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Publication numberUS3474931 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 28, 1969
Filing dateMar 12, 1968
Priority dateMar 12, 1968
Publication numberUS 3474931 A, US 3474931A, US-A-3474931, US3474931 A, US3474931A
InventorsCreith Lou C, Daniels Frank J
Original AssigneeOlin Mathieson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flexible floating blanket for vapor loss control in vertical storage tanks
US 3474931 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 28, 1969 D s ET AL 3,474,931



FRANK J DANIELS LOU C.CRITH ATTORNEY United States Patent U.S. Cl. 220-26 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A floating covering is provided comprising a blanket having a peripheral floating ring, the periphery ofwhich ring is in excess of the tank wall periphery and one or more auxiliary floats are attached to the underside of the blanket to avoid the blanket contacting the liquid being stored.

An impervious cover floating atop a volatile liquid in a vertical storage tank will greatly decrease evaporation and contamination of the product. Several such blankets are in use at present and serve quite well.

However, with existing designs, all such floating blankets presently in use are expensive to manufacture and are difiicult and expensive to maintain.

This design Will be extremely simple to install and maintain, and will be relatively inexpensive, particularly in tanks of 15 feet in diameter and under.

Once installed, its maintenance cost will be minimal throughout its life, and replacementat the end of its life will be as simple as the original installation. Normally, no tools of any sort are necessary for the installation or removal of a blanket of this design.

Other advantages will become apparent to those skilled in the art as a detailed description of specific embodiments proceeds with reference to the drawings which form a part hereof, and in which:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a floating deck according to the present invention in which installation does not involve a center pole.

FIGURE 2 is a sectional view along the lines 22 of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of a floating deck according to the present invention in which installed is a tank having a center pole.

FIGURE 4 is a sectional view along the lines 44 in FIGURE 3.

FIGURE 5 is a partial sectional view along the lines 5-5 in FIGURE 3.

FIGURE 6 is a sectional view along the lines 6-6 in FIGURE 5.

The floating deck of the present invention is adapted for use both in tanks having, and tanks not having, a fixed center pole.

Thus, according to one embodiment of the present invention, adapted to a tank not having a fixed center pole, in FIGURES 1 and 2 the deck 10 will comprise a circular blanket 30 covering a plurality of floats 20, 21 and 22. The designation L represents the liquid level.

The blanket 30 will be made of, for example, a fabric composed of nylon cloth with polyurethane film calendered on both sides. The particular fabric will vary with the application. Its weight will be about 10-12 ounces per square yard, preferably about 11 ounces per square yard. All joints in the covering fabric will be sealed to assure leak-proof joints. This can be done with commercially available polymeric cements. An electric heat sealing method can be used, if desired.

The floats 20, 21 and 22 will be made of polyurethane 3,474,931 Patented Oct. 28, 1969 flexible foam weighing about 1.0 to 2.0 pounds per cubic foot with a RMA test value of about 24-36 pounds at 25% compression.

The main float 20 will be in the form of a ring with an outside diameter larger than the inside diameter of the tank wall W, for example, by approximately /2 inch. The cross-sectional shape of this float is rectangular, except for the wall contacting side which has a somewhat pointed, contacting surface 23. The main float 20 will provide most of the floatation and will also serve as a peripheral seal at 23 against the tank wall W. The fact that the diameter of this float is greater than that of the tank wall provides the necessary force to keep the ring pressed against the tank Wall.

Float 21 is included to keep the non-buoyant blanket 30 suspended above the liquid. While this float is shown circular in FIGURE 1, it could comprise another configuration, such as a square, rectangle, etc. Furthermore, a plurality of floats could be used instead of the single float.

Float 22 provides an enclosed well for a guide and gauging pipe 40. Again, the configuration and the number of floats may vary from the single, circular float shown.

In the area where the guide pipe 40 passes through the blanket, the blanket may be reinforced by the addition of one or more layers of fabric 31. The blanket will also contact the pipe at 41 to provide a seal 32.

The guide pipe 40 will serve as both a guide and a gauging well. It may be, for example, an aluminum pipe of suitable size having a number of slots 43 along its length. The slots will provide for free flow of liquid through the pipe in case sampling is required. The slots are not essential to the operation of the blanket itself.

The pipe will be anchored to the tank floor by the magnet 42 in one end and to the tank gauge hatch (not shown) at the roof by suitable means.

To provide for the possibility that water or some other liquid might find its way onto the top of the blanket, as by a leaky roof, the blanket will be allowed to sag between the floats and drains 60 will be installed at low points on the blanket.

The blanket will be installed in the tank, while the tank is in service, by folding the blanket in half, causing the ring float 21 to take a half-moon configuration, with the float on the outside and the cover forming a double semicircle. One end of the crescent can then be inserted through a roof manhole (not shown) and then the entire blanket fed through.

Once inside, the resilience of the ring float 20 will cause the ring to snap out against the tank wall W and the blanket is launched. If the liquid level in the tank has been set approximately 6 to 8 feet below the top, the guide pipe 40 can now be used to move the blanket around to the proper position where the pipe 40 can be installed through the gauge hatch and through the blanket at 32 and set in the proper position on the tank bottom.

Once the blanket is installed in the tank, the manhole will be left open on the tank roof to vent out any fumes above the blanket and a suitable ventilating device (not shown) will be installed above the manhole and, if necessary, in another roof area to assure maintenance of nonflammable air-vapor mixtures above the blanket.

FIGURES 3-6 illustrate another embodiment of the present invention directed to the case where the tank contains a fixed center pole.

In this case, a blanket will be used which, at its center, does not have a continuous ring such as 21 in FIGURE 1. It rather will have one or a plurality of floats which have an opening therein, for example, that shown at 121 in FIGURE 3. Furthermore, the two ends of the peripheral ring float will not abut, but enough space will be left between the two ends so that overlap can be provided for center pole installation.

Before installation, the blanket will be slit from the center (through the opening in float 121) to the edge 'at the place where the gap between the ends of the ring float exist, resulting in flaps 134 and 135. As shown in FIGURE 6, elongated floats 124 will be cemented to one flap 135 from the center portion to the edge. During installation, the blanket 130 will be folded parallel to and at the slit. The slit ends 134 and 135 will be fed in first and pushed so as to straddle the pole 150. Once inside, the blanket 130 will be rotated so that the split falls under the manhole. Flap 134 will then be made to overlap flap 135 and sealed thereto with polymeric cement.

The blanket and the floats will, of course, be made of the same materials as in the non-center pole embodiment. Also, if a fixed guide pole is encountered, ring float 122 with reinforcing layer 131 and sealing ends 133 may be provided, as described in regard to FIGURES 1 and 2.

Furthermore, reinforcing material 131 will be provided around center floats 121 and guide pole floats 122. The blanket will also provide seals 132 and 133 with respect to center pole 150 and guide pole 140, respectively.

As was the case in FIGURES 1 and 2, drain holes 160 are provided. 1

The peripheral ring float 120 is, of course, larger than the tank wall W so that the ring will remain in contact therewith. The shape of the peripheral ring float 120 is the same as in FIGURES 1 and 2 with contact area 123 being provided to contact the wall.

It will, thus, be apparent that the basic difference between the center pole embodiment and the non-center pole embodiment is the presence of the elongated floats 124 (FIGURES and 6) passing from the center to the edge in the center pole embodiment.

It is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the illustrations described and shown herein which are deemed to be merely illustrative of the best modes of carrying out the invention, and which are susceptible of modifications of form, size, arrangement of parts and detail of operation, but rather is intended to encompass all such modifications which are within the spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A covering for tanks containing volatile liquids to be used in conjunction with a tank having a fixed roof support pole comprising a blanket having mounted there on a peripheral float, said peripheral float having a peripheral size sufficiently in excess of the size of the inner periphery of the tank so that said peripheral float will remain at all times in sealing engagement with said tank Wall, said blanket containing a roof support pole opening and a slit extending radially therefrom with overlapping first and second flaps, at least one float attached to the lower surface of said first flap, said second flap being sealingly attached to the upper surface of said first flap, said blanket having mounted on its lower surface at least one additional float to avoid said blanket contacting the surface of the liquid to be stored in the tank.

2. A covering according to claim 1 in which an additional opening in said blanket is provided for passage of a guide pole therethrough.

3. A covering according to claim 1 in which said blanket is reinforced at said roof support pole opening and at said guide pole opening.

4. A covering according to claim 1 in which said one float extends from the center to the edge of said blanket.

FOREIGN PATENTS 10/ 1955 Italy. 10/ 1961 Great Britain.

JOSEPH R. LECLAIR, Primary Examiner J. R. GARRETT, Assistant Examiner

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2281748 *Oct 31, 1938May 5, 1942Phillips Petroleum CoEquipment for storing volatile liquids
US2321058 *Nov 1, 1940Jun 8, 1943Wiggins John HFloating roof for liquid storage tanks
US2888717 *Jun 28, 1954Jun 2, 1959William DomitrovicSilo sealing cover
US3036342 *Nov 21, 1957May 29, 1962Pittsburgh Des Moines SteelMethod for making a liquid storage floating cover
US3049261 *May 22, 1959Aug 14, 1962Standard Oil CoFloating blanket
US3158667 *May 10, 1961Nov 24, 1964Chicago Bridge & Iron CoMethod of forming a plastic spray coated floating roof
GB880039A * Title not available
IT534204B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3769748 *Mar 27, 1972Nov 6, 1973Argo IntPlant watering device
US3944113 *Nov 18, 1974Mar 16, 1976General American Transportation CorporationFloating roof
US3980199 *Aug 16, 1974Sep 14, 1976Globe Linings, Inc.Gas venting for floating cover
US4034887 *Nov 25, 1975Jul 12, 1977William Raymond SherlockStorage tank
US4503988 *Sep 17, 1984Mar 12, 1985Burke Industries, Inc.Gas collecting tensioned reservoir cover
US5038419 *Sep 10, 1990Aug 13, 1991Macdonald Scott HPool cover draining device
US5560509 *Mar 21, 1994Oct 1, 1996Chicago Bridge & Iron Technical Services CompanyGuide pole fitting seal for floating roof storage tanks
US5829621 *Sep 27, 1996Nov 3, 1998Chicago Bridge & Iron Technical Services CompanyGuide pole fitting seal for floating roof storage tanks
US7513393 *Jun 16, 2006Apr 7, 2009Lincoln Industrial CorporationContainer system
US7767087 *Jan 5, 2007Aug 3, 2010Wilson Kelce SFloating filter holder
US8221030 *Jul 2, 2009Jul 17, 2012Versaflex, Inc.Cover for a liquid reservoir
US8936412Jul 16, 2012Jan 20, 2015Versaflex, Inc.Cover for a liquid reservoir
US9045279 *Mar 20, 2013Jun 2, 2015Kinder Morgan Operating LP CSystems and methods for reducing vapor emission from floating roof storage vessels
US20140190967 *Mar 20, 2013Jul 10, 2014Kinder Morgan Operating L.P. "C"Systems and methods for reducing vapor emission from floating roof storage vessels
DE2944589A1 *Nov 5, 1979May 7, 1981Heinrich Ing Grad ImhofFloating cover for tank contg. refinery prods. - has resilient sheet supported by inner and outer frames connected by cables
WO1995025684A1 *Mar 13, 1995Sep 28, 1995Chicago Bridge & Iron TechGuide pole fitting seal for floating roof storage tanks
U.S. Classification220/219
International ClassificationB65D88/34, B65D88/00
Cooperative ClassificationB65D88/34
European ClassificationB65D88/34