US 3463306 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. E. TAYLOR PACKAGE OF STACKBD CONTAINERS Aug. 26, 1969 Filed April 29, 1968 United States Patent 3,463,306 PACKAGE OF STA'CKED CONTAINERS Halfred E. Taylor, Bedford Hills, N.Y., assignor to Packaging Corporation of America, Evanston, 111., a corporation of Delaware Filed Apr. 29, 1968, Ser. No. 724,877 Int. Cl. B65d 85/62 US. Cl. 20665 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A package is provided which includes stacks of cylindricallly shaped containers, said stacks being of equal height and arranged in abutting side-by-side relation to form a row, and a sleeve-like wrapper snugly encompassing said stacks. The wrapper includes a top panel which overlies and is in contact with the upper end limits of the accommodated abutting stacks, a bottom panel which subtends and is in contact with the lower end limits of said stacks, and side wall panels which foldably interconnect corresponding peripheral portions of said top and bottom panels. The foldline connections between the side wall panels and the top and bottom panels are interrupted by slots. Corresponding slots in the top or bottom panel accommodate diametrically opposed peripheral portions of the end limit of an adjacent stack.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Merchandising of goods, such as canned soups, fruits, vegetables, juices, etc. in supermarkets and the like has heretofore been beset with numerous shortcomings which effect both the retailer and customer.
From the retailers standpoint, such merchandising frequently involved an inordinate amount of manual labor in handling the individual articles during restocking of shelves, setting up of promotional displays, price marking the individual articles, and repacking the purchased articles for the customer at the checkout station. Furthermore in many instances the stacking of the individual articles for promotional displays or on the retail shelves was a precarious operation because of the susceptibility of the stacks to collapse with possible injury to person or damage to the goods itself.
On the other hand, from the customers point of view, such merchandising required an inordinate amount of handling by the customer in removing a large quantity of such goods from the shelf or promotional display and then again at the check-out station. Not only did removing of the individual articles from a shelf or display require considerable effort, but in addition it was frequently an awkward and sometimes hazardous manipulation.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Thus, it is an object of this invention to provide a package for canned goods or the like which avoids the aforenoted shortcomings associated with prior merchandising of such goods.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a package which is simple and inexpensive, attractive in appearance and facilitates handling of the goods.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a package which affords good product exposure and thus renders the product more eye-appealing to the customer.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a package which is capable of accommodating products varying in size and shape over a wide range.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a package which is easy to assemble either manually or by automatic equipment.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a package which is compact, and because of product exposure permits the product to be readily cooled without being removed from the package.
In accordance with one embodiment of the invention a package for a plurality of cylindrically shaped containers is provided. The containers are arranged in stacks of equal height which are disposed in abutting side-by-side relation so as to form a row. Each stack is formed of two containers arranged in end-to-end superposed relation. Snugly encompassing the abutting stacks is a sleeve-like member which includes a top panel, a bottom panel and side wall panels; the latter foldably interconnecting corresponding peripheral portions of the top and bottom panels. The top panel overlies and is in contact with the upper end limits of the accommodated stacks and the bottom panel subtends and is in contact with the lower end limits of said stacks. Each side wall panel contacts a portion of the vertical wall of each stacked container. The edge portions of the side wall panels which are connected by foldlines to the top and bottom panels are provided with a plurality of slots. Each slot accommodates a peripheral portion of the end limit of a stack and cooperates with the remaining slots to restrain lateral movement of the accommodated stacks within the sleeve-like member.
For a more complete understanding of the invention, reference should be made to the drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one form of the improved package taken from above;
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the package of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a right side elevational view of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary plan view of the blank for the sleeve-like member;
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary perspective view similar to FIG. 1 but of a modified form of package;
FIG. 7 is a top plan view of the package shown in FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a fragmentary right side elevational view of the package shown in FIG. 7; and
FIG. 9 is a fragmentary plan view of the blank for the sleeve-like member shown in FIG. 6.
Referring now to the drawing and more particularly to FIG. 1, one form of the improved package 10 is shown. The :package in question is uniquely suitable for merchandising a plurality of canned goods 11, such as soups, fruits, vegetables, juices, etc. The goods 11 in question are normally packed in cylindrically shaped metallic containers which have substantially flat end limits 12. The end limits are usually delimited by chimes 13 or beadlike members formed at the juncture of the end limits and the cylindrical side walls 14. In the improved package 10, the containers 11 are arranged in vertical stacks of two containers each. The stacks are of equal height and are positioned in abutting side-by-side relation so as to form a row. The configuration of each container end limit 12 is substantially the same.
The row of stacked containers is snugly encompassed by a wrapper or sleeve-like member 15 which is formed from a blank 16 of paperboard or other suitable sheet material. The wrapper illustrated in FIGS. 1 and includes a top panel 17, a bottom panel 18 and side wall panels 20 which foldably interconnect corresponding peripheral portions of the top and bottom panels 17 and 18. One of the side Wall panels 20 is formed into two sections 20a and b, which, when the Wrapper is encompassing the abutting stacks, have the ends thereof secured to one another in overlapping relation by adhesive or some other suitable means.
The top panel 17 of wrapper is adapted to overlie and be in contact with the upper end limits 12 of the stacks. The bottom panel 18, on the other hand, subtends and is in contact with the lower end limits of the accommodated stacks. The top and bottom panels in the illustrated embodiment are of like configuration. The side wall panels are connected to opposite peripheral portions of the top panel 17 by substantially parallel foldlines 21 and to opposite peripheral portions of the bottom panel 18 by substantially parallel foldlines 22. The foldlines 21 are each interruptedby a plurality of slots 23, the number of which corresponds to the number of stacks accommodated within the wrapper 15. In a like manner each foldline 22 is interrupted by slots 24. In wrapper 15 the slots 23 and 24 are formed by arcuate cuts which extend into the respective side wall panel. When the wrapper 15 is in set-up condition, the slots become apparent and each receives an adjacent portion of the end limit and a contiguous portion of the wall of one of the stacked containers. Corresponding slots accommodate opposite peripheral portions of the container end limit and firmly restrain lateral movement of the stacked container while the latter is encompassed by the wrapper.
The side wall panel 20 may be various esthetic shapes; however, when the wrapper is set up and is encompassing the stacks, each panel 20 will engage a portion of the upright cylindrical wall 14 of each stacked container 11. As seen in FIGS. 1 and 5, the central portion 25 of each side wall panel 20 is narrower than the end portions 26 so that a greater portion of each accommodated container 11 is exposed. Where the container 11 bears an attractive label, the eye-catching appeal of the package 10 is enhanced. Furthermore, where the containers 11 because of their contents require refrigeration, the greater exposure of the accommodated containers permits the latter to be readily cooled without first being removed from the wrapper 15.
It will be noted that by reason of the location of the slots 23 and 24 in the wrapper 15, there is provided continuous bands of blank material which extend transversely of the foldlines 21 and 22. These bands A, B and C are indicated in FIG. 5 by dash-lines on the top panel 17 and bottom panel 18. Bands A and C, which are hereinafter referred to as the outer bands, engage the outermost peripheral portions X of the end limits which are diametrically opposite the point Y of abutting contact between the end limits of the pair of accommodated stacks, see FIG. 1. Thus, any tendency, for example, of the top containers of the stacks pivoting upwardly and outwardly about point Y as a fulcrum is elfectively restrained by the outer bands snugly contacting and overlying the outermost peripheral portions X of the end limits. The center band B also snugly overlies the abutting point Y at the top and underlies the corresponding point at the bottom of the stacks thereby assisting to restrain the aforesaid pivoting action. In addition, band B effectively serves to retain the containers in their stacked relation and prevent any relative endwise movement thereof.
In forming the package 10, the pair of abutting stacks are initially located or spotted in proper positions on bottom panel 18 while the wrapper 15 is in its unfolded position as shown in FIG. 5. The side wall panel sections 20a and b of the wrapper are then manipulated so that the wrapper snugly. encompasses the stacks. The sections 20a and b of the wrapper, when so manipulated, are secured by adhesive, heat seal, staples, or the like in partial overlapping relation so as to form one of the side wall panels 20. It is important that the wrapper tightly or snugly encompasses the stacks so that the top and bottom panels will prevent relative endwise movement of the stacks or the containers forming same, the outer bands A and C will restrain pivoting movement of the containers, and the slots 23 and 24 will prevent lateral movement of the stacks.
FIGS. 6-9 disclose a modified wrapper 25 which is similar in construction to wrapper 15 except that a narrow panel 26 is interposed and foldably connected to the upper or lower edge of each side wall panel 20 and the adjacent top or bottom panel 17-18. As seen in FIG. 9 which illustrates in part the blank of wrapper 25, the panels 26 adjacent top panel 17 are each provided with slots 27 which are larger in size than slots 23 and 24 and are adapted to accommodate a greater portion of a stacked container when the package is formed. It will be noted in FIG. 8 that panels 26 converge to a substantial extent toward the top panel 17 and thus more securely lock the stacked containers against lateral movement. The same panel and slot arrangement for the top panel 17 is provided for the bottom panel 18 of wrapper 25.
Either wrapper 15 or 25 may be formed of paperboard or like material of suitable point whereby attractive and/ or informative indicia may be imprinted on the exposed surfaces of the wrapper. Furthermore, if desired, the number of stacks of containers comprising the accommodated row may be increased from that shown. In addition, while the containers are shown of equal height, this is not essential to practicing the invention.
Thus, it will be seen that a package for a plurality of cylindrically shaped containers has been provided which is of simple and inexpensive construction, reduces materially the handling of goods of this type, facilitates stacking of such goods for displays or the like, and enhances the attractive appearance of the goods.
1. A package for a plurality of cylindrically shaped containers having end walls of substantially like configuration, said package comprising at least two upright stacks of containers arranged in abutting side-by-side relation, each of said stacks being of substantially the same height, two containers forming each stack and being disposed in aligned end-to-end abutting relation; and a sleeve-like wrapper snugly encompassing said abutting stacks, said wrapper including top and bottom panels which are in contact with and overlie and subtend respectively the entire upper and lower end walls of all of said abutting stacks, and vertically extending side wall panels foldably interconnecting corresponding peripheral portions of said top and bottom panels, said side wall panels being disposed on opposite sides of and in substantially parallel relation to a common plane passing through the vertical axes of all of the abutting stacks, each side wall panel being in simultaneous contact throughout the height of the package with corresponding exposed vertically extending peripheral portions of the abutting stacks, each side wall panel having substantial segments of the vertical marginal portions thereof recessed so as to expose substantial portions of the vertical walls of the end stacks of the abutting stacks; the foldline connections between said top panel and said side walls and between said bottom panel and said side walls being interrupted by a plurality of spaced slots extending into the respective side wall panel, corresponding slots in the foldlines between said top panel and said side wall panels snugly accommodating diametrically opposed peripheral portions of the upper end wall of the adjacent stack, and corresponding slots in the foldlines between said bottom panel and said side wall panels snugly accommodating diametrically opposed peripheral portions of the lower end wall of the adjacent stack; corresponding upper and lower slots foldline are spaced inwardly from the end limits thereof 5 and cooperate with said top, bottom, and side Wall panels to form a plurality of continuous bands for restraining relative endwise and lateral movement of said stacks.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 7/1951 Currie. 4/ 1960 Arneson.
6 3,122,302 2/1964 Wood 206-65 X 3,224,630 12/1965 Spery 20665 X 3,386,643 6/1968 Gentry 206- 65 X FOREIGN PATENTS 614,361 2/ 1961 Canada. 1,408,375 7/1965 France. 1,469,554 1/1967 France.
10 MARTHA L. RICE, Primary Examiner