Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3447166 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 3, 1969
Filing dateMay 18, 1966
Priority dateMay 18, 1966
Publication numberUS 3447166 A, US 3447166A, US-A-3447166, US3447166 A, US3447166A
InventorsGordon Lesley K
Original AssigneeGordon Lesley K
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined bathing apparatus,commode,etc.,for convalescent patients and the like
US 3447166 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jlune 3, 1969 L. K. GORDON l 3,447,166

COMBINED BATHING APPARATUS, COMMODEQ ETC. FOR

CONVALESCENT PATIENTS AND THE LIKE Filed May 18, 196e 33 L (I:- E 5| :n FJQLI ZO AT TOR NE YS {5l/ l Lil i i 165 F s INVENTOR, i au I LESLEY K. GORDON l BY l Z6 MM L United States Patent O U.S. Cl. 4-1 9 Claims ABSTRACT F THE DISCLOSURE Apparatus -for lbathing :a convalescent patient or other impaired individual is described which facilita-tes the 'bathing operation land includes means for automatically disposing of the .results of bowel movements :and the like without soiling of either the patient or the bath ywater. The apparatus include-s -a bathing cabinet which has doors which .are openable for the entry of an individual for seated support within the cabinet. The doors sealingly engage each other when they are closed to provide 'a generally sealed enclosure about the body of the patient, and the cabinet includes an opening in its upper portion to permit the head of the patient to extend exteriorly of the cabinet. A seat -is provided within the cabinet for supporting the patient, and a plurality of nozzles |are Imounted in spaced locations within the cabinet to direct a liquid upon the body of the seated patient. The seat is in the form of a commode seat and communicates -with a drain pipe which extends to the exterior of the cabinet. A peripheral opening within the drain pipe ladjacent the base of the cabinet allows drainage of the liquid sprayed from the nozzles through the drain pipe in a manner to ilush the commode.

This invention relates generally to cabinets, or equivalent apparatus for facilitating the bathing of an individual such as -a convalescent patient, and/or providing other benelicial services therefor, and is more particularly directed to such a cabinet which is so arranged -that an individual may enter the cabinet with a minimum of effort and be enclosed in seated position therein for bathing of the body and hair, the taking of an enema, or the like.

It is usually quite difficult, if not impossible, for a convalescent Ipatient, or other impaired individual, to bathe in a tube or shower. Much effort is expended in entering 'a tube and lowering oneself to .a sitting position, and after bathing, standing up and stepping out of the Itub. In many instances 'a patient is unable to stand at all, or to stand for only 'a limited time. Such patients, of course, cannot shower.

It is therefore a principal object of the present invention to provide a bathing cabinet which may be readily opened to permit the convenient entry of :a patient for seated support therein and closed to form 'a sealed enclosure having `'spray nozzles for directing water land/o1 soap solution on the patient to facilitate bathing.

Another object of the invention is to provide a bathing cabinet having a hood for receiving the head of the cabinet occupant, such hood having spray nozzles to facilitate washing of the 'h-air.

Still another object of the invention is the provision of Ia bathing cabinet of the class described having an appliance for facilitating the administration of an enema and disposal of the -bowel movement.

It is yet another object of the invention to provide a bathing cabinet of the cla-ss described wherein the bowel move-ment appliance serves as the drain of the cabinet and is constantly flushed by the bathing water directed thereinto.

ICC

A further object of the invention is the provision of a cabinet Iof the class described which is provided with casters so as to be readily transportable.

The invention possesses other objects and features of advantage, some of which, with the foregoing, will be set forth in the following description of the preferred form of the invention which is illustrated in lthe drawings accompanying and forming part of the specification.

-Ilt is to be unders-tood, however, that variations in the rsh-owing made by the -said drawings .and description may be adopted within the scope of the invention as set forth in `the claims.

FIGURE 1 is Ia side eleva-tional view with portions broken-away of a cabinet in Iaccordance with the present invention.

FIGURE 2 is .a sectional view taken at line 2-2 of FIGURE l.

FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of the cabinet.

Referring now to the drawing, 'a cabinet 11 in Iaccordance with the present invention will be seen to include a rectangular base 12 having opposed side walls 13, 14 and an end wall 16 upst-anding marginally therefrom. A pair of front doors 1'7, 18 are hingedly secured to the side walls 13, 14, at the opposite ends thereof from end wal-l 16. The doors `are pivotal about vertical yaxes and are arranged to seal against the side Wall-s and base, :and seal with each other when the doors are in closed positions. There are also provided a pair of top doors 19, 21 hingedly secure-d to the upper edges of side Walls 13, 14 for movement above horizontal axes. The doors 19, 21 are arranged such that when closed, they seal with the upper edges of side walls 13, 14 and end wall 16, the upper edges of doors 17, 18, :and with each other. It will be thus appreciated that la sealed cabinet or enclosure is provided which yet may be readily entered upon pivoting the front and top doors open. The top doors 19, 21 `are provided with opposed semicircular cutout-s 22, 23 in their inner edges to define a circular opening, when the doors are in close-d positions, to accommodate the neck of an occupant of the cabinet. To render the cabinet transportable, casters 20 are secured to the base 12 adjacent its four cor-ners.

Within the cabinet, there is mounted a seat 24 for supporting `the occupant in sitting position. The seat has a central opening 2'6 and generally lresembles -a 'toilet seat. The lower portion of the `seat merges with a generally tapered hopper, or bowl 27 terminating in fa drain pipe 28 extending through Ithe cabinet base 12. The exterior end of the pipe is adapted for connection to a sewer pipe or other soil connecting basin for purposes subsequently described. All of the yforegoing components of course comprise -a commode.

In order to facilitate bathing of the body of an oc' cupant seated on the seat 24 within the cabinet, a plurality of preferably vertically spaced spray nozzles 29, 31 are mounted at the interiors of the respective side walls 13, 14 of the cabinet. Similarly, pluralities of preferably vertically spaced spray nozzles 32, 33 are mounted at the interior of the end wall 16. The nozzles are appropriately positioned to direct water, soap solution, heated air, or the like, over the entire area of the occupants body. To distribute such fluids to the nozzles for discharge, nozzles 29, 31 are best respectively communicably connected to pipes 34, 36 which are plugged at their upper ends. Similarly, nozzles 32, 33 are respectively communicably connected to pipes 37, 38 provided with valves 39, 41 at their upper ends for purposes subsequently described. The walls of the cabinet are preferably of double walled construction such that the pipes may be disposed in concealed positions within the inner wall spaces. The pipes extend into a central distribution and control housing 42 which extends transversely between side walls 13, 14 adjacent end wall 16. Suitable means (not shown) are provided within the housing to communicably couple the pipes 34, 36, 37, 38 to a water supply pipe 43, or other inlets (not shown). The housing may .also contain iiow control and temperature regulating means, etc., for automatically conducting a bathing operation. Such means may, for example, initially introduce soap solution to the distribution pipes such that the soap solution is discharged from the nozzles upon the body of the individual seated Within the cabinet. Warm water Imay be then supplied to the pipes and sprayed from the nozzles to rinse the body. Thereafter, warm air may tbe circulated from the nozzles to effect drying.

The cabinet of the present invention may be also arranged to wash the occupants hair as well as the body. In this regard, a hood 44 may be mounted upon the top doors 19, 21 for engagement with an occupants head. The hood is formed by two separable parts 46, 47 respectively secured to the doors 19, 2.1 about the semicircular cutouts 22, 23. Each of the parts has substantially the configuration of half of a hollow hemisphere.

When the parts are engaged upon closing the top doors 19, 21, they thus have an overall configuration that is generally contoured to the sides, top, and back of the head. The engageable edges of the respective parts are provided with gaskets 48 of the resilient material which are deformed upon engagement to provide an effective seal. The front edges of the hood parts are likewise provided with resilient gaskets 49 which are adapted to engage the face of an occupant of the cabinet about the hair line.

Within the parts 46, 47 of the hood 44 are provided pipes 51, 52 having spray nozzles 53, 54 communicably connected at spaced positions thereof. The pipes 51, S2 are connected to pipes 56, 57 mounted upon the top doors. Such pipes are in turn coupled, as by means of flexible tubes 58, 59, to the valves 39, 41. The flexible tubes enable the top doors 19, 2.1 to be opened while still connecting the pipes 56, 57 to the valves. When the valves are opened, the water, soap solution, etc., is thus sprayed from the nozzles 53, 54 upon the hair. The hood parts 46, 47 are sufiiciently large that a space is provided between the hood and the head of the cabinet occupant. The nozzles 53, 54 are thus unobstructed and 4able to direct well defined jet sprays upon the hair. In addition, -the space permits the free drainage of water from the hair through the opening in the doors 19, 21 defined by cutouts 22, 23 into the cabinet 11.

Considering now the drainage of both water from the cabinet and disposal of bowel movements therefrom, as

previously noted the pipe 28 is arranged to receive bowel movements from an occupant of the cabinet seated upon the seat 24. In addition, a peripheral portion of the pipe, preferably the rear portion, is provided `with a horizontally elongated opening covered by a screen 61. The screen serves to permit both water to enter the pipe from the cabinet interior, while confining the bowel movements to the pipe. The bath water entering the pipe fiushes the bowel movements therethrough. The flushing action is enhanced by a plurality of circumferentially spaced spray nozzles 62 communicating with the interior of the bowl 27 and positioned to direct sprays of water upwardly upon the buttocks of an individual seated upon the seat 24. As well as washing the buttocks, the water is deflected therefrom into the pipe to assist in flushing same. A deector 63 is provided between the seat 24 and end wall 16 in shielding relation to the control housing 42. The seat is provided with a plurality of vertical perforations 64 to permit the free drainage to water from exposed portions of the seat. The bath water thus flows yfreely to the base of the cabinet .and then through the screen 61 into the pipe 28. In this manner, the pipe receives the bowel movements and drains the water from the cabinet, the draining water at the same time flushing the pipe.

In order to promote the bowel movements, a pipe fitting 66 is coaxially mounted within the drain pipe 28 and adapted for connection of an enema attachment thereto. To afford access to the fitting to facilitate connection of the enema fitting, the pipe 28 is provided with a circumferential opening 67 adapted to register with an opening 68 in a collar 69 rotatably mounted on the pipe. When the openings are registered, the fitting is .accessible therethrough. Otherwise, the collar closes the opening 67 to thus seal the pipe closed.

What is claimed is:

' 1. Apparatus for facilitating the bathing of an individual comprising a bathing cabinet including doors openable for the entry of an individual for seated support therein and closable to sealingly engage each other providing a generally sealed enclosure about the body of an occupant, said cabinet having an opening in its upper portion for accommodating the neck of an occupant of the cabinet allowing the head of the occupant to extend exteriorly of said cabinet, a plurality of nozzles mounted in spaced locations within said cabinet and oriented to direct a liquid upon the body of an occupant seated within said cabinet, 4means for introducing liquid to said nozzles whereby liquid is sprayed from said nozzles, a seat mounted in said cabinet for supporting an occupant of said cabinet, said seat having a central opening communicating with a bowl portion therebeneath defining a commode, a drain pipe communicating with said bowl portion and extending to the base of said cabinet and exteriorly thereof, said drain pipe having a peripheral opening adjacent said base lfor receiving liquid sprayed from said nozzles upon an occupant seated upon said seat to flush said commode.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1 further defined by a plurality of upwardly directed nozzles being mounted within said bowl portion, and means coupled to said nozzles mounted within said bowl portion for introducing liquid thereto.

3. Apparatus according to claim 1 further defined by a screen covering said peripheral opening of said drain pipe.

4. Apparatus according to claim 3, further defined by a pipe fitting mounted within said drain pipe and adapted for attachment of an enema appliance thereto, said drain pipe having a second peripheral opening, a collar rotatably mounted on said drain pipe, said collar having an opening registerable with said second opening of said drain pipe, asecond plurality of nozzles mounted within said bowl portion, and means coupled to said second plurality of nozzles for introducing liquid thereto.

5. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said cabinet comprises a base, opposed side walls and an end wall upstanding marginally from said base, a pair of front doors hingedly connected to said side walls at the opposite ends thereof from said end wall, said doors adapted to sealingly engage each other in closed positions thereof, a pair of top doors hingedly connected to the tops of said side walls, said top doors adapted to sealingly engage each other and sealingly engage the upper ends of said front doors and said end wall in closed positions of said top doors, said top doors having opposed cutouts for defining said opening for receiving the neck of an occupant of the cabinet, and wherein said plurality of nozzles are mounted on said side and end walls.

6. Apparatus according to claim 5, further defined by a screen covering said peripheral opening of said drain pipe.

7. Apparatus according to claim 5, further defined by a pair of hood defining parts each having substantially the configuration of half of a hollow hemisphere, said parts respectively mounted on said top doors about said cutouts and having peripheral resilient gaskets adapted to sealingly engage each other when said top doors are in their closed positions, said hood parts having gasket means for sealingly engaging the face of an occupant of the cabinet adjacent the hair line, a second plurality of nozzles mounted at the interiors of said hood parts, and means for introducing liquid to said second plurality of nozzles.

8. Apparatus according to claim 5, further dened by a pipe fitting mounted within said drain pipe and adapted for attachment of an enema appliance thereto, said drain pipe having a second peripheral opening, and a collar rotatably mounted on said drain pipe, said collar having an opening registerable with said second opening of said drain pipe.

9. Apparatus according to claim 8, further defined by a plurality of nozzles mounted within said bowl portion, and means coupled to said nozzles mounted within said bowl portion for introducing liquid thereto.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 6,047 y1/1849 Cortlan 4-146 53,119 3/1'866 Craigie 4-7 20 379,646 3/ 1888 Heinemann 4-159 Salisbury 4-159 Hinsdale 4-7 Wallace 4-146 Fergusson 4-146 Ocaa 4--7 Ocaa 4 4 Boone 4-164 Cowley 4-146 FOREIGN PATENTS Denmark. Great Britain. Great Britain. Great Britain. Germany. Italy.

LAVERNE D. GEIGER, Primary Examiner.

D. MASSENBERG, Assistant Examiner.

U.S. Cl. X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6047 *Jan 23, 1849 Shower-bath
US53119 *Mar 13, 1866 Improvement in water-closets
US379646 *Sep 6, 1887Mar 20, 1888 Adolph heinemank
US998804 *Aug 22, 1907Jul 25, 1911Orlando B SalisburyHair-washing hood.
US1340611 *Jun 1, 1918May 18, 1920Trenton potteries CompanySanitary fixture
US1730547 *Jul 23, 1928Oct 8, 1929Wallace Ralph WToilet fixture and support
US2552546 *Sep 14, 1946May 15, 1951Fergusson David HenryPrefabricated bathroom unit
US2589281 *Aug 9, 1949Mar 18, 1952Aplicaciones Sanitarias SaCombined shower bath, foot bath, and bidet apparatus
US2589592 *Mar 7, 1950Mar 18, 1952Aplicaciones Sanitarias SaMultipurpose bath apparatus
US2714725 *Dec 26, 1951Aug 9, 1955 boone
US3010116 *Aug 12, 1959Nov 28, 1961Edward Cowley GeorgeTransportable bath cabinets
DE811149C *Jan 1, 1949Aug 16, 1951Karl UhrmeisterSitzbadewanne mit Duscheinrichtung
DK40440A * Title not available
GB980122A * Title not available
GB185802754A * Title not available
GB190322038A * Title not available
IT455283B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3630193 *Mar 10, 1970Dec 28, 1971Joyce M LancasterTherapeutic bathing cabinet
US3713176 *Dec 27, 1971Jan 30, 1973Stock RSelf-cleaning restroom
US3747129 *Sep 9, 1971Jul 24, 1973Dyar DAutomatic cleaning system for a habitable enclosure
US3755826 *Oct 29, 1971Sep 4, 1973Scr CorpSelf-cleaning rest room
US3837011 *May 4, 1971Sep 24, 1974Johansson SSelf-cleaning restroom, and method for cleaning a restroom
US3869732 *Mar 6, 1974Mar 11, 1975Self Cleaning EnvironmentsSelf-cleaning restroom
US3969133 *Jun 25, 1974Jul 13, 1976Mctighe Gilbert TMethod for self-cleaning a restroom
US4237561 *Jun 22, 1979Dec 9, 1980Milton BrittonSedentary bathing system
US4821348 *Feb 22, 1988Apr 18, 1989Richard PatersonConvertable bed and bathroom combination
WO1989007433A1 *Feb 22, 1989Aug 24, 1989Richard PatersonConvertable bed and bathroom combination
Classifications
U.S. Classification4/665, 4/420.1, 4/597, 4/517, 4/420.5
International ClassificationA47K3/022
Cooperative ClassificationA47K3/022
European ClassificationA47K3/022