|Publication number||US3479999 A|
|Publication date||Nov 25, 1969|
|Filing date||Nov 2, 1967|
|Priority date||Nov 2, 1967|
|Publication number||US 3479999 A, US 3479999A, US-A-3479999, US3479999 A, US3479999A|
|Inventors||Jury Alexeevich Bitjugov, Ulrikh Ulrikhovich Keller, Adolf Nikodimovich Ledokhovich, Gennady Yakovlevic Stratulatov|
|Original Assignee||Adolf Nikodimovich Ledokhovich, Gennady Yakovlevich Stratulato, Jury Alexeevich Bitjugov, Ulrikh Ulrikhovich Keller|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (12), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
aaaaaa wa Nov. 25, 1969 Filed Nov. 2, 1967 N 5, 1969 u. u. KELLER ET AL 3,479,999
INJECTION PUMP VALVE Filed Nov. 2, 1967 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 NOV. 25, 1969 U. KELLER ET L INJECTION PUMP VALVE 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Nov. 2, 1967 United States Patent 3,479,999 INJECTION PUMP VALVE Ulrikh Ulrikhovich Keller, Tambovskaya ulitsa 75, kv. 85; Adolf Nikodimovich Ledokhovich, Tambovskaya ulitsa 75, kv. 59; Jury Alexeevich Bitjugov, Blagodatnaya ulitsa 34, kv. 18; and Geunady Yakovlevich Stratulatov, Vasigevsky ostrov 2, Linia 61, kv. 22, all of Leningrad, U.S. .R.
Filed Nov. 2, 1967, Ser. No. 680,140 Int. Cl. F02b 15/00, 49/00 US. Cl. 123-139 6 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A valve system for the delivery stage of a fuel injection pump for internal combustion engines provided with spring-loaded delivery and check valves, an; opening through which fuel passes to the check valve for effecting opening thereof and a throttle opening in the delivery valve in the fuel flow path from a delivery fuel line to a pump with the check valve being open. The cross section of the throttle opening is smaller than that of the opening through which fuel passes to the check valve.
The present invention relates to internal combustion engines, and more particularly to valve systems for the delivery stage of fuel injection pumps.
Known in the art are valve systems for the delivery stage of fuel injection pumps which incorporate a springloaded pressure valve and a spring-loaded check valve arranged in succession along the path of the fuel to be delivered.
The main disadvantages of the hitherto known valve systems of such type are as follows:
The highly strenuous working conditions of the check valve which takes up the entire back pressure impact of the fuel, whereby dependability and stability of operation of the valve systems become impaired; the relief of the fuel line and the stability .of damping wave oscillations therein depend entirely on the accuracy of making the component parts or devices responsible for the operation of the check valve (such as the spring opening in the valve seat and the like), so that it is difiicult to ensure the identical operation of several valve systems and, hence, uniform delivery of the fuel to the cylinders.
An object of the present invention is to eliminate the above disadvantages and provide a valve system for the delivery stage of a fuel injection pump which is relatively simple in design and which ensures a stable and uniform delivery of the fuel.
According to the present invention, the above object is attained since the delivery value or the seat thereof, in the path of the fuel from the delivery fuel line to the pump, with the check valve being open, is provided with a throttle opening having a cross section smaller than that of an opening through which the fuel passes to the check valve for the latter valve to be opened.
In the preferred embodiment of the present valve system of the delivery stage, it is advisable for the throttle opening to be provided in the delivery valve, and with the opening passing the fuel to the check valve being in the seat thereof. The latter opening should be located ahead of the throttle opening along the path of the fuel flow from the delivery fuel line to the pump.
It is also possible for the throttle opening and the opening passing the fuel to the check valve to be provided sequentially in the delivery valve so that such openings are in communication with the check valve being urged against the delivery valve which functions as its seat.
3,479,999 Patented Nov. 25, 1969 A test model of the present valve system in the delivery stage of a fuel injection pump proved capable of providing dependable operation of the pump under cyclic feed conditions (up to 250 cu. mm. per cycle); high pump capacity with the values of the valve opening being as small as up to 1.5 mm.; complete interchangeability of component parts of the same type; and stable and uniform (within 3 percent) feed of the fuel to the cylinders.
Additional objects and advantages of the invention will become more readily apparent to persons skilled in the art from the following detailed specification and annexed drawings and in which drawings:
FIG. 1 is a view in longitudinal section of an embodiment of the valve system of the delivery stage with openings provided in the delivery valve and in the seat of the check valve;
FIG. 2 is a view in longitudinal section of an embodiment of the valve system of the delivery stage with openings provided in the delivery valve and in the check valve;
FIG. 3 is a view in longitudinal section of an embodiment of the valve system of the delivery stage with openings made sequentially; and
FIG. 4 is a view taken along the line IVIV of FIG. 3 the view looking in the direction of the arrows.
The valve system of the delivery stage, according to the invention, comprises a seat 1 (FIG. 1) for a delivery valve 2 arranged in a bore 3 of a head or body 4 of a pump above an opening 5 serving to pass the fuel delivered by the high-pressure stage to a fuel-injection nozzle (the high-pressure stage and the fuel injection nozzle being not shown in the drawing). The bore 1 is pressed to the bottom of the seat 3 through a gasket 6 by a high-pressure fuel pipe union 7.
An axial passage 8 formed in the seat 1 is a continuation .of the opening 5 in the head and upper end face 9 of the seat 1 is engaged by the delivery valve 2 due to the action of a spring 10 biased between a shoulder in the union 7 and the valve 2 at the moment when the fuel delivery to the fuel-injection nozzle is discontinued. Hence, free transfer of fuel in the opposite direction is prevented.
Bearing against the delivery valve 2 is one end of a cylinder 11 of a check valve 12, and by virtue of a spring 13 located within the cylinder, the valve 12 closes an opening 14 provided in end 15 of the cylinder. The opening 14 serves to transfer the fuel from the delivery fuel line (not shown in the drawing) to the pump after the delivery process effected by the delivery section has been discontinued. The cross-section of the opening 14 determines the moment when the check valve 12 starts to open. In the delivery valve 2 in the path of the reverse flow of the fuel (from the fuel-injection nozzle to the pump), there is provided a throttle opening 16 having a cross-section smaller than that of the opening 41.
The opening 16 serves to reduce the velocity of the reverse flow of the fuel, thus diminishing the pressure impact affecting the check valve 12 and stabilizing the relief of the fuel line (complementing the efiect produced by the check valve 12). At the moment when the feed is started, the fuel passing through opening 5 (FIG. 1) and passage and contacts 8 the delivery valve 2 and, having overcome the resistance of the spring 10, forces the delivery va-lve 2 slightly in an upward direction. Then the fuel fills the space above the valve 2 in the union 7 and passes into a high-pressure fuel line connected to the fuel-injection nozzle.
At the moment when the fuel supply is arrested, the delivery valve 2, under the action of the spring 10, is rapidly forced onto the seat 1, opening check valve 12, and the fuel entering through the opening 14 starts to pass through the throttle opening 16 into the space above the plunger of the pump (not shown in the drawing), until a pre-determined pressure is developed in the space above the valve. The throttle opening 16 damps the stream of fuel, thus contributing to the damping action of the check valve 12 with respect to wave oscillations arising in the fuel line and increasing stability and dependability of its operation.
It will be noted that in the embodiments illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3 corresponding components bear the same reference numbers as in FIG. 1.
In certain situations it is expedient that a check valve 12a (FIG. 2) provided with a spring 13a be arranged in a passage 8a provided in the seat 1 of the delivery valve 2 which, in turn, serves as a seat for the check valve 12a closing the throttle opening 16.
In some situations it may be advisable for the throttle opening 16 (FIG. 3) and the opening 14, which determines the moment at which the check valve 12a comt 1 mences to open, be formed sequentiallyin the delivery valve 2 and be in communication with each other. The check valve 12a is provided'with a cylindrical portion 18 which serves as a guide for-.the spring 1311 and the upper guideportion of a non-return valve 17 having grooves 19 (FIG. 4) for passing the fuel.
We claim: 1. A valve system for the delivery stage of a fuel injection pump for internal combustion engines, comprising:
A body having a bore therein; spring-loaded delivery and i check valves located in the bore; one of said valves having a recess passing fuel to said c-heck'valve to cause opening thereof; said delivery valve having a throttle opening along its longitudinal axis in the path of fuel flow from a delivery fuel line to the pump with said check valve in an open position; said recess and opening being coaxial and the cross section of said throttle opening being smaller than the cross section of the recess passing fuel to said check valve to effect opening of the check valve.
2. A valve system for the delivery stage of a fuel injection pump for internal combustion engines; comprising: A body having a bore therein; a valve seat Within said bore; a spring-loadeddelivery valve within said bore for cooperation with said seat; a spring-loaded check valve within said bore axially spaced from said delivery valve; said check valve including a cylinder having a closed end provided with an opening for passing fuel and an opposite end bearing against said delivery valve, said delivery valve being provided with a throttle opening along its longitudinal axis in the path of fuel flow from a delivery fuel line to the pump with said check valve in an open position; said opening being coaxial with the throttle opening and the cross-section of said throttle opening being smaller than the cross-section of the opening passing fuel to said check valve to effect opening of the check valve. 3. A valve system for a fuel injection pump for internal combustion engines, comprising: a body having a bore therein for providing communication between a fuel pump and a delivery conduit; a valve seat within the bore having a flat support surface; a delivery valve having a flat support surface for coaction with the flat support surface of the valve seat; said delivery valve having a throttle opening along its longitudinal axis; a check valve in the bore spaced axially from said delivery valve; said check valve including a cylinder having a closed end and a flanged end; said flanged end resting on said delivery valve; said closed end having an opening for delivering fuel; said opening being coaxial with the throttle opening; a seat provided about said opening; a check valve within said'cylinder; a'spring biased between the check valve and thedelivery valve for pressing said check valve against its seat; and second spring means surrounding the cylinder biased between a shoulder within the bore and said flanged end of said cylinder for pressing said delivery valve against its seat. I
' 4. The valve system as claimed in claim 1 in which said bore is provided with means defining a valve seat for said delivery valve; said valve seat having a flat support surface; said delivery valve having a flat support surface resting on said valve seat flat support surface; and said check valve being arranged within said valve seat defining means. 5.'The valve system asv claimed in claim 4 in which said recess in said check valve is next to said throttle opening.
6. The valve system as claimed in claim 4 in which said recess is provided at the end of said throttle opening next to the check valve.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS LAURENCE M. GOODRIDGE, Primary Examiner
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4467767 *||Mar 18, 1982||Aug 28, 1984||Robert Bosch Gmbh||Fuel injection pump for internal combustion engines|
|US4651779 *||Jul 10, 1986||Mar 24, 1987||Weber S.P.A. Azienda Altecna||Constant-pressure delivery valve for fuel injection pumps for diesel engines|
|US4926902 *||Jan 17, 1989||May 22, 1990||Diesel Kiki Co., Ltd.||Pressure equalizer valve device of fuel injection pump|
|US6131607 *||Aug 8, 1995||Oct 17, 2000||Lucas Industries Public Limited Corporation||Delivery valve|
|US8297941 *||Oct 29, 2009||Oct 30, 2012||Nippon Soken, Inc.||Fuel pump|
|US20080190492 *||Apr 3, 2006||Aug 14, 2008||Walter Fuchs||Outlet Fitting for a High-Pressure Pump|
|US20100047086 *||Oct 29, 2009||Feb 25, 2010||Nippon Soken, Inc.||Fuel pump|
|US20120073669 *||May 5, 2010||Mar 29, 2012||Heinrich Diekmeyer||Compressed air supply system for a compressed air consumer circuit, in particular for an air spring system|
|DE3202405A1 *||Jan 26, 1982||Oct 7, 1982||Bosch Gmbh Robert||Kraftstoffeinspritzpumpe fuer brennkraftmaschinen|
|EP0163078A1 *||Apr 10, 1985||Dec 4, 1985||Robert Bosch Gmbh||Delivery valve|
|EP0697519A1 *||Aug 4, 1995||Feb 21, 1996||Lucas Industries Public Limited Company||Delivery valve|
|WO1987000888A1 *||Jul 25, 1986||Feb 12, 1987||Disa Diesel Iniezione SocietÓ Per Azioni||Delivery valve for fuel injection pumps|
|International Classification||F02M59/00, F02M59/46|
|Cooperative Classification||F02M2700/1317, F02M59/00, F02M59/462|
|European Classification||F02M59/00, F02M59/46B|