Fastener for shipping-cases
US 344473 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. G. BOND.
PASTENER FOR SHIPPING GASES.
Patented June 29, 1886,
jwelzizr NITED STATES ATENT XVILLIAM GEORGE BOND, OF HOBOKEN, NEW JERSEY.
FASTENER FOR SHlPPlNG-CAS ES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 344,473, dated'd'une 29, 1886.
To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, WILL AM Gnonen BOND, of Hoboken,in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fasteners for Shipping-Cases, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to shippingcasesthat is, to the boxes or cases used usually by wholesale and other dealers for shipping goods to retail-trade, these cases being specially constructed with reference to this use, and to being returned to the shipper and used again in the same way. These cases or boxes are made in a strong durable form, with hinged or otherwise readily-opened lids, and are provided with fastening devices for holding such lids closed. shall be secure and strong, as well as certain and simple in their manner of operation, and it is particularly desirable that such fastenings shall not project from the surfaces of the cases, or be either arranged so that they will interfere with the handling of the cases or become broken or unlocked.
Myinvention therefore consists of a fastener forsuch cases,constructed and arranged to accomplish the objects explained,as will be fully set forth in the following description.
In the drawings, Figure 1 shows the general form of a packingcase such as the invention is applied to. Fig. 2 is an end view of the same, but with a portion thereof sectioned away on plane to m,to show the fastener in position. Fig. 3 is an elevation on an enlarged scale of the parts composing the fastener. Figs. 4 and 5 are respectively a plan and an edge view of the upper locking-plate, and Fig. 6 is a plan of the guide-plate.
In these views, A represents the packingcase. B is the lid of the same, which in the present instance is of a form that is pivoted at one end to the body of the box, so that the lid swings off edgewise; but folding hinges or any other suitable means may be employed for securing this end or one side of the lid to the box.
In the cross-piece O, forming a part of the other end of the case, is located the fastener for fastening the lid when it is in the closed It is desirable that these fasteningslocking-lug, J, which passes through the hole K of the locking-plate L, which is secured to the lid of the case and arranged below the outer surface thereof, so that when the bolt is in the locking position the top thereof will not project beyond such outer surface. The holeK of the locking-plate is of the same shape as the lug J ,and it is provided with a rising and falling or cam surface, M, over which the lug passes when the bolt is turned to the locking position, the purpose of this cam being to cause the lid to be tightly drawn down into place, and,togetherwith the natural spring of the parts, to hold the bolt in its locked posi-' tion after the lug J has passed over this camsurface and into the notch N, formed thereby, as seen in Fig. 5. x
To unlock the case,the handle of the bolt is swung out and turned half-way round, thus bringing the locking-lug to correspond with the hole in the locking-plate, as also the flat sides of the bolt to correspond with the hole in the guide'plate, Fig. 3. The bolt can now be dropped and release the lid, so that it can be swung off, and so that it will not project above the surface of the case and interfere with removing the contents thereof or in handling the case.
To lock the lid,the bolt will be first pushed up and then turned halfway round, Fig. 2.
It will be noticed that the fastener is located in a cross-piece of one end of the box, and this is the preferred manner of so placing the fastener, as thereby its handle is beneath the outermost surface of the end of the case, and so is not liable to be moved out by the ordinary handling that such cases undergo. Furthermore, being thus located where the cases are grasped, (these end pieces serving as handles,) if accidentally displaced this will be dlscovered and the handles pushed back by the very act of handling the cases; and when it is desired to open the ea e the means for so doing are in the grasp of the handler of the cases. This fastener, however,is equally servlceable, whether attached to the case by meansof such cross-pieces or in any of the various other possible ways; but this is a preferred Way, and it serves to fully illustrate the purpose of the invention. So, too, the form oi'the locking-boltshown is that which is considered the most desirable; but it maybe otherwise constructed to serve the use here eX- plained for it.
WVhat is claimed as new is 1. In combination, the bolt D, shaped as shown at G, and provided with the handle E and lug J, the-guide-plate F, having hole H,
corresponding to the shape of the bolt at G, and the looking-plate L, provided with the hole K, corresponding in shape to the lug J, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. In combination,the bolt D, provided with the handle E and lug J, and the plate L. having hole K, corresponding to the lug J, and also provided with the cam-surface M, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. In combination, the lid B, provided with plate L, the cross-piece 0, arranged as described, to serve as a handle to the case,*and provided with the plate F, and the bolt D, having handle E, substantially as herein set forth.
WILLIAM GEORGE BOND. lVitnesses:
ROBT. H. DUNCAN, D. H. DRIsooLL.