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Publication numberUS3470834 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 7, 1969
Filing dateMar 8, 1968
Priority dateMar 8, 1968
Also published asDE1805474A1, DE1805474B2, DE1817990A1, DE1817990B2, DE1817990C3
Publication numberUS 3470834 A, US 3470834A, US-A-3470834, US3470834 A, US3470834A
InventorsBone Arnold R
Original AssigneeDennison Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fastener attaching device
US 3470834 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 7, 1969 A. R. BONE FASTENER ATTACHING DEVICE 2 Sheets-Shee t 1 Filed Mar n a. 1968 if lll llllllll l Oct. 7, 1969 A. R. BONE 3,470,834

FASTENER ATTACHING DEVICE Filed March a, 1968 l 2 Sheets-Sheet United States Patent 3,470,834 FASTENER ATTACHING DEVICE Arnold R. Bone, Needham, Mass., assignor to Dennison Manufacturing Company, Framingham, Mass., a corporation of Nevada Filed Mar. 8, 1968, Ser. No. 711,771 Int. Cl. DOSb 3/12, 1/00; A4111 31/00 US. Cl. 112-104 9 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Objects of the invention are to provide a device of this kind which is economical to produce, which is convenient to use and which is durable in use.

In one aspect of this invention the device comprises a casing, a needle projecting from the casing, the needle having a central bore, and a plunger slidable back and forth in the bore, the needle comprising an elongate piece of sheet material bent into a tube with its edges spaced apart to provide a longitudinal slot along one side of said bore, the forward end of the needle being pointed and the rearward end having a tail for securing the needle in the aforesaid casing, the diameter of said bore being slightly larger than that of the bar of a fastener such as hereinafter described so that the bar may slide lengthwise in the needle with said filament extending through said slot, and the device having a fastener passageway in advance of said plunger when the plunger is retracted. Preferably the casing comprises two parts secured t0- gether with abutting faces disposed in a plane extending approximately along the axis of said needle, the casing having a guideway for said plunger and a recess to receive the aforesaid tail, and said tail comprises lateral ears.

In another aspect the device has a fastener passageway in advance of said plunger when the plunger is retracted, characterized in that said casing is tubular and a handle telescopes over the casing from the rear, the rear end of said plunger being anchored in said handle so as to be moved back and forth by back-and-forth movement of the handle relatively to the casing. Preferably the device has a spring extending between the casing and handle for actuating the plunger, the handle has an open rear end and a cap snaps into the open end, said spring bearing on the handle through the medium of said cap.

In a further aspect the invention involves a device for attaching fasteners of the type in which the fasteners are interconnected in a strip by a stringer connected to the bars by necks with the filaments in parallel juxtaposition and the bars extending transversely of the stringer in parallel juxtaposition, the device comprising a tubular casing, a needle projecting from one end of the casing, the needle having a central bore and a tail mounted in the casing, and the casing having a bore in alignment with said bore, a plunger slidable back and forth in said bores, the casing having a passageway for said strip, the passageway extending transversely of the casing and intersecting said casing bore so that said bars may be brought successively into alignment with said bores, a rotor having notches in its periphery meshing with said necks to feed the bars to the casing bore, the rotor extending outwardly through a slot in the casing so that it is rotatable by hand, said casing comprising two parts secured together with abutting faces disposed in a plane extending approximately along the axes of said bores, the casing having recesses forming said casing bore and passageway. tPreferably the device also comprises a detent for yieldingly holding the rotor with a bar in alignment with said bores and a spring for actuating both said plunger and said detent.

In still another aspect the device comprises a tubular casing, a needle projecting from one end of the casing, the needle having a central bore and a tail mounted in the casing, and the casing having a bore in alignment with said bore, a plunger slidable back and forth in said bores, the casing having a passageway for said strip, the passageway extending transversely of the casing and intersecting said casing bore so that said bars may be brought successively into alignment with said bores, the rear end of said needle comprising a cutting edge disposed immediately in front of said passageway to sever each of said necks as the associated bar is advanced by the plunger.

For the purpose of illustration a typical embodiment of the invention is shown in the accompanying drawings in which FIG. 1 is a plan view with a part broken away and a part in section;

FIG. 2 is a side view;

FIG. 3 is a section on line 33 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a similar section with the handle and plunger in advanced position, the rotor being advancing and the detent retracted;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged section of the front end of the device on line 3-3 of FIG. 1 with the plunger in advanced position to push a bar through a button and material;

FIG. 6 is a similar section after the device has been withdrawn;

FIG. 7 is an elevation of a strip of fasteners;

FIG. 8 is a section on line 88 of FIG. 1 showing a fastener in position to be inserted;

FIGS. 9, 10 and 11 are sections on lines 9-9, 10-10 and 11-11 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 12 is a plan view of the needle;

FIG. 13 is a side view of the needle; and

FIG. 14 is a plan view of the blank from which the needle is formed.

The particular embodiment of the invention chosen for the purpose of illustration is especially useful for attaching fasteners of the type disclosed in application Ser. No. 633,256 of Francis G. Merser, now Patent No. 3,399,- 432, and as shown in FIGS. 5 to 8. These fasteners are made of polyurethane or other plastic material which is resilient and each comprises a filament 1 having a head 2 on one end and a transverse bar 3 on the other end, the three parts being molded integrally. Preferably the fasteners are interconnected in strip form by a stringer 4 joined to the bars 3 by necks 6 having reduced portions 7 adjacent the bars to facilitate separation of the fasteners from the stringer without leaving projecting stubs on the bars. Preferably the reduced portions taper toward the bars so that the necks are severed close to the bars. One use of the fastener is to attach a button 8 to fabric 9 (FIGS. and 6).

The present invention involves a device comprising a casing 11, a needle 12 projecting from the casing, the needle having a central bore 13 and the casing having an aligned bore, and a plunger 16 slidable back and forth in the bores. Preferably the needle comprises a piece of sheet material such as shown in FIG. 14 bent into tubular shape with its edges spaced apart to form a slot 17, the forward end of the needle being pointed and the rearward end having lateral ears 18 forming a tail 19 the free end of which is beveled to form a knife 21 for severing the aforesaid necks 6 successively as the strip of fasteners is fed through the device. The diameter of the aforesaid bores is slightly larger than that of the bars so that the bars may slide through the needle with the filaments extending through the slot 17, the device having a transverse fastener passageway 22 in advance of the plunger when the plunger is in the retracted position shown in FIG. 3. The strip of fasteners is fed through the passageway by a rotor 23 having notches 24 in its periphery to mesh with the necks 6 as shown in FIG. 8. The rotor projects from each side of the casing (FIG. 1) so that it can be turned by thumb and finger, and it is held in position to align successive bars 3 with the aforesaid bores by a detent 26 which is snapped by a spring 27 from the retracted posit-ion shown in FIG. 4 to the holding position shown in FIG. 3 where its rounded nose extends into a notch 24. As shown in FIGS. 1, and 11 the casing is made in two parts which abut on a vertical central plane 28 and are secured together in any suitable manner as by cement or, if molded of thermoplastic material, with heat and pressure. In molding the parts recesses are formed in the abutting faces for the aforesaid needle, plunger and rotor.

Telescoping over the casing 11 from the rear is a handle 29 having an open rear end closed by a cap 31. The bandle is tubular with a slot 32 along the top. The cap has lugs 33 which snap into openings in the handle and a hook 34 which snaps into the casing 11 to limit the rearward movement of the handle in response to spring 27. The rear end 36 of the plunger is hooked into an opening in the cap so as to move back and forth with the handle.

In use the strip of fasteners is fed into the passageway 22 by turning rotor 23 with thumb and finger until a bar 3 is in alignment with the bore 13, the needle 12 is inserted through a button 8 and fabric 9 and the plunger 16 is advanced to insert the bar through the button and fabric to the position shown in FIG. 5, the filament 1 being stretched somewhat. Inasmuch as the filament is resilient the parts of the fastener automatically assume the positions shown in FIG. 6 when the needle is withdrawn. When forward pressure on the handle is released the spring 27 snaps it and the plunger from the advanced position shown in FIG. 4 to the retracted position shown in FIG. 3. The rotor is then advanced another step to bring the next bar 3 into alignment with the plunger.

From the foregoing it will be evident that the spring 27 serves the dual purpose of actuating both plunger 16 and detent 26. It will also be evident that the round-nose detent holds the foremost bar 3 in alignment with the bores in the casing and needle. This is important because the bar is elastic and would tend to jam when forced forward by the plunger if it were not in exact alignment.

I claim:

1. For attaching a fastener of the type having a flexible filament with a transverse bar on one end of the filament, a device comprising a casing, a needle projecting from the casing, the needle having a central bore, and a plunger slidable back and forth in the bore, the needle comprising an elongate piece of sheet material bent into a tube with its edges spaced apart to provide a longitudinal slot along one side of said bore, the forward end of the needle being pointed and the rearward end having a tail for securing the needle in the aforesaid casing, the diameter of said bore being slightly larger than that of said bar so that the bar may slide lengthwise in the needle with said filament extending through said slot, and the device having a fastener passageway in advance of said plunger when the plunger is retracted.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said casing comprises two parts secured together with abutting faces disposed in a plane extending approximately along the axis of said needle, the casing having a guideway for said plunger and a recess to receive the aforesaid tail.

3. A device according to claim 1 wherein said tail comprises lateral ears.

4. For attaching a fastener of the type having a flexible filament with a transverse bar on one end of the filament, a device comprising a casing, a needle projecting from the casing, the needle having a central bore and a slot along one side, and a plunger slidable back and forth in the bore, the diameter of said bore being slightly larger than that of said bar so that the bar may slide lengthwise in the bore with said filament extending through said slot, and the device having a fastener passageway in advance of said plunger when the plunger is retracted, characterized in that said casing is tubular and a handle telescopes over the casing from the rear, the rear end of said plunger being anchored in said handle so as to be moved back and forth by back-and-forth movement of the handle relatively to the casing.

5. Apparatus according to claim 3 further characterized by a spring extending between the casing and handle for actuating the plunger.

6. Apparatus according to claim 4 wherein said handle has an open rear end and a cap snaps into the open end, said spring bearing on the handle through the medium of said cap.

7. For attaching fasteners of the type having filaments, and a transverse bar on one end of each filament, the fasteners being interconnected in a strip by a stringer connected to the bars by necks with the filaments in parallel juxtaposition and the bars extending transversely of the stringer in parallel juxtaposition, a device comprising a tubular casing, a needle projecting from one end of the casing, the needle having a central bore and a tail mounted in the casing, and the casing having a bore in alignment with said bore, a plunger slidable back and forth in said bores, the casing having a passageway for said strip, the passageway extending transversely of the casing and intersecting said casing bore so that said bars may be brought successively into alignment with said bores, a rotor having notches in its periphery meshing with said necks to feed the bars to the casing bore, the rotor extending outwardly through a slot in the casing so that it is rotatable by hand, said casing comprising two parts secured together with abutting faces disposed in a plane extending approximately along the axes of said bores, the casing having recesses forming said casing bore and passageway.

8. Apparatus according to claim 7 further characterized by a detent for yieldingly holding the rotor with a bar in alignment with said bores and a spring for actuating both said plunger and said detent, the detent having a nose fitting into the rotor to hold the foremost bar in accurate alignment with said bores.

9. For attaching fasteners of the type having filaments, and a transverse bar on one end of each filament, the fasteners being interconnected in a strip by a stringer connected to the bars by necks with the filaments in parallel juxtaposition and the bars extending transversely of the stringer in parallel juxtaposition, a device com- 5 6 prising a tubular casing, a needle projecting from one References Cited end of the casing, the needle having a central bore and UNITED STATES PATENTS a tail mounted in the casing, and the casing having a bore in alignment with said bore, a plunger slidable 'back f 22: l 5 and forth in said bores, the casing having a passageway 5 2729177 1/1956 F100 d 112 1O4 for said strip, the passageway extending transversely of 3403646 10/1968 Z TIIIII: 112 104 the casing and intersecting said casing bore so that said bars may be brought successively into alignment with said MERVIN STEIN Prlmary Exammer bores, the rear end of said needle comprising a cutting GEORGE V, LARKIN, Assistant Examiner edge disposed immediately in front of said passageway to 10 US. Cl. X.R. sever each of said necks as the associated bar is advanced by the plunger.

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USRE34858 *Mar 28, 1994Feb 14, 1995Kunreuther; Steven J.Button attacher with variable needle spacing
USRE43143Dec 2, 2005Jan 24, 2012Hayhurst John OTissue manipulation
DE2118341A1 *Apr 15, 1971Oct 28, 1971 Title not available
DE2148418A1 *Sep 28, 1971Apr 6, 1972 Title not available
DE2167237C2 *Apr 15, 1971Oct 18, 1984Dennison Manufacturing Co., Framingham, Mass., UsTitle not available
DE2238517A1 *Aug 4, 1972Feb 22, 1973Dennison Mfg CoVorrichtung zur ausgabe und zum einsetzen von befestigungselementen
DE2266029A1 *Aug 4, 1972May 9, 1985Dennison Mfg CoTitle not available
WO1986003385A1 *Dec 10, 1985Jun 19, 1986Dennison Mfg CoStructure, use and manufacture of fasteners
WO1987004055A1 *Jan 8, 1986Jul 16, 1987Dennison Mfg CoStructure, use and manufacture of fasteners
WO1989010096A1 *Apr 20, 1988Nov 2, 1989John O HayhurstManipulating and anchoring tissue
WO1996010940A1 *Oct 11, 1995Apr 18, 1996Avery Dennison CorpSelf-contained button attachment assembly
WO1997037917A1Apr 9, 1997Oct 16, 1997Avery Dennison CorpApparatus for dispensing individual plastic fasteners
WO2010101653A1 *Mar 5, 2010Sep 10, 2010Avery Dennison CorporationButton attachment kit
Classifications
U.S. Classification112/104, 227/95, 227/67, 223/104, 112/169
International ClassificationB65C7/00, B68G15/00, A41H37/00, D05B3/16, D05B3/00, B68G7/08, B68G7/00
Cooperative ClassificationA41H37/008, B65C7/005, D05B3/16, B68G7/08, B68G15/00
European ClassificationB68G7/08, B65C7/00C2, B68G15/00, D05B3/16, A41H37/00C4