|Publication number||US3454113 A|
|Publication date||Jul 8, 1969|
|Filing date||Jun 12, 1967|
|Priority date||Jun 12, 1967|
|Publication number||US 3454113 A, US 3454113A, US-A-3454113, US3454113 A, US3454113A|
|Inventors||Holtz Ralph F|
|Original Assignee||Skil Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (10), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
R. F. HOLTZ 3,454,113
ADAPTER FOR DRIVING POSTS BY MEANS OF A POWER HAMMER July 8, 1969 Sheet Filed June 12, 1967 INVENTOR RALPH F HOLTZ R. F. HOLTZ July 8, 1969 ADAPTER FOR DRIVING POSTS BY MEANS OF A POWER HAMMER Sheetiof? Filed June 12, 1967 IN VENTOR RALPH F HOLTZ BYJWMAQ WM, w J ATT'YS.
United States Patent 3,454,113 ADAPTER FOR DRIVING POSTS BY MEANS OF A POWER HAMMER Ralph F. Holtz, Cary, Ill., assignor to Skil Corporation, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Delaware Filed June 12, 1967, Ser. No. 645,426 Int. Cl. E21c 11/00; B25d 17/28 U.S. Cl. 173-429 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The adapter consists of a body having relatively movable surfaces for releasable gripping engagement with a sign post of the type having a hat-shaped cross-section. Manually operated screw means are provided for moving the surfaces toward and away from each other thereby to position the adapted body at any location along thesign post and quickly to reposition the device along the post as the same is driven into the earth. The body includes a bore for receiving one end of a tool element extending into a power hammer for being impacted by the striker thereof.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION At the present time, roadway sign posts, which are usually of hat-shaped cross-section, are driven into the earth either by complicated machinery including a heavy striker member which strikes the post at the upper end thereof or by means of a heavy weight which is suspended by a cable and which is actually allowed to drop onto the top of the post thereby to force the same into the earth. The large machinery just referred to is expensive and is time consuming and awkward to operate along roadways, and therefore has obvious disadvantages. Use of the heavy weight just referred to also involves rather cumbersome equipment and presents some danger to the workmen who guide the posts into the ground. This weight may slide or deflect oil the upper end of the post and strike the workmen. Accordingly, there is a need in the art to provide an inexpensive, lightweight, and readily portable adapter to permit driving of these posts into the earth by means of portable power hammers which are in widespread use and which may be of the pneumatic type or internal combustion engine type shown, for example, in Naslund U.S. Patent No. 3,114,423 and Bard et al. U.S. Patent No. 3,012,549 respectively.
OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION The invention may be summarized as relating to a device for clamping to a post at any point along the length of the latter thereby to adapt a power hammer to drive such post into the earth. The device includes a body having relatively movable surfaces for gripping engagement with the post, the gripping force being completely independent of movement of either of these surfaces relative to the post axially thereof, thereby to prevent binding of the device with the post and thereby facilitating easy release of the device from the post. The device is particularly adapted for driving a post of the type having a hat-shaped cross-section.
A primary object of the invention is the provision of a device for adapting a portable power hammer to drive a post into the earth.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a device of the type described having means for releasable gripping engagement with a post at any location along the length thereof, thereby permitting driving of the post by engaging the same at a location adjacent ground level.
3,454,l l3 Patented July 8, 1969 ICC Still another object of the present invention is the provision of a device of the type described having mechanism adapting the device for being quickly and readily brought into gripping engagement with the post at any location along the length thereof and for quickly changing or adjusting the position or location at which the device grips the post.
Another object of the present invention is the provision of a device according to the foregoing objects and which is of lightweight and inexpensive construction.
These and other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following specification disclosing a preferred embodiment illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of the adapter device according to the present invention, showing the same in gripping engagement with a hat-shaped sign post and also engaged with the tool member of a gasoline powered hammer;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged side elevational view of the adapter shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an end elevational view showing only the adapter device itself;
FIG. 4 is an end elevational view of the adapter device itself; showing the end opposite the end shown in FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a section taken along the line 55 of FIG. 2; and
FIG. 6 is a section similar to FIG. 5 but showing the device adapted for gripping engagement with a sign post having a cross-sectional size different from the size of the post shown in FIG. 5.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT With reference to FIG. 1 and by way of brief introduction, the adapter device according to the present invention, generally designated 10, is adapted for releasable gripping engagement with a post, such as a roadway sign post 12, at any location along the length thereof, for adapting a power hammer 14 to drive the post into the earth. The power hammer 14 may be of the type disclosed and claimed in Bard et al. Patent No. 3,012,549, although it will be understood that the adapter of this invention is not to be limited to any particular form or type of power hammer. The sign post 12, the cross-section of which is best illustrated in FIG. 5, is in widespread use and is referred to as a hat section post. The post consists of a bight portion 15, side flange portions 16 and outwardly extending end flange portions 17.
The adapter 10 includes two main body parts or castings 20 and 21 which are adapted for being quickly engaged and disengaged from each other as will be explained hereinbelow. The body part 20 includes an integral formation 22 having a frusto-conical bore 23 adapted to receive the complementary shaped end 24 of an elongated tool member 25 which extends into the power hammer 14 for being impacted or struck by the piston or striker therein. The body part 20 includes a cavity 27 bordered by a pair of outwardly extending flanges 28 which extend for the full length of the part 20.
The body part 21 is generally U-shaped in cross-section and includes inwardly extending flanges 29 for engagement with the flanges 28 on the body part 20. The part 21 includes two oppositely disposed notches 30 in the upper edge thereof, which notches receive, respectively, a pair of ears 31 integral with the flanges 28 and extending outwardly therefrom at the upper end of such flanges. Two pairs of integral lugs 33, one pair on each side of the body part 20, aid in holding the two body parts in alignment during engagement as will be explained hereinbelow. Body part 20 includes a latch 35 releasably held by a fastener 36. This latch has a corner portion 35aadapted to be received within a notch 37 formed in the adjacent flange 29 for preventing downward movement of the part 21 relative to the part 20. A rubber ring 38 secured to the part 20 by a fastener 39 urges the latch 35 in a clockwise direction about the fastener 36.
As noted in FIG. 5, when the body parts 20 and 21 are arranged with respective flanges 28 and 29 in engagement with each other, such parts define an open ended chamber for receiving the sign post 12 therein. The part 20 includes a pair of shim plates 40 for frictional engagement with the outer surfaces of the flange portions 16 of the sign post. Such shim plates are detachably secured to the part 20 by a plurality of fasteners 41.
The body part 21 includes a central through bore 42 having a coaxial, reduced-in-diameter portion 43 mounting a bearing sleeve 44 which in turn journals a shaft 45. The shaft includes an enlarged portion 46 received within the bore 42, and a coaxial, reduced-in-diameter portion 47 which is externally threaded and in threading engagement with a threaded bore 48 in a wedge member 50. The wedge member 50 is shaped for snug gripping engagement with interior surfaces of the post 12. The shaft 45 is manually rotated by a handle 52 received within a cross bore 53 in the outer end of the shaft. Obviously, rotation of the shaft in one direction causes the wedge 50 to be pressed against the interior surfaces of the post 12, whereas rotation of the shaft 45 in the opposite direction withdraws the wedge from the post. lndicia may be provided on the body part 21, as indicated in FIG. 4, to indicate the direction the shaft 45 should be rotated to accomplish the result desired.
In operation, a workman holds the sign post 12 in a vertical position over the location in which it is to be driven into the earth. Another workman holds the body part 20 with the shim plates 40 in engagement with the outer surfaces of the post 12 and then holds the body part 21 on the other side of the post 12 but at a location lower than the body part 20. Upward movement of the body part 21 relative to the part 20 (or lowering of the part 20 relative to the part 21) will bring the flanges 28, 29 into inner engagement. The lugs 33 aid in guiding the parts 20, 21 in opposite relative directions along parallel paths. This relative movement between the two body parts is continued until the cars 31 are received in the notches 30. As this occurs, the rubber member 38 will force the latch corner portion 35a into the notch 37. Now, further relative movement between the parts 20, 21 in a direction parallel with the post 12 is prevented. Next, the handle 52 is manipulated for rotating the shaft 45 to bring the wedge 50 into snug gripping engagement with the sign post 12 thereby forcing the same snugly against the shim plates 40. The adapter will now be in tight gripping engagement with the sign post 12. Preferably, the adapter device will be gripped to the post at a location rather near the surface of the earth in order to minimize bending of the sign post 12 and to facilitate operation of the portable power hammer.
The end 24 of the tool member 25 is inserted in the bore 23, whereupon operation of the power hammer 14 will result in the post being driven into the earth by a series of impact blows. The bore 23 is substantially parallel with the post and therefore the impact blows are transferred to the post substantially longitudinally thereof and of course in a downward direction. As soon as the adapter 10 approaches the surface of the earth, the handle 52 is rotated for releasing the wedge 50, whereupon the device 10 is repositioned on the post 12 at a higher location. The power hammer 14 is again operated until the post is driven a further distance bringing the adapter 10 adjacent the surface of the earth, whereupon the adapter is released and readjusted for another cycle of operation.
The adapter device of the present invention can be readily adapted to accommodate hat-shaped sign posts of different cross-sectional sizes. As noted in FIG. 6 (wherein the parts which correspond to the embodiment just described are indicated by the prime form of numeral), if a smaller sized post 12 is to be driven, thicker shims 40 are employed, and a smaller wedge 50 is used. The shims and wedge are readily detachable and may be provided in a variety of sizes. and shaped to accommodate many dilferent sizes of posts.
It should be apparent that the present invention provides a unique device for adapting a power hammer to drive a post into the earth. Initial engagement of the adapter device with the post is made easy, and in this respect it will be noted it is unnecessary to slip the device over one end of the post. The adapter device may be readily positioned on the post in gripping engagement therewith at any location therealong. Further, the adapter device may be gripped to the post at a location thereon adjacent the surfaces of the earth thereby minimizing the possibility of bending of the post and making it easy for an operator to handle and manipulate the power hammer with the working tool thereof in engagement with the adapter device. The adapter device may be readily converted for accommodating sign posts of different size in cross-section. Complete disengagement of the adapter from the post is made easy as it is only necessary to deflect the latch 35 counterclockwise against the rubber ring 38 and then slide the body parts 20, 21 away from each other.
While the invention has been shown in but one form, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art it is not to be so limited. On the contrary, the invention is susceptible of various forms and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
1. A device for adapting a power hammer to drive a post into the earth, said device comprising, a body having at least two relatively movable surfaces for releasable gripping engagement with a post at any location along the length thereof thereby to mount the device on the post, means for forcing said surfaces against the post thereby to grip the latter, said surfaces being arranged to apply such gripping force independently of movement of either of the surfaces relative to the post axially thereof, said means being adapted to release said surfaces from the post thereby to relocate the device along the post, and said body having a formation for receiving impact blows from said hammer and for transferring such blows to the post substantially longitudinally thereof in a downward direction.
2. A device for adapting a power hammer to drive a post into the earth, which post is of the type having a hatshaped cross-section, the device comprising, a body including two sets of surfaces for releasable gripping engagement with the post at any location along the length thereof, thereby to mount the device on the post, one set of surfaces being on one body part and being arranged for gripping engagement with exterior surfaces of the post, and the other set of surfaces being on another body part and being arranged for gripping engagement with interior surfaces of the post, one of said sets of surfaces being mounted for movement relative to the associated body part, means for moving said last mentioned set of surfaces toward and away from the post thereby to adapt the device to grip the post and to relocate the device along the post, and said body having a formation for receiving impact blows from said hammer and for transferring said blows to the post substantially longitudinally thereof in a downward direction.
3. The device according to claim 2 wherein said body parts are detachable and wherein said sets of surfaces define an open ended chamber for receiving a post to be driven.
4. A device for adapting a power hammer to drive a post into the earth, which post is of the type having a hat-shaped cross-section, said device comprising a body including at least two detachable parts which define an open ended chamber for receiving a post to be driven, one of said parts carrying fixed surfaces for gripping engagement with the post, the other of said parts carrying surfaces movable relative thereto for gripping engagement with the post, means on the other part for moving the surfaces thereof toward and away from the post thereby adapting said device for releasable gripping engagement with the post at any location along the length thereof, and said body having a formation for receiving impact blows from said hammer and for transferring such blows to the post substantially longitudinally thereof in a downward direction, said fixed surfaces being arranged for gripping engagement with exterior surfaces of such post and said relatively movable surfaces being arranged for gripping engagement with interior surfaces of such post.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS DAVID H. BROWN, Primary Examiner.
US. Cl. X.R. 173-l 30
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1298379 *||Oct 9, 1918||Mar 25, 1919||Robert Guy Osten||Post-setting device.|
|US1764223 *||Nov 30, 1928||Jun 17, 1930||Henry Osten James||Post-driving head|
|US1827957 *||Feb 11, 1929||Oct 20, 1931||Cleveland Rock Drill Co||Sheathing driving tool|
|US2330360 *||Jun 23, 1941||Sep 28, 1943||Hill Albert F||Post driving head|
|US3034588 *||Jul 23, 1958||May 15, 1962||Union Carbide Corp||Rod driver|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4190118 *||Jun 19, 1978||Feb 26, 1980||Franklin Steel Company||Drive cap|
|US4298075 *||Dec 10, 1979||Nov 3, 1981||Franklin Steel Company||Drive means for traffic delineator|
|US4327806 *||Oct 15, 1979||May 4, 1982||Ingersoll-Rand Company||Offset driver accessory|
|US4494612 *||Feb 22, 1983||Jan 22, 1985||Harry Bell||Manually operable post driver|
|US4533002 *||Dec 15, 1981||Aug 6, 1985||Saarbergwerke Aktiengesellschaft||Device for gripping and raising tamping tools or for holding raised tamping tools in a tamping machine which is especially used for the packing of coking coal|
|US4589501 *||May 21, 1984||May 20, 1986||Ingersoll-Rand||Offset driver accessory|
|US4641715 *||Sep 23, 1983||Feb 10, 1987||New Product, Inc.||Apparatus for driving and retracting ground rods or the like|
|US4971479 *||Dec 14, 1987||Nov 20, 1990||Southwestern Bell Telephone Company||Post driver|
|US5107935 *||Aug 12, 1991||Apr 28, 1992||Marvin Richard Teaby||Stake setting accessory for jack hammer|
|US5174386 *||Oct 4, 1991||Dec 29, 1992||The Stanley Works||Ground rod driving apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||173/129, 173/130|