Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3470869 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 7, 1969
Filing dateJul 9, 1965
Priority dateJul 9, 1965
Publication numberUS 3470869 A, US 3470869A, US-A-3470869, US3470869 A, US3470869A
InventorsEdward Buonocore, Leonard Fenton
Original AssigneeCleveland Clinic Foundation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for gastro-intestinal barium air contrast spraying
US 3470869 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

- Oct. 7, 1969 L. FENTON ET AL 3,470,869

APPARATUS FOR GASTRO-INTESTINAL BARIUM AIR CONTRAST SPRAYLNG Filed July 9, 1965 INVENTORS United States Patent M Ohio Filed July 9, 1965, Ser. No. 470,720 Int. Cl. A61b 1/12, 6/00; G01n 21/34 US. Cl. 128-2 8 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An apparatus for spraying .portions of the gastrointestinal tract is disclosed which is useful in roentgenology. The apparatus includes a spray nozzle having lateral spray orifices through which a contrast material such as barium sulphate may be aspirated as a fine spray. A pair of flexible concentric tubes connect with the nozzle and define separate and concentric passages. Contrast liquid is supplied to the nozzle through one passage and a gas is separately supplied to the nozzle through the other passage causing the liquid and gas to mix at the nozzle for spraying. The nozzle and tube are proportioned to permit the insertion thereof into the gastro-intestinal tract. The method of roentgenology employs a step of spraying an organ while providing a positive pressure to distend the organ in the zone sprayed and thereafter passing X-rays through the coated portion of the organ to determine its condition.

This invention relates to a novel and improved apparatus for coating portions of the gastro-intestinal tract and is particularly suited for use in roentgenology.

The use of X-rays and a contrast liquid, such as barium sulphate, to locate tumors, ulcers and other maladies in the gastrointestinal tract is well known. However, prior methods have generally included the partial or complete filling of the organ with the contrast liquid prior to the use of the X-ray. Such method provides satisfactory -results in some'instances, however, its use is often unsatisfactory when attempting to X-ray certain sections of the gastro-intestinal tract, such as the upper portions of the stomach and portions of the cecum. The large mass of liquids tends to cause collapse of certain portions of the organs and also tends to blanket certain sections, making it difiicult or impossible to identify small areas of pathology accurately.

In order to overcome these difficulties the present invention provides for the spraying of a portion of the gastro-intestinal tract with a relatively thin substantially uniform coating of contrast liquid, such as barium sulphate, while simultaneously supplying gas under a moderate pressure to the portion of the organ in order to inflate or distend the organ. The X-rays passing through the inflated and coated organ permit improved visualization of the mucosal pattern and on occasion will permit diagnosis of tumors missed by conventional methods.

The apparatus incorporating this invention is arranged to produce a fine spray and controlled pressurization within substantially any portion of the gastro-intestinal tract. The illustrated embodiment includes a spray nozzle mounted on the end of a pair of flexible concentric tubes. The nozzle and tubes are inserted into the appropriate body opening and moved along the gastrointestinal tract to the zone thereof which is to be sprayedgand inflated. When the nozzle is properly positioned the gas under controlled pressure is delivered to the nozzle through the inner of the two concetric tubes and the contrast liquid is delivered, under low pressure, to the nozzle through 3,470,869 Patented Oct. 7, 1969 the passage defined between the exterior of the inner tube and the interior of the outer tube. Thus, the gas and contrast liquid are separately delivered to the nozzle where they mix and the gas blows out the barium causing a finely divided spray emerging from orifices formed in the nozzle. The gas performs a dual function of atomizing the contrast liquid and also pressurizing the organ to cause it to distend.

The apparatus includes a manifold mounted at the end of the concentric tubes remote from the nozzle which connects the appropriate passage in the concentric tubes to a pair of separate supply tubes through which the two fluids are supplied.

It is an important object of this invention to provide a novel and improved apparatus for gastro-intestinal spraying which permits the spray coating of substantially any desired portion of the gastro-intestinal tract.

It is another object of this invention to provide a novel and improved apparatus including a spray nozzle and attaching tubes proportioned and arranged for insertion into substantially any portion of the gastr c-intestinal tract wherein such apparatus is operable to produce a finely nebulized spray of liquid.

It is another important object of this invention to provide a novel and improved apparatus for gastro-intestinal barium contrast spraying which operates to produce a substantially uniform coating on the surface of a desired portion of the gastro-intestinal tract while also providing controlled inflation of the sprayed portion.

It is another important object of this invention to provide a spray nozzle and supply tubing structure wherein the nozzle is formed with a central axial passage with spray orifices leading therefrom and concentric tubes supplying separated gas and liquid under pressure to a position adjacent such passage with the structure arranged so that the flow of gases breaks up the stream of liquid producing thorough mixing of the liquid and gas within the central passage.

Further objects and advantages will appear from the following description and drawings wherein;

FIGURE 1 is a view of a preferred form of spray apparatus incorporating this invention;

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged cross-section of the manifold illustrating its connection with the tubes; and

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged longitudinal section of the spray nozzle and adjacent concentric tubes.

Referring to the drawings, the illustrated embodiment of this invention includes a manifold 10 provided with two supply tubes 11 and 12. A contrast liquid, such as barium sulphate, is introduced into the system through the supply tube 11 by any suitable means 11a, such as a large syringe, and a gas under controlled pressure is supplied from a source 12a through the tube 12. Carbon dioxide is the gas supplied to the tube 12 in many instances because it is readily absorbed into the body. However, other gases and even air may be used in certain instances. When carbon dioxide gas is used the supply tube 12 is connected to a cylinder of such gas through suitable pressure control valves and flow control devices well known in the art.

The manifold 10 is connected to a nozzle element 13 by a flexible concentric tube 14. An inner tube 16 extends along inside the outer tube 14 and selected to have an outside diameter less than the inside diameter of the outer tube 14 so that the two tubes 14 and 16 cooperate to provide concentric but separate passages 17 and 18 with the passage 17 in the general [form of an annulus around the inner tube 16 and the passage 18 located within the inner tube 16.

The manifold 10 is provided with a through bore 19 open at one end through a nipple 21 and at its other end through a nipple 26. The end of the outer tube 14 closely

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1234106 *Jun 9, 1916Jul 17, 1917Gilbert H HodgsonSurgical instrument.
US1491202 *Oct 7, 1921Apr 22, 1924Alvin Early FredCleaning tool
US2052622 *Aug 5, 1933Sep 1, 1936Hale William BAir-jet cleaning and painting device
US2230218 *Jun 2, 1938Feb 4, 1941Walter F AscheGastro-intestinal treatment system
US2257072 *Jun 17, 1941Sep 23, 1941Coombs Dan L FColonic irrigator
US2480041 *Dec 30, 1947Aug 23, 1949Myller ErnestInsufflation cannula
US2560915 *Apr 5, 1947Jul 17, 1951Bamberger Alfred ASump drain
US2564809 *Dec 11, 1947Aug 21, 1951George LeveneApparatus for conveying fluid under pressure to an interiorly located cavity
US2614563 *Apr 10, 1951Oct 21, 1952Jr John W DevineSurgical apparatus for intestinal intubation
US2711740 *Feb 24, 1954Jun 28, 1955Julius A PickensCatheter
US2812765 *Dec 19, 1955Nov 12, 1957Benjamin F TofflemireCombination aspirator and fluiddelivering surgical instrument
US3177871 *Feb 24, 1961Apr 13, 1965Meyers Phillip HenryDisposable sanitary container for radiographic enemas
US3235462 *Apr 30, 1963Feb 15, 1966Eastern Baker Pharmaceutical CBarium sulfate and compressed gas radiopaque agent
US3313292 *Jun 24, 1965Apr 11, 1967Galen B CookDiagnostic composition package
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3610226 *Feb 27, 1968Oct 5, 1971Albisser Anthony MA double lumen cannula for blood sampling
US3670729 *Sep 17, 1969Jun 20, 1972Alan E C BennettTransfusion needles
US3769962 *Oct 29, 1971Nov 6, 1973Mc Vey RBarium enema administration method and apparatus
US4074709 *Apr 15, 1976Feb 21, 1978Kaplan Leopold SMethod and device for facilitating double-contrast studies of the upper gastrointestinal tract
US4090502 *May 10, 1976May 23, 1978Medical Institute Of HoshokaiRemote-controlled barium injection apparatus
US4419099 *Feb 11, 1982Dec 6, 1983Miller Roscoe EEnema apparata improvements relating to double contrast studies
US4842590 *Jun 2, 1988Jun 27, 1989Terumo Kabushiki KaishaCatheter and method for making
US5133646 *Nov 9, 1990Jul 28, 1992Sundstrand CorporationAntisurge apparatus for eliminating surges in compressed air output by a compressor
US5211627 *Feb 12, 1991May 18, 1993C. R. Bard, Inc.Catheter and method for infusion of aerated liquid
US5443447 *Mar 11, 1994Aug 22, 1995Amin I. KassisIntracavitary delivery or withdrawal device
US5762637 *Aug 27, 1996Jun 9, 1998Scimed Life Systems, Inc.Insert molded catheter tip
US6500285Aug 23, 1999Dec 31, 2002Scimed Life Systems, Inc.Method of making a catheter having interlocking ribbed bond regions
US6575959Dec 27, 1999Jun 10, 2003Scimed Life Systems, Inc.Catheter incorporating an insert molded hub and method of manufacturing
US7214220Sep 21, 2001May 8, 2007Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Intravascular device with carrier tube engagement member
US7625365Sep 17, 2002Dec 1, 2009Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Intravascular device and carrier tube with interference fit member
US7662144Jun 22, 2004Feb 16, 2010Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Catheter shaft with improved manifold bond
US7815599Dec 10, 2004Oct 19, 2010Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Catheter having an ultra soft tip and methods for making the same
US8012144Sep 22, 2003Sep 6, 2011Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Elongate medical device having an interference fit packaging member
US8257343Feb 10, 2010Sep 4, 2012Boston Scientific Scimed, IncCatheter shaft with improved manifold bond
US8858529Aug 31, 2012Oct 14, 2014Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Catheter shaft with improved manifold bond
US8973239Oct 18, 2010Mar 10, 2015Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Catheter having an ultra soft tip and methods for making the same
US9017308May 21, 2002Apr 28, 2015Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Insert molded hub and strain relief
US9238121Sep 23, 2014Jan 19, 2016Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Catheter shaft with improved manifold bond
US20030060803 *Sep 21, 2001Mar 27, 2003Mcglinch TimothyIntravascular device with carrier tube engagement member
US20030125713 *Sep 17, 2002Jul 3, 2003Mcglinch TimothyIntravascular device and carrier tube with interference fit member
US20050061697 *Sep 22, 2003Mar 24, 2005Scimed Life Systems, Inc.Elongate medical device having an interference fit packaging member
US20090159189 *Feb 26, 2009Jun 25, 2009Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Multi-lumen balloon catheter including manifold
US20110112469 *Nov 5, 2010May 12, 2011Powerscope IncorporatedDevice and process for dispensing multiple-phase mixtures
US20150065993 *Sep 3, 2014Mar 5, 2015Max ArochaDouble-chamber mixing syringe and method of use
U.S. Classification600/435, 604/45, 604/24, 604/275
International ClassificationA61M25/01, A61M25/00, A61K49/04, A61M31/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61M31/005, A61M25/007, A61M25/0108, A61K49/04
European ClassificationA61M25/00T10C, A61K49/04, A61M31/00R, A61M25/01C1