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Publication numberUS3461499 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 19, 1969
Filing dateJul 17, 1967
Priority dateJul 17, 1967
Publication numberUS 3461499 A, US 3461499A, US-A-3461499, US3461499 A, US3461499A
InventorsJohn J Nevin, Leo G Dumire
Original AssigneeJohn J Nevin, Leo G Dumire
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for making coaxial cable
US 3461499 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. J. NEVIN ET AL APPARATUS FOR MAKING COAXIAL CABLE Aug. 19, 1969 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 17, 1967 INVENTORS Jflf/N J- NE'V/IV L50 6'- DUM/EE' OP/VEXS' J.J.NEVIN E Al- 3,461,499

Aug. 19, 1969 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed July 17. 1967 INVENTORS Jail/V J. NEVl/V L50 6- UUM/RE ATTOPNEKF FIG.6 5

Aug. 19, 1969 J J, NEVlN ET AL 3,461,499

APPARATUS FOR MAKING COAXIAL CABLE Filed July 17. 1967 s Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS JOHN J IVEl/IN LEO G. BUM/RE United States Patent APPARATUS FOR MAKING COAXIAL CABLE John J. Nevin, 469 Park Ave., Yonkers, N.Y. 10707,

and Leo G. Dumire, 31 Hastings Lane, Stony Point,

Filed July 17, 1967, Ser. No. 653,947 Int. Cl. B291? 3/10 US. Cl. 18-13 6 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An air dielectric coaxial cable includes a thin cylindrical center conductor supported by a concentric plastic insulating layer having a plastic helical web thereabout. The cable is fabricated by forming a tubular center conductor of a thin metallic foil or tape, and employing a rotary die to extrude the requisite insulating layer and web thereon.

This invention relates to apparatus for fabricating coaxial cables.

Typically, prior art coaxial cables employ relatively rigid, shape-retaining, preformed center conductors of solid or tubular cross section. To produce a uniform spacing between the inner and outer cable conductors, insulating material, illustratively of a solid or spiral form, is extruded onto the preformed center conductor. Production of such cables therefore requires the distinct operations of preforming the inner conductor, and adhering the desired insulating material thereto. Further, cables formed in such a manner require a relatively large amount of metallic material to embody the requisite relatively rigid shape-retaining center conductor.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an improved apparatus for fabricating coaxial cable.

It is another object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for forming a coaxial cable wherein the cable center conductor is formed from strip material into a tubular geometry coincident with an insulation extruding operation.

In accordance with the principles of the present invention, extrusion apparatus includes a feeding arrangement of any conventional type for directing a plasticized resinous material under pressure to an extrusion die. The extrusion die is formed with a main orifice adapted to accommodate passage of the tubular center conductor on which a concentric insulating layer and an associated web are to be formed. Flat metallic tape is fed to the main orifice of the extrusion organization via an input forming die adaptd to convert the tape to the desired cylindrical geometry.

Intersecting this main orifice and extending radially outwardly therefrom is a web-extruding sub-orifice. This sub-orifice, at least where it opens through the exit end of the die, exhibits a shape of the desired cross section of the helical web, preferably rectangular. The outer periphery of the sub-orifice terminates short of the outer extremity of the die, so that both the main and suborifices are completely contained within and defined by the extrusion die. The extrusion die is held in a die carrier which is mounted about the tubular center conductor in the main orifice, and a driving mechanism is provided to rotate the die carrier, and hence the extrusion die.

The metallic tape is continuously supplied through the forming and extrusion dies by a transport arrangement. The fiat tape is first converted to tubular form in the input forming die, and the resinous material is then extruded through the sub-orifice and the area in the main 3,461,499 Patented Aug. 19, 1969 orifice surrounding the center conductor to respectively form the concentric insulating layer with its attendant helical Web about the center conductor. To impart the helix form to the web, the extrusion die is rotated during this lengthwise movement of the newly formed center conductor.

The pitch of the resulting helical web is determined by the rotary speed of the extrusion die relative to the linear speed at which the transport arrangement conducts the center conductor through the main extrusion orifice. Accordingly, the pitch of the helix can be varied as desired by varying the ratio of these two speed.

The above and other objects and features of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of an illustrative embodiment thereof presented hereinbelow in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which:

FIGURE 1 is a partially cutaway perspective view of an electrical coaxial cable produced in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a cross sectional view of the coaxial cable shown in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a schematic illustration of an extrusion system, including control apparatus, made in accordance with the present invention;

FIGURE 4 is a vertical, longitudinal, sectional view of the forming and extrusion apparatus schematically shown in FIGURE 3;

FIGURES 5A and 5B are partial cross sectional views illustrating the extremities of forming apparatus depicted in FIGURES 3 and 4; and

FIGURE 6 is a sectional view taken along lines 6-6 in FIGURE 4.

Referring now to FIGURES 1 and 2, there is illustrated an air dielectric coaxial cable 10 including a thin metallic tubular center conductor having overlapping edges 12 and 13. The conductor 11 is adhered to, and is physically supported by a concentric insulating plastic layer 14 having as an integral portion thereof a helical web 16, with the web 16 spiraling about the layer 14 in the direction of the overlap 1312. The Web 16 serves to further provide mechanical support and rigidity for the thin tape center conductor 11, and also functions to maintain the center conductor 11 in a uniform, concentric relationship with an outer conductor 18.

The term conductor" as used herein refers to an electrical conductor of any conventional material having high conductivity, such as copper or aluminum.

The system arrangement for fabricating the coaxial cable 10 of FIGURES 1 and 2 is schematically illustrated in FIGURE 3 and includes a source 60 for supplying a thin metallic tape, e.g., a rotatable reel thereof. The tape 11 is passed through a shaped passage in an input forming die 70 which converts the tape from its initial fiat form into a tube having overlapping edges. The tape 11 is pulled by an appropriate transport mechanism described below.

The thin tubular electrical center conductor 11 is pulled through extrusion apparatus 22 wherein the circuilar insulating layer 14 and the helical web 16 are extruded thereon. The conductor, insulating layer and web combination 11-14-46 is then passed through a conventional cooling apparatus, such as a water trough 24 to impart the final solid state to the insulating layer 14 and the web 16. Removed from the cooling apparatus 24 is a transport mechanism 26 for translating the conductor 11. Any conventional transport mechanism 26, such as a tractor capstan, may be employed. The transport mechanism 26 feeds the insulated composite center conductor to a receptacle 28, e.g., a take-up reel.

So that the helical Web 16 will have a uniform pitch, a coordinating speed control 30 is employed to control the relative speeds of the transport mechanism 26 and the extrusion apparatus 22. The control 30 is of any known type which, in response to any increase or decrease in the speed of one such element, results in a coresponding relative change in the speed of the other, so that the relative speeds of the rotary extruder 22 and the transport mechanism 26 are maintained essentially constant. The control 30 may be adapted to provide different ratios for the two speeds to provide a helical web of any desired pitch. This adjustment may be effected automatically according to a predetermined pattern when it is desired to vary the pitch of the helical web from time to time during a continuous run.

FIGURES 4 through 6 illustrate in detail the composite extrusion apparatus 22, including the forming die 70, which were schematically shown in FIGURE 3. The die 70 includes a forming passage 71 therethrough which continuously varies from the metallic tape 11 receiving flat slot shown in FIGURE A to the center conductor tubular forming exitway illustrated in FIGURE 5B. Further a rod 80, with a flared end, may advantageously be afiixed to the forming die 70. To preserve the clarity of the drawing, the rod 80 is shown only in FIGURE 6. Accordingly, when the metallic tape 11 is drawn through the forming die 70 by the transport mechanism 26, the tape is continuously bent by the passage 71 into the requisite overlapping circular form shown in FIGURE 2, and transported down the length of the rod 80 which functions to retain the tape 11 in such tubular shape, and to inhibit such formed tape from collapsing. The flared rod end comprises a further aid to retaining the circular form of the center conductor and, as will become more clear from the following, presses the tape against the extruded insulating layer 14 to enhance the adhesion therebetween.

The extrusion apparatus 22 includes therein a block 32 containing a cylindrical member 33 and forming therewith an annular cavity 34 for receiving a plasticized res inous insulating material to be extruded. Any conventional non-conductive thermoplastic or thermosetting material such as any of the polyolefins, crosslinked or not, such as polyethylene, polysulfone, or polytetrafluoroethylene, may be used. The material is supplied by a standard feeding organization, such as a feed screw 36 which forces the material through the cavity 34 and into the adjacent entrance end of an extrusion die 38.

The extrusion die 38 is formed with a center extrusion orifice 40 which receives the center conductor 11, and provides sufficient, uniform spacing therearound to supply the desired thickness of insulating material to form the layer 14. Extending radially outward from the center orifice 40 is a rectangular sub-orifice 42 through which the resinous material for the web 16 is extruded. The dimensions of the apertures 40 and 42 are made slightly larger than the corresponding desired dimensions for the insulating layer 14 and the web 16, respectively, in order to allow for shrinkage when the layer 14 and the web 16 cool and solidify in the bath 24. The extrusion die 38 is supported within a die carrier 44 and is adapted to be rotated with its carrier, as through a key 45. The die carrier 44 is located in a cavity 46 formed in an extension of the block 32 and is supported for rotation therein by antifriction bearings 48. In order to impart rotary motion to the die carrier 44 and its extrusion die 38, a drive sprocket 50 is secured to the die carrier by any conventional means, such as by bolts 52. The drive sprocket is adapted to be driven by a variable speed motor 53 through a suitable connection 54.

The formed electrical center conductor 11 is drawn along the shape supporting rod 80 and passes through the center of the main orifice 40 in the extension die 38. The die 38 has a conical cavity 39 therein forming an inlet to the extrusion orifices 40 and 42. The block 33 has a similar- 1y tapering end 57 centrally located in the die cavity 34 so that the extruded plastic material is forced from the annular cavity 34 through the tapering annular passage surrounding the block end 57, and thence through the main orifice 4t} and, coincidentally therewith, through the suborifice 42.

In forming the insulating layer 14 and the helical web 16, the conductor 11 is pulled by the transport mechanism 26 lengthwise through the extrusion die 38. Simultaneously therewith, the resinous material is fed by the screw 36 to the extrusion die 38 and is extruded circumferentially about the center conductor 11 via the main orifice 40. At this time also, the resinous material is extruded through the rotating sub-orifice 42 into the form and a radial helical web having its inner edge at the outer periphery of the layer 14, since this sub-orifice intersects the main orifice 40 through which the conductor translates. The relatively soft plastic insulating material 14-16 adheres to the fragile center conductor tape 11 during and after the extruding operation, imparting mechanical rigidity and shape stability thereto following translation of the tubular center conductor 11 past the supporting rod 80.

The spacing of the convolutions of the helix, i.e., the pitch thereof, is determined by the speed at which the conductor 11 passes through the die 38 relative to the speed at which the die is rotated. With a fixed speed of conductor movement, an increase in rotational speed of the die 38 decreases the helix pitch. Conversely, an increase in speed of conductor movement increases the helix pitch. Accordingly, coordinating speed control means 30 can be programmed or manually adjusted to provide any desired pitch by merely varying the relative speeds of the transport mechanism 26 and the die 38 rotating motor 53. It is also necessary to control the rate that the insulating material is fed to the die 38 in order to provide uniform insulation thickness. For example, if the conductor movement or the die rotation decreases to any large extent, it is necessary to similarly decrease the rotational speed of the feed screw 36 in order to avoid feeding the material at an excessive rate to the extrusion orifices 40 and 42. The speed control of the feed screw 36 is coordinated with the operation of the transport mechanism 26 and the variable speed motor 53 by the speed control element 30.

It is noted that any desired web shape can be provided by merely varying the cross section of the extrusion orifice 42. Similarly, various size conductors can be accommodated by interchanging the forming die 70 with its attached rod 80, and the extrusion die 38.

Also, the drive motor 53 is preferably adjusted to rotate the extrusion die 38 in the direction of the center conductor overlap 13-12 shown in FIGURE 2, i.e., in the direction defined by the upper overlap tape edge 13 (counterclockwise as viewed in FIG. 6). Such a relative direction of rotation assures a fixed amount of overlap between the center conductor ends 12-13, and therefore a fixed diameter for the center conductor 11. These parameters would otherwise be subject to variation when perturbations in the extruding pressure are encountered.

It is to be understood that the above-described arrangements are only illustrative of the principles of the present invention. Numerous other arrangements may be devised by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and score of the invention. For example, if it is desired to obviate the overlap 13-12 in the cable center conductor, a tape 11 characterized by edges having mating notched surfaces may be employed.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination in an organization for forming a coaxial cable employing thin metallic tape for the cable center conductor; means for forming said tape into tubular cross section; an extrusion die including a mainorifice through which the tape in tubular form is transported, a sub-orifice intersecting said main orifice and extending generally radially outward from said main orifice, and an inlet to said main orifice and said suborifice; means for supplying plasticized resinous insulating material under pressure to said inlet in said extrusion die; and means for rotating said extrusion die about said tubular metallic tape; said sub-orifice extending through the die parallel to the axis of its rotation, said main orifice in said extrusion die being larger than the cross section of said tubular formed tape, such that a layer of resinous material is extruded about said tape via said main orifice, and wherein a resinous helical web is extruded about said tape and said resinous layer via said sub-orifice, the pitch of the helical web being determined by the rotational speed of the die relative to the speed at which the tubular tape is transported through the die.

2. A combination as in claim 1 further comprising transport means for translating said formed tape through said main orifice.

3. A combination as in claim 1 wherein said tape forming means comprises a forming die.

4. A combination as in claim 3 wherein said forming die includes a passage therein which continuously varies in geometry from a flat slot at a tape input end to tubular form at a tape exit end.

5. A combination as in claim 3 further comprising rod means adjoining said forming die for transporting and retaining the tubular form of said formed metallic tape.

6. A combination as in claim 1, in which said material supplying means include a member defining a first passage for leading the material to said die inlet, said member also forming a second longitudinal passage surrounded by said first passage and aligned with said main orifice of the die, said tape forming means having a tape passage aligned with and opening into one end of said second longitudinal passage, whereby said forming means and second passage guide the tape longitudinally to said main orifice.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,812,686 6/1931 Crowdes. 2,446,057 7/ 1948 Morin. 2,636,923 4/ 1953 Perzel. 2,834,047 5/ 1958 Morin. 3,045,281 7/1962 Skobel. 3,118,800 1/ 1964 Snelling. 3,159,877 12/ 1964 Orsini. 3,298,063 1/1967 French.

WILLIAM J. STEPHENSON, Primary Examiner PO-ww UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION.

Patent: No. 3,461, 99 Dated Augizst 19, 1969 Invencofls) John J. Nevin and L80 .G Dumire It is certified that: error appears in the above-identified patent: and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

' Column 2,: linefiQ gfiefl "should be"" pe:a8-1

Column 2,- lifi 36', "qonducfipr 'ir ierjf f il- ColIzmn 2', c'irqu laren .Column 3, 1156 73 {"Exifirfiiion" shougld be' .'-I-;xpr usioE--. Cblumn l, line 65, "'s eor e" should jb'e- -vieseepe Column 5, 1 1ne 7, arterfiits" index-t -"-s1a V p I SIGNED mm F I if SEAL A L L Managua-erratum:

Patent Citations
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US1812686 *May 8, 1929Jun 30, 1931Simplex Wire & Cable CoProcess and apparatus for marking rubber cords and cables
US2446057 *Apr 25, 1944Jul 27, 1948Davis MarinskyPlastic casting machine
US2636923 *Dec 30, 1948Apr 28, 1953Standard Telephones Cables LtdLow capacitance cable and method of making the same
US2834047 *Jan 15, 1954May 13, 1958Louis H MorinApparatus for making extruded spiral coaxial cable
US3045281 *Nov 25, 1958Jul 24, 1962Skobel MaxProcess and apparatus for making supported sleeving
US3118800 *Aug 21, 1959Jan 21, 1964Standard Plastics IncMethod and apparatus for making flexible conduits having an annular wall of foamed plastic
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3932090 *Jan 31, 1973Jan 13, 1976Ingrip Fasteners, Inc.Adjustable extrusion apparatus for producing thread-like products
US4229238 *Aug 9, 1978Oct 21, 1980Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.Process for manufacturing coaxial cable
US4285899 *May 9, 1979Aug 25, 1981NorteneMethod and apparatus for making helical plastic members, and the members produced
US4548567 *Oct 28, 1982Oct 22, 1985Societe Anonyme De TelecommunicationsApparatus for manufacturing a grooved cylindrical core particularly for optical cable
US4623495 *Apr 19, 1984Nov 18, 1986Les Cables De LyonMethod and apparatus for manufacturing an optical fiber cable
US4867667 *May 31, 1988Sep 19, 1989Masao MoriyamaApparatus for producing screw feeders for a plastic injection-molding machine
US4876051 *Dec 17, 1987Oct 24, 1989W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.Helical groove in wall of extrusion die
US4973238 *Dec 5, 1989Nov 27, 1990Cooper Industries, Inc.Apparatus for manufacturing an electrical cable
US5360584 *Oct 22, 1993Nov 1, 1994Raychem CorporationMethod of forming a wrap-around heat-recoverable article
US5834034 *Feb 26, 1996Nov 10, 1998Toyox Co., Ltd.Apparatus for producing ribbed hose
US6955780 *May 7, 2002Oct 18, 2005Proteus, Inc.Multi-wall cylindrical structure, method of making such structure, and apparatus for carrying out such method
US7140859Jun 17, 2005Nov 28, 2006Protens, Inc.Apparatus for making a multi-walled tubular structure
EP0118397A1 *Jan 24, 1984Sep 12, 1984S.A.I.A.G. S.p.A.Method and apparatus for changing the inclination or orientation of a longitudinal tab of an extruded weather strip for motor vehicles during its extrusion and weather strip thus obtained
EP0293270A2 *May 31, 1988Nov 30, 1988Masao MoriyamaMethod and apparatus for producing screw feeders for a plastic injection-molding machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification425/113, 425/71, 29/828
International ClassificationB29C47/28, H01B13/20, B29C47/24
Cooperative ClassificationH01B13/206, B29C47/0021, B29C47/003, B29C47/0016, B29C47/28, B29C47/24
European ClassificationB29C47/28, H01B13/20E, B29C47/24