|Publication number||US3457358 A|
|Publication date||Jul 22, 1969|
|Filing date||Sep 1, 1967|
|Priority date||Sep 1, 1967|
|Publication number||US 3457358 A, US 3457358A, US-A-3457358, US3457358 A, US3457358A|
|Inventors||Brumfield Daniel T|
|Original Assignee||Brumfield Daniel T|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (7), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 22, 1959 D. T. BRUMFIELD 3,457,358
APPARATUS FOR CONNECTING ELECTRICAL FENCE CONDUCTORS To METAL FENCE POSTS Filed Sept. 1., 1967 v INVENTOR DANIEL T. BRUMFIELD United States Patent 3,457,358 APPARATUS FOR CONNECTING ELECTRICAL FENCE CONDUCTORS T0 METAL FENCE POSTS Daniel T. Brumfield, Carmel Valley Ranch, R.R. Box 78, Del Mar, Calif. 92014 Filed Sept. 1, 1967, Ser. No. 664,991 Int. Cl. H02g 7/20; H01b 17/16 US. Cl. 17445 13 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION As is well known in the art, electric fences comprise at least one electrical conductor that is connected to a power supply capable of providing an output in the order of approximately 2,000 volts. The conductor is supported around a given enclosure by a plurality of fence posts. These fence posts generally are made of steel. Thus it is necessary to insulate the electrical fence conductor wire from the metal fence post. This is usually accomplished by securing the electrical conductor wire directly to the post through an insulating connector. These electrical insulating connectors can take any of several forms known in the art, all of which are difiicult to install, are relatively expensive, and are uniformly subject to electrical breakdown in use.
Electric fences have many advantages in fencing animals in a given enclosure because such fences are less likely to cause damage to the animals enclosed, are relatively inexpensive to install, are easily moved, and have many other advantages over other known fencing. However, a limitation in the use of electric fences is in maintaining the electrical circuit and preventing short circuits to ground. While such short circuits can occur from any of several causes, they usually occur because of failure or damage to the insulated connection between the conductor wire and the fence post. This can result from the fence post being knocked over, by animals brushing against the conductor wire at the post or by animals placing a strain on the connection between the post and the conductor wire that damages the insulating connector. Thus the failure to provide an adequate and fail safe insulated connection bet-ween the post and the conductor wire that will maintain the insulated connection over many and diverse types of conditions, has placed a serious limitation on the use of electric fences.
Therefore I have invented a new and novel apparatus for providing insulation between metal fence posts and the connected electrical fence conductor.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In the embodiment of my invention, I provide an insulated sheath that fits over the ends and sides of a subure may provide a tip portion for a use that will be hereinafter described.
A metal strap having holes displaced along the length thereof is secured to the side of the insulated sheath. In one embodiment, the metal sheath has one end folded over the previously mentioned tip portion and is secured thereto by a bolt, a fastener or the like. Wire members are then wrapped around the sheath and projected through the openings to secure the fence conductor to the post in the normal manner. By passing the wire members through openings in the strap, the conductor member is thus positioned vertically on the strap and is held in this position. Since there is a complete insulating sheath between the conducting member and the metal strap member and the fence post, it is very diflicult, if not impossible, for an electrical short circuit to occur between the conductor member and the metal post. Even where the post is bent over or the connection between the electrical conductor and the fence post is damaged, a short circuit condition does not result.
My invention also employs a modified construction of the strap, and a particular connecting member having wire ends and a flat portion therebetween with barbs for securing the conductor wire to the insulating sheath in a manner that the barbs dig into the insulating sheath and aid in holding the wire connecting member at a given position on the sheath. Still further my invention makes it possible to secure and electrically connect fences comprising other than a single conductor wire and it is within the scope of my invention to support an electric fence that is made out of, for example, chicken wire or other woven wire. This of course presents many advantages in providing an electrical fence capable of jointly holding large and small animals.
It is therefore an object of my invention to provide a new and improved apparatus for supporting a conductor wire on a metal post.
It is another object of this invention to provide a new and improved apparatus for supporting an electric fence in a manner that the electric fence cannot become short circuited to the supporting metal post.
It is another object of my invention to provide a new and improved means for supporting the electrical conductor in an electric fence on a metal post in a quick and easy manner that is inexpensive and that may be readily disconnected and moved, and that does not result in short circuits of the conductor wire.
-It is another object of this invention to provide a new and improved means for supporting woven wire electric fences on metal fence posts without creating a short circuit.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention will readily occur to those skilled in the art to which the invention pertains upon reference to accompanying detailed description in which like reference characters designate like parts throughout and in which:
FIGURE 1 is a side view of an embodiment of the sheathed electric fence post and strap.
' FIGURE 2 is a front view of another embodiment of the sheathed electric fence post and strap.
FIGURE 3 is a side view of the embodiment illustrated in FIGURE 2.
FIGURE 4 is a top view of a particular connecting member.
FIGURE 5 is a side view of the connecting member illustrated in FIGURE 4.
FIGURE 6 is a plan view of an embodiment of the strap.
FIGURE 7 is a top view of the connecting member illustrated in FIGURES 4 and 5 as curved to fit around the sheath.
FIGURE 8 is a sectional view taken of FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 9 is a sectional view taken along lines 99 of FIGURE 2.
FIGURE 10 is a side view of an embodiment of the sheath.
Referring now to the drawing, a steel, rod shaped fence post 10 is sharpened at one end for being driven into the ground. Positioned on the fence post 10 above the ground level is an insulating sheath 12 or 26 having a cylindrical configuration with the upper end 30 being closed. The sheath may be made of plastic or of other suitable insulating materials. The insulating sheath may comprise a separate element as illustrated in FIGURE 10 that is slidably positioned on the fence post 10, or the sheath may be secured to the fence post in the form of a heat shrunk plastic on the outer surface of the post, or the plastic may be applied by dipping in the well know manner.
The strap, as for example strap 28 illustrated in FIG- URE 6, has a plurality of apertures 32 along the length thereof and in use is secured to the side of the sheath 12 or 26. Connecting wires 24 pass through the apertures 32 and are wound around the sheath 26 with the ends secured to the electric fence conductor 34 holding the metal strap 28 in position on the sheath 26 and holding the electric fence conductor 34 in the given spaced position relative to the strap, the sheath, the post 10 and the ground. Since it is rather difiicult to hold the strap 28 in a given position on the side of the sheath 26, it is advantageous and often necessary to fold the upper end of the strap 28 over the upper end of the sheath 26 as illustrated in FIGURE 3. The connecting wire 24 is then threaded through apertures 32 that are aligned on each side of the sheath 26 and thus the strap is held in position on the sheath 26 with the ends of the connecting wire 24 secured to the conductor member 34.
In closing the end of sheath 12, it is often advantageous to form a tip portion 14 that projects from the end thereof. The strap member 28 has a pair of apertures 29 and 31 that align when the end of the strap is folded along line 33 over the tip portion 14, and is secured to sheath 12 by a bolt fastener or the like 2-0 inserted through apertures 29 and 31 and through the tip portion 14. It should be recognized that this connection of the strap 28 onto the sheath 12 may be accomplished at the time of installing the sheath on the post 10 or at a time prior to installing the sheath 12 on the metal post 10. Thus connection of the strap 28 to sheath 12 may be accomplished at a location remote from the place of driving the post .10 into the ground for installation of the electrical fence.
In another embodiment of my invention, the strap member as illustrated in FIGURES 1 and 8 may comprise a longitudinal metal strap having side members 17 that are curved to fit the outer surf-ace of the sheath 12. A ridge portion 16 extending along the length of the strap has holes 22 along the length thereof for receiving the connecting wires 24. The upper end of the strap has a curved over portion 18 with openings that coact with a hole through the tip portion 14 for receiving a bolt, screw, or the like 20, for connecting and securing the strap to the sheath 12 in the manner previously described.
along line 8-8 My invention also employs a unique connecting member 42 that has a fiat portion with wire end members 40 at each end. Barb members 44 are formed on the surface of the fiat portion 42 by punching or the like in the manner well known in the art for punching sharp end portions of the fiat metal 42 outwardly to form the barbs 44. The wire portions 40 are projected through the apertures 22 or 32 in the strap members, as for example strap member 28 as illustrated in FIGURE 3. When the wire members 40 are wrapped with sufficient tightness to cinch the member 42 around and against the insulating sheath 26, then the barbs 44 are driven into the insulating sheath further securing the entire structure at a given position on the sheath 26. i
Still further, it is also possible to use the strap 42 to merely secure the electrical conductor 34 onto the sheath 26 without using the strap 28. This is accomplished by sufficiently cinching the strap tnember 42 against the surface of the sheath 26 to cause the barbs 44 to sufiiciently set into the sheath 26 that the strap member is held at a given position on the sheath 26. Thus when theend wires 40 are connected to the conductor member 34, the conductor member 34 is correctly positioned and permanently held at this position along the sheath 26.
As illustrated in FIGURE 2, my invention makes it possible to support not only a single conductor wire or a plurality of strands of conductor wires 3-4, ,but also to support woven wire, such as chicken wire 36 or the like, as electrical conductors in an electric fence. The woven wire members 36 are connected through connecting wires 24 to the strap members 16 or 28 thus maintaining an electrical connection through the woven wire members along their length and width.
Having described my invention, I now claim:
1. Apparatus for connecting electric fence conductors by wire :members to metal fence posts comprising,
a metal fence post and wire members,
an insulating sheath covers the sides and the end of a substantial portion of said metal fence post,
a metal strap is secured to said insulating sheath and said fence post along their length,
and said metal strap has holes spaced along the length thereof that receive said Wire members that secure said electric fence conductors to said posts and hold said wire members in given positions on the posts.
2. The apparatus defined in claim 1 in which,
said insulating sheath has a cylindrical shape with one end closed and a thin wall.
3. The apparatus defined in claim 2 in which,
the strap has curved sides for fitting against the outer surface of said sheath,
said strap has a longitudinal ridge projecting outwardly,
and said holes pass through the sides of said ridge.
4. The apparatus defined in claim 2 in which,
said insulating sheath is made of plastic.
5. The apparatus defined in claim 2 in which,
said sheath has a tip portion projecting beyond the closed end, and means securing one end of said strap to said tip portion.
6. The apparatus defined in claim 1 in which,
said strap is secured at a given position on the assembled sheath and post by the wire members being twisted in a cinch around said sheath.
7. The apparatus defined in claim 1 in which,
said metal strap extends over the closed end of said sheath with portions extending on opposite sides thereof,
and said holes in said strap on opposite sides are in substantial alignment for receiving the wire members.
8. The apparatus defined in claim 1 in which,
said strap is flat and has a width less than the diameter of said sheath.
9. The apparatus defined in claim 1 in which:
said sheath is fixed on the post.
10. The apparatus defined in claim 1 in which,
each of said Wire members has a flat portion and a central portion with barbs projecting outwardly therefrom engaging the outer surface of said sheath.
11. The apparatus defined in claim 1 in which,
said strap electrically interconnects the electric fence conductors connected to the sheathed fence posts.
12. The apparatus defined in claim 1 in which,
said sheath is selectively removable from the posts.
13. The apparatus defined in claim 1 in which,
said wire members comprise a metal strap having a fiat portion with integral wire portions secured to opposite ends,
5 6 said fiat portions having outwardly projecting barbs, FOREIGN PATENTS said wire portions being capable of extending through the spaced holes and securing said conductors to the 389014 3/1933 Great i i sheathed posts, 758,832 10/ 1956 Great Britain. and said wire portions upon being tightened around the sheath driving said barbs into said sheath. 5 LARAMIE ASKIN, Primary Exammer References Cited U.S. C1. X.R. UNITED STATES PATENTS 24-30.s;174- 1s s, 173; 256-l0, 57 1,064,301 6/1913 Donegan 2430.5 10
3,080,149 3/1963 Pilboue.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1064301 *||Feb 8, 1912||Jun 10, 1913||Frank Donegan||Bag-closure.|
|US3080149 *||Oct 10, 1960||Mar 5, 1963||Lefort & Cie Soc||Fence post and tie means|
|GB389014A *||Title not available|
|GB758832A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3669413 *||Nov 9, 1970||Jun 13, 1972||Laible Ralph L||Electrical fence construction|
|US4514882 *||Oct 26, 1983||May 7, 1985||Christian Lavielle||Device for retaining in side-by-side relationship flexible tying means such as shoelaces|
|US4621783 *||Apr 3, 1984||Nov 11, 1986||Wier Jan H||Fastening and a fastener member|
|US8540217 *||Dec 11, 2009||Sep 24, 2013||Ashley Dean Olsson||Fence post assemblies|
|US8840089 *||Aug 16, 2011||Sep 23, 2014||Electra-Lock Fence Systems, Inc.||Electric web fence|
|US20100200826 *||Aug 12, 2010||Ashley Dean Olsson||Fence post assemblies|
|US20120205602 *||Aug 16, 2011||Aug 16, 2012||Electra-Lock Fence Systems, Inc.||Electric web fence|
|U.S. Classification||174/45.00R, 174/158.00F, 256/57, 256/10, 24/30.50R, 174/173|
|International Classification||H05C1/00, H01B17/14|
|Cooperative Classification||H01B17/145, H05C1/00|
|European Classification||H01B17/14B, H05C1/00|