|Publication number||US3469726 A|
|Publication date||Sep 30, 1969|
|Filing date||Aug 22, 1967|
|Priority date||Aug 22, 1967|
|Publication number||US 3469726 A, US 3469726A, US-A-3469726, US3469726 A, US3469726A|
|Inventors||Slack John Donald, Stoeckl Walter Joseph|
|Original Assignee||Slack John Donald, Stoeckl Walter Joseph|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (3), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 30, 1969 J. D. sLAcK Erm.
SAFETY CLOSURE FOR CONTAINERS Filed Aug. 22, 1967 /NVENTURE 3,469,726 SAFETY CLOSURE FOR CONTAINERS John Donald Slack, 520 Park Crescent, Fairport Beach,
Ontario, Canada, and Walter `loseph Stoeckl, 4S Fordover Drive, West Hill, Ontario, Canada Filed Aug. 22, 1967, Ser. No. 666,539 Int. Cl. B65d 55/12, 41/04 U.S. Cl. 215-9 3 Claims ABSTRACT F THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to new and useful improvements in tamperproof safety closures for containers, and more specifically to a closure device for containers, which may contain dangerous chemicals or drugs, and where it is desired to prevent children from removing the cap, or to prevent the removal of the closure by any person inadvertently. Closure caps have traditionally been provided with screw threads of various designs as a means of securing them upon the container. Although this in itself is suliicient to provide a tight seal on the container, it does not offer any safeguards against accidental removal. We believe we have overcome these prior deficiencies by employing a cap bearing opposite handed segments of screw threads. Internal thread segments are used to screw the cap onto the container neck which bears a particular design of thread segments. An external thread is used for fastening closure cap to a locking collar which is held captive upon container neck. This results in a unit capable of being rotated in either direction but cannot be removed endwise and without unlocking or losing its sealing action.
The principal object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described which, although is easily manipulable to engage and disengage the closure from the container and can be rotated in either direction when in locked position, it is nevertheless impossible to remove merely by rotating the unit.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described, which is eminently suitable for manufacture in either plastic or metal and adaptable for use on containers made of either glass, plastic or metal.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described, which is cheap and simple to manufacture and for which manufacturing procedures now available can be used.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described, which provides a closure for a container that would be eifectively locked and made airtight and the opening of said container rendered a definite intentional act thereby eliminating a person, or persons, from using the contents unintentionally. Any random twisting applied, in either direction, to the closure unit would merely result in the device being rotated on the container neck.
A further object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described which is a locking closure made of durable materials of an indenite life so as to encourage re-use.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described which is compact and of a readily acceptable relative size to the container.
With the foregoing in View, and all those objects, purposes and advantages which may become apparent from consideration of this disclosure and specification, the present invention consists of the inventive concept embodied in the method, process, construction, arrangement of parts States Patent 3,469,726 Patented Sept. 30, 1969 vlce or new use of same, as herein particularly exemplified in one or more specific embodiments of such concept, reference being had to the accompanying iigures in which:
FIGURE l is a cross section of the closure device in a locked position on a container neck.
FIGURE 2 shows the upper portion of a container, in this case, a glass bottle such as is used for medical drugs.
Proceeding therefore to describe the invention in detail reference should first be made to FIGURE l which shows the embodiment of the invention.
Insert seal 12 which is made of a soft, resilient, nonporous material, such as plastic or rubber, has a flange 28 on its upper, outer perimeter which ts against the top of the container neck 21 and having a tapered recess 18 with an external cylindrical portion 19 with a chamfered lower edge 33 to facilitate its insertion into mouth 17 of container neck 29.
Inherent with design of seal 12 is tapered recess 18 in top of said seal which permits easy withdrawal of said seal from container mouth 17.
Cap 13 with tapered recess 23 in closure plate 31 mating with tapered recess 18 of seal 12 and with multiple thread segments 22 to mate with container neck multiple thread segments 20 and with an expanded cylindrical skirt 25. The cylindrical portion of said skirt is of such depth and diameter as to completely enclose annular rim 16 and to permit the engagement of external multiple thread segments 24, which are opposite handed to multiple thread segments 22, with multiple thread segments 26 on interior of cylindrical wall of locking collar 14. Following this engagement, bottom of cap skirt 34 will bind against inner upper face 35 of locking collar 14. Cylindrical wall of locking collar 14 to be of such depth as to enclose expanded cylindrical skirt 25 and inner, upper face 35 of locking collar 14 butting against bottom edge 34 of skirt 25 on completion of engagement of said locking collar 14 to said skirt 25. Retaining tabs 27 facing radially inward are angled upward. On assembly of locking collar 14 to base of container neck 15, the inside diameter formed by retaining tabs 27 is pressed over annular rim 16, retaining tabs 27 returning to a position of lesser diameter than the annular rim 16, thereby holding locking collar 14 captive on container neck base 15 in that it cannot be removed axially lbut is still free to rotate.
FIGURE 2 illustrates the upper portion of a container, in this case, a glass bottle such as is used for medical drugs, and shows the container cylindrical neck 29 which is provided with an annular rim 16 formed externally upon the neck adjacent to the base 15 thereof and the clearance area 30 above said rim and below the multiple thread segments 20.
To assemble closure unit and seal container, seal 12 is inserted, cylindrical portion 19 downwards, into mouth 17 of container neck until seal flange 28 rests on the top of container neck 21. Cap 13 is then screwed downward ont-o neck of container 29 mating multiple thread segments 20 with multiple thread segments 22, at which point recess 23 in closure plate 31 enters seal recess 1S in the top of seal 12 and continues in that motion until multiple thread segments 20 are no longer mating with multiple thread segments 22 permitting cap 13 to be rotated freely in area 30 adjacent to annular rim 16 with no further tightening action.
Locking collar` 14 is then raised and screwed in an upward motion onto expanded cylindrical skirt 25 of cap 13 multiple thread segments 26 mating with multiple thread segments 24, until bottom edge 34 of skirt 25 of closure cap 13 butts against inner, upper face 35 of locking collar 14, that, which is enclosed by the cylindrical wall and retaining tabs 27, thereby completing the locking action. As locking action is completed, retaining tabs 27 bear against annular rim 16 which pulls down on cap 13 causing recess 23 to further enter seal recess 18 and to radially expand seal 12 against inner wall of container neck and to cause closure plate 31 to bear on seal ange 28 effecting a seal between container neck 21 and seal tlange 28.
Two seals have now been effected, the iirst between seal 12 and inner wall of container neck caused by radial expansion of seal cylindrical portion 19 by cap recess 23 and, the second, by closure plate 31 bearing on seal ange 28 which is compressed between said plate and the top of container neck 21.
Since various modifications can be made to the invention herein described, within the scope of the inventive concept disclosed, it is not intended that protection of the said invention should be interpreted as restricted to the modification or modilications of known parts of such concept as have been described, dened or exemplified, since this disclosure is intended to explain the construction and operation of such concept and not for the purpose of limiting protection to any specific embodiment or details thereof.
What we claim is:
1. On a container with a cylindrically shaped neck and an annular rim adjacent to the base thereof, and 'having a multiplicity of external thread segments which permit a closure cap, provided with a multiplicity of internal thread segments which mate with the external segments, to screw and pass beyond said segments allowing closure cap to be rotated freely upon container neck in area between external thread segments and annular rim but will not permit its removal without unscrewing action and where said cap is also provided with a cylindrically expanded skirt which passes over and radially encloses annular rim of container neck and is of such depth as to allow its bottom edge to come into contact with and bind against the inner, upper face of the locking collar, that, which is enclosed by retaining tabs and cylindrical wall, upon completion of engagement of locking collar to closure cap, thereby performing the locking action, this also makes any undue tightening of closure cap against seal impossible, and where said skirt is provided with a multiplicity of external thread segments, which are opposite handed to internal thread segments in upper cylindrical portion of closure cap, for mating with multiple external thread segments of locking collar and where closure plate forming upper end closure of closure cap is provided with a conical flat-bottomed recess, which, when closure cap is screwed downward, the wall of said recess, protruding internally, contacts the wall of a conical flat-bottomed recess which is radially enclosed by the flange of the seal and elects radial expansion of said seal, thereby providing an additional seal to the compression seal elected by the conventional closure cap.
2. The container of claim 1 bears a locking collar which is held captive upon the container neck in an area enclosed by the annular rim and the body of the container by means of a multiplicity of radially inward facing retaining tabs, which, in addition, are also angled upwards, and are constricted to a diameter lwhich is less than the diameter of the said annular rini but is, nevertheless, freely rotatable and axially retractable within that area so delined and where the interior Iwall of the cylindrical portion of the locking collar is provided with a multiplicity of internal thread segments for mating with the multiple external thread segments on the exterior wall of the cylindrically expanded skirt of the closure cap and where the cylindrical wall of the locking collar is of sutiicicnt depth as to receive expanded skirt of closure cap which means that the screw action will terminate ywhen bottom edge of skirt of closure cap butts against the inner, upper face of the locking collar thereby effectively locking closure cap against locking collar and where locking collar retaining tabs are of such arrangement as to permit locking collar to be assembled onto container by passing container neck, including annular rim, through inner diameter formed by retaining tabs, allowing these to be pushed back during passage of said annular rim when, on completion of passage, retaining tabs are constricted to a lesser diameter than that of annular rim thereby holding collar captive in area between annular rim and body of container and to prohibit removal of said collar without gross distortion.
3. The container of claim 1 having thread segments so arranged as to permit the closure cap to screw and pass beyond them into a free area and, when locking collar, which is held captive by retaining tabs being of a lesser diameter than the annular rim over which it has been passed, is assembled to it, the closure device can be rotated in either direction without unlocking and without deterioration of its sealing action.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,960,247 11/1960 Christie 215--9 3,308,979 3/1967 Hailes 21S- 9 GEORGE T. HALL, Primary Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2960247 *||Mar 10, 1958||Nov 15, 1960||J T Olson||Container safety closure|
|US3308979 *||Nov 22, 1965||Mar 14, 1967||Hailes Norman J||Tamper-proof bottle cap|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3633779 *||Jan 2, 1970||Jan 11, 1972||Monsanto Co||Rotatable safety closure|
|US5328474 *||Sep 10, 1993||Jul 12, 1994||B. Braun Medical Inc.||Tamper resistant syringe cap|
|DE3309336A1 *||Mar 16, 1983||Sep 20, 1984||Zeller Plastik Koehn Graebner||Seal with multiple screw thread|
|U.S. Classification||215/213, D09/452|
|International Classification||B65D50/00, B65D50/04|