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Publication numberUS3452472 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 1, 1969
Filing dateOct 31, 1966
Priority dateOct 31, 1966
Publication numberUS 3452472 A, US 3452472A, US-A-3452472, US3452472 A, US3452472A
InventorsGlass Marvin I, Meyer Burton C
Original AssigneeMarvin Glass & Associates
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Movable joint for use in figure toys
US 3452472 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1969 B. c. MEYER ET AL 3,452,472

I MOVABLE JOINT FOR USE IN FIGURE TOYS .Filed Oct. 31, 1966 INVENTORS EVFTO/VCMEYZ? MAPV/A ZIGZ/MS' A RNEYS United States Patent US. Cl. 46119 2 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An arm joint for a doll figure which enables the arm to be manually moved in one direction and released to effect a quick arm movement in the opposite direction simulating an act characteristic of the represented figure.

This invention relates generally to a figure toy or doll, and in particular to a novel arm-joint for a doll. The novel arm-joint has manually operable means for producing a particular movement of the doll arm.

Toy figures or dolls having the appearances, movements, and characteristics of secret agents, detectives, cowboys, villains and the like have become exceedingly popular in recent years. In order to simulate and portray such characters, the dolls must have a quick arm movement which simulates the drawing and firing of pistols, the raising of guns to firing position, the throwing of objects, the striking of an enemy, etc.

It is the principal object of my invention to provide a simple, practical, low-cost arm-joint which will provide such quick arm movement. A further object is to provide such an arm movement which may be manually operated by a small child, with the means and manner clearly within the comprehension of such a child.

A still further object of my invention is to provide such an arm-joint which is rugged and sturdily constructed and cannot be easily damaged in normal use by a child.

These and other objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of a preferred form thereof, and from an inspection of the accompanying drawing in which:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of my improved doll, showing the path of movement of the right hand and arm in aiming and firing a pistol;

FIGURE 2 is a vertical cross-section of a portion of the right shoulder and upper arm of the toy figure of FIGURE 1, taken along the line 22 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a vertical cross-section of the right shoulder of the doll of FIGURE 1, taken along the line 33 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is a perspective view of a doll showing the path of movement of the right hand and arm in throwing an object such as a hard hat;

FIGURE 5 is a vertical cross-section of a portion of the right shoulder and upper right arm of the doll of FIGURE 4 taken along the line 55 of FIGURE 4;

FIGURE 6 is a horizontal cross-section of a portion of the right shoulder of the doll of FIGURE 4 taken along the line 66 of FIGURE 5;

FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of a doll showing the path of movement of the right hand and arm in delivering a blow with the hand, such as a karate chop;

FIGURE 8 is a vertical cross-section of a portion of the left shoulder and upper left arm of the doll of FIG- URE 7, taken along the line 88 of FIGURE 7; and

FIGURE 9 is a vertical cross-section of a portion of the left shoulder of the doll of FIGURE 7, taken along the line 99 of FIGURE 8.

Referring to the doll and arm joint shown in FIGURES 1, 2, and 3, the numeral 10 indicates a doll body having a head 12, legs 14 and 16, and arms 18 and 20. The body and arms of the doll 10 are hollow and are preferably made of a hard and durable plastic material, numerous types of which are well-known in the art.

The right arm 20 of the doll 10 may be manually moved rearwardly to the position shown in dotted lines in FIGURE 1, by means of the arm-joint shown in FIG- URES 2 and 3 hereafter described. Upon release of the right arm 20 when it is in the rearward position shown by the dotted lines, the arm will move quickly to a forward horizontal position as shown by the dotted lines in FIGURE 1. Toy pistol 22 is grasped in the right hand 24 of the doll of FIGURE 1. The quick forward movement of the right arm and hand simulates the raising of the pistol to firing position.

The doll of FIGURE 1 is dressed to give the appearance of a secret agent or detective. A child, by pulling the right arm of the doll rearwardly and releasing it, can cause the doll to simulate the action of a secret agent in raising and firing his pistol.

The arm joint providing the arm movement above described is illustrated in FIGURES 2 and 3 of the drawing. As shown in FIGURE 2, the right shoulder portion 26 of the body of the doll has an opening in its vertical wall through which extends a flanged button 28 on the right arm 20. The groove 29 in the button 28 receives the vertical wall of the shoulder. The button 28 is free to rotate and this rotary movement provides rearward and forward movement for the arm.

Extending through the flanged button from the interior of the arm is a blade member 32. This blade extends through a slot in the button 28 so that rotation of the arm causes rotation of the blade 32. The blade 32 extends into the hollow shoulder portion 26 and has an end portion in the form of a fork with three times 34, 36 and 38. Positioned around tine 36 is a coil spring 40, one end of which 42 extends against tine 38 which acts as a stop therefor. The other end 44 of spring 40 extends downwardly and against the back wall of the shoulder 26.

From the foregoing, it will be seen that when the right arm 20 of the doll of FIGURE 1 is manually moved a small distance rearwardly, from a neutral position shown in solid lines in FIGURE 1 whereat spring 40 is relaxed, to the lower dotted line position shown therein, the blade 32 and the tines 34, 36 and 38 will be rotated. Coil spring end 42 will be moved clockwise as shown in FIG- URE 3 and the end 44 of the spring will be held against the rear wall 26 of the doll shoulder. This will compress coil spring 40. Upon release of the dolls arm 20 the coil spring 40 will be released and the spring will cause the arm to swing quickly forward through the solid line position where upon the moment of inertia of the moving arm will cause it to swing a substantial additional distance. The coil spring can be adjusted to regulate the extent of movement of the arm. As indicated in FIGURE 1, it is preferable to have the right arm move to a substantially horizontal forward position, such as shown in the upper dotted lines in FIGURE 1. Preferably, the weight of the arm causes it to return from the horizontal forward position to the vertical solid line position, although depending upon the friction at button 28, the user may be required to manually return the arm to the vertical solid line position.

The doll figure and arm joint shown in FIGURES 4, 5 and 6 will next be described. The numeral 46 identifies the doll shown in FIGURE 4, with a head 48, legs 50 and 52 and arms 54 and 56. The body and arms of the doll are hollow and are preferably made of a hard, durable plastic material. The right arm 56 of the doll is bent at the elbow and extends in front of the chest of the doll. The arm 56 may be manually moved inwardly and closer to 3 the body as indicated in the dotted lines in FIGURE 4. Upon release of the arm 56 in this position the arm will swing quickly to an outward position as indicated in dotted lines of FIGURE 4. This quick movement may be utilized to cause an object such as the hat 58 held in the right hand to be thrown outwardly from the doll.

The doll of FIGURE 4 is dressed and has facial characteristics to give the appearance of a villain. The arm action described and the throwing of the hat simulate destructive acts by the doll character. The arm joint providing the described arm movement, is illustrated in FIG- URES S and 6 of the drawing. As shown in FIGURE the right shoulder is formed with a horizontal shelf portion 60. In this shelf portion of the shoulder is an opening 61 through which extends a flanged button 62 integral with the upper portion of the right arm 56. The flanged button 62 and the arm 56 rotate in the opening in the shelf 60 and this rotary movement gives the arm the play or freedom to move as described above in connection with the dotted portions in FIGURE 4.

A blade 64 extends from the interior of the arm 56 downwardly through a slot in button 62. The lower end of the blade 64 is in the form of a fork with tines 66, 68 and 70 The blade and fork tines are similar to those described above in connection with FIGURE 2. A coil spring 72 is positioned around the center tine 68 with one end 74 of the coil spring resting against tine 66 which forms a stop therefor. The other end 76 of spring 72, as best seen in FIGURE 6, extends against the back wall of the right shoulder.

When the right arm 56 of the doll of FIGURE 4 is manually moved rearwardly against the chest of the doll as shown by the upper dotted lines of FIGURE 4, the blade 64 and its tines, 66, 68 and 70 are rotated counterclockwise, as viewed in FIGURE 6. This moves the spring end 74 counter-clockwise while the other end of the spring 76 is held by the rear wall of the dolls shoulder. This action will compress coil spring 72. Upon the release of arm 56 the spring will cause the arm to swing quickly and forcibly outwardly of the dolls body. This action will cause the hat 58 to be released from the dolls hand and forcibly thrown in a direction away from the doll.

Next, the doll and arm joint shown in FIGURES 7, 8 and 9 will be described. The doll in FIGURE 7 is generally indicated by the numeral 78 with legs 80 and 82 and arms 84 and 86. The body and arms of the doll 78 are hollow and preferably made of a hard and durable plastic material. The left arm 86 of the doll may be manually moved upwardly as shown by the upward dotted lines in FIGURE 7. Upon release of the arm in the upper position the arm and hand will move rapidly and forcibly downwardly to simulate a karate chop.

Like the doll of FIGURE 4 it has the appearance and characteristics and dress of a villain. The arm joint providing the karate chop of the left arm and hand is shown in FIGURES 8 and 9. The construction is similar to that shown in FIGURES 2 and 3. The left shoulder 88 has an opening in the outside vertical wall thereof through which extends a flanged button 90 integral with the upper left arm 86. The flanged button 90 rotates within the opening in the shoulder wall and this flanged head not only secures the arm to the shoulder, but permits the arm to rotate to provide the path of arm movement (karate chop) described above in connection with FIGURE 7. A coil spring 92 extends through an opening in the button with one end 94 of the spring positioned against the outside wall of the arm 86 and the other end 96 positioned against the back wall of the shoulder 88, as best seen in FIGURE 9, Manual movement of the left arm 86 to the upper position shown in FIGURE 7 will cause coil spring 92 to be compressed. Upon release of the arm the spring 92 will cause the arm to move rapidly and forcibly downwardly to the dotted line position shown in FIGURE 7 to simulate a karate chop.

Many changes and variations in the arm movement and the simulated effects may be achieved with the arm joint mechanism above described. Various modifications and changes in design and construction will be apparent to those skilled in the art and it is not intended to be restricted to the details of the preferred form shown and described herein, except as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In a toy figure, an arm joint comprising (1) a shoulder portion with a hollow interior,

(2) a rotary arm,

(3) a flanged button extending from said arm into the hollow portion of said shoulder, said flanged button having a groove receiving the wall of the shoulder portion to provide support for said arm and to permit rotary movement of said arm,

(4) a blade fixed to said arm and extending through said button into said hollow shoulder portion,

(5) a spring member fixed to said blade within said hollow shoulder for imparting to said arm a quick movement through a substantial distance in a given direction when the arm is manually moved a small distance in the opposite direction and released.

2. In a toy figure, an arm joint comprising (1) a shoulder portion with a hollow interior,

(2) a rotary arm,

(3) a flanged button extending from said arm into the hollow portion of said shoulder, said flanged button having a groove receiving the wall of the shoulder portion to provide support for said arm and to permit rotary movement of said arm,

(4) a blade fixed to said arm and extending through said button into said hollow shoulder portion, said blade having three tines on its end within said shoulder portion,

(5) a coil spring mounted on the middle tine of said blade, with one end of said spring positioned against another time and the other end of said spring positioned against a wall of said shoulder portion, said spring providing a quick movement to said arm in a given direction when the arm is manually moved in the opposite direction and released.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,632,439 6/ 1927 Foans 46-128 1,633,456 6/1927 Norberg 46128 2,621,443 12/1952 Black 46173 XR 3,350,812 11/1967 Lindsay et a1. 46-163 XR LOUIS G. MANCENE, Primary Examiner.

H. DINITZ, Assistant Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1632439 *Dec 8, 1926Jun 14, 1927Andrew B FoansFootrall-playing device
US1633456 *Dec 16, 1926Jun 21, 1927Norberg Hugo WFigure toy
US2621443 *Jan 9, 1950Dec 16, 1952Artisan Novelty CompanyWalking doll
US3350812 *Apr 7, 1965Nov 7, 1967Ideal Toy CorpLimb member for a doll
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3928932 *Dec 11, 1974Dec 30, 1975Mattel IncAnimated figure toy
US3986295 *Jan 14, 1976Oct 19, 1976Mattel, Inc.Telescoping arm for toy figure
US4579543 *Dec 24, 1984Apr 1, 1986Mattel, Inc.Animated figure toy having plural heads and moveable arms
US8708769 *Oct 12, 2010Apr 29, 2014Mattel, Inc.Toy
US20110086572 *Oct 12, 2010Apr 14, 2011Gabriel De La TorreToy
US20120129422 *Nov 23, 2010May 24, 2012Mattel, Inc.Toy Figure with Reciprocally Movable Limb
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/336
International ClassificationA63H13/00, A63H13/06, A63H3/00, A63H3/46
Cooperative ClassificationA63H13/06, A63H13/00, A63H3/46
European ClassificationA63H13/00, A63H3/46, A63H13/06