Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3474712 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 28, 1969
Filing dateDec 22, 1965
Priority dateDec 22, 1965
Publication numberUS 3474712 A, US 3474712A, US-A-3474712, US3474712 A, US3474712A
InventorsFlorencio Pino, Harry Ryan
Original AssigneeFlorencio Pino, Harry Ryan
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Envelope flap reversing attachment
US 3474712 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 28, 1969 F. PINO ETAL ENVELOPE FLAP REVERSING ATTACHMENT Filed Dec. 22, 1965 INVENTORS FLORENCIO PINO HARRY RYAN ATTORNEYS.

United States Patent ENVELOPE FLAP REVERSIN G ATTACHMENT Florencio Pino, 512 W. 162nd St., New York, N.Y.

10032, and Harry Ryan, 25-38 31st., Astoria,

Filed Dec. 22, 1965, Ser. No. 515,627 Int. Cl. B31b 19/26 US C]. 93-62 5 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An envelope flap reversing attachment in which an envelope with its flap extended is fed beneath a pressure roller having a resilient friction surface, and moving in counter rotation and in peripheral contact with a relatively large second roller or carrier drum connected to a source of negative pressure, and having a plurality of spaced apertures to transmit this negative pressure to an envelope on the drum. Lifter fingers are arranged between the pressure roller and carrier drum to move in timed synchronism with the advance of the envelope so as to apply pressure to the envelope at the fold line of the flap, forcing same into the bite between the pressure roller and carrier drum. Thereafter, the envelope with its flap folded over is caught in the bite between the roller and drum and carried about the surface of the drum to stripper fingers which remove the envelope and folded flap from the drum surface.

This invention relates in general to an improvement in or to a machine for making envelopes, and more specifically to a folding unit for use in conjunction with an envelope forming machine for effecting the reverse fold of the flap portion of the envelope.

Heretofore, numerous efforts have been made to provide an envelope forming machine with means for automatically effecting the reverse fold of the flap portion of the envelope. However, the known means for effecting the reverse fold of the fiap as the envelope comes off the envelope forming machine are relatively complex and costly to manufacture and/ or operate.

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a reversing fiap forming unit which is relatively simple in constructtion, relatively inexpensive to fabricate, and which is positive in operation.

Another object of this invention is to provide in conjunction with an envelope forming machine a reversing flap forming unit which can be readily adapted to an existing envelope forming machine and/ or which can be readily incorporated into original equipment.

Another object of this invention is to provide a reversing flap forming unit for use in conjunction with an envelope forming machine which has the ability to handle or reversely fold the flaps of the envelopes as fast as the envelopes come off the envelope forming portion of the machine.

Another object of this invention is to provide a reversing flap forming unit which can be readily adapted to envelope forming machine so that the forming of the envelope and the reverse folding of the flap are sequentially performed in one continuing operation.

The foregoing objects, and other features and advantages of this invention are attained by a reversing flap forming unit which is readily adapted for use with an envelope forming machine. The function of the folding unit is to effect the fold of the flap portion of an envelope relative to the pocket portion thereof as the formed envelope emerges from an envelope forming machine. The folding unit of this invention comprises a pair of ro- "ice tatably journalled, complementary rollers disposed in rolling engagement with respect to one another. A drive means is provided for effecting counter-rotation of the complementary rollers with respect to one another. One of the complementary rollers is defined as a carrier roller which is provided with means for fixedly securing the envelopes to a peripheral portion of the roller as the envelope emerges from the discharge end of an envelope forming machine. The other roller functions as a pressure roller. Lifter means are cooperatively associated with the respective pair of complementary rollers for guiding an intermediate portion of the envelope between the bite defined by the rolling peripheries of the respective rollers so that as the envelope is carried by one of the rollers between said rollers, the flap is reversely folded relative to the pocket portion of the envelope. Accordingly, the flap is creased along one edge of the pocket opening of the envelope as the envelope is carried on the periphery of the carrier roller during a flap forming operation. Means are also associated with the envelope carrier roller for stripping the envelope therefrom after the reverse fold of the flap has been formed.

In accordance with this invention, the means for fixedly securing the envelopes to the carrier roller of the folding unit comprises a source of negative pressure which is operatively connected to the carrier roll, the latter being provided with a series of openings spaced thereon on which a negative pressure is pulled. Accordingly, the portion of the envelope disposed opposite the respective openings of the carrier roller causes the envelope to become fast thereto when the vacuum or negative pressure is applied on the roller. In this manner the roller elfects pickup of the envelopes as they emerge from the discharge end of the envelope forming machine.

A feature of this invention resides in a reversing flap forming unit which comprises a pair of complementary rollers that are connected into driving relationship with respect to one another so that one roller counter-rotates with respect to the other and which defines therebetween the means for effecting the reverse fold of the flap.

Another feature of this invention resides in the provision of lifter means cooperatively associated with the complementary roller which is specifically timed with respect thereto to positively lift or guide an envelope to the bite of the complementary rollers to initiate the reverse fold of the flap.

Another feature of this invention resides in the provision wherein the fiap portion of the envelope can be reversely folded to either side of the pocket depending upon the manner in which the formed envelope comes off the envelope folding machine.

Other features and advantages will become more readily apparent when considered in view of the drawings and specification in which,

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of the component parts of the reversing flap forming unit of the instant invention having portions thereof shown in section.

FIGURE 2 is a partial plan view of FIG. 1.

FIGURE 3 is an end elevational view of the reversing flap forming unit of FIG. 1 having portions thereof broken away and shown in section.

Referring to the drawings, there is shown therein a reversing flap folding unit 10 which is adapted to be connected onto the frame structure of an envelope forming apparatus (not shown). The envelope forming apparatus may be of any well known construction. Accordingly, the instant invention relates only to the flap folding unit 10 and it is preferably disposed adjacent to the discharge end 11 of an envelope forming machine.

As best seen in FIG. 1 the envelope 12, as it emerges from the discharge end 11 of an envelope forming machine has the flap portion 13 thereof generally co-planar with respect to the adjacent side 14 of the pocket. Accordingly, depending upon the manner in which the envelope forming machine forms the blank from which the envelope is formed, the folded envelope will emerge from the discharge end thereof either with the pocket opening upwardly as shown in FIGURE 2 or with the pocket facing downwardly, as not shown. In either event, the flap 13 is reversely folded either to overlie the address p rtion 14 of the envelope or be reversely folded to overlie the back side 15 of the pocket as in the sealing position of the flap. Regardless of which way the envelope emerges from the discharge end of the envelope forming machine, the folding means 10 of the instant invention will effect an automatic, reverse fold of the flap portion 13, the direction of fold being dependant On whether the envelope emerges with the pocket down or up.

Referring to the drawings, flap folding means 10 of the present invention comprise of a pair of complementary rollers 17 and 18 which are rotatably journalled to the frame of an envelope forming machine. The complementary rollers 17 and 18 include a relatively large diameters roller or drum 17 and an associated pressure roller 18 of relatively smaller diameter. The arrangement is such that the drum 17 and pressure roller 18 are disposed in rolling engagement with respect to one another.

In the illustrated form of the invention, the drum 17 is journalled to shaft 19. The shaft 19 in turn is rotata'bly journalled in suitable bearing supports 20 disposed on the frame of the machine. The pressure roller 18 is also disposed on a shaft 22 which is rotatably journalled in suitable bearings on the machine.

In accordance with this invention, a means is provided for effecting the adjustment of one of the rollers with respect to the other to adjust the parallelism of the respective rollers 17 and 18. In the illustrated form of the invention each bearing support 20 of the drum shaft 19 is provided with an adjustable set screw 23 which will function to push or pull the drum 17 parallel to the pressure roller 18 which is journalled to a shaft 22 which is fixed relative to the respective bearing supports thereof.

The drum 17 is provided with one or more row of openings 25 that extend longitudinally therealong. The ends of the drum are closed by suitable end closures. One end closure 26 of the drum is detachably connected to the cylindrical portion of the drum by a suitable strap means 27. Means are provided in the head end portion of the drum to define a channel which is connected to a source of negative pressure, e.g. vacuum pump 28 and/ or the like. Accordingly, with the drum sealed at the ends, it will be noted that when the vacuum pump 28 is placed in operation, a vacuum is pulled on the interior of the drum 17 causing a vacuum to be created in the vicinity of the openings 25 formed in the periphery of the drum. Accordingly, as will be hereinafter described, when an envelope 12 to be folded is brought into contiguous relationship with the holes 25 on the periphery of the drum 17, the suction or vacuum acting on that portion of the envelope causes the same to 'be securely fixed to the periphery of the drum and is carried thereon when the unit is placed in operation.

A drive means is provided for driving the respective complementary drum 17 and pressure roller 18 in counter-rotation with respect to one another. To attain this end a sprocket 30 is secured to the drum shaft 19 adjacent one end thereof. Another sprocket 31, disposed in a common plane with sprocket 30, is journalled to shaft 22 of the pressure roller 18. An endless chain 32 is threaded about the respective sprockets 30, 31 connected to the drum shaft 19 and the pressure bar shaft 22 as seen in FIG. 3. A driving sprocket 33 and intermediate idler sprockets 34, 35 are provided to define the complete endless flexible drive whereby actuation of the driving sprocket effects the drive of rollers. It will be noted that the manner in which the flexible drive or chain 32 is threaded about the sprockets 30 and 31, imparts a clockwise rotation to carrier drum 17 as seen in FIG. 3, and a counterclockwise rotation to the pressure roller 18 in rolling engagement therewith.

As seen in FIG. 2, the pressure roller 18 is formed of rubber or other suitable material having non-skid characteristics. Accordingly, the pressure roller 18 is disposed immediately adjacent the take off of the envelope forming machine. As the respective envelopes 12 with the pockets formed thereon are advanced toward the pressure roller 18, the envelopes are guided thereunder. The nonskid surface of the pressure roller in engaging the leading portion of the envelope advance the same toward the carrier drum 17. The rotation of the drum 17 is timed to the operation of the envelope forming machine so that as the lead end of the envelope strikes the drum, openings 25 therein are disposed contiguous the envelope as seen in FIG. 1. The vacuum being pulled on the drum thus fixedly secures the envelope 12 to the peripheral portion of the drum 17 as the latter rotates.

In accordance with this invention, a lifter means 37 is provided for initiating the break or crease between the flap portion 13 of the envelope and the pocket forming portion thereof. As shown, the lifter means 37 comprises a rectangular bar 33 disposed parallel to the longitudinal axis of the carrier drum 17. The bar 38 is mounted for oscillation on the frame means.

Connected to the bar 38 are a plurality of lifter fingers 39. The free end 39A of the respective fingers 39 are arranged to extend into the bite defined between the contacting peripheries of the respective rollers 17 and 18. Means in the form of a suitable timing cam 40 is connected to the bar for effecting the rocking of the lifter fingers 39 toward and away from the rollers 17, 18 in timed sequence with the rotation of the carrier roller 17 or drum and the operation of the envelope forming ma chine. Accordingly, timing cam 40 may be operatively connected to the drive of the rollers to effect synchronization or cooperation of movement between the lifters 37 and the drum 17.

As best seen in FIG. 3, with the lead portion of the envelope fixedly secured to the peripheral portion of the drum as by the vacuum pressure applied thereto, the lifter fingers 39 are rocked so that the free end 39A thereof Will lead the intermediate end of the envelope into the bite defined between the contact points of the rollers 17 and 18. In doing so, the non-skid surface of the pressure roller 18 will cause the envelope to be lead between the complementary rollers 17 and 18 thereby forming a crease at the juncture between the flap portion 13 of the envelope and the pocket portion thereof, the envelope being carried by the drum 17 upon passing by the pressure roller 18.

In the illustrated form of the invention, it will be noted that as the envelope is emitted from the discharge end of the envelope forming machine with the pocket opening above the flap 13, the flap 13 will be reversely folded to overlie the address side 14 of the envelope. Accordingly, as the carrier drum 17 continues in its revolution in a clockwise direction as indicated in FIG. 3, the envelope with the folded flap continues to be carried along the periphery of the drum.

If desired, a second pressure roller 42 is operatively associated with the carrier drurn 17. In the illustrated form of the invention, the second pressure roller 42 comprises a roller similar in construction to that of pressure roller 18. However, the second pressure roller 42 is rotatably journalled between a pair of holding arms 43 which are resiliently biased toward the carrier drum 17 by means of a spring 44. One end of the spring 44 is anchored to the holding arms 43 and the other end of the spring may be anchored at a suitable fixed point to the frame of the machine. Accordingly, the envelope 12 carried on the periphery of the drum is guided under both pressure rollers 18 and 42 to insure a positive crease or fold of the 5 flap portion 13 relative to the pocket portion of the envelope.

Because the cylinder or drum 17 is maintained under constant negative pressure or vacuum during the folding operation, means are provided for stripping the envelope 12 with the folded flap 13 from the periphery of the drum 17. In accordance with this invention, this is attained by providing a plurality of stripper fingers 45 adjacent the carrier drum. The arrangement is such that the stripper fingers 45 will slide under the envelope 12 being carried on the periphery of the drum and lift the envelope 12 off the surface thereof to break the vacuum holding the envelope in place on the drum. The envelope 12 is thus stripped from the drum 17 and it is thereafter positioned on a suitable conveyor (not shown) to carry the envelope with folded flap away from the folding unit 10 to the next operation which may be either packing the envelopes in suitable boxes or cartons or stufling the envelopes with an appropriate material to be mailed or distributed therein.

Accordingly, it will be noted that the folding unit 10 herein described is relatively simple in structure and can be readily fabricated at minimum expense. In operation, the arrangement is such that it can handle the envelopes 12 at the same rate of speed as the folded envelopes are egressing from the envelope forming machine that forms the pocket portion thereof. Accordingly, a relatively simple and inexpensive unit is provided which can be readily adapted to existing equipment and/or which may be incorporated in original equipment at a minimum increase in the overall cost thereof.

While the instant invention has been described and illustrated with respect to a particular embodiment thereof, it will be readily appreciated and understood that variations and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. For use in conjunction with an envelope forming means, the improvement of,

(a) folding means for effecting the fold of the flap portion of an envelope relative to the pocket portion of the envelope as the envelope emerges from an envelope forming machine,

(b) said folding means comprising a pair of rotatably journalled complementary rollers disposed in rolling engagement with one another,

() means for effecting counter-rotation of said rollers with respect to one another,

((1) means on one of said rollers for securing a portion of said envelope to a peripheral portion of said one roller as said envelope is guided under said rollers,

(e) and lifter means cooperatively associated with said rollers for guiding an intermediate portion of said envelope between the rolling periphery of said rollers whereby said flap is folded relative to the pocket portion of the envelope to effect a crease thereat as said envelope is carried on the periphery of said one roller and between said pair of rollers,

(f) said one of said rollers functions as a carrier for said envelope and the other roller serves as a pressure roller,

(g) said carrier roller comprises a drum having a relatively large diameter,

(h) said drum having a plurality of lines of spaced holes in the periphery thereof,

(i) and a source of negative pressure operatively connected to said drum for pulling a negative pressure on said holes whereby said envelope is held to the peripheral portion of said drum during a folding operation by suction created by the negative pressure being pulled on said drum.

2. For use in conjunction with an envelope forming means, the improvement of,

(a) folding means for effecting the fold of the flap portion of an envelope relative to the pocket portion of the envelope as the envelope emerges from an envelope forming machine,

(b) said folding means comprising a pair of rotatably ournalled complementary rollers disposed in rolling engagement with one another,

(c) means for effecting counter-rotation of said rollers with respect to one another,

(d) means on one of said rollers for securing a portion of said envelope to a peripheral portion of said one roller as said envelope is guided under said rollers,

(e) and lifter means cooperatively associated with said rollers for guiding an intermediate portion of said envelope between the rolling periphery of said rollers whereby said flap is folded relative to the pocket portion of the envelope to effect a crease thereat as said envelope is carried on the periphery of said one roller and between said pair of rollers,

(f) said lifter means including a plurality of pivotally mounted fingers adapted to rock toward and away from said rollers,

(g) said fingers having their respective free ends movable toward a line of contact between said rollers to push the envelope between the contacting perrpheries of said rollers to reverse the flap of the envelope as said envelope is carried between said rollers.

3. The invention as defined in claim 1 including a stripper finger adapted to engage said envelope to lift the same from the periphery of said roller to break the suction actiing on the envelope to secure it to the periphery of the rum.

4. The invention as defined in claim 3 and including a second pressure roller disposed in rolling engagement with said drum,

(a) said second pressure roller being angularly disposed about the circumference of said drum with respect to the first mentioned pressure roller,

(b) and means for resiliently biasing said second pressure roller toward said drum.

5. For use in conjunction with an envelope making machine, the improvement of,

(a) a folding means for reversely folding the flap portion of an envelope with respect to the pocket portion of an envelope,

(b) said folding means comprising a pair of rotatably oumalled complementary rollers disposed in rolling engagement with one another,

(c) one of said rollers being a drum of large diameter relative to said other roller of said pair of rollers, and said other roller functioning as a pressure roller,

(d) said drum having a line of spaced holes extending longitudinally along said drum,

(e) a source of negative pressure operatively connected to said drum for pulling a vacuum on said holes, (f) means for adjusting the drum relative to said other roller, and

(g) said other roller having a non-skid covering thereon,

(h) a drive means for effecting counter-rotation of said drum and associated roller whereby the envelope to be folded is fed under said pressure roller and toward said drum,

(i) lifter means cooperatively associated with said pair of rollers,

(i) said lifter means including a plurality of fingers,

(k) means for rocking said lifter fingers toward and away from said pair of rollers,

(1) said fingers having their free ends arranged to present an intermediate portion of said envelope to be folded to contacting peripheries of said pair of rollers,

(m) the co-action of said pair of rollers and lifter fingers being timed so that a portion of said envelope covers certain of said holes in said drum and is thereby fixedly secured relative thereto and carried therewith due to the negative pressure acting thereon and whereby said complementary rollers crease said flap as said pair of rollers bite said envelope therebetween,

(11) a second pressure roller disposed in rolling engagement with said drum,

(0) and a stripper means for stripping the folded envelope off the surface of said drum,

(p) said stripper means including curved fingers conforming substantially to the shape of said drum, (q) said curved fingers having their respective free end directed against the rotation of said drum to lift the envelope off the surface of the drum to break the vacuum acting on said envelopes.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS WAYNE A. MORSE, 111., Primary Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2612088 *Jul 13, 1948Sep 30, 1952Us Envelope CoClosure flap folding and envelope stacking mechanism for envelope machines
US2794482 *Apr 6, 1955Jun 4, 1957Johnson & JohnsonPad folding machine
US2956484 *Apr 11, 1957Oct 18, 1960Berkley Machine CoApparatus for forming patches for application to envelope blanks and similar articles
US3079847 *May 28, 1962Mar 5, 1963Commercial Envelope Mfg Co IncBlank folding and gluing device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3683756 *Jan 13, 1971Aug 15, 1972Baltimore Business Forms IncContinuous forms envelope converter system
US3947198 *Dec 6, 1974Mar 30, 1976Hutt Thomas GApparatus for making bags from synthetic plastic film
US6095961 *May 14, 1998Aug 1, 2000F. L. Smithe Machine Company, Inc.Radial aligner and folding mechanism
Classifications
U.S. Classification493/444, 493/917
International ClassificationB31B19/00
Cooperative ClassificationB31B21/00, Y10S493/917, B31B19/26, B31B2221/10, B31B2219/2672
European ClassificationB31B21/00, B31B19/26