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Publication numberUS3471904 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 14, 1969
Filing dateDec 1, 1966
Priority dateDec 1, 1966
Publication numberUS 3471904 A, US 3471904A, US-A-3471904, US3471904 A, US3471904A
InventorsAho Toivo O
Original AssigneeBethlehem Steel Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sealed flexible strand assembly and fitting
US 3471904 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

T. O. AHO

SEALED FLEXIBLE STRAND ASSEMBLY AND FITTING Oct. 14, 1969 Filed D86. 1. 1966 United States Patent Wee 3,471,904 SEALED FLEXIBLE STRAND ASSEMBLY AND FITTING Toivo 0. Aho, Williamsport, Pa., assignor to Bethlehem Steel Corporation, a corporation of Delaware Filed Dec. 1, 1966, Ser. No. 598,278

Int. Cl. F16g 11/00; A44b 11/25; H02g 15/02 US. Cl. 24122.3 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A steel compression sleeve having an internal bore for reception of a wire cable, a larger bore at the end for the reception of a plastic covering on the cable and a calculated wall taper over the larger bore when compressed on the cable provides a tight, evenly flexible liquid seal.

This invention relates to fittings for plastic coated wire strand, and more particularly to fittings for flexible plastic coated pumping strand for use in oil wells and the like.

Flexible strand comprising a bundle of individually nylon coated wires surrounded by an outer nylon jacket has been proposed for various uses including flexible pumping strand for oil wells. For such purpose it is necessary to provide a fitting on the end of the strand for the attachment of apparatus such as a pump. Compression fittings have been used an difiiculty has been encountered in obtaining a secure grip on the strand and a corrosion proof joint between the outer nylon jacket and the fitting.

It is an object of the present invention, therefore, to provide a flexible strand assembly which is both strong and corrosion proof.

It is a further object of this invention to provide an economical easily applied fitting for plastic coated strand which will cooperate with the strand to form a strong unitary corrosion proof flexible strand assembly.

I have discovered that the foregoing objects can be attained by providing a compression fitting having a particular shape and specially designed taper which when compressed on a plastic coated strand provides a secure corrosion proof bond with the plastic coating of the strand.

Referring to the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a section through a compression fitting according to the present invention after placement of the fitting over the end of a plastic coated strand but prior to compression to secure the two elements together.

FIGURE 2 is a view partially in section of the fitting shown in FIGURE 1 after compression.

FIGURE 3 is an isometric view of the end of the plastic coated strand prepared for insertion into the fitting shown in FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 4 is a sectional view along 4-4 of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 5 is a lower half section of an alternate arrangement.

In FIGURE 1 is shown a steel compression fitting 11 having an attachment 13 at one end with threads 15 for attachment to some apparatus. Fitting 11 has an internal orifice 17 and an enlargement 19 in the orifice separated by a shoulder 21 defined by smooth convex and concave radii. The end of the fitting 11 has a taper 23 over the enlargement 19 and preferably extending partially beyond orifice 17. One end of a strand 25 comprised of a plurality of wires 27 having plastic coatings 29 and an outer plastic sheath 31 is prepared as shown in FIGURE 3 by removing outer sheath 31 from a predetermined length of the end of the strand 25 and at least partially removing the plastic coating from the outer circumference of the wires 27 for a predetermined distance on the end of the outer circumference of the strand 25 by sanding or other suitable expedient to form thin or even discontinuous plastic 3,471 ,904 Patented Oct. 14, 1969 coating portions 33. A coating of abrasive particles 35 is then adhered to these portions with any suitable adhesive. In FIGURE 3 the extreme end of the strand is shown without abrasive particles 35 in order to more clearly indicate portions 33 of wires 27 from which plastic coating 29 has been partially removed. The abrasive particles 35 should be kept away from the edge of sheath 31 for at least approximately one half inch.

The prepared end of strand 25 is inserted into orifice 17 of fitting 11 as shown in FIGURE 1. Abrasive particles 35 as shown in FIGURE 1 are approximately one half inch away from shoulder 21 in order to avoid premature fatigue failure of the assembly. The thickness of the tapered wall of the enlargement 21 of orifice 17 should at its inner end be from to 95% of the thickness of the walls of the fitting over bore 17 immediately beyond the taper, and adjacent its outer end be from 50% to 70% of the thickness of the walls of the fitting over bore 17 immediately beyond the taper. The heavier wall thickness should be at least 10% greater than the thinner wall thickness. It has been found that these dimensions are critical if balling or extrusion of the plastic sheath, and a consequent poor seal between fitting 11 and sheath 31, is to be avoided when the fitting is compressed.

When the fitting 11 is compressed as shown in FIG- URE 2 the taper 23 upon the outside of the fitting is in effect transferred to the inside of the enlargement 19 and the wall thickness of the enlargement 19 over sheath 31 may range at its inner end from 70% to of the thickness of the compressed wall thickness of the main body portion 37 immediately beyond the original tapered portion, to 45% to 65% of such main body wall thickness at the outer end of enlargement 19 over sheath 31. Shoulder 21 is extended out into a smooth bell shape as shown in FIGURE 2 after compression of the fitting. FIGURE 5 shows an alternate embodiment of the invention wherein the abrasive particles are adhered to the wall of the fitting before compression rather than to the surface of the strand.

I claim:

1. A compression fitting for a flexible strand having a plastic sheath comprising:

(a) an elongated steel body member having a cylindrical internal orifice having compressible walls of substantially uniform thickness for the receipt of a ible strand,

(b) a substantially cylindrical enlargement in the internal orifice at one end of the elongated body member extending to the effective terminal end of said member, said enlargement constiuting a recess for the receipt of a flexible plastic coating on the exterior of the flexible strand;

(c) the wall of the enlarged recess in the end of the fitting being tapered and having a thickness at its inner end equal to 75% to of the thickness of the wall of the internal orifice immediately adjacent the tapered portion and having a thickness at its terminal end equal to 50% to 70% of said thickness of the walls of the orifice immediately adjacent the tapered portion, the heavier thickness being at least 10% heavier than the thinner Wall thickness,

(d) said fitting being adapted to be compressed on an unsheathed end of the flexible strand and upon a portion of the plastic sheath remaining within the cylindrical enlargement to provide a superior corrosion tight seal with the plastic sheath.

2. A compression fitting for a flexible strand having a plastic sheath comprising:

(a) an enlarged steel body member having an attachment means at one end for detachably securing to a fitting and a cylindrical internal orifice having compressible walls of substantially uniform thickness for the receipt of a flexible strand,

(b) a substantially cylindrical enlargement in the internal orifice at the opposite end of the elongated body member from said attachment means extending to the effective terminal end of said member,

. said enlargement constiuting a recess for the receipt of a plastic coating on the exterior of the flexible strand,

(c) the wall of the enlarged recess in the end of fitting outer sheath. and a tapered end portion with substantially conical internal dimensions extending to the effective terminal end of said member compressed to securely engage the nylon outer sheath,

(e) the thickness of the tapered portion at its inner end being equal to 70% to 90% of the thickness of the wall of the main body portion and being equal at its terminal end to 45% to 65% of said thickness of the wall of the main body portion, the heavier wall thickness being at least heavier than the being tapered, the taper extending beyond the en- 10 thinner Wall thickness,

largement, and having a thickness at its inner end (f) abrasive particles located between the wires and equal to 75% to 95% of the thickness of the wall the main body portion of the fitting and spaced from of the internal orifice immediately adjacent the tathe tapered portion, said abrasive particles securing pered portion and having a thickness at its terminal the wires from movement with respect to the fitting,

end equal to 50% to 70% of said thickness of the walls of the orifice immediately adjacent the tapered portion, the heavier wall thickness being at least 10% (g) said tapered end portion of said fitting providing a superior corrosion tight seal with said nylon outer sheath.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS heavier than the thinner wall thickness, ((1) said fitting being adapted to be compressed on an unsheathed end of the flexible strand and upon a portion of the plastic sheath remaining within the %q Payne 24-1223 cylindrical enlargement to provide a superior cor- 1 /1951 Matthysserosion tight seal with the plastic sheath. 1 2? i Grypma- 3. A flexible strand assembly comprising: 25 960 Logan 339-276 X (a) a plurality of nylon coated Wires forming a strand, 1960 Avery 17479 X (b) a nylon outer sheath surrounding the plurality of nylon coated wires and terminating short of the end 1 183 024 wggf if PATENTS of the strand, rance. (c) an alloy steel fitting compressed on said end of 1,197,948 3/1965 ysaid strand,

((1) said fitting having a main body portion with a cylindrical internal orifice and walls of substantially uniform thickness compressed to securely engage the plurality of nylon coated wires beyond said nylon 24-115, 123; 17479, 28778 BERNARD A. GELAK, Primary Examiner

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2304194 *Nov 29, 1940Dec 8, 1942Crompton & Knowles Loom WorksHarness cord for looms
US2576528 *Aug 7, 1948Nov 27, 1951Burndy Engineering Co IncConnector with hard particle lining
US2672596 *Nov 3, 1949Mar 16, 1954Grypma Theodore JCompressible cable connector
US2945457 *Oct 1, 1956Jul 19, 1960Gen ElectricRail vehicle suspension cable
US2958723 *Oct 2, 1957Nov 1, 1960Thomas & Betts CorpElectrical connector and sealing means therefor
DE1197948B *Jun 18, 1962Aug 5, 1965Bayerische Schrauben Und FederKompressions-Abspannklemme fuer elektrische Leitungen
FR1183024A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3861811 *Jun 20, 1972Jan 21, 1975British Ropes LtdFerrules on rope or strand
US3909048 *Apr 3, 1974Sep 30, 1975Bethlehem Steel CorpEnd fitting for flexible pumping strand
US4097164 *Jul 12, 1976Jun 27, 1978Bridon LimitedTerminals on wire rope and strand
US4139334 *Feb 28, 1977Feb 13, 1979Payne Bobby LCable string for downhole pumps
US4392703 *Jun 1, 1981Jul 12, 1983The Bendix CorporationElectrical conductor having an integral electrical contact
US4403884 *Mar 18, 1981Sep 13, 1983Florida Wire And Cable CompanyWire assemblies for repetitive, continuous cycle, tensile load conditions, particularly sucker rods for oil wells
US4413386 *Jan 12, 1982Nov 8, 1983Soichiro SatoConnecting device for end of rope or bar and method for producing thereof
US4645867 *Feb 20, 1986Feb 24, 1987Fargo Manufacturing Company, Inc.Guy wire dead end assembly
US5133583 *Jan 25, 1991Jul 28, 1992Siecor CorporationMethod for use of mesh type cable pulling grips
US5152630 *Feb 1, 1991Oct 6, 1992The Crosby Group, Inc.Swage with after-swage dimension indicator
DE102013202040A1 *Feb 7, 2013Aug 7, 2014Mafell AgSägeseil und Verfahren zum Herstellen eines Sägeseils
EP0606545A1 *Oct 27, 1993Jul 20, 1994VOFA-WERK XAVIER VORBRÜGGEN GmbH & Co. KGTransmitting cable, especially pull cable
EP0687517A1 *Apr 29, 1995Dec 20, 1995Tyrolit Schleifmittelwerke Swarovski KGSaw wire fastening and method for producing the same
EP0978666A1 *Aug 2, 1999Feb 9, 2000Pfeifer Holding GmbH & Co. KGSwaged steel fitting and method of its manufacture
Classifications
U.S. Classification403/185, 403/284, 24/115.00R, 29/517, 24/122.3, 174/79, 29/458, 24/115.00A, 174/21.00R, 174/90
International ClassificationF16G11/00, F16G11/02, E21B17/02
Cooperative ClassificationE21B17/023, F16G11/02, E21B17/02
European ClassificationE21B17/02C, F16G11/02, E21B17/02