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Publication numberUS3463093 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 26, 1969
Filing dateJun 5, 1967
Priority dateJan 17, 1967
Also published asDE1302372B, DE1302372C2
Publication numberUS 3463093 A, US 3463093A, US-A-3463093, US3463093 A, US3463093A
InventorsErich Pfeiffer, Alfred Pilz
Original AssigneeErich Pfeiffer Kg Metallwarenf
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Simply operating push plunger pump housed in a container
US 3463093 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

g- 26, 1969 E. PFEIFFER ET Al- SIMPLY OPERATING PUSH PLUNGER PUMP HOUSED IN A CONTAINER Filed June 5, 1967 3 Y 5 Z. w a a Z \\M m .r 5

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ATTORNEYS United States Patent l P 41,213 Int. Cl. F04b 21/04; G01f 11/06 US. Cl. 103-188 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A hand actuated simply operating push plunger pump with a compression spring 3 in the pump cylinder '1, the spring pressing against a valve plate 4 of an outlet valve that is opened by means of a hollow plunger stem 5 but with the plate pressing against a valve seat in pump plunger 6a, 6b while the pump is at rest, in combination with a sealing sleeve 7 in the pump cylinder in a position between the plunger and the closure cap 13 on the container where the sleeve will be engaged, while the pump is at rest, by a plunger consisting of a cult 6a and a neck 6b, there being in the pump cylinder a pressure equalizing opening which in the resting position is at the level of the space between the plunger cuff and the sealing sleeve whereby the air equalizing path is sealed off by the latter during the resting stage, but where during the actuating stroke the inside of the container is kept in communication with the outside atmosphere, characterized in that the plunger 6a, 6b with its thin walled elastic neck 6b is adapted to be axially coordinated with an enlargement 5b on the plunger stem 5.

Cross-references to related applications Applicants claim priority under 35 U.S.C. 119 for German application P 41213, filed Jan. 17, 1967.

The disclosure of copendin'g U .S. patent application Ser. No. 557,765, now Patent No. 3,406,909, filed June 15, 1966 is incorporated herein.

Background of the invention The field of the invention is apparatus for dispensing with a discharge assistant.

The present invention is particularly related to hand actuated dispensers which are screwed onto the tops of perfume bottles or other liquid containers where it is desired to dose, spray or atomize the contents thereof. The state of the prior art dispensers is represented by German Patent 1,201,684, granted Jan. 29, 1964, German Utility Patent 1,920,632, granted Apr. 12, 1964, German Utility Patent 1,735,455, granted 'May 2, 1956, and French Patents 760,904 and 1,177,620, published Sept. 15, 1933 and June 28, 1957 respectively.

The prior art dispensers, particularly the dispenser of German Patent 1,201,684, have the disadvantage of requiring that the parts be very accurately dimensioned which further requires difficult and expensive finishing, and as a result delays the closing of the outlet valve.

Summary of the invention Having in mind the limitations of the prior art, it is a general object of the present invention to avoid said limitations.

An object of the present invention is to provide a hand operated pump dispenser wherein the suction stroke commences without delay and immediately upon the release of the plunger.

Further objects and advantages of the invention will 3,463,093 Patented Aug. 26, 1969 ice become apparent upon study of the specification, drawings and claims.

According to the present invention, a hand actuated simply operating push plunger pump with a compression spring in the pump cylinder is provided. The spring presses against a valve plate of an outlet valve that is opened by means of a hollow plunger stem. While the pump is at rest the plate presses against a valve seat in a pump plunger. A sealing sleeve is combined in the pump cylinder in a position between the plunger and the closure cap of the container. The sleeve is engaged, while the pump is at rest, by a plunger consisting of a cutf and a neck. The pump cylinderv has a pressure equalizing opening which in the resting position is at the level of the space between the plunger cuif and the sealing sleeve whereby the air equalizing path is sealed off by the latter during the resting stage. During the actuating stroke the inside of the container is kept in communication with the outside atmosphere. r

A particular feature of the present invention comprises having the plunger connected by a thin walled elastic neck to the side of the plunger stem.

The pump of this invention is suitable for many purposes, e.g., for dosing, spraying and atomizing from suitable containers from which a liquid, e.g., a combustible volatile, etching or odoriferous liquid, either goodor bad-smelling, can be expelled.

The pump of the present invention has important advantages over known pumps. At the beginning of the pressure movement, the compressed liquid in the cylinder 0pposes the downward movement of the plunger cuff so that the elastic neck portion thereof is compressed by continued downward movement of the valve stem. Upon termination of the downward movement and release of the hand-applied pressure and escape of fluid from the cylinder into the plunger rod, the elastic neck portion forcibly engages the plunger cuff with the valve plate, thereby closing the outlet valve. Closure of the outlet valve occurs as soon as the hand applied pressure is released, regardless of whether or not the suction movement commences immediately. Complete suction action commences therefore immediately upon initiation of the suction movement. In the prior pumps this occurs somewhat later, namely not until after the valve plate has been pressed against the plunger cuff during the suction stroke. During this time interval there is no suction force exerted because air from the outside can then enter the pump cylinder through the hollow plunger rod. A quick and dependable closing of the outlet valves in the prior constructions is dependent upon the friction between the plunger cuff and the inner wall of the pump cylinder being greater than the friction between the plunger cuff and the plunger stem. This means that the dimensions of the plunger must be critically accurate if dependable functioning of the pump is to be expected. But even if a. plunger of such exact dimensions is produced, there is always the possibility, with elastic substances of the kind that must be used in such devices, of the frictional characteristics of the parts undergoing unfavorable changes. In the pump of the present invention, the functioning does not depend on such frictional relations.

In the present invention the plunger neck is securely attached and sealed in an annular groove around the plunger rod. This also has the advantage of keeping the connection between the plunger and the plunger rod permanently sealed. It is therefore not possible during the pressure stroke for any liquid to enter the space between the plunger neck and pump cylinder which would prevent such liquid from being ejected by the nozzle as happens with prior pumps under normal conditions. It is also advantageous to have the sealing sleeve inserted with a friction fit into the pump cylinder soithat while in the resting position the pressure equalizing path is sealed off by the tight contact of the plunger cuff with the lower exposed and preferably innermost edge of the sealing sleeve.

The present construction also has other advantages. In the prior pumps the sealing sleeve is formed of rubber because in its resting position where is is continually under spring pressure, it is urged against an additional closure plate. It should be made of rubber so that it will resume its original form even after remaining for long periods of time under pressure. Rubber, however, has the disadvantage of deteriorating in the presence of various liquids, with loss of its original properties. In the pump of this invention, it is not only the construction that is greatly simplified (by the omission of the pressure plate), but it is also possible by choice of suitable materials for the sealing sleeve e.g., Teflon or polypropylene, to avoid chemical attack by various liquids thereon. The use of a rigid material for the sealing sleeve also has the advantage that in the resting condition where the plunger cuff seats on the inner edge of the sleeve, the force of the spring is exerted only on the sleeve. The plunger neck is therefore not under compression while in the resting condition so that even after remaining idle for a long period of time it does not lose its elasticity.

Finally, another advantageous feature of the pump of this invention is that inside the pump cylinder in the region of the plunger cuff at the end of its compression stroke there is an annular enlargement in such a position that between the plunger cuff and the enlargement there is an annular slit with additional advantages. In prior pumps during the pressure stroke an elastic expansion occurs, especially of the pump cylinder and plunger, as a result of the increased fluid pressure. At the end of the pressure stroke this expansion returns to normal with the fluid pressure diminishing only gradually. The result is that the expulsion of the liquid occurs only gradually. This is, however, a disadvantage for pumps that are to be used for different purposes. If, for example, the pump forms part of an atomizer, droplets of liquid will then remain on the nozzle after each operation which are undesirable. Also, when the pump is used for dosing purposes, exact dosing will not be possible. These disadvantages are avoided by the pump of this invention by the provision that just before arriving at the lower end of travel of the plunger, the fluid pressure in the cylinder is suddenly vented through the relatively wide slit between the plunger and the enlarged portion of the inner cylinder wall. This causes the expulsion from the nozzle to be suddenly interrupted.

Description of the drawing In the two figures of the drawing, an embodiment of the pump of this invention is shown. The two figures show the pump in longitudinal section.

FIGURE 1 shows the pump in its stationary condition; and

FIGURE 2 shows the pump at the end of its forward stroke.

In the lower end of the pump cylinder 1 the inlet valve is shown in the form of a ball valve 2. The strong pressure spring 3 presses directly against the valve plate 4 which is fastened to the lower end of the plunger rod 5 and presses against a plunger 6a, 61: mounted on the plunger rod. The plunger consists of a cuff 6a and a neck 6b, the latter being firmly seated in an annular groove 5a in an enlarged portion 5b of the plunger rod 5. In the upper portion of the pump cylinder 1 a sealing sleeve 7 of rigid material is pressed down to a depth limited by the flange 8. The sealing member 9 forms a seal between the pump cylinder 1 and the opening of the container 12. A pressure equalizing opening 10 is formed in the wall of the pump cylinder 1 to keep the pressure in the container 12 equal to that of the atmosphere, and also to return to the container any leakage liquid from the cylinder. The lower end of the plunger has a transverse bore 11 to permit liquid to enter the bore 15 in the plunger rod 5 when the outlet valve is open. The inner wall of the pump cylinder is enlarged in the region of furthest downward movement of the plunger cuff 6a. The pump carries a closure cap 13 for mounting it on the container 12. The lower end of the sealing sleeve 7 presents an edge 14 against which the plunger cuff 6a is pressed while the pump is at rest. The plunger rod 5 carries at its upper end an actuating head 16 to the side of which an atomizing nozzle 17 is fastened.

Description of the operation of the preferred embodiment The pump of this invention operates as follows:

While at rest, as FIGURE 1 shows, the compression spring 3 presses the valve plate 4 against the plunger cuff 6a to urge the latter against the inner edge 14 of the sealing sleeve 7. The effect of this is on the one hand to close the fluid passageway through the outlet valve formed by the valve plate 4 and the plunger cuff 6a to the bore 15 in the plunger rod 5, and on the other hand the engagement of the plunger cuff 6a with the inner edge 14 of the sealing sleeve 7 prevents the liquid from escaping through the air pressure equalizing opening 10, along the sealing sleeve 7 and through the slit between plunger rod 5 and the closure cap 13.

If the upward pressure of the spring 3 is counteracted, a downward movement will first be imparted to the plunger rod 5 and to the plunger cuff 6a mounted thereon. This increases the fluid pressure in the lower part of the pump cylinder 1 acting upwardly against the plunger cuff 6a shifting the latter upwardly along the plunger rod 5. The plunger neck 61] is thereby compressed and bulged out, thereby opening the outlet valve. The liquid in the lower part of the pump cylinder now escapes through the transverse bore 11 and through the bore 15 of the plunger rod. Shortly before the end of the pressurizing movement (see FIGURE 2), the plunger cuff reaches the annular enlargement 1a in the inside wall of the cylinder 1. An annular passageway of relatively large cross section is thereby formed between the plunger cuff 6a and the annular enlargement 1a in the inside cylinder wall, whereby the escape opening for the liquid is increased and a sudden pressure drop in the pump cylinder 1 is achieved. The elastic bulging out of the plunger neck 6b is thereby caused to collapse. After the pressure upon the bottom of the plunger cuff 6a has been relieved, the elastic compression of the neck 6b causes the cuff to move downward toward the valve plate 4. The outlet valve is forcibly and quickly closed thereby, and any further escape of liquid is effectively prevented, independently of the initiation of the suction stroke. Hence there is no drop formation at the outlet side of the nozzle 17. As soon as the downward pressure on the actuating knob 16 and plunger rod 5 is relieved, the knob and the rod together with the plunger cuff 6a are moved upwards by the spring 3 whereby the outlet valve is already closed. As soon as the plunger cuff 6a has left the annular enlargement 1a in the pump cylinder 1, it forms a fluid-tight seal with the inner wall of the cylinder so that upon further upward movement it diminishes the pressure in the cylinder 1, thereby drawing more liquid from the container 12 upwardly past the ball check valve 2. After the end of the upward movement the entire system will shut off from the outside as above described, thereby rendering it fluid tight regardless of the position of the pump and container.

It will be understood that this invention is susceptible to modification in order to adapt it to different usages and conditions.

We claim:

1. A hand-actuated push plunger pump adapted to be mounted on a container (12) and comprising a pump cylinder 1) with a flanged upper end that is held firmly with a fluid-tight seal upon the upper end of the container by means of a cap (13), a sealing sleeve (7) of rigid material positioned in the upper end of the pump cylinder, an upwardly opening check valve (2) in the lower end of the pump cylinder, a hollow plunger rod (5) urged upwardly by a spring (3) and carrying an actuating head (16) with an atomizing nozzle (17) at the upper end of the rod and a valve plate (4) over its lower end, the plunger rod having an enlarged portion (5b) and carrying an upwardly tapered plunger (6a) with an elastic bulgable neck (6b) attached at its upper end with a fluid tight fit to the plunger rod immediately below the enlarged portion (5b), said plunger having suflicient limited sliding movement on the rod to form fluid-tight contact with both the valve plate (4) and the lower end of the sealing sleeve (7) when the plunger rod is at the upper end of its upward movement, the plunger rod having a transverse radial bore (11) through its lower end between the plunger and the valve plate (4) and the cylinder (1) having a transverse pressure-equalizing opening (10) through its wall between the sealing sleeve (7 and the plunger (6a) so that when the plunger rod is moved downwardly by hand the plunger will first disengage the sealing sleeve to bring the inside of the container into communication with the outside and then, with the help of the increased fluid pressure in the cylinder, the plunger will also become suddenly disengaged from the valve plate (4) to permit the pressurized fluid in cylinder (1) to flow through bore (11) into the hollow plunger rod (5) and out through the atomizing nozzle until when near the end of downward movement the diminished fluid pressure in the cylinder will permit sudden downward movement of the plunger into fluid-tight engagement with the valve plate (4) to keep the transverse bore (11) closed during the ensuing upward movement and until after the next downward movement has commenced.

2. A hand-actuated push plunger pump adapted to be mounted on a container (12) and comprising a pump cylinder (1) with a flanged upper end that is held firmly with a fluid-tight seal upon the upper end of the container by means of a cap (13), a sealing sleeve (7 of rigid material positioned in the upper end of the pump cylinder, an upwardly opening check valve (2) in the lower end of the pump cylinder, a hollow plunger rod (5) urged upwardly by a spring (3) and carrying an actuating head (16) with an atomizing nozzle (17) at the upper end of the rod and a valve plate (4) over its lower end, the plunger rod having an enlarged portion (5b) with an annular groove (5a) and carrying an upwardly tapered plunger (6a) with an elastic bulgable neck (6b) attached at its upper end to the plunger rod by seating in annular groove (5a), said plunger having limited sliding movement on the rod to form fluid-tight contact with both the valve plate (4) and the lower end of the sealing sleeve (7) when the plunger rod is at the upper end of its upward movement, the plunger rod having a transverse bore (11) through its lower end between the plunger and the valve plate 4) and the cylinder (1) having a transverse pressure-eqalizing opening (10) through its wall between the sealing sleeve (7) and the plunger (6a) so that when the plunger rod is moved downwardly by hand the plunger will first disengage the sealing sleeve to bring the inside of the container into communication with the outside and then, with the help of the increased fluid pressure in the cylinder, the plunger will also become suddenly disengaged from the valve plate (4) to permit the pressurized fluid in cylinder (1) to flow through bore (11) into the hollow plunger rod (5) and out through the atomizing nozzle until when near the end of downward movement the diminished fluid pressure in the cylinder will permit sudden downward movement of the plunger into fluid-tight engagement with the valve plate (4) to keep the transverse bore (11) closed during the ensuring upward movement and until after the next downward movement has commenced.

3. A hand-actuated push plunger pump adapted to be mounted on a container (12) and comprising a pump cylinder (1) with a flanged upper end that is held firmly with a fluid-tight seal upon the upper end of the container by means of a cap (13), a sealing sleeve (7) of rigid material positioned in the upper end of the pump cylinder, an upwardly opening check valve (2) in the lower end of the pump cylinder, a hollow plunger rod (5) urged upwardly by a spring (3) and carrying an actuating head (16) with an atomizing nozzle (17) at the upper end of the rod and a valve plate (4) over its lower end, the plunger rod also carrying an upwardly tapered plunger (6a) with an elastic bulgable neck (6b) attached at its upper end to the plunger rod, said plunger having limited sliding movement on the rod to form fluid-tight contact with both the valve plate (4) and the lower end of the sealing sleeve (7 when the plunger rod is at the upper end of its upward movement, the plunger rod having a transverse bore (11) through its lower end between the plunger and the valve plate 4) and the cylinder 1) having a transverse pressure-equalizing opening (10) through its wall between the sealing sleeve (7) and the plunger (6a) so that when the plunger rod is moved downwardly by hand the plunger will first disengage the sealing sleeve to bring the inside of the container into communication with the outside and then, with the help of the increased fluid pressure in the cylinder, the plunger will also become suddenly disengaged from the valve plate (4) to permit the pressurized fluid in cylinder (1) to flow through bore (11) into the hollow plunger rod (5) and out through the atomizing nozzle until when near the end of downward movement the diminished fluid pressure in the cylinder will permit sudden downward movement of the plunge into fluid-tight engagement with the valve plate (4) to keep the transverse bore (11) closed during the ensuing upward movement and until after the next downward movement has commenced, said cylinder (1) having an internal enlargement (1a) into which the plunger moves during the lowermost portion of its downward movement so as to leave an annular passageway between the plunger and the inner surface of the enlargement.

4. The pump of claim 2 whose sealing sleeve (7) has at its upper end a flange (8) that is clamped between the flanged upper end of the cylinder (1) and the cap (13), the lower end of the sleeve forming an annular shoulder inside the cylinder (1).

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,159,316 12/1964 ODonnell et a1. 222-321 3,187,960 6/1965 Gorman 103-178 X 3,194,447 7/ 1965 Brown 222-321 3,228,570 1/ 1966 Steiman 103-178 X 3,257,961 6/1966 Schlenker 103-178 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,201,684 1/ 1964 Germany.

WHLIAM L. FREEH, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 222-321

Patent Citations
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US3159316 *May 8, 1963Dec 1, 1964Valve Corp Of AmericaAtomizer pump
US3187960 *May 8, 1964Jun 8, 1965Sterling Drug IncNon-metallic pump dispenser
US3194447 *Feb 10, 1964Jul 13, 1965Vilbiss CoAtomizer pump
US3228570 *May 27, 1964Jan 11, 1966Valve Corp Of AmericaDispensing pump valve structure
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DE1201684B *Jan 28, 1964Sep 23, 1965Erich Pfeiffer K G MetallwarenIn einem Gefaess eingebaute einfach wirkende handbetaetigte Schubkolbenpumpe
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3774849 *Aug 10, 1972Nov 27, 1973Step Soc Tech PulverisationAtomisers for perfume and other liquids
US3796375 *Aug 10, 1972Mar 12, 1974Step Soc Tech PulverisationLiquid spraying devices
US3940028 *Sep 16, 1974Feb 24, 1976Beard Walter CPump
US3949910 *Aug 12, 1974Apr 13, 1976Precision Valve CorporationDispensing pump
US4051983 *Nov 19, 1975Oct 4, 1977Diamond International CorporationPump sprayer
US4273268 *Jul 11, 1979Jun 16, 1981Seaquist Valve Co., Div. Of PittwayFluid spray pump
US4607765 *Feb 19, 1985Aug 26, 1986S.A.R. S.P.A.Manually operated pump for the delivery under pressure of liquid substances
US4747523 *Jun 19, 1987May 31, 1988Calmar, Inc.Manually actuated dispensing pump
US4958752 *Aug 3, 1988Sep 25, 1990Erich Pfeiffer Gmbh & Co. Kg.Invention Bump for liquid media
US4986453 *May 16, 1989Jan 22, 1991The Pittway CorporationAtomizing pump
US5482188 *Jan 19, 1993Jan 9, 1996Valois S.A.Precompression pump
US5655688 *Apr 28, 1995Aug 12, 1997Aptargroup, Inc.Atomizing pump with high stroke speed enhancement and valve system therefor
US5673824 *May 31, 1995Oct 7, 1997Taplast SrlPlastic dosing pump for dispensing liquids from containers
US5762238 *May 2, 1996Jun 9, 1998Hay Nien Company, Ltd.Spray bottle
US5850948 *Sep 13, 1996Dec 22, 1998Valois S.A.Finger-operable pump with piston biasing post
US5924603 *Mar 11, 1996Jul 20, 1999Taplast SpaPump made of plastic for dispensing products from containers
US6016974 *Mar 27, 1998Jan 25, 2000Sar S.P.A.Micropump for the nebulization of fluids with enhanced metering valve
US6158617 *Oct 30, 1996Dec 12, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyConcentrated reduced dosage spray pump delivery system
US7718132 *Oct 9, 2006May 18, 2010Meadwestvaco Calmar, Inc.Fragrance product, dispenser, and dispenser assembly
US7722819 *Oct 11, 2005May 25, 2010Meadwestvaco Calmar, Inc.Fragrance product, dispenser, and dispenser assembly
US8136704 *Mar 20, 2007Mar 20, 2012Francis VerdanDevice for applying an alum solution to the body
US8852528Jul 19, 2011Oct 7, 2014Meadwestvaco CorporationFragrance product, dispenser, and dispenser assembly
EP0025224A2 *Sep 5, 1980Mar 18, 1981Ing. Erich Pfeiffer GmbH & Co. KGImproved hand-actuable pump assembly
EP0289854A2 *Apr 20, 1988Nov 9, 1988Ing. Erich Pfeiffer GmbH & Co. KGFluid dispenser
EP0374348A2 *Mar 27, 1989Jun 27, 1990Coster - Tecnologie Speciali S.P.A.Improved precompression pump, for dispensing liquid products from vessels
EP2177275A1Oct 15, 2009Apr 21, 2010Merz Pharma GmbH & Co. KGaAPump dispenser for the titration of pharmaceuticals
WO2013034038A1 *Aug 7, 2012Mar 14, 2013Yaowu DingLiquid pump using elastomeric piston, piston assembly and manufacturing method thereof
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/547, 222/321.9
International ClassificationB05B11/00
Cooperative ClassificationB05B11/3061, B05B11/3026
European ClassificationB05B11/30C9D