US 3473014 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 14, 1969 M. L.. KAYNE 3,473,014
CANDLE LAMP Filed Feb. 1s, 19e? United States Patent O 3,473,014 CANDLE LAMP MarvhL. Kayne, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Candle Corporation of America, Chicago, Ill., a corporation ot Illinois Filed Feb. 13, 1967, Ser. No. 615,411 Int. Cl. F21v 3.5/00
U.S. Cl. 240--13 10 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A candle lamp having a base, an upstanding cup portion, a candle support frame and a globe. The globe is mounted on the upper end of the upstanding cup portion. The candle support frame has resilient legs and is mounted on the bottom wall of the upstanding cup portion. When a candle is supported in the frame the resilient legs of the frame frictionally engage the walls of the globe and serve to rigidity the frame and the globe.
This invention relates to a candle lamp, and more particularly relates to a support for supporting a candle in a candle lamp.
Many restaurants, night clubs and other establishments employ candle lamps as a source of illumination for tables and for decorative purposes. Such lamps are often times bumped or jarred while in use and are frequently damaged as a result of such bumping or jarring due to contact between the candle and globe or other portion of the lamp. It is desirable, therefore, to utilize a support or mounting for the candles employed in such lamps, which will accommodate ordinary bumping and jarring without Adamage to the lamp and which also permits easy removal and/or replacement of the candle. It is also desirable that such support be inexpensive.
While various types of candle supports or mountings have been heretofore advanced which achieve one or more of the aforementioned desired ends, so far as is known, none have satisfactorily accomplished all of such ends.
Accordingly, it is a general object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved support for supporting a candle in a candle lamp.
Another object is to provide a novel candle support of the foregoing character, which will accommodate ordinary bumping or jarring without damage to the lamp.
A further object is to provide a novel candle support of the foregoing character, which permits rapid and easy removal and/or replacement of a candle in the lamp.
Still another object is to provide a novel candle support, which Iis simple in construction, reliable in operation and inexpensive to manufacture.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following `detailed description and accompanying sheet of drawings, in which:
lFIG. 1 is a perspective View of a candle lamp employing a candle support, embodying the features of the present invention, for supporting a candle in the lamp.
FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken along the line 2-2 of FIG. 1; and
PIG. 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2.
In FIGS. 1 and 2 a candle lamp 10, embodying the features of the present invention, is illustrated. The lamp 10 comprises a hollow base 11, which, in the present instance, includes a disk -12 of marble or other suitable material, and a cu-p i13 mounted on the disk 11 and delining a cavity in the base 11. The cup 13 is preferably secured to the disk 12 by a screw 14 which extends through a central axial bore `16 in the ldisk 12 and an opening 17 rice 'in the bottom or end wall, indicated at 18, of the cup. The lower end of the bore 16 may be counterbored as at 22 to permit the head, indicated at 23, of the screw 14 to be disposed inwardly of the bottom face of the disk 12. A nut 24 is threaded onto the shank, indicated at 26, of the screw 17 and secures the end wall 18 of the cup 13 to the disk 12. A lock washer 27 may be interposed between the nut 24 and end wall =18 to prevent the parts from loosening.
It should be noted that the shank 26 of the screw 14 is of sucient length to extend beyond the upper or inner end face, indicated at 2S, of the nut 24 and for some distance into the `interior of the cup 13 when the nut 24 is drawn up.
A globe 30 having an opening 31 in thelower end thereof and defined by the inner surface or wall 32 of a reduced -diameter neck 33, is adapted to be threaded into the upper or open end, indicated at 34, of the cup '13. To this end, a threaded sleeve 36 may be cemented or otherwise secured to the neck 33 of the globe so that the sleeve 36 and the globe 30 maybe threaded 4into a tubular insert 37 pressed into or otherwise secured to the inner surface of the side wall, indicated at 38, of the cup adjacent the upper end 34 thereof. Thus, when the sleeve 36 is fully threaded into the insert 37, the globe 30 is rigidly secured to the base 11. The upper end, indicated at 39, of the globe 32 may be open for ventilation purposes.
According to the present invention, the lamp 10 includes a novel candle support member in the form of an elongated frame 40 for supporting a candle 42 in the globe 3l) in spaced relation therefrom. The support member or frame 40 preferably comprises a plurality of resilient legs 43 formed, in the present instance, by three lengths of wire. The legs 43 `are symmetrically spaced and connected at their lower end portions, indicated at 44, by means of a mounting member in the form of metal washer 45. While the lower end portions 44 of the legs 143 may be secured to the washer 45 in any desired manner, such securement is preferably effected by bending or otherwise inturning the end portions 44 at a substantially right tangle and spot welding the end portions 44 to the underside of the washer 45. The length of the bent end `portions 44 is preferably such that the radially inner end lfaces, indicated at 46, of each end portion 44 will engage a side `face 417 of the nut 24 when the frame 4i] is fully engaged in lthe cup 13 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 3. Thus, the extension of the shank 26 of the screw 14 through the opening inthe washer 45 as well as the engagement of the inner end faces 46 of the inturned end portions 44 with corresponding side faces 47 of the nut 24 serve to restrain the lower end of the frame 40 against lateral land. rotational movement relative to the base 11.
The diameter ofthe washer 45 and the angle of bend between the end portions 44 land legs 43, are such that when the lframe 40 is mounted in the base l11, as shown in FIGS. 1 yand 2, the `legs 43 will engage the inner surface 32 of the globe neck 33, intermediate their length, so that the frame 40 is supported by the neck 33 of the globe 30 as well as at its lower end. Thus, the lower section of the support member or frame 40 comprises a mounting portion which engages the inner surface or wall 32 of the globe neck 33 and anchor means at the bottom of the cup 13. Such anchor means comprises the nut 24 and shank 26 of the screw 14, the latter comprising a pilot portion of the `anchor means. The nut 24 comprises an abutment for engaging and vertically positioning the support member or frame 40, and an associated candle 4'2, in the lamp 11.
The upper sections, indicated at 48, of the legs 43 are bent to provide inclined shoulders or ledges 52 lfor cngaging the bottom edge of the candle 42 to support and position the candle in the globe 32. Thus, the upper sections 48 of the legs 43 comprise a support portion of the support mernber or frame 40.
Because of the fact that the upper sections 48 of the legs are bent so as to require spreading in order to permit a candle to be inserted therebetween, and because of the fact that intermediate portions 50 of the frame 40 engage the inner surface 32 of the globe neck 33 when the fframe 40 is mounted in the lamp 10, the upper sections 48 of the legs 43 tightly grip the side wall of a candle 42 when the latter Iis positioned between the leg sections 48. In other words, the inner surface 32 of the globe neck 33 serves -as an abutment or constriction limiting spreading of the legs 43 below the intermediate portions 50. Consequently, the upper sections 48 of the legs 43 are stiffened and exert a tight gripping action on the side wall of a candle ywhen the latter is inserted between the lleg sections 48. Stated 'another way, when a candle 42 is held by the leg sections 48, such sections are spread and exert a force against the surface 32 of the neck 33 thereby securing the `frame 40 in place.
To facilitate insertion of a candle 42 between the leg sections 48, the remote upper ends thereof, indicated at 53, may be bent outwardly to provide cam surfaces 'adapted to be engaged by the bottom edge of the candle land tending to spread the leg sections 48 when the candle 42 is shifted into the frame 40. Since the candle 42 serves to spread the upper leg sections 48 during insertion into the yframe, it is preferably enclosed in glass or som-e other rigid material.
Thus, when the frame 40 is mounted in the lamp 10 and a `candle 42 is engaged with the upper sections 48 of the legs 43, the candle will be positioned in the globe 30 yand rigidly supported in the lamp. Such -rigid support results from the engaged relation of the intermediate portions 50 of the frame 40 with the side wall 32 of the globe neck 33, as well as the interengagement of the lower end of the frame 40 with the shank 26 of the screw 14 and nut 24. Consequently, the candle 42 cannot be easily displaced from the frame 40 so that the likelihood of damage to the lamp, particularly the globe 30, is minimized should the lamp be accidentally bumped or jarred. However, the gripping force of the upper leg sections 48 on a candle 42 supported in the frame 40 is not so great `as to require excessive force to effect installation yand/ or removal of a candle from the lamp.
While only one embodiment of the invention has been herein illustrated and described, it will be understood that modifications and variations thereof may be effected without departing from the scope of the invention `as set -forth in the appended claims.
1. In 1a candle lamp lincluding a base including an upstanding cup portion having a bottom wall and an open upper end, `and a globe mounted on the upper end of said cup portion and having a wall dening an opening therein registering with the `interior of said cup portion, the improvement comprising a `candle 'support member `adapted to support a candle in said globe, said candle support member including a mounting portion engaging the wall of the opening in said globe, and a support portion extending into said globe for receiving and supporting a candle in spaced relation from said globe.
2. The candle lamp of claim 1, in which said support member is resilient iand is biased into frictional engagement with the wall defining the opening in said -globe by engagement of Ia candle with the support portion of said support member.
6. The candle lamp of claim 1, in 4which an abutment Cil is carried on the bottom wall of said cup portion, said Iabutment engaging the lower end of said mounting portion and vetricaliy positioning said support member in said lamp.
4. The candle lamp of claim 1, in which an upwardly extending pilot portion is carried on the bottom wall of said cup portion, and the lower end of said mounting portion is provided with an opening for receiving said pilot portion.
5. The candle lamp of claim 1, in which said support member comprises an elongated, vertically extendling frame including a plurality of resilient legs having connected lower end portions, said legs engaging the wall defining the opening in said globe intermediate their length.
6. The candle lamp of claim 5, in which the lower end portions of said legs `are connected to `a mounting member, yanchor means is carried on the bottom wall of said cup portion, and said mounting member is adapted to engage said anchor means.
7. The candle lamp of claim 6, in which the lower end portions of said iegs are inturned and secured to said mounting member, and the remote inner ends of said `leg portions provide abutments adapted to engage said anchor means for restraining the lower end of said frame against lateral movement.
8. The candle larnp of claim 6, in which said mounting member comprises Ia metal washer, and the legs of said frame comprise lengths of wire having their lower end portions secured to said washer.
9. A candle lamp comprising a hollow Ibase having walls defining a cavity therein, a globe mounted on said base and having a wall defining an opening therein registering with the cavity in said base, and `an elongated candle support member including a. mounting portion engageable `with a wall of said cavity Aand a support portion extending through the opening 4in said globe `and adapted to support a candle therein, said mounting portion yalso engaging the wiall defining the opening in said globe, engagement of the mounting portion of said can- Idle support member with said walls at spaced points along its length serving 'to rigidify the mounting of said candle support member in said base and globe.
10. The candle lamp of claim 9, in which anchor means is provided in the bottom of sa-id cavity, and said candle support member comprises a frame having a plurality of generally vertically extending legs connected at their lower ends `to `a mounting member, said iegs engaging the Wall `deiining the opening in said globe intermediate their length and said mounting member engaging said anchor means, whereby the wall defining the opening in said globe and said Ianchor means restrain said frame against horizontal displacement in said lamp.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,058,223 10/1936 Pishel 431--294 2,685,023 7/1954 Valle 240-13 FOREIGN PATENTS 693,643 7/1940 Germany.
NORTON ANSHER, Primary Examiner ROBERT P. GREINER, Assistant Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R. 431-288