68/23.00R, 68/23.5, 68/18.00R
International ClassificationD06F17/04, D06F33/08, D06F39/08, D06F17/00, D06F33/00
Cooperative ClassificationD06F17/04, D06F39/088, D06F33/08
European ClassificationD06F33/08, D06F39/08S, D06F17/04