US 3449764 A
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June 17, 1969 s, DEFAZK) ETAL 3,449,764
CLOTHING CLOSURE Filed Oct. 25, 1966 Fig. 2
Benjamin S. Defdzla John Silvio, Jr.
Cuesur J. Zemme United States Patent 3,449,764 CLOTHING CLOSURE Benjamin S. De Fazio, Westbury, John Silvia, Jr., Brooklyn, and Caesar J. Zemme, New York, N.Y., assignors to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy Filed Oct. 25, 1966, Ser. No. 589,472 Int. Cl. A44b 19/32 US. 'Cl. 2-96 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The invention consists essentially of a self-closing double flap closure preferably used in combination with a slide fastener to protect the wearer against a variety of weather conditions. The flaps are positioned between the fastener and the wearer and overlap each other. The flap adjacent the wearer is the wider of the two and overlaps the flap adjacent the fastener, forming a double barrier which is adapted for installation on a variety of types and styles of garments.
The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.
This invention relates to garment closures and more particularly to a self-closing closure for outer garments which effectively resists penetration of water and Wind. A continuing need exists in all outer garments generally and raingear and windgear especially for an easily operated, inexpensive yet effective closure to secure the front opening against the penetration of wind and rain. Such a need has resulted in the evolution of the parka style garment, among others, where impermeability is required. Having no front opening, however, the parka style requires the garment to be made oversize and to be equipped with a gusset and drawstring arrangement at the neck area to enable the garment to be donned and removed while still assuring a watertight seal at the neckline between the garment and the attached hood. Although adequate protection is obtained with this arrangement, personnel wearing the garment dislike the drawstrings. Another inconvenience is that wearers often become overheated since there is no means for opening the parka at the front during periods of high activity or when they must intermittently enter sheltered areas while wearing the garment.
Parka wearers in most instances do not have time to remove their parkas during alternate, intermittent work on non-work periods basically because it is time consuming to do so but also because removal interferes with the performance of their duties. Wet-Weather parkas as well as jackets and other types of outer clothing sometimes are provided with partial or full front openings which have protective storm flaps comprising inner and outer combinations of flaps. These flaps, however, require snap fasteners or buttons to hold them in place. None of the snap or button fasteners have been completely effective in resisting the penetration of water and wind, and frequently the snaps and buttons break or come off leaving the outer flap loose in those places. Such a condition can be and often is dangerous since, among other results, the loose fiap may become caught thereby imperiling the wearer who often may become occupied and forget the dangers created by the appendage.
The present invention overcomes the deficiencies of prior closures by providing a self-closing double flap closure in which the flaps overlap each other and are posi- "ice tioned behind a slide fastener or other joining means which effects closure. The bottom flap, which is the one most remote from the fastener, in a preferred embodiment is made wider than the flap nearest the fastener. A variety of flap arrangements are available depending upon the type of garment, i.e. whether permeable or impermeable, the kind of protection provided for, i.e. raingear, cold weather, etc. and the style of garment, i.e. parka with hood, jacket, trouser, etc.
Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide a method of and means for effecting closure of outer garments that is simple and self-closing and will act to keep the wearer of the garment protected from Wind and Water indefinitely.
Another object of the invention is to provide a clothing closure for outer garments that will permit the garments to be donned and removed intermittently without difficulty.
A further object of this invention is to provide a clothing closure for outer garments which can be opened as desired to provide ventilation or access within the garment without difiiculty.
Other objects, advantages and novel features of the invention will become apparent from the following de tailed description thereof when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which like numerals represent like parts throughout and wherein:
FIG. 1 is an enlarged sectional view of an embodiment of the invention applied to a rain-impermeable garment; and
FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectional view of an embodiment of the invention applied to an insulated cold-weather impermeable garment.
Referring to FIG. 1, the body of a garment 11 is folded under to present body facings 12 and 13 to which tape portions 14 and 15, respectively, of a slide fastener 17 such as a zipper may be attached. A pair of overlapping folded moisture barrier flaps 20 and 21 positioned closest to the wearer and an intermediate spacer such as two-ply spacer 23 to permit freedom of operation of the slide fastener complete the fabric elements of the closure. Each of the foregoing fabric elements, namely body 11, body facings 12 and 13, moisture flaps 20 and 21 and spacer 23, is fabricated of material coated with a coating appropriate to the use intended.
Each moisture flap is folded in half and cemented to itself as indicated at 25 and 26 forming double plies of protective material. Spacer 23 is folded in half as shown and together with bottom moisture flap 21 is stitch-joined to tape 14 of fastener 17 as indicated by stitching 27. Top moisture flap 20 is stitch-joined to tape 15 of fastener 17 as indicated by stitching 30 after which bottom flap 21, spacer 23 and tape 14 are simultaneously stitch-joined by stitching 31 to body facing 12 on one side of the closure. On the other side of the closure top flap 20 and tape 15 are stitch-joined by stitching 32 to body facing 13 to complete the formation of the moisture barrier closure. Spacer 23 extends inwardly past the fold end 35 of top flap 20 and acts both as a guide for fastener 17 and a preventive forestalling top flap 20 from being caught in slide fastener 17. The body 11 on each side of the fastener is folded back over facings 12 and 13 and cemented thereto as indicated at 36 and 37, forming a waterproof seam.
In FIG. 2 a closure similar to that in FIG. 1 but for impermeable insulated cold weather type clothing is shown comprising the body of the garment 40 which is folded under on either side of a fastener 41 to form body facings 42 and 43, respectively. Tapes 45 and 46 of fastener 41 preferably extend outward from the fastener a distance substantially equal to the length of the respective body facings 42 and 43. A top moisture barrier flap 48 is folded in half with the halves separated by a stiffening interlining 49 preferably made of such material as light cotton warp, spun hair, wool filling cloth or non-woven Pellon-type fabric, the flap and interlining being positioned as shown beneath fastener 41 and tapes 45 and 46 in the final assembly. These fabric elements, namely body 40, body facings 42 and 43 and moisture barrier flap 48 preferably are fabricated of a suitable permeable windresistant fabric as is a lining 50' which preferably is folded as indicated to form lining facing 51. A bottom moisture barrier flap 52 having an insulation means 53 made of substantially Vs inch thick polyvinyl chloride closed cell foam or similar suitable material inserted between the plies thereof and another lining 54 Which is folded as indicatcd to form lining facing 55 complete the elements of this closure embodiment.
Moisture barrier flaps 48 and 52 are folded in half around their inserts 49 and 53, respectively, and stitched at the fold end by stitchings 57 and 58, respectively, to form three-ply flaps. Lining facings 51 and 55 are positioned on respecitve ends of flaps 48 and 52 as indicated and each lining and lining facing is stitch-joined by stitchings 59 and 60, respectively, to its respective moisture barrier flap to complete the inner construction of the closure. Body 40 and body facings 42 and 43 are stitchjoined by stitchings 63 and 64, respectively, to their respective moisture barrier flap to complete the closure construction.
A wearer receives greatly improved protection from the closure of the present invention over those used in the past since the moisture barriers keep the wearer dry indefinitely and the features of the embodiment of FIG. 2 additionally protect against Wind. The invention is simple in construction and easy to operate so that parkas fitted therewith now may be made close fitting because the garment does not have to be doffed and donned over the head and shoulders. Garments having the closures disclosed herein also may be donned and removed quickly and without difiiculty under conditions requiring the same such as intermittently moving in and out of sheltered areas. The wearer further may open the slide fastener and flaps to the extent desired to reduce heat buildup thereby avoiding the necessity of having to remove the garment.
Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings.
What is claimed is: 1. In an outer waterproof garment, a closure down the front thereof, comprising at least one set of moisture barrier flaps and a slide fastener secured thereto and to said garment;
said flaps of different width and positioned in overlapping arrangement between the wearer and the garment with the wider flap adjacent the wearer;
said flaps each being formed of material folded so as to provide dual layers of material;
said garment folded inwardly in each side of the closure;
said garment folds cemented to said garment and said flap folds cemented to said flaps to form a plurality of waterproof barriers;
sad flaps each secured along one edge to a respective side of said slide fastener and said garment at said closure; and
a spacer member interposed between one side of said slide fastener and the unsecured edge of the narrower of said flaps,
whereby said spacer member causes the narrower of said flaps to be pressed along its entire width against the wider of said flaps and facilitates movement of said slide fastener by spacing said narrower flap therefrom.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,896,183 2/ 1933 Manson 279 2,002,306 5/1935 Berlin et a1. 2128 XR 2,148,269 2/1939 Koch 296 XR 2,371,776 3/1945 Van Orman 24-2051 2,422,249 6/1947 Malluk 24-205.1 X 2,492,655 12/ 1949 Rubin 24205.1 X 2,644,948 7/1953 Gutmann 269.5
FOREIGN PATENTS 192,870 11/ 1957 Austria. 1,036,864 4/ 1953 France. 1,039,990 5/ 3 France. 1,068,380 2/ 1954 France.
RICHARD J. SCANLAN, JR., Primary Examiner.
US. Cl. X.R. 282, 128, 270