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Publication numberUS3452496 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 1, 1969
Filing dateApr 3, 1967
Priority dateApr 3, 1967
Publication numberUS 3452496 A, US 3452496A, US-A-3452496, US3452496 A, US3452496A
InventorsThompson Walter W
Original AssigneeThompson Walter W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Acoustical ceiling structure and panel therefor
US 3452496 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

- J y 1,1969 w. w. THOMPSON 3,452,496

ACOUSTICAL CEILING STRUCTURE AND PANEL THEREFOR Filed April 5, 1967 Sheet 1 -FIG.| 26

IN VEN TOR. WALTER W. THOMPSON ATTORNEYS July 1, 1969 w w. THOMPSON Filed April 5, 1967 INVENTOR. WALTER W. THOMPSON MA w 4 364 4; ATTORNEIYS to be exposed to sound,

United States Patent Office U.S. Cl. 52145 6 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This disclosure relates to an acoustical ceiling panel and to a ceiling structure composed of a plurality of the panels.

The panel is preferably rectangular, having a bottom perforated sheet providing a flat bottom surface adapted a top sheet, and sound deadening material between the sheets. The panels are arranged in a ceiling structure in parallel rows and are similarly oriented.

Each panel has supporting flanges along an end and a side edge which are flush with the bottom surface of the panel. Each panel also has supported flanges along the other end and side edges. The supported flanges of each panel are supported on the supporting flanges of adjacent panels. The supported flanges of each panel are spaced above the bottom surface thereof a distance such that the bottom surfaces of all panels are flush.

Means are provided for suspending each panel adjacent one of the edges having the supporting flanges from an overhead support structure.

Background of the invention The invention refers to acoustical panel construction and is an improvement on the construction shown in U.S. Patent No. 3,241,282

Summary of the invention An essential object of the invention is to provide an improved acoustical panel which when installed with other panels of like construction in a ceiling structure will provide a unitary or monolithic appearance.

Another object is to provide a ceiling structure composed of panels so constructed that any one of them is individually removable without disturbing the other panels.

Another object is to provide a panel with supporting flanges along two adjacent edges and supported flanges along the remaining two edges, such that the supported flanges of each panel in a ceiling structure rest upon and are supported by the supporting flanges of the adjacent panels.

Another object is to provide a panel in which the supporting flanges of each panel are flush with the bottom surfaces thereof and the supported flanges are spaced upwardly from the bottom surface a distance such that the bottom surfaces of all of the panels in a ceiling structure are flush with one another.

Another object is to provide means for suspending the panels adjacent one of the edges having the supporting flanges from an overhead support structure.

Other objects and features of the invention will become apparent as the description proceeds, especially when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a bottom plan view of a panel constructed according to my invention.

FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of one f the corners of the panel.

3,452,496 Patented July 1, 1969 FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of another corner.

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the corner shown in FIGURE 3, taken from a different angle.

FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of another corner.

FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary perspective view of another corner.

FIGURE 7 is a semi-diagrammatic bottom plan view of a ceiling structure composed of the panels shown in FIGURES 1-6.

FIGURE 8 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the line 88 in FIGURE 7.

FIGURE 9 is a fragmentary perspective view of the ceiling structure as seen from above.

FIGURE 10 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a portion of FIGURE 7.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings, the panels 10 are rectangular and of identical construction. Each has a rectangular bottom facing or sheet 14, and a rectangular top facing or sheet 16 which is parallel to and spaced from the bottom sheet 14. These sheets 14 and 16 may be of any suitable material but preferably are formed of sheet metal. The bottom facing of sheet 14 is formed with a multiplicity of perforations 18.

A honeycomb structure 20 is sandwiched between the facings or sheets 14 and 16. The honeycomb structure 20 may be formed of a cardboard material and, together with the sheets 14 and 16, provides a strong composite panel structure which is resistant to bending and twisting- The honeycomb structure 20 is preferably secured by a suitable adhesive to the sheets 14 and 16, and a sound absorbing material 22, which may be glass, wool or wood fibers, fill the cells of the honeycomb structure 20.

The panel 10 has a flange 24 along one end edge, and has a flange 26 along one side edge. Flanges 24 and 26 are sometimes referred to as supporting flanges because in an acoustical ceiling structure composed of a plurality of identical panels 10, the flanges 24 and 26 support adjacent panels. Panel 10 also has a flange 28 along the opposite end edge and a flange 30 along the opposite side edge. Flanges 28 and 30 are sometimes called supported flanges because in a ceiling structure composed of a plurality of identical panels 10, the flanges 28 and 30 rest upon and are supported by the flanges 24 and 26 of adjacent panels.

The corners of the panel in FIGURE 1 are, for convenience and for the purpose of later reference, designated 1, 2, 3 and 4.

The end of the panel between corners 1 and 3 is closed by an end wall 32 which is integral with the top sheet 16. Wall 32 extends at right angles to the bot-tom and top sheets 14 and 16. Wall 32 tenminates short of the bottom sheet 14 and has a right angle flange 34 extending outwardly at right angles to Wall 32 and parallel to the bottom and top sheets 14 and 16. The bottom sheet 14 has an integral end continuation which is bent upwardly at right angles to the sheet where indicated at 36, and then outwardly to provide a flange 38 parallel to the bottom sheet 14 and in surface-to-surface contact with the bottom of flange 34. Flange 38 is then return-bent over the top of flange 34, the return-bent portion being designated 40, so as to lie in surface-to-surface relation with the top of flange 34 and provide three layers of material. The flanges 34 and 38 and the return-bent portion 40 together form the supported flange 28 along one end of the panel.

The side of the panel between corners 1 and 4 is of the same construction as the end of the panel between corners 1 and 3 just described, except that the side of the panel may be longer than the end thereof depending upon the particular dimensions employed.

Similar parts have the same reference numerals primed. Thus, the side of the panel between corners 1 and 4 is closed by a side wall 32 which is integral with the top sheet 16. Wall'32 extends at right angles to the bottom and top sheets 14 and 16. Wall 32' terminates short of the bottom sheet 14 and has a right angle flange 34 extending outwardly at right angles to wall 32 and parallel to the bottom and top sheets 14 and 16. The bottom sheet 14 has an integral side continuation which is bent upwardly at right angles to the sheet where indicated at 36', and then outwardly to provide a flange 38 parallel to the bottom sheet 14 and in surface-to-surface contact with the bottom of flange 34'. Flange 38' is then return-bent over the top of flange 34', the return-bent portion being designated 40, so as to lie in surface-to-surface relation with the top of flange 34 and provide three layers of material. The flanges 34' and 38 and the return-bent portion 40 together form the supported flange 30 along one side of the panel.

The end of the panel between corners 2 and 4 is closed by a generally L-shaped member 50 which is preferably of metal and is shown as being of a somewhat heavier and stronger section than the bottom and top sheets 14 and 16. Member 50 has an upright portion 52 which extends between and at right angles to sheets 14 and 16 to close the end of the panel. Member 50 has a flange 54 which extends outwardly of the panel at right angles to the upright portion 52 at the bottom end thereof. The bottom sheet 14 has an integral extension 56 which extends outwardly along and in surface-to-surface contact with the bottom of flange 54, being return bent at 58 over the top of flanges 54 to provide three laminations of material. The flange 54, extension 56 and the return-bent portion 58 together form the supporting flange 24, and it will be noted that the bottom face of flange 24 as provided by the bottom face of extension 56 is flush with or in the plane of the flat bottom surface of sheet 14.

The upper end of the upright portion 52 of member 50 has a flange 60 extending outwardly at right angles thereto and then bent downwardly as indicated as 62 parallel to the upright portion 52 so as to provide a hook formation by means of which the panel may be suspended from an overhead ceiling structure. The top sheet 16 has an end extension '64 which extends over the portions 60 and 62 of the member 50 and is return-bent along the inner surface of portion 62.

The side of the panel between corners 2 and 3 is of the same construction as the end of the panel between corners 2 and 4 just described, except that the side of the panel may be longer than the end thereof depending upon the particular dimensions employed. The same reference characters primed indicate similar parts. Thus, the side of the panel between corners 2 and 3 is closed by a generally L-shaped member 50' which is preferably of metal and is shown as being of a somewhat heavier and stronger section than the bottom and top sheets 14 and 16. Member 50' has an upright portion 52' which extends between and at right angles to sheet 14 and 16 to close the side of the panel. Member 50 has a flange 54 which extends outwardly of the panel at right angles to the upright portion 52 at the bottom end thereof. The bottom sheet 14 has an integral extension 56' which extends outwardly along and in surface-to-surface contact with the bottom of flange 54', being return-bent at 58' over the top of flange 54' to provide three laminations of material. The flange 54', extension 56' and return-bent portion 58' together form the supporting flange 26, and it will be noted that the bottom face of flange 26 as provided by the bottom face of extension 56 is flush with or in the plane of the flat bottom surface of sheet 14.

The upper end of the upright portion 52 has a flange 60' extending outwardly at right angles thereto and then bent downwardly as indicated at 62 parallel to the upright portion 52' so as to provide a hook formation by means of which the panel may be suspended from an 4 overhead ceiling structure. The top sheet 16 has a side extension 64 which extends over the portions 60 and 62' and is return-bent along the inner surface of portion 62.

The supported flanges 28 and 30 are spaced from the bottom sheet 14 a distance equal to the thickness of flanges 24 and 26. The bottom surfaces of flanges 24 and 26 are, as previously stated, flush with or in the same plane as the flat front surface of bottom sheet 14.

The panel 10 is intended to be installed in an acous tical ceiling structure with other panels of identical construction as shown in FIGURE 7. As there shown, the panels are similarly oriented and are arranged in a horizontal plane in parallel rows. An overhead support structure is provided made up of spaced parallel, transverse channels 70. The elongated, generally L-shaped support strips 74 have horizontal portions 75 engaging the undersurfaces of the channels 70, vertical depending portions 76 extending downward, and hooked portions 78 removably engaging under the hooked portions 60, 62' along the side between corners 2 and 3 of the panels. These strips 74 are removably secured to the channels 70 by wires 80 and extend at right angles to the channels continuously along all of the panels in the row.

In the installed ceiling structure, the supported flanges 28 and 30 of each panel rest upon and are supported by the supporting flanges 24 and 26 of adjacent panels. Since the bottom faces of supporting flanges 24 and 26 of each panel are flush with the bottom face thereof and since the supported flanges 28 and 30 are spaced upwardly of the bottom face a distance equal to the thickness of the supporting flanges 24 and 26, it will be apparent that the front faces of all of the panels in the ceiling structure will be disposed in the same horizontal plane. In view of the fact that there are no support runners between panels or gridwork separating panels, the view of the ceiling structure as seen from below according to FIGURE 7, is one of a monolithic or continuous ceiling structure.

A firm support is provided for each panel because each panel is suspended along the side having the supporting flange 26 from an overhead support structure, and is supported along the opposite side and along one end upon the supporting flanges of adjacent panels.

The arrangement is such that any one panel may be removed from the assembly without disturbing the other panels. This is accomplished by raising the corner 1 of a particular panel and then twisting it slightly to disengage the panel from the suspending strips 74 along the side between corners 2 and 3, and then lowering the disengaged panel from the space it previously occupied.

The panels may be of varying dimensions and may be rectangular or square as desired. While the terms side and end have been used throughout the specification to refer to certain edges of the panel, it should not be inferred that the sides are necessarily longer than the ends. With respect to the supporting and supported flanges, it will be noted that a three layer or lamination construction is provided for added strength. This edge construction as provided by the flanges also prevents delamination of the top and bottom sheets from the honeycomb core structure. Delamination, if it ever occurs, will ordinarily begin at the edges.

It will be noted that in the ceiling construction illustrated in FIGURE 7 the flange or hook portion 60, 62 along the end having the supporting flange 24 is not suspended from overhead. The purpose of flanges or hook portions 60, 62 is convenience of construction. It also allows the installer to begin installing the panels in a change of direction, so that the panels instead of extending in rows from right to left as in FIGURE 7, extend at right angles thereto. In that event, the support strips 74 would engage the flanges or hook portions 60, 62 instead of those designated 60', 62'.

What I claim as my invention is:

1. A rectangular acoustical ceiling panel having a flat bottom surface, supporting flanges extending laterally outwordly from said panel along two adjacent edges of said panel and extending flush with said bottom surface, supported flanges extending laterally outwardly from said panel along the. remaining two edges of said panel, said panel being adapted to be installed in a ceiling structure with other panels of like construction and like orientation in parallel rows with said supported flanges of each panel in said ceiling structure supported upon the said supporting flanges of adjacent panels, said supported flanges of said panel being spaced upwardly from the bottom surface thereof a distance such that the bottom surfaces of all panels in said ceiling structure will be flush with one another, said panel having a bottom sheet providing said bottom surface and a top sheet parallel to and spaced above said bottom sheet, members provided along the firstmentioned two edges having upright portions extending between said sheets and closing said first-mentioned two edges and also having horizontal suspension flanges extending laterally outwardly from the upper ends of said upright portions by which said panel may be suspended from an overhead support structure, said suspension flanges being disposed below and in surface to surface contact with said top sheet.

2. The acoustical ceiling panel defined in claim 1, wherein said members having horizontal flanges extending laterally outwardly from the lower ends of said upright portions disposed above and in surface-to-surface contact with said supporting flanges to reinforce the latter.

3. An acoustical ceiling structure comprising individual rectangular acoustical panels of identical construction arranged edge-to-edge in parallel rows, said panels having flat bottom surfaces and being similarly oriented, each panel having laterally outwardly extending supporting flanges along one end edge and one side edge extending flush with said bottom surface, each panel having laterally outwardly extending supported flanges along the other end edge and the other side edge, said supported flanges of each panel being supported upon the said supporting flanges of adjacent panels, said supported flanges of each panel being spaced upwardly from said bottom surface thereof a distance such that the bottom surfaces of all of said panels are flush with one another, each panel having a bottom sheet providing said bottom surface and a top sheet parallel to and spaced above said bottom sheet, members provided along the first-mentioned two edges of each panel having upright portions extending between said sheets and closing said first-mentioned twoedges and also having horizontal suspension flanges extending laterally outwardly from the upper ends of said upright portions by which each said panels may be suspended from an overhead support structure, said suspension flanges being disposed below and in surface-to-surface contact with said top sheet.

4. The acoustical ceiling structure defined in claim 3, wherein said members have horizontal flanges extending outwardly from the lower ends of said upright portions disposed above and in surface-to-surface contact with said supporting flanges to reinforce the latter.

5. A rectangular acoustical ceiling panel having a flat bottom surface, supporting flanges along two adjacent edges of said panel extending flush with said bottom surface, supported flanges along the remaining two edges of said panel, said panel being adapted to be installed in a ceiling structure with other panels of like construction in parallel rows with said supported flanges of each panel in said ceiling structure supported upon the said supportlIlg flanges of adjacent panels, said supported flanges of said panel being spaced upwardly from the bottom surface thereof a distance such that the bottom surfaces of all panels in said ceiling structure will be flush with one another, said panel having a bottom perforated sheet providing said bottom surface, a top sheet parallel to and spaced above said bottom sheet, sound deadening material between said sheets, said supporting flanges being formed by extensions of said bottom sheet, L-shaped members along the first-mentioned two edges having upright portions extending between said sheets and closing said firstmentioned two edges and also having horizontal flanges extending from the lower ends of said upright portions, said horizontal flanges being disposed above and in surface-to-surface relation with said supporting flanges to reinforce the latter, said L-shaped members having horizontal flanges extending from the upper ends of said upright portions by which said panel may be suspended from an overhead support structure, said horizontal flanges extending from the upper ends of said upright portions being disposed below and secured in surface-to-surface contact with said top sheet.

6. A rectangular acoustical ceiling panel having a flat bottom surface, supporting flanges extending laterally outwardly from said panel along two adjacent edges of said panel and extending flush with said bottom surface, supported flanges extending laterally outwardly from said panel along the remaining two edges of said panel, said panel being adapted to be installed in a ceiling structure with other panels of like construction and like orientation in parallel rows with said supported flanges of each panel in said ceiling structure supported upon the said supporting flanges of adjacent panels, said supported flanges of said panel being spaced upwardly from the bottom surface thereof a distance such that the bottom surfaces of all panels in said ceiling structure will be flush with one another, said panel having a bottom sheet providing said bottom surface and a top sheet parallel to and spaced above said bottom sheet, members provided along the firstmentioned two edges having upright portions extending between said sheets and closing said first-mentioned two edges and also having horizontal suspension flanges extending laterally outwardly from the upper ends of said upright portions by which said panel may be suspended from an overhead support structure, said suspension flanges being secured to said top sheet, said members having horizontal flanges extending laterally outwardly from the lower ends of said upright portions disposed above and in surface-tosurface contact with said supporting flanges to reinforce the latter.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,772,694 8/1930 White 52-588 2,029,009 1/1936 Anning 52-485 2,073,036 3/1937 Voight 52-588 3,103,987 9/1963 Gildard et al l8l-33.l 3,241,282 3/1966 Kemp 52485 ALFRED C. PERHAM, Primary Examiner.

US Cl. X.R.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4291783 *Apr 21, 1980Sep 29, 1981Owens-Corning Fiberglas CorporationAcoustical panel for suspended ceilings
US6487822 *Jun 11, 1999Dec 3, 2002Haack JoergCeiling element for a composite ceiling
US7707799 *May 1, 2007May 4, 2010PNII, Inc.Self supportive panel system
US8122681Mar 31, 2010Feb 28, 2012Pn Ii, Inc.Self supportive panel system
US8661770Feb 22, 2012Mar 4, 2014Pn Ii, Inc.Self supportive panel system
US9175476Feb 18, 2014Nov 3, 2015Pn Ii, Inc.Self supportive panel system
US20080036109 *May 1, 2007Feb 14, 2008Pn Ii, Inc.Self supportive panel system
US20100186310 *Mar 31, 2010Jul 29, 2010Pn Ii, Inc.Self supportive panel system
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/145, 52/506.1, 181/292
International ClassificationE04B9/22, E04B9/24, E04B9/00, E04B9/04
Cooperative ClassificationE04B9/045, E04B9/001, E04B9/24, E04B9/0457, E04B9/0428, E04B9/0464, E04B9/0435
European ClassificationE04B9/04D, E04B9/04E, E04B9/04G, E04B9/04H, E04B9/04J, E04B9/00A, E04B9/24