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Publication numberUS3468095 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 23, 1969
Filing dateOct 18, 1966
Priority dateOct 18, 1966
Publication numberUS 3468095 A, US 3468095A, US-A-3468095, US3468095 A, US3468095A
InventorsVogt Clarence W
Original AssigneeVogt Clarence W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of and apparatus for filling preformed cartons with predetermined portions of materials
US 3468095 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

C. W. VOGT Sept. 23, 1969 METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR FILLING PREFORMED CARTONS WITH PREDETERMINED PORTIONS OF MATERIALS 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 18, 1966 INVENTOR CLARENCE W. VOGT @JR Mg ATTORNEYS BY fl c. w. VOGT Sept. 23, 1969 METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR FILLING PREFORMED CARTONS WITH PREDETERMINED PORTIONS OF MATERIALS 3 Sheets-Sheet Filed Oct. 18, 1966 CLARENCE W. VOGT I FMQQZ Z gmm/ ATTORNEY C. W. VOGT METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR FILLING PREFORMED CARTONS WITH PREDETERMINED PORTIONS OF MATERIALS 3 Sheets-Sheet Filed Oct. 18, 1966 Q v wm O CLARENCE W. VOGT s& m

BY K v 7 Vault/L ATTORNEYS 3 468 09s METHOD or AND APPARATUS FQR FILLING PRE- FORMED CARTONS WITH PREDETERMINED PORTIONS or MATERIALS Clarence W. Vogt, Box 232, Westport, Conn. 06880 Filed Oct. 18, 1966, Ser. No. 587,541 Int. Cl. B651) 63/02, 1/20, 13/20 US. Cl. 53-24 15 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This disclosure relates to an apparatus and method for filling cartons with a finely divided pulverulent material. A somewhat conventional carton is placed within a shroud in overlying relation to a filter aft r which the filter is bonded to the carton and a vacuum drawn down through the carton through the filter. The upper part of the carton is presented to an outlet of a filler in sealed relation thereto. The filler includes a plurality of pockets mounted for rotation and for sequential presentation to an inlet having associated therewith a supply of the material, and the outlet. The material is drawn into the pockets by drawing a vacuum therein when the pockets are aligned with the inlet. When the pockets are aligned with the outlet, the pockets are vented and the vacuum drawn within the carton effects the discharge of the product from the pocket into the carton.

This invention relates in general to new and useful improvements in a method of and apparatus for filling cartons and more particularly to the filling of cartons with a flowable solid under controlled conditions whereby uniform weights of the flowable solids may be placed in cartons without weighing.

This invention particularly has to do with the filling of a carton having at least one wall portion thereof formed of a porous material through which gases may freely pass and which will prevent the fiow of these solids therethrough. Such a carton is generally disclosed in my prior U.S. Patent No. 3,227,351.

In accordance with this invention, the carton and the layer of porous material are assembled within a shroud, after which the open end of the carton is sealed relative to a filler, and predetermined amounts of flowable solids are placed in the carton, after which the carton is delivered to a suitable mechanical squeezing mechanism to mechanically compact the material within the carton. The squeezing operation is followed by the closing of the open end of the carton.

A principal feature of the invention resides in the manner in which the carton is filled. In accordance with this invention, a vacuum is drawn within a pocket while it is in communication with a source of a flowable solid so as to fill the pocket with the flowable solid and wherein there is a minimum of gas entrapped, and placing the pocket in sealed communication with the carton, and while venting the pocket, drawing an additional vacuum in the carton so as to draw the flowable solid from the pocket into the carton and to further remove gases therefrom.

Another object of this invention is to perform the above carton filling operation wherein there is a plurality of the pockets and the pockets are constantly rotated during the filling of a carton.

Still another feature of this invention is to provide a novel carton support in the form of a shroud having a base and a separate body which is of a split construction, the base being constructed for the reception of a porous sheet and a shroud being constructed to receive a carton open at both ends and being capable of aligning the carton with the porous sheet, and the base having suitable heating means for effecting the heat sealing of the porous sheet to the lower open end of the carton to effect the closing thereof by the porous sheet.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a novel sift-proof carton which is particularly adapted to being automatically filled with a flowable solid.

{k further object of this invention is to provide a novel filling apparatus which is automatic in operation and which is readily adaptable to either a straight line or turret operation.

With the above and other objects in view that will hereinafter appear, the nature of the invention will be moreclearly understood by reference to the following detailed description, the appended claimed subject matter, and the several views illustrated in the accompanying, drawings.

I In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a bottom perspective view of a carton to be I} filled in accordance with this invention, an intermediate portion of the carton being broken away.

FIGURE 2 is a diagrammatic plan view showing the general steps in filling and closing a carton in accordance'with this invention.

FIGURE 3 is a plan view of the packaging apparatus at the station where the filter may be applied to the shroud.

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view taken along the line 4-4 of FIGURE 3 and shows 'the specific details of the shroud construction.

FIGURE 5 is a transverse vertical sectional view taken through one of the shrouds after a carton has been positioned therein and prior to the clamping of the lower flaps of the carton against the filter sheet.

FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary vertical sectional View similar to FIGURE 5 and shows the carton flaps clamped to and heat-sealed to the filter sheet.

FIGURE 7 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical Sectional view taken through one of the shrouds at the carton filling station and shows the specific details of the filler and the relationship thereof with respect to the carton and the shroud.

FIGURE 8 is a side elevational View of the filler and shroud of FIGURE 7 with portions broken away and shown in section.

FIGURE 9 is a fragmentary sectional view taken through the filled carton at the mechanical squeezing station.

FIGURE 10 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view taken through a filled carton in the process of having the upper closure flaps thereof heat-sealed together.

FIGURE 11 is a plan view of a filled and top-sealed carton and its associated shroud.

FIGURE 12 is a fragmentary top perspective view of a partially sealed carton formed in accordance with this invention.

Referring now to the drawings in detail, reference is first made to FIGURE 1 wherein there is illustrated a carton which is filled in accordance with this invention, the carton being generally referred to by numeral -15. The carton 15 includes a body 16 which is initially open at both ends. At the bottom of the carton 15, there are two relatively narrow, inwardly directed closure flaps 17 and two relatively wide, outwardly directed closure flaps 18. When the carton 15 is ready for filling, the bottom thereof is closed by means of a porous sheet or filter sheet 20 which is secured to the flaps 17 and 18 while they are in the above-described arrangement. It is preferred that the filter sheet 20 be secured to the flaps 17 and 18 by means of a suitable hot melt adhesive which may be readily heated to a flowable temperature.

At the upper end of the body 1-6 there are a pair of relatively narrow closure flaps 21 and a pair of relatively wide closure flaps 22. The narrow closure flaps 21 are on the same sides of the body 16 as the wide closure flaps 18. Thus adjacent cartons may be cut from a continuous web with no waste.

In accordance with this invention, cartons are filled in a packaging apparatus which is schematically illustrated in FIGURE 2 and is generally referred to by the numeral 23. The packaging apparatus 23 is of a turret type and is provided with a plurality of shrouds which are generally referred to by the numeral 24. It is to be noted that the packaging apparatus 23 is a six station machine and accordingly there are six shrouds 24.

Each shroud 24 includes a base 25 which is carried by a support 26 for vertical reciprocatory movement in timed relation to the rotation of the shroud 24. It is to be understood that the support 26 is vertically reciprocated automatically by any conventional mechanism (not shown) including a fixed cam track and follower assembly. The upper central portion of the base 25 is provided with a recess 27 over which is positioned a suitable grating or screen 28 which is removably secured in place by means of fasteners 29. A vacuum passage 30 opens from one side of the base 25 into the recess 27. A vacuum line 31 is coupled to the vacuum passage 30. Thus a vacuum may be drawn through the grate or screen 28.

It is also to be noted that the upper surface of the base 25 above the screen 28 is formed with a recessed seat 32. The seat 32 is of a dimension to have received therein a filter panel 20. It is to be understood that the seat 32 is very shallow and only of a depth sufficient to receive th filter panel 20. r

In order to effect the automatic heat-sealing of a filter panel 20 to the bottom carton panels 17 and 18, the base 25 is provided with a suitable heating element 33. The heating element 33 is embedded in the base 25 in underlying relation to the periphery of the seat 32. It is preferred that the heating element be an electrical element although other heating means, including steam, may be utilized.

The shroud 24 also includes a body which is generally referred to by the numeral 34. The shroud body 34 is carried by a vertical shaft 35 and is formed in two halves 36, 36 which are generally L-shaped in plan, as is best shown in FIGURE 3. The shroud body halves 36 are pivotally mounted on a pivot pin 37 which constitutes an extension of the shaft 35. It is to be noted that the shroud body 34 is of a size commensurate with the size of the body 16 of the carton 15 and is adapted to snugly engage the same.

Each of the shroud body halves 36 has formed on the internal surface thereof a suitable pattern of recesses 38 for the purpose of drawing a vacuum about the carton so as to support the same during the filling thereof under a vacuum. The recesses 38 are interconnected by a main vacuum passage 40 into which there opens a port 41. The port 41, in turn, has connected thereto a branch of the vacuum line 31. At this time it is pointed out that the pattern of grooves 38 may be formed directly in the walls of the shroud body halves 36, or the walls may be faced with suitable insert plates.

Reference is now made to FIGURE 7 wherein there are illustrated the details of the filler, which is of the air lock type and is generally referred to by the numeral 43. The filler 43 includes a generally cylindrical housing 44 which is provided at the upper end thereof with an inlet portion 45 and at the lower end thereof with an outlet portion 46. The outlet portion 46 terminates in a flange 47 which carries on the underside thereof a suitable gasket 48 which is engageable with the flaps 21 and 22 of the carton 15 to form a seal with the carton. Alignment of the housing 44 with each of the shrouds 24 is assured by means of pins 49 carried by the shroud body 34 and projecting into suitable openings in the flange 47.

The inlet 45 of the filler body 44 terminates at the upper end thereof in a mounting flange 50. In FIGURE '7 the mounting flange 50 is illustrated in face-to-face connected engagement with a flange 51 of a magazine 52. If desired, the magaizne 52 may have associated therewith a further filler 53 which can be of a construction which will permit the simultaneous filling and mixing of a product, such as cake mixes, etc.

The filler 43 also includes an impeller which is rotatably journalled within the housing 44, the impeller being generally referred to by the numberal 54. The impeller 54 includes a central tubular shaft 55 to which there is secured a plurality of axially extending and circumferentially spaced pocket-forming members 56. The pocket-forming members 56 are formed of a suitable rigid porous material, such as sintered stainless steel or polyethylene. Each of the pocket-forming members 56 is secured to the tubular shaft 55 by means of fasteners 57 and flange portions of the adjacent pocket-forming members 56 are suitably sealed relative to one another. The arrangement of the pocket-forming members 56 is such so as to provide a plurality of pockets 58 separated by vanes 59 which are substantially in rubbing contact with the interior of the housing 44 so that the pockets 58 are distinct from one another.

Referring now to FIGURE 8 in particular, it will be seen that one end of the housing 44 is provided with a hub 60 from which a drive shaft 61 extends. The drive shaft 61 is suitably connected to the tubular shaft 55 at one end and to a power source (not shown) at the other end for effecting the rotation of the impeller 54 within the housing 44. At the opposite end of the housing 44 there is a valve assembly which is generally referred to by the numeral 62. The valve assembly 62 includes a valve member 63 which extends into the tubular shaft 55 and runs substantially the full length thereof. The cross section of the valve member 63 is such so as to provide an upper passage 64 which is generally in line with the inlet 45 and a lower passage 65 which is generally aligned with the outlet 46. The valve member 63 is sealed relative to the shaft 55 about the periphery of the passage 64 by suitable sealing members 66.

The valve member 63 is provided with a central passage 67 which is communicated with the passage 65 by means of suitable ports 68. Other ports 69 extend from the passage 67 at axially spaced intervals and open to the interior surface of the shaft 55.

The valve member 63 is also provided with a passage 70 which has in communication therewith ports 71 which open to the interior surface of the shaft 55. The ports 71 are spaced axially of the valve member 63 at the same spacing as the ports 69. The ports 71 are sealed relative to the shaft 55 by means of openings 72.

It is to be noted that the shaft 55 is provided with a plurality of ports 73. The ports 73 extend radially through the shaft 55 and are spaced axially thereof at the same spacing as the ports 69 and 71. Each row of ports 73 opens into a space 74 between adjacent pocketforming members 56.

The valve assembly 62, as is best shown in FIGURE 8, includes a vacuum line 75 which opens into the passage 64 through a port 76 (FIGURE 7). A vent line 77, which is centrally located, opens into the passage 67 through a port 78. The valve assembly 62 also includes a pressure line 80 which opens into the passage 70.

At this time it is pointed out that the filler 43 is supported in a fixed position at the position indicated there by the word FILL of FIGURE 2. Suitable means will be provided for rotating the impeller 54 when a shroud is positioned therebeneath. It is to be understood that suitable control means may be provided for preventing the operation of the filler 43 when there is no carton within the shroud. Also, suitable control means may be provided for rotating the impeller 54 a predetermined number of turns or partial turns so as to deliver a predetermined amount of a product to a carton.

It will be noted from FIGURE 2 that the station of the packaging apparatus 23 which follows the filling station is labelled with the word SQUEEZE. In FIG- URE 9 there is schematically illustrated the manner in which the product placed within a carton 15 is mechanically squeezed or compacted. The squeezing is accomplished by means of a presser foot 81 which is vertically reciprocated by means of a shaft 82 in timed relation to the positioning of a shroud 24 therebeneath. It is to be noted from FIGURE 7 that there is a slight overfilling of the carton 15 by the filler 43. This overfilled material is pressed down into the carton 15 by means of the presser foot 81 so as to provide for a maximum quantity of material within the carton 15.

Reference is now made to FIGURE 10 which corresponds to the Top Seal position of the packaging machine 23. At the Top Seal position of the packaging machine, the flaps 21 of the carton are first folded inwardly, followed by the inward folding of the flaps 22. These flaps carry a suitable heat-activated adhesive, such as a hot melt adhesive. After the flaps 21 and 22 have been folded to their proper positions, a heating plate 83 is brought down into contact therewith in the manner shown in FIGURE 10. The heating plate 83 may be heated in any desired manner although electrical heating is preferred. To this end, the heating plate 83 is illustrated as containing heating elements 84. The heating plate 83 is carried by a vertically reciprocating shaft or support rod 85 which is operated in timed relation to the operation of the packaging machine 23 by a mechanism not shown. However, it is to be understood that the shafts 82 and 85 may be suitably automatically reciprocated by means of a rotating overhead cam and follower assembly.

Reference is now made to FIGURE 11 which corresponds with the REMOVE station of the packaging machine. After the top sealing of the carton 15 has been completed, the filled carton is ready for removal from the packaging machine 23. At the REMOVE station, the shroud body halves 36 are pivoted about the pivot pin 37 to their phantom line positions of FIGURE 11 and the filled carton may be removed from the shroud base 25.

Operation It is to be understood that the packaging machine 23 is automatically operated except for the placing of the filter panels and cartons 15 therein and the removal of the filled cartons. In the illustrated form of the packaging machine 23, there is a circular indexing action which takes place automatically.

When an open shroud 24 reaches the FILTER IN station, a filter panel 20 is positioned on the base 25 with the position of the filter panel 20 being determined by the seat 32. The open shroud then moves to the CARTON IN station where an erected carton 15 is positioned in overlying relation to the base 25 and generally in alignment with the filter 20. The shroud body 34 now automatically closes about the carton 15 so as to align the carton 15 with the filter panel 20. After the shroud body 34 closes, the base 25 is moved upwardly to clamp the filter panel 20 against the flaps 17 and 18 of the carton.

At this time it is pointed out that although the filter panel is inserted in a shroud at one station and the carton is inserted therein at the next staiton, if desired for convenience purposes, both the filter and the carton could be applied to the shroud at one station. Furthermore, it is feasible to provide the knocked down carton 15 with the filter panel 20 bonded to one of the flaps 17 to facilitate handling.

After the carton 15 has been placed within the shroud 24 and clamped therein against the filter panel 20, the shroud moves to the FILL station. As the shroud is moving from the CARTON IN station to the FILL station, the preapplied adhesive on the flaps 17 and 18 of the carton is softened and the filter panel 20 is softened and the filter panel 20 is adhesively bonded to the flaps 17 and 18. Thus when the carton 15 reaches the FILL station, it has a porous bottom.

Referring now to FIGURE 7 in particular, it will be seen that as the impeller 54 rotates, the pockets 58 thereof are sequentially presented to the inlet 45 of the housing 44. When the pockets 58 are aligned with the inlet, a vacuum is drawn therein through the porous pocket forming members 56. This drawing of a vacuum within the pockets 58 serves two purposes. First, it facilitates the filling of the pockets 58 in that the vacuum definitely supplements the gravity fiow of a product thereinto. Secondly, it effects the removal of a large portion of the air and other gases which are normally entrained with the flowable solids.

As the impeller 54 rotates, the filled pockets move out of communication with the vacuum passage 64, but remain sealed relative to one another by the engagement of the lobes 59 with the interior surface of the housing 44.

When the filled pockets 58 reach the outlet 46, the pockets are vented to the atmosphere through the vent passage 65 so as to permit the flowable solids carried by the pockets 58 to drop therefrom. However, the filling of the carton 15 is not by gravity alone. When the shroud 24 reaches the FILL station, a valve 86 controlling the drawing of a vacuum in the vacuum lines 31 is opened and communicates the vacuum lines 31 with a vacuum source through a vacuum line 87. As a result, the walls of the carton body 16 are tightly drawn against the shroud body 34 and a vacuum is drawn in the interior of the carton 15 through the filter panel 20. Thus a vacuum is continuously drawn within the carton 15 during the filling thereof. This drawing of the vacuum within a carton during the filling thereof not only facilitates the flow of the flowable solids out of the pockets 58 aligned with the outlets 46, but also serves to remove additional air or other entrained gases carried by the flowable solids from the flowable solids. As a result, the product received within the carton 15 at the FILL station is compacted and is of a uniform density.

It is further pointed out at this time that while the principal filter surface of the carton 15 is formed by the filter panel 20 at the bottom thereof, the carton itself may be formed of a paper or like product which has suflicient porosity to permit the drawing of air and other gases therethrough by the application of a relatively high vacuum through the shroud body 34. Such an arrangement would provide a uniform removal of air and other entrained gases from the product as the product begins to build up within the carton.

It is to be understood that inasmuch as all of the pockets 58 are of a predetermined size and since the flowable solids are drawn into the pockets under the influence of a vacum, which produces a uniform consistency, each of the pockets will receive a predetermined weight of the flowable solid. The impelled 54 in a filling operation is turned sufficiently to present a predetermined number of the pockets 58 to the carton being filled. Thus, an accurate amount of the flowable solid, by weight, may be automatically delivered to the carton 15 without weighing. It is also pointed out at this time that if it is so desired, further control may be obtained by providing the filler 43 with a suitable scoop mechanism which is adjustable and which is operable to remove a portion of the flowable solid from each pocket 58 so that the weight of flowable solid delivered by each pocket may be accurately controlled.

After the product has been discharged from a pocket 58, the pocket surface is cleansed by back blowing as the respective ports 73 are aligned with the ports 71. The pressure within each pocket 58 is then vented as the respective ports 73 become aligned with the ports 69.

It is to be noted that the carton 15 is filled to slight overflowing in FIGURE 7. When the carton 15 with the product therein reaches the SQUEEZE station, the presser foot 81 will both level off the excess material and squeeze the same down into the carton. At this time it is pointed out that the actual squeezing of the product into the carton will not always be required, but will vary with the product. Accordingly, in many instances the filler 43 will deliver to the carton 15 only sufiicient material to fill the same to the top without a mechanical squeezing of the material. In such event, the presser foot 11 will function only as a leveler.

After the product has been leveled or squeezed with respect to the carton 15, the top of the carton is closed in the manner shown in FIGURE by merely folding the flaps 21 and 22 inwardly and securing the flaps 22 to the flaps 21 with there being a slight overlapping of the flaps 22.

If desired, a different type of seal may be provided for the then upper end of the carton. The flaps 22 may be of an extent so that they merely touch one another. The flaps 21 are first folded inwardly, after which a cover sheet 89 is positioned in overlying relation to the flaps 21 and 22 in the manner shown in FIGURE 12. Then the flaps 22 are folded into overlying relation with respect to the cover sheet 89 and the flaps 21. The cover sheet 89 will be bonded to the flaps 21 and 22 and the flaps 22 will be further bonded to the cover sheet 89.

It is to be understood that when the flaps 22 merely meet, a suitable sealing tape may be applied to the exterior of the carton in overlying relation to the line of juncture between the fiaps 22. Such a sealing tape may be used with or without the cover sheet.

After the then upper end of the carton has been closed, the carton moves to the REMOVE station Where it is removed from the shroud. The carton is then inverted and placed on a suitable conveyer 90, after which the flaps 18 are folded inwardly and are bonded to the filter panel to complete the sealing of the carton. It is to be understood that when the cover flaps 22 are of a dimension to merely meet, the flaps 18 will also merely meet. In such event, a strip of tape may be applied across the line of juncture of these flaps. It will be readily apparent that the resultant sealed carton will be of a siftproof construction due to the complete seals provided by the filter panel 20 and the cover sheet 89.

Although the packaging machine arrangement shown in FIGURE 2 provides for the separate placing of a filter panel and the carton, as pointed out above, it is to be understood that it is feasible to initially adhere the filter panel 20 to one of the flaps 17. The carton 15 would come to the packager in a knocked-down condition with the filter panel 20 secured to that short flap 17. Then when the operator of the packaging machine inserts the cartons 15 into the shrouds 24, the cartons and the filter panels may be inserted as a unit. The filter panel 20 would then be heat-sealed to the other of the flaps 17 and the two flaps 18 in the manner previously described. It is also feasible to provide the knocked down carton 15 with the cover sheet 89 bonded to one of the flaps 21.

The provision of the carton 15 with the filter panel 20 attached thereto would have a further advantage. This would eliminate the necessity for two separate stations for the insertion of the filter and the carton and would provide more time for the cooling of the hot melt adhesive. For example, the diagrammatic arrangement of stations shown in FIGURE 2 may be mdoified to permit the REMOVE station to remain at the 6 oclock position and FILL station to remain at the 12 oclock position. The loading position could be moved to approximately the 7 oclock position with the heat-sealing of the filter to the carton flaps occurring somewhere between the 8 and 9 oclock positions and cooling of the heat seal occurring between the 10 and 11 oclock positions. The SQUEEZE position could be moved to the 1 oclock position with the cover sheet, when used, being applied at the 2 oclock position and the Top Seal station being moved to the 3 oclock position. This would permit the cooling of the top seal in the 4 and 5 oclock positions prior to the removal of the carton at the 6 oclock position.

Although only a preferred embodiment of the invention has been specifically illustrated and described herein, it is to be understood that minor variations may be made in the packaging apparatus and method without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. An apparatus for filling a container of the type having at least one wall portion capable of permitting free gaseous fioW therethroug-h while preventing the flow of a flowable solid product, said apparatus comprising a filler including an inlet, an outlet and a pocket, means for sealing a carton to said outlet in communication therewith, means for sequentially placing said pocket in communication with said inlet for communication with a product supply source and with said outlet for communication with a container, first flow means for producing a differential pressure between said inlet and said pocket in communication with said inlet to fill said pocket with a product, and second flow means for producing a differential pressure between said pocket and said outlet when said pocket is in communication with said outlet to effect product flow from said pocket into a carton.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said second fiow means includes means for drawing a vacuum within a container being filled.

3. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said first flow means includes means for drawing a vacuum in said pocket, and said second flow means includes means for drawing a vacuum within a container being filled.

4. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said second flow means includes means for drawing a vacuum within a container being filled and means for venting said pocket.

5. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein there is associated with said filler at said outlet, a container supporting shroud including a base and said second fiow means being carried by said shroud base.

6. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein there is associated with said filler at said outlet, a container supporting shroud including a separate base and a split body, said base having means for positioning a porous wall portion and means for effecting the heat sealing of a porous wall portion to a container.

7. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the path of movement of said pocket relative to said outlet is spaced from said means for sealing a carton to said outlet whereby a carton may be filled to limited overflowing in accordance with the capacity of the space Within said outlet between said pocket and a carton.

8. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein there is associated with said filler at said outlet, a container supporting shroud including a separate base and a split body, said base having means for positioning a porous wall portion.

9. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said second flow means includes means for drawing a vacuum within a container being filled through the bottom of the container.

10. A packaging apparatus comprising a filler, a plurality of container receiving shrouds mounted for step-bystep movement along an endless path and for sequential presentation to said filler, each shroud being particularly constructed for receiving a carton having open upper and lower ends, said shroud including separable base and body members, said base having means for positioning a filter panel for closing the lower end of a carton, and said body having means for positioning a carton in alignment with a filter panel.

11. The packaging apparatus of claim 10 wherein said base has heater means for effecting the heat sealing of a filter panel to a carton.

12. The packaging apparatus of claim 10 wherein said filler is of the type normally operable to overfill a carton and said packaging apparatus includes means for mechanically squeezing an overflowing product completely down into a carton carried by said shroud after the filling of the carton by use of said filler.

13. A method of filling cartons comprising the steps of providing a filler having a pocket, producing a vacuum in the pocket and drawing fiowable solids into the pocket with a reduction of their gaseous content, and placing the filled pocket in sealed communication with a carton, and producing a vacuum within the carton while venting the pocket to draw the flowable solids into the carton while removing gases therefrom.

14. The method of claim 13 wherein cartons are sequentially applied to said filter Within shrouds.

15. The method of claim 13 wherein cartons are sequentially applied to said filler within shrouds. cartons are filled to overflowing and thereafter the flowable solids are mechanically squeezed into the cartons while the cartons remain supported within the shrouds.

1 9 References @ited UNlTED STATES PATENTS 2,046,367 7/1936 Collins 5324 "2,613,864 10/1952 Carter 1415l X 2,540,059 1/1951 Stirn et a1 53-22 X 2,907,357 10/1959 Sandhage et a1. 14159 2,907,499 10/ 1959 Agronin 222194 X 3,053,022 9/1962 Vogt 5324 X 3,312,151 4/1967 Molins 14159 X 3,339,595 9/1967 Dechmann 141-44 3,360,020 12/1967 Aronson 141-242 X THERON E. CONDON, Primary Examiner R. L. SPRUILL, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3748819 *Sep 13, 1971Jul 31, 1973Christenssons MaskinerArrangement for filling and closing packages, comprising an outer package and an inner package loosely applied therein
US3848360 *Mar 2, 1973Nov 19, 1974C MillionMeans for and method of potting plants
US4341244 *Nov 6, 1979Jul 27, 1982Farmatic S.N.C.Metering device particularly for capsule-filling machines
US4962626 *Sep 26, 1988Oct 16, 1990L'orealMethod for compacting a powder-based cosmetic material
US4962627 *Sep 26, 1988Oct 16, 1990L'orealMethod for compacting a powder-based cosmetic preparation
US5406777 *Jul 21, 1993Apr 18, 1995Porto; AldoGrass hopper cart
US5809744 *Sep 10, 1997Sep 22, 1998J.M. Huber CorporationSemi-bulk vacuum packer for fine low bulk density dry powders
CN104024109A *Nov 1, 2012Sep 3, 2014奥驰亚客户服务公司Apparatus and method for packaging loose product
CN104024109B *Nov 1, 2012Jun 9, 2017奥驰亚客户服务有限责任公司用于包装散装制品的设备及方法
DE2944828A1 *Nov 6, 1979May 22, 1980Libero FacchiniDosierbehaelter, insbesondere fuer kapselfuell- oder -verarbeitungsmaschinen
WO1999012813A1 *Jul 28, 1998Mar 18, 1999J. M. Huber CorporationSemi-bulk vacuum packer for dry powders
WO2013067161A1Nov 1, 2012May 10, 2013Altria Client Services Inc.Apparatus and method for packaging loose product
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/432, 141/59, 209/680, 141/7, 53/436, 53/527, 229/120, 53/510, 53/479
International ClassificationB65B1/16
Cooperative ClassificationB65B1/16
European ClassificationB65B1/16