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Publication numberUS346784 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 3, 1886
Publication numberUS 346784 A, US 346784A, US-A-346784, US346784 A, US346784A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 346784 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


2 Sheets-Sheet 1.

(No Model.)


Patented Aug. s., 1886.

f, Y m. 7/%///////////////////Vumf (No Model.)

A. L. STANFORD. 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.





SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 346,784, dated August 3,1886.

Application filed January 25, 1886. Serial No. 1S9,TQS. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ARTHUR L. STANFORD, a citizen of the United States, residing at Waukegan, in the county of Lake and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Friction Clutches, of which the following is a sufficient specification.

My present invention consists of improvements upon a friction-clutch patented to me by Letters Patent of the United States No. 312,400, dated February 17, 1885, and it consists in the construction and combinations hereinafter set forth and claimed.

My present improvements are susceptible of various applications, and among others for the purpose of tightening or hauling in wire or other rope, anchor or other chains, of raising well-tubing, Ste.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a cross-section of a form adapted to produce a vertical or nearly vertical movement either in an upward or a downward direction, according as either the clutch or the bar, rope, or chain is made movable or fixed. Fig. 2 is a section of a clutch adapted for use in any location or position, and having a spring attachment to the friction-plate in lieu of the force of gravity, which is relied upon when the clutch is operated in a vertical direction. Fig. 3 is a section of a n'xodiiication involving the use of a gripping-roll upon only one side, and Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the backing-plate and gripping-roll. Fig. 5 shows the application of my clutch to a lifting-jack. Fig. 6 shows the clutch-box with the set-screws S S or wedge T substituted for the shims ld'lt.

rIhe patentable subject-matter arising from the adaptation of my invention to a liftingjack is not herein claimed, but is the basis of a separate application filed January 23, 1856, Serial No. 189,527.

A is the bar, rope, or chain to be clutched. B is the clutch-box, which should be'of the form shown, or of any other forni and construction found convenient. C is the gripping-roll. D is the filling-plate, and E is the frictionplate. I prefer to make friction-plate Il, the gripping-roll C, and the backing-plate l) of hardened steel, which affords a more durable and efficient wearing-surface, and especially prefer that the filling-plate .D shall be so made, which is both movable and adjustable, as hereinafter described. The face d of the backing plate D is inclined toward A, and is terminated at one or both ends by curves or grooves c, of a radius preferably nearly equal to that of the gripping-roll C. The friction-plate at f has a similar curve or groove. Above this curve or groove j' the face e of the frictionplate may be either parallel to the face d or parallel to the axis of A or at any intermediate angle. rlhe lower portion of the frictionplate E projects under the friction-roll C,and the said frictionplate is extended beyond the clutch-box a sufficient length to accommodate the stroke of the clutch-box, and has at its extremity a lug or flange, which operates auf tomatically against the part G of the standard A to release the clutch.

I have not only made the backing-plate D removable and of the construction or substantially of the construction shown, which constitutes an improvement upon my former construction, iu which the gripping-rolls operate against the side of the box, but I have also made the same adjustable for the purpose of accommodating different sizes ofthe rope, bar, or pipe to be clutched, and so that in operating upon any one article which differs in size the clutch may be adjusted thereto-as, for instance, in raising well-tubing the clutch may be accommodated to the joints or couplings of the tubing, as well as tothe pipe or tubing proper, which is of less diameter. This I aecomplish by inserting through a slot in the clutch-box h shims It. This result may be accomplished also by set-screws S S, extending through the side of the box and against the back of the backing-plate, or by wedges T, as

shownA in Fig. 6, or in any other convenient manner.

It is apparent that when the clutch is operated in a vertical position the friction-plate ,ll will maintain its proper position by the force of gravity. I have adapted to frictionplate E a spring which may be attached to the said friction-plate at any convenient point. as at e', Fig. 2, the saine being also attached to the clutch-box, and thereby thel frictionplate is maintained iu its proper position without reference to the direction in which it is operated.

In Fig. 3 I have shown the use of the gripping-roll C upon only one side of the clutch- IOC) box, and I prefer to use in connection with it the friction-plate E. Upon the other side of the clutch-box is shown a bearing-plate, F, which may be of either the construction shown in full lines or of the construction Shown in dotted lines. If of the construction shown in full lines, it is necessary that the said bearing-plate F shall be supplemented by a pivotal attachment, G, to obviate too great friction between this bearing-plate and the bar operated upon at the point when the friction-clutch is to be released, the pivotal plate G in that case operating between a groove in the bearing-plate F and a corresponding groove or pivot in the box or frame, the bar or plate G being slightly inclined upward from a horizontal position, as shown. The bearing-plate F should be retained at or near the sides of the box or frame, and if this modification be used in a horizontal position it will be necessary to add a spring to keep this bearing-plate in the position named, the object being to prevent its displacement so as that the bar, A, being operated upon shall not bear against the sides of the slots in the box or frame B. Vhen used in a horizontal position, a spring attachment should also be provided for the friction-plate E. rIhe rocking or pivotal bar or plate G may be dispensed with, and the bearing-plate F may be attached in any convenient manner upon this side of the box or frame,ifits face be curved, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 3, so as to present a small or line bearing to the bar, A, being operated upon.

It is manifest that whether gripping-rolls be used upon one or both sides of the clutch-box, two or more gripping-rolls may be used upon the side or sides where they are employed, they being of different diameters and operating between diverging walls, and being thus prevented from coming in contact with each other.

The operation is as follows, reference being had for convenience to Fig. l, which shows the parts in the position resulting from the movement of the box in the direction of the outer arrows, and in a position ready for the clutching operation, which is produced by moving the clutch in the opposite direction, in which reverse movement the inclined surface d forces the roll C against the frictionplate E, and this in turn is forced against the bar, A, operated upon, the pressure increasing as the gripping-roll C proceeds along the face of the backing-plate I), until the friction is sufiicient to carry the object operated upon with the clutch apparatus, the whole then moving in the direction of the arrow marked on the bar A, suitable means, preferably a stationary elutclrbox containing my improved clutch mechanism, as shown in Fig. 5, being provided for engaging and holding the weight at the end of the stroke until the next succeeding stroke of the clutch-box. The reciprocating motion of the clutch may be effected by a lever, H, and connections I I, as shown in Fig. 5. To allow A to return to its original position it is necessary that some means be provided for taking the weight or strain from the clutch-box. For this purpose I arrange upon the frame or device to which the clutch is attached a support, as at G, Fig. 5, which at the extreme limit of the downstroke of the clutch-box comes in contact with the friction-plate E, thus causing the weight or strain to effect the release of the clutch.

Having fully described inyinvention, whatI claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1s

l. In a frictionclutch apparatus, the combination of a fixed standard or support, a lifting-bar, a moving clutch-box, and a frictionplate extending beyond the clutch-box, and having at its outer extremity a lug or flange adapted to rest upon the standard or support in the release of the clutch, substantially as set forth.

2. In a friction-clutch apparatus, the combination of a fixed standard or support, a lifting-bar, amoving clutch-box containing a friction-roll, and a friction-plate extending be yond the clutch-box, and having at its outer extremity a lug or flange adapted to rest upon the standard or support in the release of the clutch, and having its inner end within the clutch-box curved to operate in connection with said frictionroll, substantially as set forth.

3. The combination, in a friction-clutch box, of a removable and adjustable backing-plate and adjusting devices, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

4. In a friction-clutch, the combination of a clutch-box, friction-roll, friction-plate, spring, and lifting-bar, substantially as set forth.

5. A friction-clutch consisting ofthe clutchbox, a friction roll or rolls working against a diverging surface u pon one side of the bar to be operated upon, and having at the other side a bearingplate, F, and bar G, said plate and bar being pivotally attached, substantially as set forth.



J. I. Var-msn, I. H. T. Mason'.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2459840 *Feb 13, 1943Jan 25, 1949Continental Oil CoPulldown device
US2727534 *Aug 25, 1951Dec 20, 1955O P W CorpSpring actuated assemblies for loading transport trucks with liquids from storage reservoirs
US2861408 *May 28, 1954Nov 25, 1958Bishop David Freeman CoGarment bagging device
US2905274 *Dec 6, 1956Sep 22, 1959Singer Mfg CoCord control mechanisms
US3059970 *Feb 1, 1960Oct 23, 1962White S Dental Mfg CoChairs having tilting backs
US3064945 *Aug 19, 1959Nov 20, 1962Forbes Robert AWeight lifting and supporting mechanism
US4262409 *Apr 24, 1978Apr 21, 1981Robroy IndustriesCable connector
US4523356 *Feb 27, 1984Jun 18, 1985Security Tag Systems, Inc.Ball clutch mechanism with two sets of balls in separate radial planes
US4583621 *Mar 19, 1984Apr 22, 1986Industrie Pirelli S.P.A.Differentiated action oscillation damping device
US5393125 *May 28, 1993Feb 28, 1995Steelcase Inc.Height adjustable chair arm assembly
US5439267 *May 28, 1993Aug 8, 1995Steelcase Inc.Chair with adjustable arm assemblies
Cooperative ClassificationF16D41/12