US 347763 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. M. BAKER.
No. 347,763. Patented Aug. 24, 1886.
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IINiTED STATES Arent trice.
JACOB M. BAKER, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR TO THE Y INDENTED PAPER COMPANY, OF PORTLAND, MAINE.
SLDECFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No; 347,763, dated August 24, 1886.
Application filed Api-i130, 1886. Serial No. 200,648. (Specimens.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, J Aeon M. BAKER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, haveinvented a new and useful Improvement in Carpet-Linings, dsc., of which the followingis a specification.
The object of my invention is to produce an improved carpet-lining having araised design embossed thereon, and composed of a material possessing elasticity, strength, and toughness of ber when stretched in the embossing process, which, while possessing the requisite elasticity, will retain the form imparted thereto and resist any tendencyto resume its original hat condition. The article is also equally applicable to packing for bottles, jars, and other easily frangible substances. e
The invention consists in the employment of what is commercially known as chemical wood ber,77 either' in a single thickness or two or more thicknesses, or in connection with a layer of felt or other analogous material, with alayer of cement between the two, which, after being embossed,will retain its shape and elasticity until worn out.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, Figure l represents a section of a piece of an embossed carpet-lining or bottlepacking of chemical wood fiber. Fig. 2 is asection of the chemical wood fiber of two thicknesses, with a layer of cement between the two, before being' embossed. Fig. 3 represents the same after being embossed. Fig. 4 is a section of the chemical wood fiber and a layer of felt, with cement between the two, before being embossed. Fig. 5 is the same after being cmbossed.
A in Fig. l represents a section of a piece of chemical wood fiber embossed for use as carpet-lining or bottle-packing.
In Fig. 2, A and B are two thicknesses of the chemical wood ber with a layer of cement between the two, which, when embossed, as shown in Fig. 3, will be capable of resisting great pressure, while possessing the requisite degree of elasticity.
In Figs. 4 and 5 I have shown a layer'of felt, D, in connection with the chemical fiber A and an interposed layerof cement, C,which may b e embossed without breakingby having the strong fabric outside to protect the weaker fabric and the lining from Wear, while the softfabric on the inner side makes a soft and yielding surface for the tread.
Vhen in use and laid under a carpet, the embossed side of the earpet-liningis laid downward, as it thus affords a springiness and elasticity that cannot be produced by the use of the ordinary embossed paper, and for a like reason it affords a better protection as a packing for glassware and other fragile articles. Where it is desired to produce alining or packing having a greater degree of stiffness than can be obtained by a single thickness, I take two sheets united by a layer of adhesive material-such as glue or paste-and in a dampened state pass the sheets between the 'embossing-rolls. 'lo effect this I use a sheet or roll of chemical wood ber united with another sheet of chemical wood fiber, as above described, or with any fibrous paper; or the two sheets thus united may both be of any suitable fibrous material, the object being to add stiffness and strength to the embossed fabric by uniting the sheets as described, and after the embossing process and the sheets or rolls thusembossed become dry a greater degree of resistance is obtained than could be effected by putting sizing in the 'pulp, and then by applying it as an outside coat-ing, as has heretofore been donc.
I am aware of the patent granted to L. I. Jenks for a carpet-lining formed from asheet of paper passed between rollers to be embossed, No. 271,075, January 23, 1883. ThisI do not claim, but y What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. As a new article of manufacture, a carpetlining composed of chemical wood fiber having an embossed surface, substantially as described. 2. A carpet-lining composed of two sheets In testimony whereofI have signed my name Io to this specification in the presence of' two snbv scribing witnesses.
of chemical wood ber united by an interl posed layer of cement and then embossed, as described.
3. A carpet-lining composed of a sheet of chemical wood fiber, in combination with a sheet of felt or othei1 analogous niateriil, the two being united by an interposed layer of! cement and then embossed, substantially as described.
JACOB M. BAKER.
J. I-I. ADAMS, E. PLANTA.