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Publication numberUS3475810 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 4, 1969
Filing dateJan 12, 1967
Priority dateJan 12, 1967
Publication numberUS 3475810 A, US 3475810A, US-A-3475810, US3475810 A, US3475810A
InventorsJack K Mates
Original AssigneeAmerican Velcro Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Separation of rigid members joined by hook and loop
US 3475810 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. K. MATES Nov. 4, 1969 SEPARATION OF RIGID MEMBERS JOINED BY' HOOK AND LOOP Filed Jan. l2, 1967 FIG. 3

FIG.

2 F Ml...

INVENTOR (TACK K. MATES ggf/Mn TORNEYS United States Patent O 3,475,810 SEPARATION OF RIGID MEMBERS JOINED BY HOOK AND LOOP Jack K. Mates, Scarsdale, N.Y., assigner to American Velcro, Inc., a corporation of New Hampshire Filed Jan. 12, 1967, Ser. No. 608,875 Int. Cl. B23p 19/02; B25b 27/00 U.S. Cl. 29--427 7 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE closed is an instrument having a beveled leading edge and a flat elongated separator portion for separating rigid members joined by hook and loop fasteners.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a method and apparatus for separating two or more rigid members joined to each other by hook and loop fasteners. The invention particularly relates to a method and apparatus for severing the bond between elements of a hook and loop fastener.

Hook and loop fasteners such as those described in U.S. Patents 2,717,437 and 3,009,235 include separable tape members, each comprising a sheet of woven fabric having raised threads of synthetic material such as super polyamide wherein the loops of one tape member are cut at their outer extremities to form hooks but the loops of the other tape member remain uncut. It is also possible that a given strip of tape may comprise both hooks and loops.

When the two tape members of the fastener are pressed together in face-to-face relationship, there is substantial engagement of the hook threads with the loop threads. A considerable effort must be applied to release simultaneously a large number of hooks either by forcing the tapes in a direction normal to their interface or in a direction parallel to their interface. The magnitude of the force required is such as to make impractical this means of separating the tapes. It has been found that the tape members may be peeled apart by application of a small force but this method requires that at least one of the tape members be mounted on a exible backing. AS a result, the practical use of hook and loop fasteners to secure rigid members to each other has heretofore been impossible.

The present invention is based upon the discovery that the tape members of a hook and loop fastener may be separated by the progressive application of a small force in a direction substantially normal to the interface between them if they are maintained out of contact with one another until the bond is completely severed.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is a method for separating rigid members which are joined together at an interface by hook and loop fasteners and comprises displacing the hook and loop fasteners out of their interfacial plane of engagement by moving a member through the interfacial plane of engagement and forcing the hook and loop members out of and essentially normal to the interfacial plane ice to progressively separate the hook and loop fasteners. The hook and loop fasteners are then maintained out of contact with one another by inserting a barrier between the separated hook and loop fasteners.

The device of the invention is an instrument having a beveled leading edge and a at elongated separator portion.

As noted above, the present method and apparatus make possible for the first time the use of hook and loop fasteners in joining rigid members. This invention is particularly useful when the rigid members to be joined are in a confined space so that it is possible to separate one from the other only by displacing one of the members in a direction substantially parallel to the plane of the interface between them. For example, many electronic installations are of modular construction allowing a defective component to be removed easily and replaced immediately by a similar component. This practice of replacing a defective black box with a substitute which may be plugged in in short order substantially reduces the down-time 0f the entire complex and thus increases efliciency. It is important not only that these black boxes be easily accessible for replacement but that they be securely held in position during operation. It this connection it has been found that hook and loop fasteners might be employed if a method could be found to facilitate the removal of the components when desired, but since the supporting frames are generally designed to slidably receive the components, it has been impossible to effectively employ hook and loop fasteners because the contact between the tape members, once established, could not be broken. The present method and apparatus, however, make possible the use of hook and loop fasteners in this eld.

Other applications of this principle are readily apparent. For example, in the construction of temporary structures or displays where ease of assembly and disassembly are essential requirements.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS A preferred embodiment of the invention is described hereinbelow with reference to the drawings wherein: FIG. 1 is a view of an electronic modular component partially inserted in a supporting frame;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken substantially along line 2--2 of FIG. l;

FIG. 3 is a detail of FIG. 2 showing the use of one embodiment of the present apparatus in removing an electronic component from its supporting frame;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of two panels being separated from a support by another embodiment of the present apparatus;

FIG. 5 is an exploded plan view of FIG. 4; and

FIG. 6 is a detail of a side view of FIG. 4.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring initially to FIGS. 1-3, an electronic cornponent 11 has a male plug 12 which is to be inserted in a socket 13. A frame 14 is dimensioned so as to slidably receive component 11. To a lower surface 15 of cornponent 11 are secured at least two tape members 16 and in opposed relation thereto on a lower surface 17 of frame 14 are secured at least two other tape members 18. Tape members 16 and 18 comprise sheets of woven fabric having raised threads in the form of loops. The loops of one tape member may be cut at their outer extremities to form hooks but the loops of the other tape member remain uncut. It is not important which tape member 16 or 18 has hooks and which has loops; in fact, it is contemplated that a given tape member may have both hooks and loops.

To install the component 11 in frame 14, an instrument 20 must first be placed over each of the tape members 18. The instrument 20 has a beveled leading edge 21 and an elongated separator portion 22. It is also contemplated that leading edge 21 may be double-beveled. Instrument 20 must be at least equal in width and length to tape member 18 that it may completely overlie tape member 18. As will be seen later, the thickness of instrument 20 should be such that it will not buckle under an axial compressive stress, and preferably is less than the combined thickness of the formed hook and loop fasteners for ease of insertion.

Once an instrument 20 is placed in overlying relationship with each tape member 18, component 11 may be slidably inserted into frame 14 and traversed until plug 12 engages socket 13. Thereafter, instruments 20 are withdrawn and allowing tape members 16 and 18 to engage. Component 11 is now held securely in place.

To remove component 11 from frame 14, the beveled leading edge 21 of the instrument 20 is inserted along the plane of the interface between tape members 16, 18. As it is moved through the interface of engagement of the hook and loop fasteners and in this interfacial plane, the beveled leading edge 21 of the instrument moves through the more flexible pile defined by the loop and slides along the surface defined by rounded ends of the semi-rigid hooks and progressively displaces the loops in the direction of movement of the edge 21 and normal to this interfacial plane until separation is effected; the hook and loop are then further separated and maintained separated by the elongated separator portion 22 of the instrument. When the respective tape members 16, 18 are completely separated, component 11 may be slidably removed from frame 14.

Another application of the present invention is illustrated in FIGS. 4-6. There, a structural support 30 has a tape member 31 secured to one face thereof. Panels 32 and 33 also have tape members 34, 35 along one of their respective marginal edges as shown best in FIG. 5. The tape members 31, 34, 35 are constructed in a manner similar to tape members 16, 18 described above.

To assemble a partition or other structure, panels 32 and 33 need only be pressed firmly against support 30 as shown in FIG. 4; the respective hook and loop fastener members will engage to form a secure joint.

An instrument 40 is employed to disassemble the structure. The instrument 40 has a T-shaped portion 41 the head 42 of which has a lbeveled leading edge 43 and the stem 44 of which serves as a handle. An elongated flexible separator portion 45 is secured to head 42 at one end thereof. Separator portion 45 may be stored on spool 46 when instrument 40 is not in use. In operation, head 42 of instrument 40 is inserted in the interface between tape members 31 and 34, 35 with the stem 44 along the interface between panels 32, 33 as shown in FIG. 4. As head 42 is traversed along the length of the interface between support 30 and panels 32, 33 by the application of force to handle y44, the respective tape members 31 and 34, 35 are completely separated by the action of the beveled edge 43 in the same manner described above with 6 respect to the first embodiment. The flexible separator portion 45 pays out of spool 46 and maintains the tape members 31 and 34, 35 out of engagement. The position of separator portion 45 during this operation is shown most clearly in FIG. 6.

I claim:

1. In combination with rigid members joined to one another at an interface `by hook and loop fasteners secured to the respective joined surfaces of the rigid members, a device insertable at the interface for separating the rigid members comprising an instrument having a beveled leading portion and a fiat elongated separator portion, the width of the beveled leading edge and separator portion being at least as great as the width of the interface and the length of the separator portion being at least as great as the length of the interface.

2. A device according to claim 1 wherein the leading edge has a double bevel.

3. A device according to claim 1 wherein the separator portion is rigid.

4. A device according to claim 1 wherein the separator portion is a flexible tape.

5. A device according to claim 1 wherein the thickness of the separator portion is less than the combined thickness of the hook and loop fasteners.

6. A method for separating rigid members joined together at an interface by hook and loop fasteners comprising progressively displacing the hook and loop fasteners out of their interfacial plane of engagement in a direction essentially normal to the interfacial plane and then maintaining the respective fasteners out of contact with one another while the rigid members are separated.

7. A method for separating rigid members so confined that movement of one with respect to the other when separated can be effected only in a direction parallel to the interfacial plane of engagement which comprises s eparating and maintaining separated the rigid members according to claim 6 and sliding one of the members relative to the other in the parallel direction.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,853,456

BERNARD A. GELAK, Primary Examiner .l

U.S. Cl. X.R.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3571999 *Jul 2, 1969Mar 23, 1971Downing DisplaysKnockdown display
US3657850 *May 19, 1970Apr 25, 1972Solange F G SoulardStrip for fixing a web of flexible material onto a support
US3696472 *Apr 15, 1971Oct 10, 1972American Velcro IncClosure assembly with slidable closure member
US3721050 *Sep 15, 1971Mar 20, 1973American Velcro IncModular grid panel retention system
US3745709 *Apr 5, 1971Jul 17, 1973American Velcro IncPull-out window frame
US3777435 *Nov 15, 1971Dec 11, 1973American Velcro IncAttachment assembly
US3785013 *Sep 1, 1971Jan 15, 1974W NugentFastener
US3807112 *Jul 20, 1972Apr 30, 1974American Velcro IncRoom structure and panel assembly
US3808415 *Mar 8, 1971Apr 30, 1974Hurst JApparatus for holding and illuminating graphic materials
US3857216 *Aug 7, 1973Dec 31, 1974Celotex CorpEasy release suspension system
US3859765 *Sep 1, 1972Jan 14, 1975United States Gypsum CoDemountable partitions and studs therefor
US3863412 *Apr 23, 1973Feb 4, 1975Domtar LtdEasily dismantled partition structure
US3914829 *Jun 1, 1973Oct 28, 1975Eaton CorpReleasably attachable clip
US3938295 *Feb 27, 1975Feb 17, 1976Tate Donald LMethod for assembling an access floor system
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US4090335 *Sep 14, 1977May 23, 1978Frank CuratoloPartition panel for subdividing a room area
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US4887338 *Feb 19, 1988Dec 19, 1989Velcro Industries B.V.Shear trap hook and loop fastening system
US4974384 *Nov 7, 1988Dec 4, 1990Tac-Fast System SaStructural assembly system
US5731056 *Jun 11, 1996Mar 24, 1998Mcdonnell Douglas Helicopter CompanyRigid structure attachment using hook and loop fasteners
US6594873Nov 8, 2001Jul 22, 2003Claudio ArgentoSlide closures for touch fasteners
US6668429May 3, 2002Dec 30, 2003Ykk Corporation Of AmericaDeep-groove fastener
US7455546Aug 28, 2007Nov 25, 2008Unisys CorporationElectrical power strip plug retention
US20040048549 *Sep 9, 2002Mar 11, 2004Midwest Thermal Spray, Inc.Device for removing an abrasive disk from a sanding pad
WO2004018796A1Aug 20, 2003Mar 4, 2004Velcro Industries B.V.Wide area fastener laminates for flooring and other surfaces
Classifications
U.S. Classification29/426.5, 52/DIG.200, 52/127.7, 52/483.1, 29/764, 29/270, 29/239, 52/DIG.130, 428/100
International ClassificationA44B18/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10S52/02, A44B18/00, Y10S52/13
European ClassificationA44B18/00