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Publication numberUS3457405 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 22, 1969
Filing dateOct 11, 1966
Priority dateOct 11, 1966
Publication numberUS 3457405 A, US 3457405A, US-A-3457405, US3457405 A, US3457405A
InventorsGeorge D Del Vecchio, Patrick T Ferrari
Original AssigneeXerox Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Corona wire mounting means which compensates for wire expansion due to heat
US 3457405 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1969 G. D. DEL VECCHIO ET AL 3,457,405


CORONA WIRE MOUNTING MEANS WHICH COMPENSATES FOR WIRE EXPANSION mm TO HEAT Filed Oct. 11, 1966 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 BY PATRICK T. FERRARI ATTOR/VEVS US. Cl. 250-495 6 Claims ABSCT, on Tim DISCLOSURE A corona generating device including an electrically biased corona emitting wire capable of retaining its taut condition even when expanded as through being heated. The wire is mounted at its opposite ends on insulating supports. One of the supports is fixed while the other is movable. A coil spring, mounted with respect to the movable support, permits the movement of the movable support away from the fixed support to retain the wire taut even when it has become expanded through being heated.

This invention relates to an improved corona generating device for creating and maintaining a constant electrostatic charge on a support surface or on a drum.

In one mode of reproduction of copy by xerographic techniques, a uniform electrostatic charge is applied to a xerographic plate, comprising a photoconductive insulating material on a conductive backing. This charged xerographic plate is then exposed to the subject matter to be reproduced, usually by conventional projection techniques. This exposure of the xerographic plate, discharges the plate areas in accordance with the radiation intensity which reaches them and thereby creates an electrostatic latent image on or in the plate coating which may then be developed with an electroscopic material which clings to the plate electrostatically in a pattern corresponding to the latent electrostatic image. The thus formed powder image is usually transferred to a support surface by superposing the support thereon and applying an electrostatic charge to the exposed area of the support surface, whereby the xerographic powder image is electrostatically attracted and bonded to the support surface. The support surface is then separated from the xerographic plate and the xerographic powder image on the support surface is then fixed thereto by a suitable fuser.

In general, the electrostatic charging of the support material to effect tacking of the support material to the transport drum is accomplished by means of corona charging or generating devices whereby an electrostatic charge is applied to the support material as the support material passes over the drum. In such a manner the support material is tacked to the transport drum and carried thereby through the fusing area. A form of corona generating device is disclosed in Vyverberg Patent 2,836,- 725, issued May 27, 1958, wherein a single corona wire is connected to a high voltage source and is supported in a conductive shield that is arranged in closely spaced relation to the surface to be charged. Suitable means are usually provided to effect relative movement of the surface to be charged and the corona generating device whereby a uniform electrostatic charge is deposited.

In continuous automatic xerographic systems, such as,

the disclosed in copending application S.N. 585,971 filed concurrently herewith in the name of Gilbert A. Aser et a1. cut sheet material having a powder image thereon is United States Patent" 3,457,405 Patented July 22, 1969 to the sheet material. In such a device the sheet material is passed over a preconditioning roll which preheats the sheet material. The sheet is tacked to the preconditioning roll by a corotron which emits a negative charge; The sheet material is then passed under a source that transmits a high temperature in'frared source. To precondition the paper it is necessary to completely tack the sheet material to the drum whereby there is intimate contact therebetween thus eliminatingany boundary layers in order to obtain the proper conductive heat transfer. If the sheet material is not properly tacked to the preconditioning drum, preconditioning of the support material cannot be controlled accurately.

Since the fusing system operates at relative high temperatures the corona generating device expands and contracts due to the temperature changes as the fuser is turned on and off, the shield of the corona generating device will expand more rapidly than the wire. Thus, when operating in the fusing system, the corona wire could be stressed because the wire does not expand and contract at the same rate as the shield. In such a case the wire would break. Also a cooling of the wire would result in a sag which would cause the wire to are.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to improve the construction of corona generating devices whereby a uniform and constant electrostatic charge may be deposited on sheet material, a drum or other surface.

Another object of the present invention is to improve corona generating devices that are particularly suitable for continuous operation under varying temperature conditions.

A further object of this invention is to improve existing corona generating for use in fusing systems.

A still further object of this invention is to improve corona generating devices so that a constant tension is maintained on the corona wire.

Another object of this invention is to improve the construction of corona generating devices that are easy to manufacture and do not require adjustment.

These and other objects of the invention are attained by employing a corona wire or electrode that is connected to a high voltage source and is insulated from, but, supported within a conductive shield. The corona wire is supported on insulated blocks within this conductive shield in such a manner as to prevent the corona wire from stretching or sagging. By this arrangement, it is possible to energize the corona wire to a potential substantially in excess of the corona threshold potential of the wire and, since the shield is maintained at ground potential, most of the corona current emitted goes directly to the shield and only a small portion thereof is effective to charge the support surface or plate.

For a better understanding of the invention as well as other objects and features thereof, reference is made to the following detailed description of the invention to be read in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 illustrates schematically the automatic rem the preconditioning drum of the fusing apparatus;

FIG. 4 is a left hand end view of the corona charging device.

Referring now to FIG. 1, there is shown schematically an automatic xerographic reproducing apparatus.

A xerographic plate including a photoconductive layer or light-receiving surface on a conductive backing and formed in the shape of a drum, is mounted to rotate in the direction indicated by the arrow to cause the drum surface sequentially to pass a plurality of xerographic processing stations.

Sheets of support material 12 are advanced seriatim into contact with the xerographic drum in registration with a previously formed xerographic powder image on the drum whereby the image is transferred to the support material.

The support material 12 is transported over a system of belts 16 from the transfer station 14 to a chute 18 where it is directed to the preconditioning drum 20. The preconditioning drum 20 is heated by means of an internal heating source 22. The support material 12 is tacked to the drum by means of a corona generating device generally indicated as 30. The tacked support material is then transported by the preconditioning drum 20 past an infrared energy source 32 where the toner is fused to the support material. The support material 12 is then stripped from the preconditioning drum 20 by means of a stripper 34 where it is directed on to a belt transport 36. The support material is then moved past a brush 38 where any residual background toner is removed. As the drum 20' continues to rotate, it passes a precondition corotron generator device 39 where any residual negative charge is neutralized and the drum is positively charged. The drum 20 is now ready to accept thenext sheet of support material.

Referring now to the subject matter of the invention and, in particular, to FIGURES 2, 3 and 4 illustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention, the corona generating device includes a conducting shield 40 preferably of aluminum or stainless steel. The shield is generally a U-shaped cross section and includes a bottom wall 42 and side walls 44 and 46 in perpendicular relation to the bottom wall 42.

The shield 40 is formed with divider portions 80 mounted between the Wires 48 to provide a uniform electrostatic flow from the wires to the shield or ground surface.

The corona charging device is supported in spaced relation to the preconditioning drum as by a bracket suitably grounded to other elements of the fusing apparatus, the bottom wall 42 of the shield being provided with rails 82 which are attached to the mounting bracket within the fusing apparatus.

A series of high voltage corona wires 48 of any suitable noncorrosive material such as platinum or stainless steel having a uniform thickness are located within the shield. A support block 50 and an insulating block 52 are rigidly mounted within the side walls 44 and 46 at each end of the shield 40. The corona wires 48 are attached to the insulating block 52 by means of a conductive connecting element 58 mounted therein. The corona wires 48 are attached to the connecting element 58 by screws 54. A terminal plug 56 is mounted within connecting element 58. Each of the screws 54 is connected to the connecting element 58.

The other end of the corona wires 48 are attached to movable insulating blocks 60. Each block 60 has an insert 61 secured therein. A movable insert 63 is placed within the insert 61 with the corona wire 48 curled around this insert. A screw 65 is threaded into the insert 61 thus attaching the wire 48 to the insulating block 60. Each of the insulating blocks 60 has a rod 62 attached thereto, the rod 62 extends through the support block 50 through openings 64 therein. The rod 62 is insulated from the wire 48 by the insulating block 60. A stop 66 is mounted on each end of the rods 64 by a C-ring 67. A spring element 70 is mounted on the rods 64 between the stop portions 66 and the support block 50. In such a manner the springs 70 exert a constant force on the insulating blocks 60 by means of rods 62.

Thus the corona wires 48 are maintained at a constant tension. The purpose of the spring 70 is to compensate for the varying expansion rates of the corona wires 48 and a a conductive shield 40. Also the spring arrangement eliminates the necessity of adjusting the corona wire when the device is manufactured or when the wire is repaired or replaced. The corona wires 48 are maintained at a constant tension, are capable of operating at extreme temperatures without breaking and do not require adjustment.

- An insulating shield 72 is attached to the support block 50 by a set of screws 74. Another insulating shield 76 is attached to cutouts 78 formed on the shield walls 44 and 46. The shield 76 is formed with cars 81 that allow the same to snap into cutouts 78.

While the invention has been described with reference to the structure disclosed herein, it is not confined to the details set forth, but is intended to cover such modifications or changes as may come within the scope of the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A corona charging device for the emission of corona discharge including a conductive shield comprising a bottom wall and side walls each side wall including a portion directed to ward each other to form an angle therewith,

an insulating support block connected to one end of said shield between said side Walls,

at least one additional insulating support block movably mounted at theh opposite end of the shield,

At least one corona wire secured at one end to said insulating support block and at the other end to the movable insulating block in insulated relation to the conductive shield and positioned within the confines of the bottom and side walls, and

means connected to one end of said corona wire and adapted to be connected to a source of high voltage potential.

2. A device as recited in claim 1 wherein the movable insulating block is spring biased to maintain the corona wire at a constant tension.

3. A device as recited in claim 1 wherein the corona charging device includes at least a second support block mounted at the opposite end of the shield,

said movable insulating block having a pin mounted thereon, said pin adapted to be slidably mounted with said second support block.

4. A device as recited in claim 3 wherein the movable insulating block is spring biased to maintain the corona wire at a constant tension.

5. A corona generating device for the emission of a corona discharge including a shield,

a first insulating block secured with respect to said shield adjacent one end thereof,

a second insulating block movably mounted with respect to said shield and said first insulating block,

an elongated corona wire mounted at its first end to said shield and said first insulating block,

an elongated corona wire mounted at tis first end to said first insulating block and at its second end to said second insulating block,

a support block fixedly mounted with respect to said shield adjacent said second insulating block and on the side thereof remote from said first insulating block,

resilient means operatively coupling said second in- 5 6 sulating block and said support block to resiliently References Cited urge said second insulating block toward said sup- UNITED STATES PATENTS port block and away from said first insulating block whereby said corona wire is maintained in tension, 148Q208 1/1924 Housekeeper 313-478 X and 5 2,863,063 12/1958 Schulze. means connected to said corona wire adapted to be 3,075,078 1/1963 Olden connected to a source of potential for creating corona 3,124,713 3/1964 Randmer X emissions from Said wire 1 3,277,298 10/1966 Tiger et al.

6. A device as set forth in claim 5 wherein said resilient means includes a spring and rod, said rod being slidably 10 ARCHIE BORCHELT Pnmary Exammer mounted through said support block and secured at its A. L. BIRCH, Assistant Examiner first end to said second insulating block with said spring mounted between said support block and the second end US. Cl. X.R.

of said rod to thereby urge the second end of said rod 313 275 away from said support block. 5

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1480208 *Apr 15, 1921Jan 8, 1924Western Electric CoVacuum tube
US2863063 *Nov 21, 1955Dec 2, 1958Bruning Charles Co IncCharging of photo-conductive insulating material
US3075078 *May 13, 1960Jan 22, 1963Rca CorpCorona device
US3124713 *Jul 23, 1956Mar 10, 1964 Spring-loaded lamp
US3277298 *Oct 5, 1964Oct 4, 1966Formfoto Mfg CompanyCorona discharge device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3647292 *Nov 28, 1969Mar 7, 1972Xerox CorpTransfer apparatus
US3831060 *May 22, 1973Aug 20, 1974Spengler WCorona discharge device
US4322156 *Jul 15, 1980Mar 30, 1982Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki KaishaCharging apparatus for copying machine
US4402591 *Sep 26, 1980Sep 6, 1983Canon Kabushiki KaishaElectrophotographic apparatus
US4551784 *Jun 29, 1984Nov 5, 1985Xerox CorporationCorona generating device
US5444258 *Apr 12, 1994Aug 22, 1995Societe Europeenne De PropulsionIon-optics system for a source of ions to be discharged into a gas
EP0090689A1 *Mar 4, 1983Oct 5, 1983Petercem S.A.Method and device for detecting a magnetic piece in a defined proximity zone
WO1994005032A1 *Aug 24, 1992Mar 3, 1994Europ PropulsionIon-optical system for gas-discharge ion source
U.S. Classification361/230, 399/170, 313/278, 313/275
International ClassificationH05F3/04, G03G15/02
Cooperative ClassificationH05F3/04, G03G15/0291
European ClassificationH05F3/04, G03G15/02