Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3475543 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 28, 1969
Filing dateFeb 23, 1967
Priority dateFeb 26, 1966
Publication numberUS 3475543 A, US 3475543A, US-A-3475543, US3475543 A, US3475543A
InventorsBurns James Ormston
Original AssigneeBurns James Ormston
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Detachable pickup unit for use in electronic stringed musical instruments
US 3475543 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 28, 1969 J. o. BURNS 3,475,543

DETACHABLE PICKUP UNIT FOR USE IN ELECTRONIC STRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Filed Feb. 23, 1967 INVE NTOR:

JAMES 0 BURNS,

BY MELv/LLE,Snznsssglsrsmflorrmlv A TTORN E VS United States Patent Claims priority, application Great Britain, Feb. 26, 1966,

8,556/66 Int. Cl. Gh 3/00 US. Cl. 84-1.15 7 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A detachable pick-up unit for use in a stringed musical instrument such as a guitar having a hollow body and a neck, the pick-up unit having two or more electrical plug connections adapted for insertion in two or more electrical connecting sockets disposed in the end of the neck and facing a cut-out in the hollow body, the pick-up unit when plugged in being located inside the cut-out in the hollow body. Trailing leads are connected with the electrical connecting sockets either directly or through a socket connection mounted elsewhere on the neck or body of the guitar. The pick-up unit incorporates one or more permanent magnets and a series of pole pieces to derive electrical signals from the vibrations of the strings.

The present invention relates to stringed musical instruments and is more particularly concerned with acoustic guitars.

It is conventional to provide an acoustic guitar with a hollow body or belly, a neck bearing a fingerboard, and a machine head extends in the region of the front thereof which carries in its lower half a string anchorage and bridge unit and is provided with an opening beneath the strings and between the bridge unit and the end of the fingerboard. The hollow body and the opening in the front thereof contribute to the tonal characteristics of the instrument. Whilst, for many purposes, the audible sounds produced by the instrument when it is played are sufiicient, on occasions it is desirable to derive electric signals from the vibraitons of the strings when the instrument is played. It is an object of the present invention to provide for such a pickup.

According to the present invention, the end of the neck of an acoustic guitar facing the cut-out in the hollow body or belly of the guitar is provided with two or more electrical connecting sockets adapted to receive electrical plug connections forming part of a plug-in pickup unit.

Preferably the plug connections of the pickup unit are a good fit in the sockets so that the pickup can be adequately retained by the plug and sockets so that no other fiXing means are required. When the pickup unit is plugged in it will be located inside the cut-out or opening in the front of the hollow body or belly. The sockets in the end of the neck may be connected electrically either to a trailing lead or to a further socket connection into which a suitable trailing lead connection can be inserted for extending the signals derived from the pickup unit to any suitable sound reproducing or recording system such as an amplifier and loudspeaker system or a tape recorder.

Electromagnetic pickups of differing electrical characteristics may be made available and can be readily interchanged at the will of the player.

The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing which is a perspective view of an acoustic guitar embodying the present invention.

An acoustic guitar 10 comprises a hollow body -11 to the upper end 12 of which there extends from the front 13 thereof a neck 14 having a fingerboard 15 and a machine head 16. The front of the body carries a bridge unit 17 and the body is provided with string anchorage means such as 18. The lower end of the fingerboard extends over the front of the body and terminates in the region of a cut-out or opening 19 in the front of the body between the bridge and the lower end 20 of the neck. A plurality of strings 21 extends from the anchorage 18 over the bridge 17, the cut-out opening 19 and fingerboard 15 to the machine head 16.

The lower end 20 of the neck which faces or as in the embodiment illustrated, extends into the cut-out 19, is provided with a pair of electrical socket connections 22 to receive plug connections 23 of a pick-up unit 24. Purely for the purpose of illustration, the pickup unit 24 is shown spaced from and adjacent the end 20 of the neck, though it will be understood that when required for use, the plug connections 23 would be fully inserted in the socket connections 22 and that the pickup 24 would be adjacent the end 20 of the neck. The plug connections 23 are of sufficiently good fit in the socket connections 22 as to provide sufficient retention for the pick-up unit 24. The electrical connections are made to the socket connections 22 to connect with a trailing lead which may either be connected directly to the socket connections or through the intermediary of a suitably located socket connection mounted on the neck or on the body of the guitar. The plug connections 23 make electrical connection with one or more coils in the pickup unit 24 which also incorporates one or more permanent magnets and a series of pole pieces such as 25, whereby electric signals may be derived from the vibrations of the strings 21 which are of magnetic material and may be steel or steelcoated with plastic.

The present invention enables a pickup unit to be attached as and when required and to be removed when not required and does not require a pickup unit to be mounted on the front of the body.

The embodiment of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as fol lows:

1. An acoustic guitar having a hollow body and a neck in which the end of the neck facing a cut-out in the hollow body is provided with two or more electrical connecting sockets adapted to receive electrical plug connections forming part of a plug-in pickup unit.

2. A stringed musical instrument having a hollow body and a neck comprising a hollow body or belly and a neck in which the end of the neck facing a cut-out in the hollow body is provided with two or more electrical connecting sockets in which are received electrical plug connections of a plug-in pickup unit for both supporting the pickup unit and making electrical connection therewith.

3. A pickup unit for use in a hollow body stringed musical instrument such as an acoustic guitar, provided with two or more electrical plug connections adapted to be inserted in two or more electrical connecting sockets disposed in the end of the neck of a stringed musical instrument and facing a cut-out in the hollow body there.- of for both supporting the pickup unit and making electrical connection therewith.

4. A stringed musical instrument as claimed in claim 1 or 2 in which the plug connections of the pickup unit are a good fit in the sockets whereby the pickup unit can be adequately retained by the plugs and sockets.

5. A stringed musical instrument as claimed in claim 4 in which the pickup unit, when plugged in, is located inside the cut-out in the front of the hollow body.

6. A stringed musical instrument as claimed in claim 5 in which the lower end of a fingerboard on the neck extends over the front of the body and terminates in the region of the cut-out or opening in the hollow body.

7. A stringed musical instrument as claimed in claim 6 in which the lower end of the fingerboard terminates within the cut-out or opening.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1/1967 Palmer 84-116 10/1928 Hastings 841.16

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1689136 *Sep 13, 1927Oct 23, 1928Hastings George TRadio attachment for string instruments
US3296916 *Mar 17, 1964Jan 10, 1967Rundlette K PalmerMusical instrument and amplification system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3538232 *Aug 12, 1968Nov 3, 1970Sonotone CorpMusical instrument and piezoelectric pickup with diaphragms and inertial mass
US4227434 *Feb 21, 1978Oct 14, 1980Dimarzio Lawrence PAdjustable soundhole mount for a musical pickup
US4351216 *Aug 22, 1979Sep 28, 1982Hamm Russell OElectronic pitch detection for musical instruments
US4872386 *Jun 6, 1988Oct 10, 1989Olivier BetticareInterchangeable pick-up for electric guitar
US5029511 *Mar 19, 1990Jul 9, 1991Kevin RosendahlExchangeable pickups for electric guitars
US8212137Apr 7, 2011Jul 3, 2012Taylor-Listug, Inc.Detachable pickup assembly
WO2012138990A1 *Apr 6, 2012Oct 11, 2012Taylor-Listug, Inc.Detachable pickup assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification84/743, 84/726, 984/367, 84/267
International ClassificationG10H3/18, G10H3/00
Cooperative ClassificationG10H3/181, G10H3/18
European ClassificationG10H3/18B, G10H3/18