US 3471867 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 14., 1969 B. J. KIRCHHOFF SCARF WITH COIL-TYPE RIB 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Dec. 23, 1966 /NVENTOR BE7-'rv JK//ecHHoF/ .Op 001 olocnooofl EVS BE TTY JKIPCHHOF Oct. 14, 1969 B J. KIRCHHOFF SCARF WITH COIL-TYPE RIB Filed Dec. 23, 1966 2 Sheets-@heet 2 United States Patent O 3,471,867 SCARF WITH COIL-TYPE RIB Betty J. Kirchhoff, 597 Oak Valley Drive, St. Louis, Mo. 63131 Filed Dec. 23, 1966, Ser. No. 604,366 Int. Cl. A42b 5/00; A45d 8/40 US. Cl. 2-207 6 Claims ABSTRACT F THE DISCLOSURE An improved hair retainer device in the nature of a lightly flexible plastic rib coil which conforms to the contour of the hair without pressing so hard as to damage the coiffure. The flexible coil is also employed in scarf constructions to 'provide an automatic self holding device for the scarf when used around the neck or upon the coiffure without pressing against the contour of the lhead. The flexible plastic rib is used in the seam of the scarf in its various modifications, such that the scarf fabric holds against the coiffure lightly without damaging it in a self holding position. The desirable wrap around holding power of the scarf can be fashioned by using the bias of the fabric to provide resiliency against the staying quality of the plastic rib to provide a scarf which closely conforms to the coiffure contour in self-retaining position without pressing against the contour of the head.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In the past various fashions of hair retaining devices have been employed. The conventional scarf must be tied on the head and in so doing flattening of the coiffure loccurs. 'Ilhe bouffant-type of fhair style and other hair styles are easily damaged by such scarves. Various types of hair bands have also been employed to hold the hair in place, but these are generally of a strong spring-like action, such that they bear against the contour of the head and cannot be formed or twisted in various coiffure conforming positions.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION By means of the instant invention a lightly flexible coil, which may be made of a plastic rib, is used which can be folded in various fashions, and by its light degree of flexibility retains a hair coiffure against disarrangement. The exible coil may be used alone or may very desirably be employed with various types of scarves. When used in scarves, the flexible plastic rib provides an automatic selfclosing device for the scarf, such that the scarf closely hugs without pressing too tightly against the contour of the hair coiffure and eliminates the necessity of using adjusting ties, strings, or tying the ends of the scarf t0- gether. In the scarf construction, the exible coil-like plastic rib overlaps and provides adjustable holding power. Through the feather-Weight construction of the plastic rib, the scarf conforms to the coiffure rather than the head contour and does not damage the hair style, such an the bouffant type which is very light. The flexible plastic rib holds the weight of the fabric against the hair in a lightly pressing fashion without flattening. The flexibility of the plastic rib or band -used in the scarf construction makes it possible to wear the scarf in its various modified forms in many ways and achieves a protective and decorative purpose without the necessity of using a hat and without confining the hair-do or damaging it.
In the scarf construction a desirable fold can be permanently positioned in the scarf by using the bias resiliency in the fabric construction against the staying quality of the flexible plastic rib. In this fashion the scarf is automatically folded in a coil like fashion, such that it may ice be lused upon the hair of the wearer in a closely hugging relation against the hair, which, due to the light flexibility, does not flatten the coiffure.
The above features are objects of the invention and further objects will appear in the detailed description which follows and will be otherwise apparent to those skilled in the art.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS For the purpose of illustration of this invention, there is shown in the accompanying drawings examples of the resilient coil plastic rib hair retainer and various modifications of scarves using the resilient coil plastic rib construction. It is to be understood that these drawings are for the purpose of example only and that the invention is not limited thereto.
In the drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a pictorial view of the resilient coil plastic rib with a padded fabric covering and showing the coils separated for purpose of illustration;
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the fabric showing the cutting on the bias;
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged view in section taken on the line 3-3 of FIGURE l showing the padded fabric covering construction with the coils resting upon one another in their normal position;
FIGURE 4 is a pictorial View showing the manner in which the resilient coil plastic rib may be folded or flexed;
FIGURE 5 is a view in side elevation of the head of the user of the resilient coil plastic rib showing the contour hugging relation on the coiffure of the ruser;
FIGURE 6 is a view in front elevation of a user showing the resilient coil plastic rib in a modified position;
FIGURE 7 is a plan view of a generally elliptically shaped fabric cut on the bias for use With a scarf;
FIGURE 8 is a view of the plastic rib prior to use in the scarf construction;
FIGURE 9 is a top plan view of the scarf after it has been folded over with the rib inserted in the seam;
FIGURE 10 is an enlarged view in section taken on the line 10-10 of FIGURE 9 showing the retaining construction `of the plastic rib;
FIGURE ll is a view in section taken similarly to FIG- URE 10 but showing the seam turned over on itself;
FIGURE l2 is a top plan view showing the placing of the rib seam construction in the middle of the scarf;
FIGURE 13 is a pictorial View showing the coiling of the scarf;
FIGURE 14 is a View in front elevation showing two scarves, one around the neck and one yaround the head of the user;
FIGURE l5 is a View in rear elevation showing the scarf used in `another fashion;
FIGURE 16 is a -top plan view of la preferred and modified form of scarf construction showing the cut of a generally triangular shaped fabric;
FIGURE 17 is a top plan view of the scanf of FIGURE 16, with seams formed and the rib inserted in the outer or hypotemlse `curved edge seam;
FIGURE 18 is an enlanged view in section taken on the line 18-18 of FIGURE 17 showing the seam construction;
FIGURE 19 is ya view in front elevation of the top portion of the head of the user showing one manner of wearing the scarf of FIGURES 16-18;
FIGURE 2O is a view in front elevation of the top portion of the head of the user showing another fashion of wear olf the scarf of FIGURES 16-18;
FIGURE 21 is a view in rear elevation of the ltop portion of the head of the user showing still another version of use of the scarf of FIGURES 16-18;
FIGURE 22 is atop plan view showing the cut on the bias of a generally diamond shaped fabric used in a modied form of scarf construction;
FIGURE 23 is a top plan view of the rib used in the modified lform of scarf construction;
FIGURE 24 is a top 'plan View showing the folding over of the modified form of scarf construction and the insertion of the rib in the curved edge seam;
FIGURE 25 is an enlarged view in section taken on the line 25-25 of FIGURE 24 showing the seam construction;
FIGURE 26 is a view in side elevation ofthe lhead of a user showing the manner of wear of the scarf of FIG- URES 22-25; and
FIGURE 27 is a view in side elevation showing the head of the user with a scarf in another fashion of wear .fusing the scarf of FIGURES 22-25.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The exible coiled rib is generally identified by the reference numeral 30 in FIGURES l and 3 through 6. The coiled rib may be fused alone as a hair coiffure retrainer, as shown in these figures. The rib is -made of a sutalble lightly flexible organic plastic material, such as an acetate or nylon material. The rib is identified by the reference numeral 32 and in one fashion of construction a rib having a cross section of about Ms" by 1 and about three feet in length may be employed. It is to be understood that these 'dimensions and all other dimensions are merely illustrative and not limiting. The riib may be an organic thermoplastic material in the form of a @long strip of material, which may be set to coil form by winding it around a cylinder orf about four inches in diameter and subjecting it to lheat and cooling to cause it -to `assume the shape shown in FIGURE 1.
The coiled hair band 30 of FIGURE 2 is protected by a padding 34 and a fabric sheath or covering 36 held together at the seam by stitches 38. The fabric, as shown in FIGURE 2, is cut on the bias to provide for iiexibility and given when the `fabric is enclosed around the coiled hair band.
Trhe coiled lightly flexible hair band 30 may be simply contoured by grasping the inner and outer ends of the coil shown in FIGURE 1 to cause the coiled band to assume the Iposition shown in FIGURE 4 from which position it is placed lightly over the head of the user as shown in FIGURE by reference numeral 39. This is one simple fashion of use of the band. In FIGURE 6 another modiiication of use orf the band is shown at 40 in which the band 30 extends Ifrom the back of the neck to the temple with the crossed ends, due to their ilexibility, retaining the band lightly around the coiffure in the manner shown.
A form of scarf construction is shown in FIGURES 7 through 13. This scarf is of =a band-like nature and is generally identified by the reference numeral 41, and has the adaptability of automatic coiling, as shown in FIGURE 13. This scarf is constructed by cutting the generally elliptically shaped fabric 42 on the bias, as shown in FIGURE 7. The fabric, [for the purpose of example, may be 12 inches wide and 30 inches in length and out somewhat in the fashion of an ellipse so that the curved sides 44 and 46 each have a @length of 35 inches. The exihle rib is identified by the reference numeral 48 in FIGURE 8. As there shown, and for the purpose of example, it is a straight piece of exible rib material of about 321/2 inches in length. The first step of construction is shown in FIG- URES 9 land 10 wLhere the two curved edges 44 and 46 are folded over against one another to provide a straight aold line 50 at one side and a seam 52 along the folded over'ourved edges. The seam S2 is beld together by stitchin-g 54. The plastic rib 48 encased in the seam, as shown in FIGURE 10, is then ffolded over in the fashion shown in FIGURE 11. TheV seam encased rib, from the position shown in FIGURE 11, is then inverted or Worked into the 30 inch length fold edge 50 in the 'fashion shown in FIGURE l2. Since the rib is longer than the fold edge or fold line 50, the stretching of the bias of the fabric occurs. The scarf may then be fashioned into the coil shown in FIGURE 13 by placing the scarf around a cylinder at about 4 or 4% inches in diameter and heating the scarf construction to cause the thermoplastic rib to set to the coil shown in FIGURE 13.
The scarf of FIGURES 10-13 is shown in FIGURE 14 Worn as a neck scarf in the fashion shown by the reference numeral 60 yand as a head band or scarf, as sihown by reference numeral 62. In FIGURE 15 the coiled scarf is shown at 61 to retain Ia coiffure at the top of the head back to the rear, which is simply done Iby properly manipulating the Icoiled scarf in much the same fashion as described in connection with FIGURES 4 and 5.
FIGURES 16-18 show a modified form of scarf which is the preferred form. This scarf is generally identified by the .reference numeral 70. In the construction, a generally triangular piece of fabric 72 is cut with the grain line as shown, gener-ally along the ri-ght angle edges of the triangle. The scarf is then seamed at fthe right angle edges 74 and 76 with a seam `around the curve hypotenuse side being shown as seam 78. The coil of the rib 79 having a diameter of about 51/2 inches is then worked into the `seam 78 to stretch the bias edge Ifrom yabout 31 inches after the seams or hems 74 and 76 along the sides are formed to a variable distance depending upon the stretch of the fabric, which it will be understood may vary. As an example, a coil rib of 35 inches in length is employed. The ends orf the seam 78 are then tacked together to hold the coiled rib in place.
The triangle scarf 70 of FIGURES 16 through 18 may be tied together lat the juncture of the edges 74 and 76 to provide -a knot 80 as shown in FIGURE 19. The triangle scraf may be use-d in the fashion shown in FIGURE 19 las indicated by the reference numeral 82. In this position the `stretched bias of the fabric along the seam 78 holds Jthe scarf to the coiffure of the user While the rib is spaced from Ithe hair so that it does not lliatten the hair or darnage it. A modied form of use is shown in FIGURE 20, identified by the reference numeral 84, where the rib is used `at the front of the head .and overlaps underneath the chin of the user. A still further modiiication of use is shown :in FIGURE 21 and identified by the reference numeral 86, 'and it will be understood that various forms of use may be otherwise employed as will be readily apparent.
A further rnodied form of scraf is generally shown by the reference numeral 1in FIGURES 22 `through 25. This modified form of triangle scarf is formed from a generally diamond shaped fabric 92, which is cut on the bias and has two `generally somewhat curved opposite triangular edges 94 and 96. In this 'construction a piece of straight rib 97, slightly shorter Ithan the lineal length of the triangular edges 94 and 96, is employed in a seam 98 that is formed along the edges of the triangular edges 94 and 96 after they have been folded iover against themselves, las shown in FIGURE 24, to provide the fold line 100, which extends along the bia's of the fabric. FIGURE 25 shows the manner of construction after the fabric has been folded over against itself with the nib inserted in the seam 98. The scarf may then be formed in coil fashion by boiling its 'around #a cylinder of about 4% in diameter land heating to form the thermoplastic rib in coil form.
The scarf 90 may then be employed in the fashion shown in FIGURE 26 where it is used on the top of the head lof 'a user and is indicated in this fashion of use by the reference numeral 102. In this position the rib in the seam of the scarf forces presure on the bias fold line 100 and uses the natural give or resiliency of the fabric to hold the fabric against the coiffure while the rib is actually spaced from the hair. A modified use is shown in FIGURE 27, as indicated by the reference numeral 104.
In this position of ilse, the same effect is created where the tension placed upon the biased fold line and the fabric causes a natural give or resiliency of lthe m-aterial to hold it lightly [against the hair of the user While the ends of the rib and the iseam overlap at the bottom near the chin of the user. In this `fashion of use fthe rib in the seam is also spaced away from the hair so as to avoid tlattening 'and damage to the coiffure. The scarf may lalso be used as la neck scarf and in various positions as will be readily apparent to those skilled in the lart, land `dependent upon the whim ior personal desires yof the user.
Various changes and modifications may be made in the various soaves and the resilient coil hair retaining rib as Will be readily lappa-rent to those skilled in the art.
What is claimed is:
1. A scarf having sa ilexible retaining band for auto matic Wrapping iaround the head or neck of the user, said yretaining band being connected to the scarf and being comprised of `a exible rib coil having a. light spring action premitting Ithe coil yto be twisted and exed, said coil being comprised of a vstrip assuming a coil configuration in its natural state.
2. The scarf of claim 1 in which the exible rib coil has a length `of yabout thirty to thirty-six inches 'and a diameter of about four inches.
3. The scarf of claim 1 lin which the `scarf is fashioned from `a fabric cut along the bias and having fa generally elliptical shape, said fabric being folded along the major axis of the ellipse land the 'rib coil being connected to the curved edges of the folded over tiabric and then positioned toward the fold line.
4. The scarf of claim 1 in which the scarf is fashioned from a iiabnic having the genenal shape of ia right triangle with the hypotenuse of the triangle being cut along lthe bias, the .rib ycoil being connected to the hypotenuse side of the fabric.
5. The scarf of lclaim 1 in which the scarf is fashioned nom a abnic having the general shape of a diamond with the major laxis ofthe diamond running lalong the bias of the fabric, said -fabric being folded :along the major axis of the diamond #and the rib icoil being connected to Ithe folded over edges of the Ifabnic to stretch `the Ifabric yalong the fold line.
y6. The scarf of 'claim 1 in which the scarf is fashioned from ra fabric having the ygeneral shape of 'a triangle having two substantially equal sides 'and `a third side of greatest length, said third side extending 'along the bias of the `fabric and the rib coil being connected `along the boarder yof the two 4shorter sides of the triangle to stretch the fabric along the bias thereof.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 548,738 10/ 1895 Ballard 2-208 932,487 8/ 1909 Melio 2-208 2,434,873 1/ 1948 Tessier 2--207 X 2,883,670 4/ 1959 Pratt 2-207 PATRICK D. LAWSON, Primary Examiner U.S. C1. X.R.