|Publication number||US3476122 A|
|Publication date||Nov 4, 1969|
|Filing date||Nov 29, 1967|
|Priority date||Nov 29, 1967|
|Publication number||US 3476122 A, US 3476122A, US-A-3476122, US3476122 A, US3476122A|
|Original Assignee||Zaupa Attilio|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (4), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 4, 1969 A. ZAUPA 3,476,122
I HAIRPIECE Filed Nov. 29, 1967 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Nov. 4, 1969 A. ZAUPA 3,476,122
HAIRPIECE Filed Nov/29, 1967 3 Sheets-Sheet z 7Z ma my 55 A. ZAUPA Nov. 4, 1969 HAIRPIECE 3 Sheets-Sheet Filed Nov. 29, 1967 United States Patent 3,476,122 HAIRPIECE Attilio Zaupa, 240 E. 55th St., New York, N.Y. 10021 Continuation-impart of application Ser. No. 342,367, Feb. 4, 1964. This application Nov. 29, 1967, Ser. No. 686,510
Int. Cl. A41g 3/00, /00
US. Cl. 132-53 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to hairpieces, and more particularly to hairpieces utilizing Velcro strips in the construction thereof.
This application is a continuation-in-part of my patent application, Serial No. 342,367, filed Feb. 4, 1964, now abandoned entitled Hairpiece With Hook Surface.
Presently, hairpieces are fabricated by inserting hair strands into a head cap. The hair is then styled and worn when desired. Just as with the regular head of hair, it is necessary to clean and reset the hair to maintain the chosen style. This becomes expensive, and while the hairpiece is being reset, the user must do without it.
Accordingly, it is among the principal objects of the present invention to provide a new and useful hairpiece which does not require repeated permanents and settings to retain the hair style.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a hairpiece of the character described which will be inexpensive to maintain.
A feature of the present invention lies in the utilization of Velcro strips in the construction of the hairpiece.
Other objects, features, and advantages will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon careful consideration of the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a side perspective view of a head conforming member being fashioned upon a head shape mold;
FIGURE 2 is a side perspective view of the head conforming member with Velcro strips secured to the outer surface;
FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of the head conforming member with hair strands in place, forming a completed hairpiece;
FIGURE 4 is a cross-sectional view as seen from the plane 4-4 on FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 5 is a greatly enlarged fragmentary sectional view showing a hair strand entangled in the hooks on a Velcro strip;
FIGURE 6 is a side perspective exploded view of a second embodiment of the invention;
FIGURE 7 is a sectional view of the embodiment of FIGURE 6 with a pony tail hairpiece member detach- 3,476,122 Patented Nov. 4, 1969 ably secured within the hairpiece and extending outwardly therefrom;
FIGURE 8 is a bottom plan view of the second embodiment with hairpins located in the base;
FIGURE 9 is a side perspective view of a third embodiment of the invention;
FIGURE 10 is an enlarged cross sectional view as seen from the plane 10-10 on FIGURE 9;
FIGURE 11 is an exploded, perspective view of a rectangular cap of crossing Velcro strips secured to the head of a user and mating hairpiece sections having mating fabric strips;
FIGURE 12 is a perspective view of the hairpiece positioned on the head of a user;
FIGURE 13 is a cross-sectional view as seen from the plane 1313 of FIGURE 12;
FIGURE 14 is an exploded, perspective view similar to FIGURE 11, of the cross cap of two crossing Velcro strips;
FIGURE 15 is a perspective view of the hairpiece of FIGURE 14 on the head of a user, and
FIGURE 16 is a cross-sectional view as seen from the plane 1616 of FIGURE 15.
This invention consists of a shape conforming member comprising strips of gauze, such as buckram. The strips may be shaped as desired and secured together by adhesive. Velcro strips are then secured to the outer surface of the shape con-forming member. Hair strands are secured to the inner surface of the shape conforming memher and are extended over the Velcro strips becoming entangled or otherwise closely adhering to the Velcro surface.
In accordance with a preferred construction of the invention there is shown a hairpiece 10 which broadly comprises a head conforming member 12, a Velcro covering 14, and hair strands 16 located thereon.
More particularly, the head conforming member is developed from a mold 13, which may be made of plaster of paris, and has a base portion 18 and an upper portion 20 conforming to the desired head shape. The upper portion may be formed from a concave plastilene mold of a desired shape, which is then filled with the liquid plaster of paris. The head conforming member 12 is constructed of gauze strips 22, such as buckram, and has an outer surface 23 and an inner surface 24. The .strips are fitted to the contours of the mold 13 and are secured together by means of an adhesive 25, such as Dupont Duco cement.
The Velcro covering 14 has a base surface 26 and a hook surface 28, and is secured in strips at the base surface by adhesive 32 to the upper surface 23 of the head conforming member.
The hair strands 34 are secured at their inner end portions 36 by adhesive 38 to the inner surface 24 of the gauze strips 22 as at 39. The strands 34 have central portions 40 which become entangled in the Velcro hooks 42 (FIGURE 5), or otherwise are located closely to them. The outer end portions 44 hang free of the Velcro covering and may be styled as desired.
Located on the inner surface 24 of the head conforming members 12 are Velcro fabric strips 46 having a base surface 48 and a fabric surface 50. These strips may be located at various positions and additional hairpieces having Velcro strips may be detachably secured thereto, al-
3 lowing a variety of styles to be developed from several basic hairpieces.
Turning to FIGURES 6-8 there is shown a second embodiment of the invention which may be characterized as a dual style hairpiece 52. The hairpiece comprises a base member 54 with a protective gauze covering 56, through which extend securing hairpins 58; and styled hair portions 60.
The hair portions comprise shape conforming members 62 constructed from buckram strips 64. The strips have outer surfaces 66 and inner surfaces 68, and are secured together by adhesive 69. The hair portions 60 are shaped to form part of a contiguous hair style, rather than to conform to a head shape. The illustrated embodiment shows the hair portions styled in a basic" shape. Velcro strips 70 are secured to the outer surfaces 66 of the strips 64 by adhesive 71, as described above.
The hair strands 72 are entangled and closely cover the Velcro surfaces, the hair style being determined by the shape of the members 62. The strands are secured to the members 62 at the inner portions 75 thereof, where the hair portions 60 are joined.
A section 76 of one of the hair portions 60 is detachably mounted to the hairpiece 52 and has a first exposed Velcro strip 78 on its undersurface 79. Located in mating relation thereto is a fabric strip 80 on the upper surface of the underlying hair portion. Mounted within the hairpiece 52 is a base strip 81 having a second exposed Velcro strip 82 secured thereto.
When it is desired to change the hair style of the hairpiece 52, the section 76 is removed and a detachable hair portion 84 having a fabric strip 86 at the inner end 87, is detachably secured within the hairpiece, the strips 82 and 86 mating. The section 76 is then replaced, and the portion 84 gives the appearance of being an integral part of the hairpiece 52.
FIGURES 9 and 10 serve to illustrate the versatility of the inventive construction with a delicately coiffured hairstyle 88. FIGURE 10 shows a cross section of the shape of conforming member 90' with an inner surface 92 and an outer surface 94. Secured to the outer surface by its base 96 is a Velcro strip 98 having a hook surface 100. Hair strands 102 are entangled or are located in close proximity to the surface 100 with the hair ends 104 secured by adhesive 106 to the central portion 108 of the inner surface 92.
Positioning of all the hairpieces may be easily accomplished by positioning a Velcro strip on the head and maintaining it there by hair clips (not shown). Then the hairpins 58 may be suitably located in the hook surface.
Alternatively, positioning may be accomplished by providing a rectangular cap with angular indents at the corners, and having Velcro strips along the periphery. The cap is secured to the head by bobby pins at the apex of each indent. The hairpiece has mating fabric strips to attach to the Velcro strips (not shown). These means of securement greatly reduce the number of hairpins normally required to maintain a comparably sized hairpiece on the head.
A modification of the Velcro strip cap (FIGURE 11) comprises four crossing Velcro strips 110 secured to the head of a user by means of hairpins 112. The hairpiece has mating fabric strips 114, 114 which interengage with strips 110 (FIGURE 13) to secure the sections of the hairpiece to the users head.
FIGURES 14-16 show a Velcro strip cap comprising two crossing Velcro strips 16 secured to the head by hairpins 118. The strips interengage with the mating fabric strip 120 on the hairpiece.
I wish it to be understood that I do not consider the invention limited to the precise details of structure shown and set forth in the specification, for obvious modifications will occur to those skilled in the art to which the present invention relates.
What is claimed is:
1. A hairpiece comprising: a head conforming member, resilient hook strips comprising a hook surface and a base surface, the base surface secured to the head conforming member, hair strands secured to the head conforming member and entwined in the hook surface of the resilient hook strips.
2. A dual style hairpiece comprising a plurality of styled hair portions, the portions comprising shape conforming members defined by inner and outer surfaces and secured to each other, and the members further defining an opening into the interior of the hairpiece; a first set of resilient hook strips defined by base surfaces and hook surfaces, the base surfaces of the strip secured to the outer surfaces of the member; hair strands secured to the inner surfaces of the shape conforming members and entwined in the hook surfaces of the first set of resilent hook strips; a second set of resilient hook strips defined by base surfaces and hook surfaces, base surfaces of the second set secured to the outer surfaces of the shape conforming members; fabric strips having a base surface and a fabric surface secured to at least one of the shaped hair portions by the base surface, and detachably secured to other adjoining hook surfaces of the second set of resilient hook strips; a detachable hair portion, a fabric strip secured to the inner end of said hair portion and detachably engageable with the hook surfaces of the second set of resilient hook strips, the detachable hair portion being placed in the hairpiece, the opening defined by the shape conforming members, the detachable hair portions being replaceable in normal position.
3. An improved stylized hairpiece with a shape conforming member, the improvement comprising: a resilient hook strip having a base portion and a hook surface, the strip placed between the shape conforming member and the hair strands, the base surface adjacent the shape conforming member and the hook surface adjacent the hair strands, whereby the hair becomes entangled or remains in close proximity to the hook surfaces of the resilient hook strip, following the configuration of the shape conforming member.
4. In combination, a plurality of detachable hairpiece members with mating sets of abutting surfaces having resilient hook strips on one set of the surfaces, and fabric strips on the other set of the surfaces, the interengagement of the strips providing for detachable engagement of the hairpiece members.
5. In combination, the hairpiece member comprising a shape-conforming member having a base surface; means to secure a resilient hook strip to the head of the user with a hook surface disposed oppositely the surface adjacent the said head of the user, and means on the base surface of the shape conforming member to secure the hairpiece member to the resilient hook strip.
6. The invention according to claim 2, the means to secure the hairpiece to the resilient hook strip comprising a fabric strip with a fabric surface and a base surface, the base surface secured to the base surface of the shape-conforming member and the fabric surface interengaging with the hook surface of the resilient hook strip.
7. The invention according to claim 2, the means to secure the hairpiece to the resilient hook strip comprising at least one hairpin passing through the base surface and interengaging the hook surface of the resilient hook strip.
8. In combination, a hairpiece member having a base surface; a resilient hook piece securable to the head of the user with an exposed hook surface, and means on said base surface to removably attach the hairpiece member to the piece.
9. The invention according to claim 8, the means to secure the hairpiece to the resilient hook piece comprising a fabric strip with a fabric surface and a base surface, the resilient hook piece including four crossing resi-lient hook strips, the base surface of the fabric strip secured to the base surface of the shape conforming member and the fabric surface interengaging with the hook surfaces of the resilient hook strips.
10. The invention according to claim 8, the means to secure the hairpiece to the resilient hook piece comprising a fabric strip, with a fabric surface and a base surface, the resilient hook piece including two crossing resilient hook strips, the base surface of the fabric strip secured to the base surface of the shape conforming member and the fabric surface interengaging with the hook surfaces of the resilient hook strips.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,405,791 8/1946 Lamoureux 13253 XR 3,077,891 2/1963 Lane 1325 5 3,156,999 11/1964 Dean et a]. 1325 3,385,305 5/1968 Buzzelli 132-405 F. BARRY SHAY, Primary Examiner 10 J. W. MITCHELL, Assistant Examiner
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2405791 *||May 15, 1945||Aug 13, 1946||Lamoureux Hilaire J||Wig construction|
|US3077891 *||Mar 16, 1961||Feb 19, 1963||Lord & Lady Windsor Inc||Toupee and method of manufacture|
|US3156999 *||Sep 4, 1962||Nov 17, 1964||Dean Jesse W||Hair dispensing holder for doll's head|
|US3385305 *||Jan 11, 1966||May 28, 1968||Frank D. Buzzelli||Detachable coiffure|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3889692 *||Oct 16, 1974||Jun 17, 1975||Redrow Allan Raymond||Hair dressing method and device|
|US4070790 *||Jun 15, 1976||Jan 31, 1978||Ned Strongin Associates, Inc.||Doll with releasably-attached hair pieces|
|US5741336 *||Aug 27, 1996||Apr 21, 1998||Fraser; William A.||Magnetically secured hairpieces|
|US6162232 *||Apr 19, 1999||Dec 19, 2000||Shadduck; John H.||Instruments and techniques for high-velocity fluid abrasion of epidermal layers with skin cooling|
|International Classification||A41G3/00, A41G5/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A41G5/004, A41G5/0053|
|European Classification||A41G5/00C4, A41G5/00C|