Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3461872 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 19, 1969
Filing dateMay 17, 1966
Priority dateMay 17, 1966
Publication numberUS 3461872 A, US 3461872A, US-A-3461872, US3461872 A, US3461872A
InventorsAdams Whitney R, Mcconnell Albert L, Pociluyko Alexander
Original AssigneeScott Paper Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Diaper retaining garment
US 3461872 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug.19, 1969 A. L. M CONNEL L ET AL 3 2,


DIAPER RETAINING GARMENT 2 Sheets-$heet 2 Filed Kay 17. 1966 INVENTORS.


NU m m w MW LER T m RMN 3 L L AAW United States Patent Ofifice 3,461,872 Patented Aug. 19, 1969 US. Cl. 128-287 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A diaper supporting and retaining garment of polymeric cellular material such as open-celled or ret1culated polyurethane foam, and laminates of such material with other sheet materials.

This invention relates generally to a new type of garment and, more particularly, to a new and improved panty construction for retaining a diaper, generally of the disposable type, in position adjacent the perineal reg1on of a wearer.

In the past, many garment constructions have been devised for the purpose of retaining and supporting a diaper in position on a wearer. The more recent developments have been more specifically directed to providing a structure for retaining and supporting a disposable diaper pad on a. wearer. Such disposable diapers are desired by users since, upon becoming soiled, they can be thrown away or disintegrated in the vortex of a flushed toilet. The chief characteristics of such disposable diaper pads are their high absorbency and relatively flimsy construction which is desirable to enable them to readily fall apart when disposed in the normal household sewage system.

Due to the fact that these disposable pads are normally made of paper fibers in one form or another, they are not held in place on a wearer by means of pins or other conventional means. Therefore, elaborate provision has been made in the outer supporting garment for not only supporting the disposable pad but also firmly holding it into position on the wearer by means incorporated in the supporting garment. Such means have included pockets, straps, snaps, buttons, etc. i

In practice, the diaper supporting and retaining garment is reused many times while the disposable diaper pads are discarded after becoming soiled in use. Due to the construction of prior panty garments and the abovementioned complexities built into the structure, the cleaning of these garments is diflicult especially where abnormal amounts of excreta spillage occurs from the pad onto the garment.

Another problem experienced with previous diaper retaining garments has been the necessity to make the material forming such a garment impervious to the circulation of air therethrough since it was desired to prevent the passage of moisture from the pad through the outer garment which sometimes would occur upon prolonged wearing and after the absorbency capacity of the pad had been exceeded. However, it is well-known by experts in the field of child care that one of the chief causes of irritation such as diaper rash is the lack of circulation of air in contact with the moist skin.

In view of the above difiiculties and shortcomings, it was completely unexpected to discover that a diaper supporting garment could be made from a sheet of porous flexible cellular material which would serve ideally for retaining a diaper structure such as a disposable diaper pad in the proper position on a wearer without requiring any associated means to control the pad.

The garment of the invention is particularly welladapted to retain a disposable diaper pad adjacent to and in contact with the perineal region of a wearer and comprises an elongate body portion having cooperating fastener means secured to respective corners thereof for effecting securement of the corners of the ends of each respective longitudinal side edge to each other. The body portion comprises a sheet of flexible polymeric cellular material which in some embodiments is an open-celled foam such as polyurethane, and in some other embodiments is a reticulated foam such as polyurethane. In addition, it has been discovered that a diaper retaining garment such as the above being normally somewhat permeable to fluids can be treated so as to be made more hydrophobic than usual and, therefore, relatively impermeable to the passage of fluids. One means for treating the foam in this manner involves the application of a silicone composition to the surfaces of the foam; that is, to the surfaces of members throughout the foam structure defining the pores or outlining the cells.

Therefore, it is an object of the present invention to provide a new and improved diaper retaining garment.

It is an additional object of the invention to provide a diaper retaining garment comprised of a sheet of flexible polymeric cellular material.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a diaper retaining garment formed from a sheet of flexible polymeric cellular material which has been treated to make it hydrophobic.

These and additional objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description thereof when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is an inner plan view of a diaper supporting garment of the invention,

FIGURE 2 is a sectional View taken along lines 22 of FIGURE 1,

FIGURE 3 is a greatly enlarged perspective view of a typical cell structure of a cellular polymeric material used in the invention,

FIGURE 4 is a greatly enlarged view of a cell structure of a reticulated polymeric material used in the invention,

FIGURE 5 is a perspective view of one type of pad which may be employed with the invention, showing part in section,

FIGURE 6 is a perspective view of a diaper supporting a pad in the approximate position of use, and

FIGURES 7 and 8 are sectional views of some alternative types of composite sheet material for use in forming body portion 10.

Referring to FIGURE 1 of the drawings, an elongate sheet 10 of flexible polymeric cellular material is shown having its longitudinal side edges 11 and 12 recessed centrally of their ends. This results in the formation of laterally outwardly extending ears or apron portions 13, 14, 15 and 16, depending from each end of each longitudinal side edge 11 and 12. The elongate sheet 10 comprises the body portion of a diaper retaining garment of the invention. The surface of the sheet shown in FIGURE 1 is the inner surface of the garment. That is, this surface is adjacent to the body of a wearer during use of the garment as distinguished from the outer surface thereof which is not shown in FIGURE 1.

The apron portions 13, 14, 15 and 16, are reinforced on each side thereof by an overyling layer of material 17. That is, layers 17 of material are secured to both the inner and outer surface of those portions of the sheet 10 comprising the outwardly depending apron portions 13, 14, 15 and 16, as by stitching. This material preferably is a scrim or fabric but may comprise any relatively strong and flexible sheet material. A plurality of cooperating snap fastener elements are secured to the respective corners of the elongate body portion. Thus, in FIGURE 1,

3 they are secured to each apron portion 13, 14, 15 and 16, and arranged to effect securement of the corners at the ends of each respective longitudinal side edge 11 and 12 to each other. Obviously, many types of fastener means could be employed satisfactorily for this purpose.

The longitudinal side edges 11 and 12 and end edges 18 and 19 of the elongate body portion are elasticized between the respective apron portions 13, 14, and 16, to provide stretch and form to the garment. This is preferably provided for by a sewing to these edges a strip 21 of elastic material, folded around each edge and stretched in the direction parallel to that edge. The cellular polymeric sheet material forming the body portion 10 is in the relaxed state when the elastic strip 21 is sewn.

Upon completion, the elastic strip 21 returns to a substantially relaxed state and the cellular polymeric sheet 10 in the areas adjacent the edges 11, 12, 18 and 19, becomes slightly compressed. The resistance to tension of the elastic strip 21 is greater than the resistance to compression of the cellular material forming sheet 10, resulting in substantially compression in sheet 10 along the edges thereof while strip 21 is only under slight tension and is substantially relaxed. This alters the form or configuration of the resulting structure, and causes the side edges and end edges to turn upwardly, generally out of the plane of the central portion of sheet 10, forming a channel therebetween. The resulting article thus assumes the shape desired when in position on a wearer when it is in the relaxed condition. This shape is substantially shown in FIGURE 6.

The elasticized edges 11, 12, 18 and 19, are preferably covered by fabric outer strip 22 to prevent contact of the wearer with the elastic material forming strip 21. This strip 22 is sewn on along with the elasticized strip 21 and forms an envelope around it. The details of this construction feature can be clearly seen from FIGURE 2. The material forming the outer strip 22 may comprise any type of flexible material but is preferably a woven fabric or scrim.

The flexible polymeric cellular material used for the elongate body portion 10 may comprise any one of a number of open-celled foams. Thus, a primary feature of the invention is that the material forming the body portion is pervious to air. As will be seen subsequently, the material may be pervious to liquids in some instances. However, many of these materials are naturally hydrophobic and others are preferably rendered hydrophobic in accordance with the invention to prevent the passage of liquids therethrough while still permitting the passage of air. One factor which regulates the relative degree of fluid flow through the structure is the pore size or cell concentration of the flexible cellular material. In part, this depends upon the characteristics of the individual materials employed. However, it has been found that the cell concentration of the cellular material should preferably not be less than pores per inch and should preferably be at least 60 pores per inch and higher. This is one measure of pore size.

One type of cellular polymeric material preferred for use in the garment of the invention is a polyurethane foam material which in some instances may be treated in a manner giving it advantageous properties. The nature of such polyurethane foam material is best illustrated in FIGURES 3 and 4 which are greatly enlarged illustrations of single cells of typical cellular polyurethane foam material. Each cell is a three-dimensional network of interconnected strands 23 which form junctions between the faces or walls of the cells of the foam body. Most socalled open-celled polyurethane foams possess thin mebrane-like sheets of material across at least certain or some of the cell faces as indicated in 24. Other cell faces, as indicated in 25, are open by virtue of the membranous material at the face having been broken during the foaming operation.

A polyurethane resin or polymer is formed by the reaction of a diisocyanate with a polyhydroxy material. Generally, these resins are classed as, e.g., polyether or polyester polyurethanes, depending on the chemical nature of their polymeric units. There are other, less commonly used, types classified as to the nature of the polymer with which the isocyanate is reacted. A polyurethane foam is produced by generating CO e.g., by reaction of water with an isocyanate, or other gas in the reaction mixture, e.g., by a vaporization of a volatile liquid by the heat of reaction, while converting a liquid form of the polymer to a solid form of the polymer, e.g., by cross-linking or otherwise increasing the molecular weight of the liquid polymer.

In the preparation of foamed polymeric cellular structures, a gas or vapor is generated while the material to :be formed is in the plastic state. The generation of this gas results in the formation of bubbles, approximately spherical in form. As the bubbles expand, cells are formed which have more or less definite geometric configurations. The optimum packing for spheres is an arrangement in which each sphere is surrounded by 12 other spheres; and correspondingly it has been found that the cells formed by the expansion of gas bubbles to the point of contact, so as to produce low-density, open-cell cellular structures, generally are in the form of dodecahedrons, with pentagonal sides or faces. This is the general rule, though in any foamed mass will be found cells of varying geometry. At the intersection of the faces are heavier strands of material. Between the strands forming the cell faces or walls are very thin membrane-like films. Generally a portion of the faces rupture during foaming, so that the cells are interconnected. Such a foam is referred to as open-celled.

The more preferred form of polyurethane foam for use in the invention is illustrated by the cell shown in FIG- URE 4. It is from a reticulated structure formed from a conventional open-celled foam which has been subjected to an after-treatment which removes the membranous material from substantially all of the faces of the cell, leaving only the integrally interconnected strands 23. A more detailed description of the interconnected strand structure of FIGURE 4 and a description of a method of its production are contained in U.S. Patent 3,171,820 to Volz. Such foam structures are basically three-dimensional porous structures and may be considered as threedimensional honeycombs or cellular structures comprised of integrally interconnecting strands forming an isotropic skeletal outline of a multitude of polyhedrons whose faces are polygonal.

Obviously, any material used to form the elongate sheet or body portion 10 must resist wet through or the passage of liquids through itself. It was quite surprising to discover this could be achieved while allowing relatively free permeation of the body portion by air.

As mentioned above, many of the polymeric cellular structures and materials contemplated for use in the invention are hydrophobic in their natural condition. That is, they exhibit a pronounced tendency to resist wetting by liquids such as water. This tendency is one property of the polyurethane foam described above, both the opencelled variety and the reticulated form. The ability of a polymeric cellular layer to resist liquid permeation depends largely upon its pore size as well as its degree of hydrophobicity or resistance to wetting.

However, there are some materials which are not hydrophobic but could be used satisfactorily in the inven tion if the pores were small enough or if treated to become hydrophobic. In addition, the above naturally hydrophobic materials sometimes lose this property upon repeated washing under strong detergents. It will be apparent that during use of the garment of the invention, the pads will often not have the absorbency capacity for holding all fluids over a prolonged wearing time. It will then be necessary to clean the garment as well as to dispose of the pad. The garment is designed to withstand rigorous cleansing up to 50 times or more in an automatic washer under high water temperatures and strong detergent conditions. However, it is sometimes desirable to initially treat the polymeric cellular material forming the body portion of the garment to impart more permanent hydrophobicity to the material.

Accordingly, several methods of accomplishing this have been found very satisfactory and it is believed that others would be equally successful.

Generally, the methods for making the polymeric cellular material hydrophobic involve applying a coating material in liquid form to the surfaces of the cellular material and distributing it substantially uniformly thereon. Upon drying and removal of the excess coating material, the structure has a thin contiguous coating substantially over its entire interior and exterior surfaces. That is, the surfaces of the strand members forming the structure in the case of reticulated polyurethane foam are all coated with hydrophobic material which at least substantially retards the passage of liquid through the pores of the structure and in most instances, prevents it.

In some instances, the liquid coating material may be applied by spraying. It has been found preferable to dip the cellular material into the liquid bath to more thoroughly wet it, after which the cellular material is mechanically worked as by kneading or by passing it through a roll nip which may be either within or without the liquid bath. This working step insures uniform wetting of the surface of the cellular material by the coating mate rial. The excess coating material is then drained from the structure. This may be assisted by the same or additional pressure rolls.

Upon completion of the coating application, the coating is normally dried. This is accomplished under conditions which depend on the characteristics of the particular coating material used, but should in any case be at a temperature below the fusion temperature of the cellular structure. In this case of polyurethane foam, this is generally below about 400 F.

One coating material employed for imparting hydrophobicity to the cellular material is a water-dilutable nonionic silicone emulsion. This may be Dow Syl-mer 72, 01' Dow Corning ET 5317, manufactured by Dow Corning Corporation, Midland, Michigan. A catalyst must be used with the above emulsion and a satisfactory one is Catalyst 62, manufactured by Dow Corning Corporation. It is used in a weight ratio of about 1 pound of catalyst to about 5 pounds of Syl-mer 72.

Typical properties of the above compounds are as fol- The bath of coating material is prepared in the following manner to obtain a pickup of coating material on the polymeric cellular material in the range of 1 to 5% coating material solids based upon the dry weight of the cellular material. When using the above-described compounds in the coating material, Catalyst 62 is used in a weight ratio of 1 pound of catalyst to 5 pounds of Sylmer 72. The catalyst should be added to the diluted silicone emulsion for the best bath stability.

A typical 50 gallon coating material bath of Syl-mer 72 should be mixed in the following manner.

(1) Weigh 20 pounds (2 /2 gallons) Syl-mer 72 emulsion into mixing tank (5% Syl-mer 72 emulsion based on total bath) (2) Add 20 to 25 gallons cold water (40 to 50% of the total bath) with gentle agitation.

(3) Mix into the diluted emulsion 4 pounds (2 quarts) of Catalyst 62 (1.0% of total bath or 20% of Syl-mer 72 used).

(4) Add enough cold water with gentle agitation to bring the total bath volume to 50 gallons.

The cellular material coated with the above-described bath is then dried and cured with conventional drying equipment. As pointed out above, the length of time and the temperature required for drying will vary depending upon the types of coating materials employed, as well as upon the type of cellular material being coated. The pore size of the cellular material is also a factor. However, the following table illustrates typical drying and curing times and temperatures for the above Syl-mer 72 emulsion bath.

Temperature, F.: Time, minutes Whereas dimethylpolysiloxane is inert and nonreactive, L-31 Silicone Fluid, because of the Si-H bond, is a highly reactive material which can be cured to a variety of substrates.

To use L-31 Silicone Fluid, it must first be emulsified by any number of emulsifiers to 30% solids. Suitable catalysts that can be used are emulsions of zinc octoate, tin octoate or dibutyltin dilaurate. Zirconium and iron soaps and amines are also effective catalysts. The catalyst emulsions, when made up to 50% solids, are used in the same ratio 5-1 with L-31 silicone emulsion as the S'yl-mer 72 emulsion and Catalyst 62. The coating material bath is made up in the same manner as described for the Sylmer 72 bath. Treatment and curing times and temperatures are also the same.

Other types of sheet material have been found to be advantageous in certain instances. For example, to im part a different appearance to the garment as shown in FIGURE 7, a layer of cellular material 30 is secured to a layer of woven fabric 31 such as nylon, cotton, or tricot. The air permeability feature of the garment is retained and it is constructed in substantially the same manner as described above. The fabric 31 may be bonded to the polymeric cellular material 30 by thermal fusion or by adhesive, such as a flexible latex adhesive, applied in a pattern or over the entire surface thereof, as is well-known in the art. The fabric surface is preferably the outside surface although not necessarily so.

Another composite laminated material found to be useful in garments of the invention is shown in FIGURE 8. It is formed by two layers 33 and 34 of polymeric cellular material separated by a porous mesh 35 of thermoplastic material, such as polypropylene. This porous mesh 35 increases the resistance of the composite fabric to wetthrough since any moisture penetrating the first cellular layer 33 will be halted by the gap, between it and the next cellular layer 34, created by the mesh layer 35. The cellular material shown in each of FIGURES 7 and 8 is unreticulated open-celled polyurethane foam but, in some instances, is more preferably reticulated polyurethane foam to give greater porosity and ease of cleaning.

FIGURE 5 shows one type of disposable absorbent diaper pad adapted for use with the invention. It comprises a plurality of layers of crepe Wadding 26 arranged in overlying relationship to each other. A covering layer 27 of nonwoven material is disposed over the uppermost sheet of crepe wadding and has its overlapping longitudinal side margins extending around the longitudinal sides of the layers of crepe wadding, folded over and secured to the elongate side margins of the bottom layer of crepe wadding, as by adhering. The central portion of the bottom layer of crepe wadding is preferably left open and exposed.

Upon contact of this pad with solution, the crepe Wadding disintegrates into small clumps of fibers and the nonwoven layer is left having small bulk and being quite flexible and disposable. Other types of diaper pads can also be used including cloth diapers and disposable diapers of the composite type incorporating crepe wadding and flulfed wood pulp.

FIGURE 6 illustrates a panty or garment of the invention retaining therein a disposable diaper pad. It can be seen that, when in position on a wearer, the pad extends along the central portion from front to rear and rests on the inner surface of the garment within the channel or pouch formed by the upturned side edges 11 and 12.

During use, the diaper pad is held in place within the garment by friction created between the inner surface of the garment and the disposable pad. The surface of cellular material of the type contemplated for use in the invention is quite uneven although being very soft for acceptable contact with a wearers skin. Thus, FIGURES 7 and 8 show that the surface of the open-celled foam is uneven and rough and would tend to grip a diaper pad. The surface of reticulated foam such as polyurethane has even greater frictional characteristics and is therefore more preferred since it has strand members 23 engaging the surface of the pad. It is also somewhat softer than the open-celled form of foam since the reticulated foam is more flexible and is not stiffened by membranes over the cell faces.

The reticulated foam material is preferred for use herein since it facilitates cleaning of the soiled garment. As can be seen from FIGURES 3 and 4, the open-celled foam allows flushing of each of the cells with liquid during cleaning. However, the reticulated variety is substantially free from membranous material and that structure is thus more open and easier to clean.

What we claim is:

1. A garment adapted to retain a disposable diaper pad adjacent to and in contact with the perineal region of a wearer, comprising an elongate body portion having cooperating fastener means secured to respective corners thereof for effecting securement of the corners at the ends of each respective longitudinal side edge to each other, said body portion comprising a sheet of flexible polymeric cellular material, said polymeric cellular material being treated to increase its hydrophobicity, and strips of elastic material extending along at least a portion of each respective longitudinal side edge and secured thereto, said sheet of flexible polymeric cellular material forming the elongate body portion being in compression along at least portions of its longitudinal side edges, said compression being in a direction parallel to those edges, respectively.

2. A garment according to claim 1, wherein said polymeric cellular material contains a silicone composition on at least portions of its surface, thereby rendering it hydrophobic.

3. A garment adapted to retain a disposable diaper pad adjacent to and in contact with the perineal region of a wearer, comprising an elongate body portion having cooperating fastener means secured to respective corners thereof for effecting securement of the corners at the ends of each respective longitudinal side edge to each other, said body portion comprising a composite laminate including two layers of flexible polymeric cellular material separated by a layer of thermoplastic material in the form of an open, porous mesh, all of said layers being secured together, and strips of elastic material extending along at least a portion of each respective longitudinal side edge and secured thereto, said composite laminate forming the elongate body portion being in compression along at least portions of its longitudinal side edges, said compression being in a direction parallel to those edges respectively.

4. A garment according to claim 3, wherein said thermoplastic material comprises polypropylene.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,042,549 7/ 1962 Arnold 128296 3,072,123 1/1963 Davis 128287 3,157,178 11/1964 Bentov 128296 3,301,257 1/1967 Crowe et al 128296 FOREIGN PATENTS 636,097 4/ 1950 Great Britain.

CHARLES E. ROSENBAUM, Primary Examiner

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3042549 *Nov 4, 1958Jul 3, 1962Ralph A ArnoldSilicone treated cotton
US3072123 *Nov 21, 1961Jan 8, 1963Alice B DavisDiaper panty
US3157178 *Dec 14, 1961Nov 17, 1964Oneida LtdDressing
US3301257 *Jul 15, 1963Jan 31, 1967Johnson & JohnsonAbsorbent surgical dressing
GB636097A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3805790 *May 12, 1972Apr 23, 1974Kimberly Clark CoPreshaped feminine napkin
US3871037 *Jan 4, 1974Mar 18, 1975Frederick Lane WillingtonIncontinence pads
US4050462 *Mar 29, 1976Sep 27, 1977Kimberly-Clark CorporationDisposable diaper with elastically constricted crotch section
US4596568 *Oct 22, 1984Jun 24, 1986Diaperaps LimitedDiaper cover
US4610679 *Oct 2, 1985Sep 9, 1986Masao MatsushitaBedsore-free diaper
US4718902 *May 9, 1986Jan 12, 1988Ruth BonitoEndometriosis panty
US4998929 *Dec 6, 1989Mar 12, 1991Molnlycke AbDisposable diaper
US5091240 *Oct 6, 1989Feb 25, 1992Tambrands, Inc.Laminate incorporating hot melt and water based adhesives
US5413570 *Apr 4, 1994May 9, 1995Kimberly-Clark CorporationDiapers with elasticized side pockets
US5415644 *Feb 13, 1989May 16, 1995Kimberly-Clark CorporationDiapers with elasticized side pockets
US5582606 *May 23, 1995Dec 10, 1996Kimberly-Clarke CorporationAbsorbent article having dual barrier means
US5599338 *May 9, 1995Feb 4, 1997Kimberly-Clark CorporationDiapers with elasticized side pockets
US5601544 *Dec 23, 1993Feb 11, 1997Kimberly-Clark CorporationChild's training pant with elasticized shaped absorbent and method of making the same
US5609588 *Jun 8, 1994Mar 11, 1997Kimberly-Clark CorporationArticle having a non-absorbent resilient layer
US5788797 *Aug 12, 1996Aug 4, 1998Herrin; Robert M.Method for welding seams in disposable garments
US5797824 *Jul 16, 1993Aug 25, 1998Tracy; RhondaDisposable diaper with padded waistband and legholes
US5853402 *Feb 26, 1997Dec 29, 1998Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Absorbent article having a composite absorbent core
US5879500 *Jun 21, 1996Mar 9, 1999Herrin; Robert M.Disposable undergarment forming apparatus and method of forming same
US5895382 *Apr 26, 1993Apr 20, 1999Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Foreshortened containment flaps in a disposable absorbent article
US6077379 *Oct 28, 1997Jun 20, 2000Herrin; Robert M.Method of forming disposable undergarment
US6277223Oct 28, 1997Aug 21, 2001Robert M. HerrinMethod of forming disposable undergarment
US6309487Apr 5, 1996Oct 30, 2001Robert M. HerrinDisposable garments and method and apparatus for making
US6315022Oct 28, 1997Nov 13, 2001Robert M. HerrinApparatus for forming disposable undergarment
US6413352Aug 26, 1999Jul 2, 2002John M. Tharpe, Jr.Apparatus having a core orientor and methods of orienting portions of a disposable undergarment
US6881207Jun 30, 1998Apr 19, 2005Rhonda TracyDisposable diaper with padded waistband and legholes
US20030000620 *May 6, 2002Jan 2, 2003Herrin Robert M.Disposable garments, and method and apparatus for making
USRE31922 *Sep 23, 1983Jun 25, 1985Johnson & JohnsonConformable disposable diapers having absorbent panel with bulged side members
U.S. Classification604/397, 604/401, 604/385.24, 604/369
International ClassificationA41B13/04, A61L15/42, A41B13/00, A61L15/16
Cooperative ClassificationA61L15/425, A41B13/04
European ClassificationA41B13/04, A61L15/42E