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Publication numberUS3481094 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 2, 1969
Filing dateMar 20, 1967
Priority dateMar 20, 1967
Publication numberUS 3481094 A, US 3481094A, US-A-3481094, US3481094 A, US3481094A
InventorsTaylor Donald M
Original AssigneeArmco Steel Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Panel structure with interlocking ribs
US 3481094 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 2 1969 D. M. TAYLOR 3,481,094

PANEL STRUCTURE WITH INTERLOCKING RIBS Filed March 20, 1967 INVENTOR DONALD M L mo/2 FIG. 5

, MELV/LLE,Sr/eAssElzfimEzHOFFMAN ATTO RN EYS United States Patent Oflice 3,481,094 Patented Dec. 2, 1969 3 481 094 PANEL STRUCTURE wrrrr INTERLOCKING RIBS Donald M. Taylor, Hamilton, Ohio, assignor to Armco Steel Corporation, Middletown, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Filed Mar. 20, 1967, Ser. No. 624,496 Int. Cl. E04c 2/08, 2/40; E04b 1/54 US. Cl. 52-394 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention pertains to interlocking rib panels of sheet material, and particularly sheet rrietal, useful in walls, roofs and the like.

There are a great many patents in this field showing interlocking configurations of all sorts. Some of these make provision for a siphon break or a plurality of siphon breaks and some provide for some sort of sealant. Most of these structures are complex and expensive to manufacture, and difficult to interlock during erection. The panels of the present invention are simple and inexpensive to fabricate, the interlocking thereof in the field is facilitated and the panels provide both for a siphon break, or external drain for water entering the rib, and having a complete seal between panels.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention provides that the upstanding flanges along the opposed edges of a panel (which will be interlocked respectively wtih the flanges of adjacent panels to form upstanding ribs) are of diflerent configurations to provide two spaced areas in which the interlocked flanges are out of contact with each other, one of such areas being adjacent the edges of the interlocked flanges and the other being spaced inwardly therefrom. It should be understood that the term interlocked has reference to the upper portion of the upstanding joint, regardless of whether adjacent panels at the deck are abutted or overlapped.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a fragmentary end elevational view of a pair of flanged panels in interlocked condition.

FIGS. 2 to 6 inclusive are similar views of modified forms of the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In the figures, the panels are indicated at 10. Each panel is provided with a flange along each edge, which flanges differ from each other as above outlined. In general, the inner flange is so configured that it provides two separated areas between the flanges, one adjacent the terminal portions of the flanges and the other spaced inwardly therefrom.

Thus in FIG. 1 a panel 10 will have at one edge a flange comprising an upstanding portion 11 which is disposed substantially vertically with respect to the surface of the panel, a transverse portion 12 which is substantially parallel to the surface of the panel, and a return bent portion 13 substantially parallel to the portion 11. The flange thus far described, which in the claims is designated as the first flange, is the same in FIGS. 1 to 4 inclusive.

The second flange which is disposed along the opposed edge of the panel 10, comprises a vertical upstanding portion 14 and as shown in FIG. 1 the transverse and return bent portions of the flange 14 are constituted by a substantially semi-circular are 15. The flange 14, 15 is so dimensioned that it has substantially line contact at 16 with the transverse portion 12 of the fixed flange. In FIG. 2 the transverse portion of the flange 14 comprises a portion 17 parallel to the surface 10 and adapted in assembled relation to contact the transverse portion 12 of the first flange and the portion 17, which thus contacts only the central portion of the member 12, is connected to the portion 14 and to the return bent portion 18 of the second flange by the angular portions 19.

In the structure of FIG. 3, the transverse portion between the upstanding portion 14 and the return bent portion 18 is composed of two angularly related portions 20 which meet at the point 21 where they contact the member 12.

In FIG. 4 the portion 17 which corresponds to that of FIG. 2 is connected to the portions 14 and 18 by smoothly curved portions 22. It will be clear that in all of these views two separate spaces are provided between the flanges 11 and 14, one being indicated at S and the other at B.

The same general result is achieved in FIG. 5 where the upstanding portions of the flanges are however disposed at an angle. Thus, the first flange has the angular portion 11a, the transverse portion 12a, and the return bent portion 13a. The flange 14a has the angularly related portions 20a and the return bent portion 18a. Again the two spaces S and B are provided.

In FIG. 6 the transverse portion 12 is curved, and the portions 20 are shaped as in FIG. 3. Again line contact is provided between the spaces S and B.

It will now be clear that the assembled panels have an upstanding rib; and that the interlocking portions in the upper part of the rib arev symmetrical about a vertical plane through the rib.

It will be clear that panels according to the constructions shown in these figures are very simple to manufactnre. There are no complex bends and the bends which are provided can simply be performed in the usual manner on a press brake or between dies. It will also be clear that the interlocking of the panels during erection is very simple and, in fact, easier than it would be if the inner flange conformed exactly to the configuration of the outer flange. The space B in the various. embodiments provides a siphon break so that if any water enters into this area through capillary action, a siphon action is prevented. The space S can make the structure entirely waterproof since it may be filled with a sealant before assembly. The sealant may be any conventional mastic or asphaltic composition which may be placed in the area S of the flanges 11, 12, 13 at the factory and it will then conform itself to the configuration of the space S when the flange 14, etc., is assembled therewith. It will be clear that a suflicient quantity of sealant is used, so that when adjacent panels are assembled, the sealant will be squeezed out to fill entirely the space S.

In FIG. 1 there is indicated a crimp 25 in the portion 13 to insure the proper retention of the curve portion 15 within the flanges 11, 12, 13. Similar crimps are shown in broken lines in FIGS. 2, 3 and 4. Such a crimp is not necessary but may be desirable in some situations.

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:

1. An interlocking rib panel having upstanding first and second flanges of single thickness along opposed edges and of generally J-shaped configuration, each of said flanges comprising an upstanding portion, a transverse portion and a return bent portion, said flanges being dimensioned such that the first flange of one panel may engage over and interlock with the second flange of an adjacent panel with the surfaces of said panels in a common plane, the upper portion of both said flanges being symmetrical about a vertical plane through the center of the rib constituted by said flanges when in interlocked condition, the upstanding portions of said flanges being disposed substantially vertically, the transverse portion of said first flange being parallel with the surface of said panel, the transverse portion of said second flange being formed in two angularly related planes and being shaped to provide substantially line contact with the transverse portion of said first flange only in the central region thereof when two such panels are interlocked, the return bent portion of said first flange being substantially vertically disposed with its end spaced a substantial distance from the surface of said panel and the terminal portion thereof being crimped under the end of the return bent portion of said second flange, said second flange having a configuration differing from said first flange to provide two separate spaces in which said second flange is out of contact with said first flange, in the interlocked condition of said flanges, the space adjacent the terminal portions of said return bent portions serving as a siphon break, and the other of said spaces being filled with a sealant.

2. An interlocking rib panel having upstanding first and second flanges of single thickness along opposed edges and of generally J-shaped configuration, each of said flanges comprising an upstanding portion, a transverse portion and a return bent portion, said flanges being dimensioned such that the first flange of one panel may engage over and interlock with the second flange of an adjacent panel with the surfaces of said panels in a common plane, the upper portion of both said flanges being symmetrical about a vertical plane through the center of the rib constituted by said flanges When in interlocked condition, the upstanding portions of said flanges being disposed substantially vertically, the transverse portion of said first flange being parallel with the surface of said panel, the transverse portion of said second flange being constituted by two angularly related planes connected by a portion parallel to the transverse portion of said first flange, said parallel portion being adapted to contact the transverse portion of said first flange when two such panels are interlocked, the return bent portion of said first flange being substantially vertically disposed with its end spaced a substantial distance from the surface of said panel and the terminal portion thereof being crimped under the end of the return bent portion of said second flange, said second flange having a configuration differing from said first flange to provide two separate spaces in which said second flange is out of contact with said first flange, in the interlocked condition of said flanges, the space adjacent the terminal portions of said return bent portions serving as a siphon break.

3. An interlocking rib panel having upstanding first and second flanges of single thickness along opposed edges and of generally J-shaped configuration, each of said flanges comprising an upstanding portion, a transverse portion and a return bent portion, said flanges being dimensioned such that the first flange of one panel may engage over and interlock with the second flange of an adjacent panel with the surfaces of said panels in a common plane, the upper portion of both said flanges being symmetrical about a vertical plane through the center of the rib constituted by said flanges when in interlocked condition, the upstanding portions of said flanges being disposed substantially vertically, the transverse portion of said first flange being parallel with the surface of said panel, the transverse portion of said second flange being constituted by two portions arcuate in form connected by a portion parallel to the transverse portion of said first flange, said parallel portion adapted to contact the transverse portion of said first flange when two such panels are interlocked, the return bent portion of said first flange being substantially vertically disposed with its end spaced a substantial distance from the surface of said panel and the terminal portion thereof being crimped under the end of the return bent portion of said second flange, said second flange having a configuration differing from said first flange to provide two separate spaces in which said second flange is out of contact with said first flange, in the interlocked condition of said flanges, the space adjacent the terminal portions of said return bent portions serving as a siphon break, and the other of said spaces being filled with a sealant.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 841,276 1/1907 Stasch 52522 2,019,379 10/1935 Anderson 52588 XR 2,099,752 11/1937 Renner 52-534 XR 2,259,382 10/1941 Ingels. 3,157,965 11/1964 Watson 52--394 3,324,617 6/1967 Knight et al 52588 XR FRANK L. ABBOTT, Primary Examiner PRICE C. FAW, JR., Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Patent Citations
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US3157965 *Apr 24, 1961Nov 24, 1964Howe Sound CoStructural members
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3982373 *May 22, 1975Sep 28, 1976American Buildings CompanyStanding rib roof
US4075810 *May 6, 1976Feb 28, 1978Dominion Foundries And Steel, LimitedMetal wall construction for buildings
US4078347 *May 6, 1976Mar 14, 1978Dominion Foundries And Steel, LimitedMetal wall construction for buildings
US4091588 *May 18, 1977May 30, 1978Heirich William CSpring action panel interlock
US4106250 *Apr 12, 1977Aug 15, 1978Dean Steel Buildings, Inc.Self-interlocking standing seam for a building panel
US4114340 *Jul 11, 1977Sep 19, 1978Dean Steel Buildings, Inc.Self-interlocking standing seam for a building panel
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US7188826 *Nov 20, 2004Mar 13, 2007Gibbs Edward LInternal clip for a rail
US7942384 *Feb 19, 2007May 17, 2011Gibbs Edward LInternal clip for a rail
US20060059808 *Sep 23, 2004Mar 23, 2006Nguyen Hung TPrefabricated universal structural steel panel and panel system
US20080120937 *Jun 29, 2007May 29, 2008Benjamin Case, LlpPre-Fabricated Steel Wall Panel Assembly
US20090200118 *Jul 11, 2006Aug 13, 2009Mitsubishi Electric CorporationElevator car panel connection structure
USRE33563 *Jan 25, 1982Apr 2, 1991Amca International CorporationMetal panel roofing structure
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Classifications
U.S. Classification52/394, 52/588.1, 52/534, 52/522
International ClassificationE04D3/366, E04F13/12, E04D3/36
Cooperative ClassificationE04D3/366, E04F13/12
European ClassificationE04F13/12, E04D3/366
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 28, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF BOSTON, THE, 100 FEDERAL ST
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004841/0816
Effective date: 19871217
Owner name: FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF BOSTON, THE,MASSACHUSETTS
Dec 28, 1987AS06Security interest
Owner name: BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
Effective date: 19871217
Owner name: FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF BOSTON, THE, 100 FEDERAL ST
Aug 6, 1987AS06Security interest
Owner name: BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
Effective date: 19870724
Owner name: GLENFED CAPITAL CORP., THREE FIRST NATIONAL PLAZA,
Aug 6, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: GLENFED CAPITAL CORP., THREE FIRST NATIONAL PLAZA,
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004754/0575
Effective date: 19870724
Aug 22, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF CHICAGO, THE
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ARMCO ATLANTIC, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004594/0698
Effective date: 19860703
Owner name: FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF CHICAGO, THE,ILLINOIS
Aug 22, 1986AS06Security interest
Owner name: ARMCO ATLANTIC, INC.
Owner name: FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF CHICAGO, THE
Effective date: 19860703
Jul 22, 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: ARMCO ATLANTIC, INC., P.O. BOX 4665622, CINCINNATI
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:ARMCO INC.;REEL/FRAME:004433/0041
Effective date: 19850715