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Publication numberUS3468540 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 23, 1969
Filing dateMar 23, 1965
Priority dateMar 23, 1965
Publication numberUS 3468540 A, US 3468540A, US-A-3468540, US3468540 A, US3468540A
InventorsLorraine M Mulligan
Original AssigneeLorraine M Mulligan
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Board game apparatus with selectively usable hazard avoiding chance means
US 3468540 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

3,468,540 HAZARD Sept. 23, 1969 L. M. MULLIGAN BOARD GAME APPARATUS WITH SELECTIVELY USABLE AVOIDING CHANCE MEANS Filed March 23, 1965 I5 Sheets-Sheet J,

INVENTOR. LORRAINE M. MULL/GAN LLIGAN 3, SELEC VELY USABLE HAZA DING CHANCE NS M. MU BOARD GAME APPARATUS WITH Avol Filed March 23, 1965 Sept. 23, 1969 5 Sheets-Sheet L' mvgmox. LORRAINE M. MULL/GAN MT RQ Y United States Patent 3,468,540 BOARD GAME APPARATUS WITH SELECTIVELY USABLE HAZARD AVOIDING CHANCE MEANS Lorraine M. Mulligan, 1950 Lexington Parkway, Iukster, Mich. 48141 Filed Mar. 23, 1965, Ser. No. 442,059 Int. Cl. A63f 3/00 US. Cl. 273-134 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A game apparatus comprising a table mat with a game board disposed centrally thereof and having designated areas surrounding said board to receive puzzle parts and bonus tokens. The board has a peripheral path divided into a series of playing spaces, some of which have associated therewith a plurality of identical puzzle parts, and said board having associated therewith a receptacle for a plurality of bonus tokens. Some of said spaces have indicia imposing on the player obligations which render such spaces hazard spaces. Either of two chance devices may be used to determine the number of spaces to be moved, each device being constructed so that a player may elect to select by chance a number from a group of numbers which does not include a number which might cause the players play piece to land on one of said hazard spaces. One device has a spinner rotating over concentric rings, all of which have the same series of numbers, with a difierent one of said series omitted from each ring. The other device comprises a spinner rotating over a series of numbers carried by a base disc which has means for selectively covering any one of said numbers.

The present invention relates broadly to a parlor game and more specifically to a financial game having a termination of play means.

Parlor games based upon financial principles in the past have been based on chance, skill and endurance as to period of play. People are in constant search for recreation activity to permit an exercise of their mental skill and yet still have part chance and a logical termination.

Accordingly, among the objecis of the present invention is to provide a piece of parlor game equipment for use by young and old alike based on the capitalistic system of investment, acquisition, and private ownership.

Another objective of the invention is to provide a financial game simulating the goals of life with a logical conclusion being arrived at to terminate the game.

An object of the present invention is to provide an entertaining means for persons to beneficially occupy their spare time.

Also, an objective of the present invention includes the provision of game equipment capable of accomplishing the above objectives with a minimum of material cost and fabricating expense, and at the same time being composed of simple and ruggedly formed structures which will be durable in application.

Other objectives and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description and appended claims, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings which form part of the instant specification, and which are to be read in conjunction therewith, and in which like reference numerals are used to indicate like parts in various views.

FIGURE 1 is a layout view of the game board, table mat and associated equipment;

FIGURES 1A, 1B, 1C and ID are enlarged views of the game board course sections;

FIGURE 2 is a layout view of a completed Status puzzle showing the various goals striven for in the game;

ice

FIGURE 3 is a layout view of a completed bonus token square;

FIGURE 4 shows a pair of dice used as the means to determine player movement;

FIGURE 4A shows a dial used as an alternate means to determine player movement;

FIGURE 4B shows another form of dial used as an alternate means to determine player movement;

FIGURE 5 is a View showing the typical scrip money used with the game equipment;

FIGURE 6 is a perspective view of a playing piece used with the game equipment;

FIGURE 7 shows the back side of a Status puzzle part.

While the invention is susceptible of various modifications and alternate constructions, certain illustrative embodiments have been shown in the drawings and will be described below in considerable detail. It should be understood, however, that there is no intention to limit the invention to the specific forms disclosed, but on the contrary, the invention is to cover all modifications, alternate constructions and equivalents falling within the scope of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.

Referring generally to the figures, we have a flat rectangular game board 10 illustrated in FIGURE 1 and made in accordance with the principles of one form of the invention. This board 10 as shown is a one-piece construction, but in actual practice the board will probably be made up of hinged sections which can be folded into a small compact form. The board may be constructed of cardboard, compoboard, wood or any other suitable material.

FIGURE 1 shows the game board 10 set-up with four players; however, there is no specific player number limit. The board 10 has a course 11 printed around its outer edge, made up of sections 11a, 11b, 11c and 11d, shown in FIGURES 1A, 1B, 1C and 1D, respectively, which are divided into various play spaces or squares. Inside course 11 are eight outlined areas 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20 and 21. These outlined areas hold various elements which are used in the play of this game to make up the Status puzzle 40, as viewed in FIGURE 2. For the present illustration the puzzle 40 is made up of eight Status puzzle parts 22, 24, 25, 2-6, 27, 29, 30 and 31 which are initially positioned as series, meaning all of the same puzzle part, in outlined areas 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20 and 21, respectively. The outlined area 18 holds bonus tokens 32, 33, 34 and 35 which make up bonus token square 36, as viewed in FIGURE 3.

A table mat 50 may be used to play the game. Player station 51, as viewed in FIGURE 1, has a completed Status puzzle 40. Player stations 52, 53, and 54 show the table mat 50 design before play has started. Dice 55 and 56 are used to indicate the number of move each player has for any one turn. This will be explained in detail below.

Status puzzle spaces 57 are used to position the Status puzzle parts as they are being assembled into Status puzzle 40. Bonus token square spaces 58 are used to position the bonus tokens as they are being assembled into bonus token square 36. Money spaces 41, 42 and 43 are used to stack the players scrip money. For the purposes of the present illustration each player will receive a total of $25,000 worth of scrip money in the amount of fifty scrip bills 61, ten $500 scrip bills 62, and fifteen $1,000 scrip bills 63, in spaces 41, 32 and 43, respectively.

The Status puzzle parts represent the various goals of life such as a job 22, car 24, home 25, two-car garage 26, cottage 27, color TV 29, boat 30, and retirement 31. The Status puzzle parts have different scrip money 3 values on their under side (see FIGURE 7). The Status puzzle parts are stacked in their individual outlined areas with their value side facing down and their playing side having their Status symbol facing up.

The bonus tokens 32, 33, 34 and 35 have various values indicated on one side. These tokens will be placed at random in the outlined area 18, where a plastic box may be provided, with their value side facing down. Each player will have an individual play piece 64, such as viewed in FIGURE 6.

One player will be selected to start the play and will roll the dice 55 and 56 and move his play piece 64 the number of course 11 spaces indicated. The player will perform or receive the indicated obligation or benefit, if any, shown on the space his play piece 64 lands on. When the player lands on a Status puzzle part space, such as buy a job space 44 shown in FIGURE 1A, and he has not already acquired this puzzle part, he will draw the top puzzle part 22 from area 12 and pay to the bank the indicated value. When a player land on a bonus token space, such as space 47 seen in FIGURE 1B, he draws a bonus token from the box at 18 and pays the indicated value to the bank. During the play of the game, the player may cash in his bonus token for full value. A player can mortgage any of his Status puzzle parts by placing it face down in front of him and receiving onehalf of its value from the bank. If four bonus tokens are acquired by one player he may turn them in to the bank and receive their combined value plus $1,000 worth of scrip money.

The player having a turn rolls the dice once before passing, unless he rolls doubles, and then he performs the obligation or receives the benefit at the space landed on and rolls the dice again. If the space the player lands on requires a loss of turn, then the player that rolled doubles will not get his second roll. Other players will lose their next turn.

If a player lands on a space marked pay, for example space as viewed in FIGURE 1D, he pays the amount directed to the bank. A space marked collect, such as space 48 as shown in FIGURE 1C, entitles the player to receive the indicated amount from the bank. If a player lands on a space marked if working, such as space 46 as shown in FIGURE 1C, the restriction applies only to players with a job Status puzzle part 22. If a player does not have puzzle part 22 and lands on space 46 he must drawn a bonus token and pay full value to the bank. In the event the puzzle part 22 is mortgaged, the player is entitled to the same benefits and obligations as a player having an unmortgaged puzzle part 22.

If during a turn a player passes the Start space he is entitled to receive $500 of scrip money from the bank.

All players will have a color designated play piece 64. If any player lands on the space marked Red and Blue Attends, Green and White Invited, or Black and Yellow Attends, for example, with Green and White Invited being illustrated in FIG. 1C just to the right of space 46, this obligates a player having a play piece of one of the colors specified to move immediately to the indicated space. The player required to move will not be entitled to collect the fee for passing the Start space if such a move takes him past it. Any player landing on the Visiting Hospital space will automatically miss his next two turns.

If a player lands on a space indicating Change Job, Change Car, or Change House, he must have such a Status puzzle part and it must be unmortgaged. This part is exchanged for a similar part taken from the board. The price difference between the puzzle parts will be paid to or received from the bank depending upon the value difference.

If a player does not have scrip money to pay for the bonus token or to make payments due to the bank, he must cash in other bonus tokens or mortgage a Status puzzle part. In the event the players Status puzzle parts are all mortgaged, and he does not have the capital to continue play, he must return all Status puzzle parts and bonus tokens to their original outlined areas and he is eliminated from further play.

The game is terminated when one player first completes his Status puzzle 40 with all Status puzzle parts unmortgaged. The winner is determined by adding up the sum total of each players assets.

A players total assets include the value of his unmortgaged Status puzzle parts, bonus tokens and scrip money. The player first finishing his Status puzzle receives an additional $10,000 for the first complete and unmortgaged Status puzzle. A completed bonus token square is worth its face value plus an additional $1,000 when cashed in.

FIGURE 4 shows a standard pair of dice 55 and 56 which could be used in playing the game to determine the number of spaces a player may move. FIGURES 4A and 4B indicate two devices that can be used in place of the dice.

Referring generally to FIGURE 4A, an alternate play determination means is shown. This means has a number card 66 with a rotatable spinner 67. The number card 66 has outside number ring 68, middle number rings 69, 70, 71 and 72, and inside number ring 73. The number card 66 for the present illustration has a series of numbers 1 through 6 with each of the six rings missing one number of the series. Rings 68, 69, 70, 71, 72 and 73 are missing numbers 6, l, 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. The missing numbers are shown on the tail of spinner 67 adjacent the rings they are missing from.

The players normally use outside ring 68 which has numbers 1 through 5. Depending upon the players position on course 11, he may wish to pay a premium for insurance against various hazards ahead of him on the course. If such is the case, the player can select one of the the rings 69 through 73 to be used in determining the number of spaces he should move. The player must pay the bank $100 as a premium for the benefit of this insurance protection.

Referring generally to FIGURE 4B, another alternate play determination means is shown. This means has a base card 74 with cover tabs 75, and a number card 76 with a rotatable spinner 77. The number card 76 has number ring 78 having numbers 1 through 12. The base card 74 with its tabs 75 may be rotated with respect to number card 76. Card 76 has two series of numbers 1 through 12, with each number of one series being diametrically opposite the same number of the other series, so that a selected number can be covered by tabs 75 on card 74. The insurance principle works similarly in this case, with the player required to pay if he wishes to select a number to eliminate from the number ring 78. As illustrated in FIGURE 4B, the number 6 was selected to be eliminated during the particular spin. If the spinner 77 stops over a tab 75, the player is not permitted to move and must pass the play to the next player. If the player does not wish to eliminate one number during his spin, he can move the tabs to a neutral position, such as shown in phantom in FIGURE 4B and designated as 75.

While a preferred and several alternate embodiments of the present invention have been illustrated and described herein, it is to be understood that other forms might be adopted and still be withinthe spirit and scope of the disclosed invention. Therefore, it will be understood that the embodiments shown in the drawings and described above are merely for illustrative purposes, and are not intended to limit the spirit and scope of the invention.

Other modes of applying the principles of my invention may be employed, instead of those explained, change being made as regards the described details herein disclosed, provided the features stated by any of the following claims be employed.

I therefore particularly point out and distinctly claim as my invention:

1. Apparatus for playing a competitive financial game adapted to increase the players appreciation and knowledge of the financial operation of the free enterprise system which comprises, in combination,

(a) a playing mat having disposed centrally thereof a game board with a continuous course divided into play spaces including a space designated START,

(b) said mat having thereon an outlined area for the reception of bonus tokens, and having at each of a plurality of player positions at least two outlined spaces for receiving bonus tokens and at least two outlined spaces for receiving puzzle parts with complementary contours,

(c) at least two series of identical puzzle parts conforming in outline to said puzzle part receiving spaces,

(d) said puzzle parts being different from each other and having a Status symbol on one side and a value designation on the opposite side,

(e) a plurality of outlined areas adjacent said continuous course and each aligned with one of said play spaces,

(f) a manually maneuverable play piece for each player position,

(g) each part in each of said series of puzzle parts having the same Status symbol and being dimensioned to be initially positioned in the same outlined area on said board and be removed to be positioned in the corresponding puzzle part receiving space when one of said play pieces lands on the play space with which the part receiving outlined area is aligned,

(h) chance means to determine the number of play spaces a players play piece should be moved,

(i) a plurality of bonus tokens having a value designation on one side thereof, said bonus tokens being dimensioned to be initially positioned in said bonus token outlined area with their valued designating side down and to be removed to be positioned in one of said bonus token receiving spaces when a play piece lands on a play space calling for the removal of a bonus token,

(j) said chance means including a number card and a spinner rotatably mounted thereon,

(k) said number card having a series of number in numerical order, the largest number being smaller than the total number of play spaces,

(1) said play spaces including spaces bearing indicia which characterize such spaces as hazard spaces,

(m) .said chance means having at least one cover tab movable to selectively cover any number on said card.

2. Apparatus for playing a competitive financial game adapted to increase the players appreciation and knowledge of the financial operation of the free enterprise system which comprises, in combination,

(a) a playing mat having disposed centrally thereof a game board with a continuous course divided into play spaces including a space designated START,

(b) said mat having thereon an outlined area for the reception of bonus tokens, and having at each of a plurality of player positions at least two outlined spaces for receiving bonus tokens and at least two outlined spaces for receiving puzzle parts with complementary contours,

(c) at least two series of identical puzzle parts conforming in outline to said puzzle part receiving spaces,

(d) said puzzle parts being different from each other and having a Status symbol on one side and a value designation on the opposite side,

(e) a plurality of outlined areas adjacent said continuous course and each aligned with one of sa1d play spaces,

(f) a manually maneuverable play piece for each player position,

(g) each part in each of said series of puzzle parts having the same Status symbol and being dimensioned to be initially positioned in the same outlined ares on said board and be removed to be positioned in the corresponding puzzle part receiving space when one of said play pieces lands on the play space with which the part receiving outlined area is aligned,

(h) chance means to determine the number of play spaces a players play piece should be moved,

(i) a plurality of bonus tokens having a value designation on one side thereof, said bonus tokens being dimensioned to be initially positioned in said bonus token outlined area with their value designating side down and to be removed to be positioned in one of said bonus token receiving spaces when a play piece lands on a play space calling for the removal of a bonus token,

(j) said chance means including a number card and a spinner rotatably mounted thereon,

(k) said number card having at least first and second number rings,

(1) said number rings each bearing the same series of numbers, but with one of said series omitted on one ring,

(In) said play spaces including spaces bearing indicia which characterize such spaces as hazard spaces. 3. Apparatus for playing a competitive financial game adapted to increase the players appreciation and knowledge of the financial operation of the free enterprise system which comprises, in combination,

(a) a playing mat having disposed centrally thereof a game board with a continuous course divided into play space including a space designated START,

(b) said mat having thereon an outlined area for the reception of bonus tokens, and having at each of a plurality of player positions at least two outlined spaces for receiving bonus tokens and at least two outlined spaces for receiving puzzle parts with complementary contours,

(c) at least two series of identical puzzle parts conforming in outline to said puzzle part receiving spaces,

(d) said puzzle parts being different from each other and having a Status symbol on one side and a value designation on the opposite side,

(e) a plurality of outlined areas adajcent said continuous course and each aligned with one of said play spaces,

(f) a manually maneuverable play piece for each player position,

(g) each part in each of said series of puzzle parts having the same Status symbol and being dimensioned to be initially positioned in the same outlined area on said board and be removed to be positioned in the corresponding puzzle part receiving space when one of said play pieces lands on the play space with which the part receiving outlined area is aligned,

(h) chance means to determine the number of play spaces a players play piece should be moved,

(i) a plurality of bonus tokens having a value designation on one side thereof, said bonus tokens being dimensioned to be initially positioned in said bonus token outlined area with their value designating side down and to be removed to be positoned in one of said bonus token receiving spaces when a play piece lands on a play space calling for the removal of a bonus token,

(j) said chance means including a number card and a spinner rotatably mounted thereon,

(k) said number card having a series of numbers in 7 8 numerical order the largest number being smaller 2,296,623 9/1942 Albosta 273-135 than the total number of play spaces, 2,458,966 1/1949 Waldrop 273-134 (1) said play spaces including spaces bearing indicia 3,117,789 1/1964 Wiebe 273136 X which characterize such spaces as hazard spaces, (m) said chance means having at least one cover tab r FOREIGN PATENTS movable to selectively cover any number on said 0 1,091,252 10/1954 France. card.

References Cited DELBERT B. LOWE, Primary Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Us CL 1,615,927 2/1927 Atkinson 273135 10 273 141

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1615927 *Jul 3, 1925Feb 1, 1927Charles B AtkinsonGame board
US2296623 *May 8, 1940Sep 22, 1942Albosta Edward V PGame
US2458966 *Mar 13, 1945Jan 11, 1949Jefferson P WaldropGame board and playing pieces for a chance controlled game
US3117789 *May 7, 1958Jan 14, 1964Wiebe Muriel MDecoding game apparatus
FR1091252A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3817531 *Aug 6, 1973Jun 18, 1974T KingBoard game apparatus
US4184686 *Dec 15, 1977Jan 22, 1980Merced Joselito R DeGame of mental addition using a die and a game board
US4484748 *Mar 31, 1982Nov 27, 1984Gmp Institute, Inc.Good manufacturing practices board game
US4842281 *Jan 28, 1988Jun 27, 1989Gerald TurnerOption board game
US4893819 *Mar 1, 1988Jan 16, 1990Wright Donald APersonality type board game
US4927156 *Feb 6, 1989May 22, 1990Breslow, Morrison, Terzian & Associates, Inc.Property dealing game
US5067723 *Feb 8, 1991Nov 26, 1991Irwin Toy Ltd.Head mask tabletop action game
US5190292 *Feb 13, 1992Mar 2, 1993Perry Melody JShopping board game apparatus
US5190293 *Mar 26, 1992Mar 2, 1993Cabrera Flavio MElection game apparatus
US5356151 *Apr 20, 1993Oct 18, 1994Max AbecassisGameboard and scale model game
US5676369 *Nov 7, 1996Oct 14, 1997Deweese; Mark KeathonMethod of playing a brewing game
US7270329 *Aug 19, 2005Sep 18, 2007Mattel, Inc.Design game with deductive component
US7523939 *Mar 16, 2007Apr 28, 2009Michael CampbellRemembrance game system
US7530573 *May 15, 2006May 12, 2009Mattel, Inc.Memory and assembly game
Classifications
U.S. Classification273/256, 273/141.00R, 273/276, 273/157.00R
International ClassificationA63F3/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63F3/00006, A63F3/001
European ClassificationA63F3/00A18