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Publication numberUS3478963 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 18, 1969
Filing dateSep 6, 1968
Priority dateJul 17, 1967
Publication numberUS 3478963 A, US 3478963A, US-A-3478963, US3478963 A, US3478963A
InventorsWinn James B Jr
Original AssigneeArchilithic Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dispensing gun for fiber rovings and cementitious materials
US 3478963 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 18, 1969 J. B. WINN, JR

DISPENSING GUN FOR FIBER ROVINGS AND CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Original Filed July 17, 1967 Fibrous Motl.

Viscous Motl.

Flexible Tube Inventor James zwinn, Jr. .0

Attorney NOV. 18, 1969 J, w JR 3,478,963

DISPENSING GUN FOR FIBER ROVINGS AND CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS Orlglnal Filed July 17, 1967 2 s t s t 2 L 60 I5 l6b Inventor James B. Winn, Jr.

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United States Patent US. Cl. 239102 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Glass fiber strands are deposited on a receiving surface coated with a cementitious material by forcefully projecting the fluid coating material from a projection source while centrally entraining the continuous fiber strand in the coating material for propelling the strand and the coating material for deposit onto the receiving surface.

This invention relates to new and useful improvements in guns for spraying fiber reinforced viscous materials, and in particular the invention concerns itself with certain structural and functional refinements in the apparatus disclosed in my co-pending earlier patent applications hereunder identified, of which this application is a division of application Ser. No. 660,149, filed July 17, 1967, which was a continuation-in-part: Ser. No. 672,723, filed July 18, 1957, now Patent No. 3,034,732; Ser. No. 722,- 678, filed Mar. 20, 1958, now abandoned; Ser. No. 87,629, filed Feb. 7, 1961, now Patent No. 3,091,404; Ser. No. 155,948, filed Nov. 30, 1961, now abandoned.

Application 660,149 is now Patent No. 3,375,541.

My above-mentioned earlier applications disclose apparatus for dispensing various viscous materials such as cement slurry, plastic resins, et cetera, in the form of a spray and simultaneously dispensing fibrous material such as fibreglass in continuous thread roving or in chopped form, for intermixing with the viscous spray, so as to form fiber reinforced structures in situ when the viscous material sets. The viscous and fibrous materials are conveyed under pressure through separate conduits and discharged through separate nozzles so that intermixing thereof takes place as the spray is deposited on the work.

The principal object of the present invention is to attain better saturation of the fibrous material by the viscous material and more efiicient intermixing thereof than is possible by discharging the two materials through separate nozzles, this object being realized by providing an improved gun of the present invention wherein the fibrous and viscous materials, although conveyed through separate conduits, are intermixed in an especially constructed mixing and dispensing nozzle of the gun, so that the two materials leaving the nozzle are already properly and homogeneously mixed and are sprayed on the work in that condition.

An important feature of the invention therefore resides in the provision of an improved gun having a single nozzle for mixing and dispensing the fibrous and viscous materials, while another important feature resides in a novel construction of the mixing and dispensing nozzle per se.

Another important feature of the invention resides in the provision of means for easily and accurately controlling the flow of the materials through the gun so that they may be intermixed in various proportions, while another feature resides in arranging the gun so that by a simple substitution of some of its parts, it is capable of highly versatile use in handling and executing many different types of work.

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Some other advantages of the present invention lie in its simple construction, convenient and efficient operation, in its ability to be easily cleaned after use, and in its adaptability to economical manufacture.

With the foregoing more important objects and features in view and such other objects and features as may become apparent as this specification proceeds, the inven tion will be understood from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein like characters of reference are used to designate like parts, and wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of the dispensing gun in accordance with the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a longitudinal sectional view, taken substantially in the plane of the line 22 in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged sectional view of the mixing and dispensing nozzle, taken substantially in the plane of the line 33 in FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged longitudinal sectional view of the fibrous material shut-off valve;

FIGURE 5 is a side elevational view, similar to that shown in FIGURE 1 but illustrating a modified arrangement of the gun;

FIGURE 6 is a side elevational view showing another modified arrangement; and

FIGURE 7 is a fragmentary sectional view on an en larged scale taken substantially in the plane of the line 77 in FIGURE 6.

Referring now to the accompanying drawings in detail, particularly to FIGURES l5, the dispensing gun in accordance with the invention is designated generally by the reference numeral 10 and is in the form of a portable entity which may be easily and conveniently carried, manipulated and oriented by means of a suitable handle 11.

The handle 11 is provided with clamp members 12, 13 whereby it is secured to a pipe or conduit 14 one end of the latter being separably connected by coupling means 15 to a flexible hose 16 whereby viscous material such as cement slurry, plastic resin, or the like, is delivered under pressure to the gun. The other or front end of the pipe 14 is provided with a flow control valve 17 which is connected by a nipple 18 to an elbow 19 of a combined mixing and dispensing nozzle 20.

The handle 11 is also mounted on a tube or conduit 21 which extends longitudinall through the handle in upwardly spaced parallel relation to the pipe 14, the front end of the tube 21 being connected by an adapter bushing 22 to the nozzle 20'. The rear end of the tube 21 is separably connected by coupling means 23 to a flexible hose 24 whereby fibrous material in continuous fiber form is delivered under pressure to the gun, preferably from a pressurized, sealed container such as is disclosed in my aforementioned application Ser. No. 722,678 and now abandoned. The intermediate portion of the tube 21 immediately in front of the handle 11 is equipped with a fiber shut-off valve 25, which will be hereinafter more fully described and which is similar to that also disclosed in my application Ser. No. 722,678 and now abandoned, as well as Ser. No. 87,629, now Patent No. 3,091,404.

Compressed air is delivered to the gun by a flexible hose 26 which is separably connectedby coupling means 27 to a valve 28, the latter in turn communicating with a short tube 29 which discharges into the tube 21 at a point between the valve 25 and the nozzle 20.

The tube 29 is angulated to offset the valve 28 laterally from the tube 21 as is best shown in FIGURE 2, so that the hose 26 does not interfere wtih the handle 11. It will be also noted that the controls of the several valves 17, 25 and 28 are disposed adjacent the handle 11, for convenient manipulation.

The mixing and dispensing nozzle 20 comprises a hollow cylindrical body 30 having the aforementioned elbow 19 in lateral communication therewith and the aforementioned adapter bushing 22 screw-threaded into the rear end thereof. The front end of the body 30 has screwthreaded thereinto a forwardly projecting, tapered nozzle member or outlet spout 31, the interior of which constitutes a forwardly tapered extension of the interior of the body 30. A tapered flexible tube 32 of rubber, plastic, or the like is connected to the adapter bushing 22 in communication with the tube 21 and extends longitudinally in the body 30 into the nozzle member 31, so that an annular chamber 33 is formed in the body 30 and nozzle member 31 around the tube 32, in communication with the elbow 19, as is clearly shown in FIGURE 3.

The fiber valve 25, shown in detail in FIGURE 4, comprises a body 34 having a longitudinal bore or passage 35 to receive adjacent ends of the tube 21, the bore 35 intersecting a transverse cylindrical valve chamber 36 in which is mounted a rotary valve plug 37. A portion of the plug 37 in alignment with the bore 35 is recessed so that it is of a reduced cross-section as indicated at 38, and it will be apparent from the foregoing that by turning the plug in the chamber 36, the valve may be moved from a fully open position (wherein the surface 38 of the plug portion 38 is parallel to the axis of the bore 35) to a fully closed position (wherein the surface 38 is transverse to the bore axis), as well as to any partially open or partially closed position therebetween. Moreover, it will be noted that during closing of the valve, for example in the direction shown by the arrow 39, an edge 40 of the plug portion 38 will slide past an edge 41 existing in the housing 34 at the junction of the bore 35 with the chamber 36. This movement of the edge 40 past the edge 41 will provide a shearing action which will positively sever the continuous fiber travelling through the valve, so that the continuous fiber is cut off as the valve is closed.

In operation, the fibrous material is delivered under pressure through the hose 24 and the tube 21 to the nozzle 20 where it passes through the flexible tube 32 into the outlet spout 31, the rate of fiber flow being regulated by the valve 25. Compressed air may be introduced into the fiber stream through the hose 26 and tube 29 under control of the valve 28 to assist in propelling the fiber and also to blow the fiber out of the nozzle 20 after the fiber supply is cut off by the valve 25. The viscous material delivered under pressure through the hose 16 and pipe 14 under control of the valve 17 is forced into the chamber 33 through the elbow 19, where it surrounds the tube 32. The fiber stream is forced through the tube 32 at a greater pressure than that of the viscous material in the chamber 33 and thus becomes saturated into the viscous material at a controlled rate, as the mixture is discharged through the outlet spout 31. The flexible tube 32 develops a reed-like action under pressure, which enhances a rapid dispersment of the fiber into the viscous mixture.

The action of the spray discharged from the outlet spout 31 is not of a conventional atomizing nature, but rather, the spray assumes the form of a fluffy cotton candy mass of extrusion. However, the apparatus may be operated in an atomizing manner by simply closing the fiber stream control valve 25 to stop the fiber flow and opening the compressed air valve 28.

The apparatus shown in FIGURE 1 is especially well suited for work in a vertical plane, but the same may be readily converted for work in a horizontal plane, as for example, on a flat roof.

Such a conversion is illustrated in FIGURE wherein the handle 11 is mounted by the clamps 12, 13 on a pipe 14a having a curved front end portion 44 connected to the valve 17, while the fiber tube 21a passing through the handle also has a curved front end portion 45 connected to the valve 25. The portion of the tube 21a forwardly of the valve 25 is downturned as at 46 for connection to the adapter bushing 22 of the nozzle 20, while a pipe extension 47 with a downturned front end portion 48, is

provided between the valve 17 and the nozzle elbow 19, as shown. It will be observed that the curvature of the various pipes and tubes is such that the handle 11 slopes downwardly and rearwardly for convenient handling, while the nozzle 20 slopes downwardly and forwardly to discharge onto substantially horizontal work.

The modified embodiment of the gun shown in FIG- URES 6 and 7 and designated generally by the numeral 50 is similar to that shown in my aforementioned application Ser. No. 87,629, with the main exception that the embodiment 50 utilizes a single nozzle 20a for mixing and discharging the viscous and fibrous materials. The embodiment 50 is particularly well adapted for handling heavy viscous cements from two separate sources of supply through flexible hoses 16a, 16b which are separably connected by the coupling means 15 to respective elbows 51a, 51b. The latter communicate wtih connectors 52a, 52b provided with pressure gauges 53a, 53b and are connected by nipples 54a, 54b to flow control valves 55a, 55b joined to a Y-coupling 56. The latter communicates with a valve 17a on a tube 57 which is connected laterally to the body of the nozzle 20a. The nozzle 20a is of the same construction as the nozzle 20 except that it does not utilize the elbow 19.

The fibrous material is delivered to the nozzle 20a by a tube 21b on which the handle 11a is mounted, the handle having a depending portion 58 provided with a cross piece 59 and clamp means 60 at the ends of the cross piece to supportably engage the elbows 51a, 51b.

The flow of the viscous material from separate sources through the hoses 16a, 16b may be regulated by the respective valves 55a, 55b in any desired proportion, it being understood of course that physical properties and composition of the viscous material from the two separate sources may be different, so that the proportional mixing facility afforded by the valves 55a, 55b provides a viscous mixture of the desired type, consistency and physical character by the time the viscous material reaches the Y-coupling 56 and the valve 17a for delivery to the nozzle 20a through the tube 57. The valve 17a, of course, is utilized to control the proportion of the viscous mixture in relation to the fiber stream flowing through the conduit 21b to the nozzle, as already explained in connection with the embodiment 10.

The arrangement of the invention is such that the fibrous material may be saturated by the viscous material while both are travelling at a high rate of speed through the mixing and discharging nozzle (20 or 20a), the fibrous material being delivered in a continuous, uncomminuted stream, so as to form an interwoven reinforcing membrane upon setting of the viscous material which may be of any desired density, for example, from 5 lbs. per cubic foot to 200 lbs. per cubic foot. Moreover, a variation in the density of the material may be regulated by the operator during the operation of the gun itself, through the facilities of the control valves which are provided.

It will be also noted that the entire apparatus is simple in construction, light in weight, easily portable, quickly connectable to and disconnectable from its material and air supply hoses, easy to keep clean, and otherwise well adapted for the purpose for which it is intended.

While in the foregoing there have been described and shown the preferred embodiments of the present invention, various other modifications may become apparent to those skilled in the art to which the invention relates.

What is claimed is:

1. A dispensing gun for providing thorough intermixture of fluid entrained continuous fiber rovings and cementitious material, which comprises:

(a) means including a central flow channel having a fiber severing valve therein,

(b) an elongated flexible nozzle connected at its base to said flow channel downstream of said valve and adapted for reed-like vibration of the free end thereof upon flow of said fluid entrained fiber rovings therethrough,

(0) structure forming a chamber encompassing said nozzle,

(d) an output nozzle extending from said chamber,

and

(e) a flow line for said material leading to said chamber adjacent the upstream end of said flexible nozzle.

2. The device as defined in claim 1 wherein said flexible nozzle is longitudinally tapered in the direction of said output nozzle.

3. The device as defined in claim 1 wherein said flexible nozzle is formed from flexible material and is longitudinally tapered in the direction of said output nozzle.

4. The device as defined in claim 1 together with a compressed air line communicating with said central flow channel in advance of said flexible nozzle.

5. A dispensing gun for providing thorough intermixture of fluid entrained continuous fiber rovings and cementitious material, which comprises:

(a) means including a central flow channel having a fiber severing valve therein,

(b) a flexible nozzle having an elongated flow path therein tapered to reduced diameter at the downstream end and connected at the upstream end to 25 said channel at a point downstream of said valve and adapted for reed-like vibration of the free end thereof upon flow of said fluid entrained fiber rovings therethrough,

(0) structure forming a chamber encompassing said nozzle,

(d) an output nozzle extending from said chamber,

' and (e) a flow line for said material leading to said chamber adjacent the upstream end of said flexible nozzle.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,481,620 9/1949 Rosenthal 239102 2,577,664 12/1951 Pro 239602 2,585,509 2/1952 Smith 239602 2,766,064 10/1956 Schweitzer 239102 2,857,202 10/1958 Snyder 239142 3,034,732 5/1962 Winn 239336 3,126,157 3/1964 Dickerson 239336 3,249,307 5/1966 Peeps et al. 239336 3,251,550 5/ 1966 Lippert et a1. 239102 EVERETT W. KIRBY, Primary Examiner U.S- C1. X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2481620 *Feb 8, 1945Sep 13, 1949Skiatron CorpDevice for dispensing liquid fuel into combustion air of furnaces
US2577664 *Mar 20, 1950Dec 4, 1951Jo Zach MillerDischarge nozzle for hydrating cementitious substances under pressure
US2585509 *Nov 4, 1949Feb 12, 1952Smith Charlie WSelf-adjusting fire nozzle
US2766064 *Aug 22, 1955Oct 9, 1956Howard V SchweitzerPaint gun
US2857202 *Jan 7, 1954Oct 21, 1958Snyder Clifford HDispensers for solids and liquids
US3034732 *Jul 18, 1957May 15, 1962Archilithics CoMonolithic wall forming apparatus
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3638859 *Aug 1, 1969Feb 1, 1972Nat Res DevFluid atomizers
US3881656 *Feb 15, 1974May 6, 1975Universal Oil Prod CoMixing apparatus
US3883078 *Aug 31, 1973May 13, 1975Bashkatov Alexandr NikolaevichMethod and a device for gunniting converter linings
US3912235 *Dec 19, 1974Oct 14, 1975United Technologies CorpMultiblend powder mixing apparatus
US4050677 *Jan 13, 1976Sep 27, 1977A/S HotacoMixing device
US4085462 *Mar 4, 1977Apr 18, 1978E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyApparatus
US4315601 *Aug 4, 1980Feb 16, 1982Brooker Steven AChemical injector
US4978073 *Nov 14, 1988Dec 18, 1990Friedrich Wilh. Schwing GmbhApparatus for pneumatically discharging liquified building material containing a hardener
US5224654 *Dec 17, 1990Jul 6, 1993Friedrich Wilh. Schwing GmbhApparatus for pneumatically discharging liquified building material containing a hardener
US5312040 *Nov 13, 1992May 17, 1994Aqua-Dyne, Inc.Non-clogging slurry nozzle apparatus and method
US5462764 *Aug 1, 1994Oct 31, 1995Jones; GregMethod for constructing a spray in place structure
US5468293 *Sep 26, 1994Nov 21, 1995Jones; GregApparatus and method for constructing a spray in place structure
US5597120 *Nov 30, 1995Jan 28, 1997Blue Oaks Materials Limited PartnershipMethod and apparatus for mixing, spraying and placing cementitious materials
US7854397Mar 3, 2006Dec 21, 2010Specialty Minerals (Michigan) Inc.Long throw shotcrete nozzle
DE8707431U1 *May 23, 1987Jul 9, 1987Bayer Ag, 5090 Leverkusen, DeTitle not available
WO1994004278A1 *Jul 26, 1993Mar 3, 1994Greg JonesApparatus and method for constructing a spray in place structure
WO2004067187A1 *Jan 22, 2004Aug 12, 2004Specialty Minerals MichiganApparatus for the gunning of a refractory material and nozzles for same
Classifications
U.S. Classification239/381, 239/102.1, 239/142, 366/178.1, 239/602, 366/193, 239/336, 239/428
International ClassificationB29C41/36, B29C41/34, B05B12/08
Cooperative ClassificationB29C41/365, B05B12/008
European ClassificationB29C41/36B, B05B12/00S3D