Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3456245 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 15, 1969
Filing dateMay 7, 1965
Priority dateMay 7, 1965
Publication numberUS 3456245 A, US 3456245A, US-A-3456245, US3456245 A, US3456245A
InventorsWilliam S Fujitsubo
Original AssigneeGen Motors Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Multiaperture core connector
US 3456245 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' July 15, 1969 w. s. FUJITSUBO 3,456,245

MULTIAPERTURE CORE CONNECTOR Filed May '7, 1965 ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,456,245 MULTIAPERTURE CORE CONNECTOR William S. Fujitsubo, Greendale, Wis, assignor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a

corporation of Delaware Filed May 7, 1965, Ser. No. 454,058 Int. Cl. Gllb /74; H01f 21/08 U.S. Cl, 340-174 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to electrical signal conveying apparatus and more particularly to such signal conveying apparatus as employs transfer means in the form of high remanence magnetic flux elements of such a nature that the conveyed information may be retained even after a connection is broken.

Conventionally, electrical connections between two or more electrical units are made by way of connectors including conductive pins adapted to be mated with conductive sockets. Since information transfer by Way of such connectors depends upon electron movement between the pin and socket, the signal conveyance is lost if the conductive connection is broken. It is often critical that the information content of the signal conveyed be retained even if the connection between the particular electrical units involved is broken. The conventional pin-socket connector may not be employed in such a situation. Further, many situations arise where it is not convenient or possible to maintain the two or more electrical units between which signals are to be conveyed in close proximity.

In accordance with one specific form of the present invention, the information content of electrical signals conveyed between two or more electrical units may be retained even if the physical connection between the units is broken. This is accomplished by way of connector apparatus in which electrical signals are magnetically transferred by way of first and second magnetic elements of high magnetic remanence which, when brought into contact through predetermined terminal surfaces, form a closed magnetic flux path through which electrical information may be inductively conveyed. In accordance with the invention, the second or receiving magnetic element has formed therein an aperture defining a closed flux path which includes a portion of the flux path which is formed whenever the first and second elements are brought into contact. In accordance with the operation principles applying to the well-known transfluxor element, the flux path formed by contact between the two elements may be operated in a control mode to block or unblock the closed flux path about the aperture in the second element according to the remanent magnetic state into which the elements are placed by suitable input signals. Since the elements remain in the remanent state in which they are last placed, it is possible to remove the magnetic elements from mutual contact without a resulting loss in the value of information conveyed between the elements.

Thus it may be seen that the connector apparatus which is provided by one form of the present invention incorporates a memorization faculty which allows the physical connection to be broken without resulting loss of information.

3,456,245 Patented July 15, 1969 In a particular embodiment of the invention, a multichannel signal conveying apparatus may be provided through the provision of a plurality of the first and second magnetic elements occupying predetermined positions in input and output connector means such that joining the connectors establishes a plurality of signal channels through contacting magnetic elements.

The invention may be best understood by reference to a description of a specific embodiment thereof. Such a description is given in the following specification which is to be taken with the accompanying figures of which:

FIGURE 1 is a cross-sectional view of a specific embodiment of the invention adapted to provide a plurality of signal channels:

FIGURE 2 is a view of the embodiment shown in FIG- URE 1 taken along a section line 22 thereof;

FIGURE 3 is a view of the other of the connector members shown in FIGURE 1 and taken along a section line 33 thereof;

FIGURE 4 is a top cross-sectional view of the embodiment of FIGURE 1 more clearly illustrating the nature of the magnetic elements used therein; and

FIGURE 5 is an isometric view of the connector members of the specific embodiment indicating the manner in which physical connection may be accomplished.

The drawings show a specific embodiment of the invention having four information channels through which signals may be transferred between two or more electrical units. Referring specifically to FIGURE 1, the signal conveying apparatus includes a cylindrical male connector member 10 and a female connector member 12 having a cylindrical recess which is adapted to receive the male connector member 10. The connector members 10 and 12 may be made of an insulative plastic such as Bakelite. As shown in FIGURES 2 and 5, the male connector member 10 has a planar mating surface 14 and, as shown in FIG- URES 3 and 5, the female connector member 12 has a planar mating surface 16. The mating surfaces 14 and 16 are brought into abutment whenever the connector members 10 and 12 are joined as shown in FIGURE 1.

The male connector member 10 has molded in place therein four U-shaped magnetic elements 18 made of a material exhibiting a high magnetic remanence. For eX- ample, elements 18 may be made of ferrite. Each of the elements 18 defines an open magnetic flux path ending at terminal surfaces 20. The elements 18 are disposed in the connector member 10 such that the terminal surfaces 20 of the elements 18 are accessibly adjacent the mating surface 14, which is to say that the terminal surfaces 20 are exposed such that direct contact may be made therewith. Preferably, the terminal surfaces 20 are flush with mating surface 14 rather than projecting, thus to eliminate the possibility of being inadvertently broken off. As shown in FIGURES l, 4, and 5, each of the magnetic elements 18 is linked with an individual input winding 22. The windings 22 are current carrying conductors which are wound around the U-shaped elements 18 to carry current pulses for producing flux changes in the elements 18.

As shown in FIGURES l, 3, 4, and 5, the female connector element 12 has molded in place therein four generally horseshoe-shaped magnetic elements 24, which may also be made of ferrite, each of which defines an open magnetic path of high magnetic remanence. Each of the magnetic elements 24 has two terminal surfaces identified in FIGURE 3 at 26. These terminal surfaces are accessibly adjacent mating surface 16 of connector member 12 so as to be capable of being brought into contact with the terminal surfaces 20 of magnetic elements 18. Again, the terminal surfaces 26 of elements 24 are preferably flush with mating surface 14 such that when connector members 10 and 12 are joined in the manner shown in FIGURE 1 the magnetic elements 18 and 24 form a plurality of closed flux paths around a major aperture 25 as best shown in FIGURE 4.

Each of the magnetic elements 24 has formed therein a minor aperture 28 which defines a closed flux path around the aperture 28. This closed flux path in each of the elements 24 is linked by an output winding 30 on which voltage signals are produced corresponding with the flux changes which are induced in the flux path around the minor aperture 28. In addition, each of the apertures 28 of the magnetic elements 24 is linked .by an AC drive line 32. Drive line 32 carries an alternating current which is effective to produce a time varying flux pattern in the closed flux path surrounding the aperture 28 in each of the elements 24, except When that closed flux path is effectively blocked by signals on input lines 22 as is further discussed in the following.

As best shown in FIGURE 4, when the connector members and 12 are joined such that mating surfaces 14 and 16 are in contact, the terminal surfaces 20 and 26 of the magnetic elements 18 and 24, respectively, are also brought into contact. Under these circumstances, the open flux paths defined by each of the magnetic elements 18 and 24 are effectively closed by the mating element. The closing of the two open flux paths defined by elements 18 and 24 produces a closed control path which intersects the closed path surrounding aperture 28 in each of the elements 24. As will be apparent to those skilled in the art, the joined elements 18 and 24 produce a magnetic element which is commonly given the term transfiuxor. In this type of element, the minor flux path surrounding aperture 28 may be effectively blocked or unblocked in accordance with the remanent condition of the major flux path running through both of the elements 18 and 24. Accordingly, a current signal of one polarity and of the proper magnitude on input lines 22 may block the minor flux path around aperture 28 such that no transformer action takes place between the signals on AC drive line 32 and the output line 30. On the other hand, a current signal of opposite polarity may be produced in input lines 22 to unblock the minor fiux'path surrounding aperture 28 thus to allow a transformer action between AC drive line 32 and output line 30. Under these circumstances the output line 30 is effective to produce a voltage waveform which substantially follows the AC drive signal in line 32 in waveform.

Since elements 18 and 24 are made of a highly remanent material such as ferrite, it can be seen that element 24 will remain in the magnetic state into which it was placed by the last signal occurring on input line 22. Thus, if element 24 is placed in the unblocked condition by the last occurring signal on input line 22, the element 24 will remain in that condition whether or not element 18 is taken out of contact with element 24. Therefore, the male and female connector elements 10 and 12 may be disconnected without a resulting loss in information. This is due to the fact that element 24 remains in the unblocked condition and it remains possible to transfer information between AC drive line 32 and the output line 30 by transformer action. Similarly, if the last occurring signal on input line 22 blocked the minor flux path around aperture 28, the element 24 would remain in this condition despite the fact that connector members 10 and 12 were disconnected.

It can be seen that the signal conveying apparatus which is provided by the present invention thus contains a memory faculty which allows the connector members 10 and 12 to be disconnected and remotely separated without any resulting loss in information.

In order to effectively set up the four signal transfer paths by way of the elements 18 and 24, it is of course necessary that upon connection of members 10 and 12 the terminal surfaces 20 of elements 18 be in contact with terminal surfaces 26 of element 24. Accordingly, elements 18 and elements 2.4 are cgrrespondingly aligned in the connector members 10 and 12, respectively. In addition, connector member 10 is provided with a radially protruding and axially extending ridge 34 which is adapted to mate with a correspondingly positioned keyway 36 in the receiving connector member 12 to insure the proper alignment of elements 18 and 24. In addition, means are provided to maintain the connector members 10 and 12 in the connected position. This means includes a radially extending opening in connector member 12 which receives a metal ball 38 and the combination of a tensioning spring 40 and adjustment screw 42. Connector member 10 has formed therein a shallow dentent 44 which is adapted to receive the ball 38 to provide a holding force tending to maintain the members 10' and 12 in the connected position. This force may be easily overridden by an axially extending separating force which may be conveniently applied to the members 10 and 12 by way of an annular grip 46 which is formed in the outer cylindrical surface of connector member 10.

The specific embodiment shows signal conveying apparatus having four signal channels. It is to be understood that a greater or lesser number of signal channels may be provided in accordance with the specific application of the invention. It may further be seen that each of the signal channels may be separately employed or, in the alternative, various coded combinations of the signal channels may be provided. Such coded combinations may be accomplished by linking various combinations of elements 18 and 24 with the particular windings 22, 30, and 32. In a somewhat different form of the invention, it may be desirable to divide the magnetic material of elements 18 and 24 across the controlled flux aperture 28 rather than across the control aperture formed jointly by elements 18 and 24 as shown in FIGURE 4. According to this form of the invention, the input lines 22 may be used to preprogram each of the channels of information by switching the residual flux around the above defined control aperture in one direction or the other. Depending on the residual flux direction, the fiux path around split minor aperture 28 will be blocked or unblocked, thus allowing the same memorization faculty previously described to be accomplished by the combination of magnetic elements and drive line and input and output lines.

Since various other modifications may be made to the specific embodiment without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, it is to be understood that this above description is not to be construed as in a limiting sense. For a definition of the invention reference should be had to the appended claims.

I claim:

1. Electrical signal conveying apparatus including a first high remanence magnetic element defining a first open magnetic flux path having two terminal surfaces, a second high remanence magnetic element defining a second open magnetic flux path having two terminal surfaces, the second element having formed therein an aperture defining a closed flux path including a portion of the second open flux path, connector means for placing the terminal surfaces of the first and second elements in contact thereby linking the first and second open flux paths to form a control path capable of blocking or unblocking the closed flux path according to the remanent state of the second element, an input winding linking the first element for controlling the remanent state of the control path, an output winding linking the closed path for producing signalsrepresenting the flux changes therein, and a drive winding linking the closed path for producing a time varying flux pattern therein.

2. Multichannel electrical signal conveying apparatus including a plurality of first high remanence magnetic elements each defining a first open magnetic flux path having two terminal surfaces, a plurality of second high remanence magnetic elements each defining a second open magnetic flux path having two terminal surfaces, each of the second elements having formed therein an aperture defining a closed flux path including a portion of the second open flux path, connector means for placing the terminal surfaces of individual first elements into contact with the terminal surfaces of corresponding second elements to form, in combination, a plurality of control paths for blocking or unblocking the closed flux paths of the second elements according to the remanent flux states thereof, input lines linking the first elements for controlling the remanent states of the control paths, output lines linking individual second open flux paths for producing output signals representing flux changes therein, and a drive winding linking the closed paths for producing a time varying flux pattern therein.

3. Electrical signal conveying apparatus including a first connector member having a first mating surface, a first high remanence magnetic element defining a first open magnetic flux path having two terminal surfaces, theclement being aflixed to the first connector member with the terminal surfaces accessibly adjacent the first mating surface, a second connector member having a second mating surface adapted to receive the first mating surface, a second high remanence magnetic element defining a second open magnetic flux path having two terminal surfaces, the second element also having formed therein a minor aperture defining a closed magnetic flux path including a portion of said second open magnetic flux path, the second magnetic element being afiixed to the second connector member with the terminal surfaces accessibly adjacent the second mating surface thereby to mate with the terminal surfaces of the first magnetic element when the first and second mating surfaces are in proximity to form a closed magnetic flux path from the first and second open flux paths, an input winding linking the first magnetic element for inducing flux changes in the element according to input current signals in the winding, an output Winding linking the closed flux path of the second magnetic element for producing output signals representing the flux changes in the closed path, and a drive winding linking the closed fiuX path for producing a time varying flux pattern in the closed path.

4. Multichannel electrical signal conveying apparatus including a plurality of first high remanence magnetic elements each defining a first open magnetic flux path having two terminal surfaces, a first connector member for carrying the first elements in a predetermined disposition, a plurality of second high remanence magnetic elements each defining a second open magnetic flux path having two terminal surfaces, a second connector memher for carrying the second elements in a predetermined disposition and adapted to be joined with the first connector member thereby to place the terminal surfaces of individual. first elements into contact with the terminal surfaces of corresponding second elements to form, in combination, a plurality of control flux paths for blocking and unblocking the closed flux paths of the second elements according to the remanent flux states of the control paths, a plurality of input lines linking the first elements for controlling the remanent states of the control paths, a plurality. of output lines linking individual second open flux paths for producing output signals representing flux changes therein, and a drive winding linking the closed paths for producing a time varying flux pattern therein.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,340,791 2/1944 Burdick 336-465 3,162,844 12/1964 Moerman 340-174 13,277,358 10/1966 Nicholl 32059 BERNARD KONICK, Primary Examiner BARRY L. I-IALEY, Assistant Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R. 336

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2340791 *Jul 19, 1941Feb 1, 1944Rca CorpElectric power control circuit
US3162844 *Oct 5, 1959Dec 22, 1964Potter Instrument Co IncMagnetic mamory device for comparing digital information
US3277358 *Sep 9, 1963Oct 4, 1966Thomas H NichollBattery charger
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4101859 *Feb 11, 1977Jul 18, 1978Beckman Instruments, Inc.Magnetic pick up for use with electronic ignition systems
US5385476 *Jan 24, 1994Jan 31, 1995Vehicle Enhanced Systems Inc.Magnetic circuits for communicating data
US6268785 *Dec 22, 1998Jul 31, 2001Raytheon CompanyApparatus and method for transferring energy across a connectorless interface
Classifications
U.S. Classification365/140, 336/DIG.200, 336/155
International ClassificationH01F19/08, H01F38/14
Cooperative ClassificationH01F19/08, H01F38/14, Y10S336/02
European ClassificationH01F38/14, H01F19/08