Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3482763 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 9, 1969
Filing dateMar 29, 1968
Priority dateMar 29, 1968
Publication numberUS 3482763 A, US 3482763A, US-A-3482763, US3482763 A, US3482763A
InventorsRobert J Carrigan
Original AssigneeUs Envelope Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Continuous form envelopes with inserts
US 3482763 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 9. 1969 R. J- CARRIGAN 3,48 ,763

CONTINUOUS FORM ENVELOPES WITH INSERTS Filed March 29, 1968 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 4 Q as Q s N i s f I a i 3 3 I I T I a w v Q g l----.n Q

ATIWEMEYF' Dec. 9. 1969 R, J. CARRIGAN 3,482,763

CONTINUOUS FORM ENVELOPES WITH INSERTS Filed March 29, 1968 I s Sheets-Sheet 2 6 & QQ\{O 3 z & Q

i M Q R. J. CARRIGAN 3,482,763

CONTINUOUS FORM ENVELOPES WITH INSERTS Dec. 9, 1969 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed March 29, 1968 United States Patent O US. Cl. 229-69 8 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Continuous form or series connected envelopes are made by continuously advancing a first web of sheet material and cutting it at longitudinally spaced points inwardly of its marginal edge portions as it advances. The cut out portions of the first web at least partially define a succession of envelope front panels which include closing flap portions. Envelope back panels formed from a second web, continuously advanced in timed relation to the first web, are each successively joined to an associated front panel to form a succession of envelopes having pockets including transversely extending mouth openings and joined each to the other by marginal connecting portions. One method of practicing the invention utilizes individual back panels cut from the second web. In accordance with another method series-connected back panels are made by forming cut out portions in the second web at longitudinally spaced points and inwardly of its marginal edges as it advances. The envelopes may, if desired, be formed with inserts therein and with flaps in open or extended condition or folded to a closed position.

BACKGROUND OF INVENTION This invention relates in general to continuous form stationery and deals more particularly with improved continuous form or series-connected envelopes and methods for making the same. Envelopes of this general type are particularly adapted to be successively automatically or semi-automatically fed through a typewriter, printing machine or the like and readily separated each from the other after addresses or other messages have been imprinted thereon.

The general aim of this invention is to provide improved continuous form envelopes and methods for making same on high-speed envelope making machinery. A more particular object of the invention is to provide a method for making series-connected envelopes which may,

if desired, be formed in closed flap condition with inserts therein.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION In accordance with one method of the invention a connected series of envelope front panels are formed from one advancing web of sheet material and a connected series of back panel are similarly formed from another advancing web. The two webs are joined together as they advance to form series-connected envelopes in closed flap condition joined each to the other solely by marginal connecting portions. In accordance with another method, continuous form envelopes are made by cutting an advancing web of sheet material to form series-connected envelope front panels and joining thereto a succession of unconnected envelope back panels as the web advances. If desired, the envelopes may be made with inserts placed therein by positioning an inset on each of the front panels before an associated back panel is joined thereto.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a somewhat schematic side elevational view of a machine with webs of material therein for making 3,482,763 Patented Dec. 9, 1969 envelopes embodying the invention, and illustrates one method of practicing the invention.

FIG. 2 is a somewhat schematic plan view of the machine of FIG. 1, the upper portion of the machine being show transversely offset from the lower portion and the intermediate or insert forming portion being omitted for clarity of illustration.

FIG. 3 is a somewhat schematic side elevational view similar to FIG. 1, but shows another machine and illustrates another method for making envelopes embodying the invention.

FIG. 4 is a somewhat schematic plan view of the machine of FIG. 3, the upper portion of the machine being shown in a transversely offset position as in FIG. 2.

FIG. 5 is a plan view of an envelope made in accordance with and embodying the present invention, the envelope being shown partially detached from its marginal connecting portions.

FIG. 6 is a plan view of a lower web of envelope material after it has been formed by the machine of FIG. 1 and an insert has been placed thereon.

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary plan view of an upper web of envelope material after it has been formed by the machine of FIG. 1.

FIG. 8 is a fragmentary plan view of a strip of seriesconnected envelopes formed by the machine of FIG. 1 and having inserts therein.

FIG. 9 is a plan view of an envelope back panel formed by the machine of FIG. 3.

FIG. 10 is a fragmentary plan view of a strip of seriesconnected envelopes having inserts therein and formed by the machine of FIG. 3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Turning now to the drawings and referring first particularly to FIG. 1, a machine for making continuous form envelopes embodying the invention and in accordance with a method of the invention is shown somewhat schematically and indicated generally by the numeral 10. The machine 10 simultaneously and continuously feeds or advances a plurality of webs of sheet material and imprints, cuts, joins, perforates and punches the webs to make series-connected envelopes 12, 12. A lower portion of the machine indicated generally at 14 advances a first or lower Web 16 from which envelope front panels 18, 18 are formed as an upper portion, indicated generally at 20, simultaneously advances a second or upper web 22 from which the envelope back panels 24, 24 are formed. The machine is also adapted to accommodate a third web 26 from which inserts 28, 28 are formed when envelopes are made with inserts therein as shown.

Considering first the machine lower portion 14 and the sequence of operations performed thereby, the lower web 16 is paid off from a roll 30 and engages a machine roll 32 which estabishes the horizontal path of the web through machine 10. As the web 16 advances or moves in the direction of the arrows in FIG. 1 it passes through a printing station 34 where the lower surface of the web is or may be imprinted with a suitable message. Thereafter, the web 16 passes through a cutting station 36 where a rotary cutter engages it as it advances to form longitudinally spaced cut-out portions 38, 38 therein. Referring now to FIG. 6, each cut-out portion 38 at least partially defines a closing flap portion 40 of one envelope front panel 18, a generally transversely extending edge portion 42 ofvan adjacent envelope front-panel 18 and longitudinally extending connecting portions 44, 44 which join each front panel 18 to an adjacent one. In the illustrated embodiment the cut-out portions 38, 38 serve to separate each envelope front panel 18 from an adjacent one so that the latter two panels are joined each to the other solely by the marginal connecting portions 44, 44.

Various means may be employed for joining the upper Web 18 and the lower web 14, and the webs may, for example, be bonded together by a suitable adhesive or by heat sealing when appropriate sheet materials are used. However, the envelopes of the illustrated embodiment are preferably made from paper or like material joined together by a suitable adhesive. For this purpose, the machine has a gumming or gluing station 46 where adhesive is applied to the lower web 16. Preferably the station 46 is positioned to receive the web 16 after it has been cut and apply lines of adhesive to the marginal portions of each envelope front panel 18 and to the marginal connecting portions 44, 44. Referring again to FIG. 6 lines of adhesive 48, 48 and 50 are applied along the marginal edges of each front panel 18 and adhesive areas or spots 51, 51 are applied to the connecting portions 44, 44 at longitudinally spaced points therealong. Preferably, and as shown, an additional line of ahesive 52 is also applied near the free edge of each flap portion 40 for sealing each envelope and for this reason remoistenable adhesive is preferably used when the envelopes 12, 12 are formed in an unsealed condition.

When the envelopes 12, 12 are made with inserts therein the inserts are formed and preferably positioned on the lower Web before the upper web is joined thereto. The web 26 from which inserts 28, 28 are formed is paid off a roll 45 located intermediate the upper and lower machine portions 14 and 20. The web 26 passes through a cutting and joining station 47, located forwardly of the gumming station 46 Where each insert 28 is successively cut from the web 26 and positioned on the lower web 16 in registry With-associated front panels 18. Provision is or may be made to temporarily secure each insert in a pre-selected position on an associated front panel 18 as by adhesive having a suitable releasing property.

After each front panel 18 has been formed, adhesive lines have been applied thereto, and an insert 28 positioned thereon, as required, the lower web 16 is ready to be joined to the upper web 22. However, before considering the joining operation the steps employed to form a succession of rear panels 24, 24 from the upper web 22 will be discussed.

The upper web 22 is fed from a roll 53 and engages an upper machine roll 54 which directs it along a generally horizontal path. An upper printing station 56 similar to the lower station 34 is provided for imprinting designs and/or messages on the upper surface of the upper web 18, as may be required. An upper cutting station 58 is also provided which preferably receives the advancing web 22 after it passes through the printing station to form a longitudinally spaced cut-out portions 60, 60 inwardly of the marginal edge portions of the web. Referring to FIG. 7, each cut-out portion 60 is generally rectangular and extends transversely of the web 22 to define transversely extending edges 62, 62 of one and adjacent envelope back panel 24. Each cut-out portion 60 is positioned to expose an associated flap portion 40 when each back panel 24 is joined in registry to an associated front panel 18.

After the back panels 24, 24 are formed the web 22 passes over a machine roll 64 and is directed downwardly and through a joining station 66 comprising pressure rolls 68, 68 where it is joined or married to the lower web 16, the bond therebetween being effected by the adhesive strips on the lower web.

The continuous form envelopes of the present invention are preferably adapted to accommodate a positive feed device such as a pin-wheel feed mechanism for advancing the envelopes through a printing machine or the like. For this purpose a longitudinally spaced and longitudinally extending series of feed apertures 70, 70 is punched through the marginal connecting portions of both webs persed between the adhesive spots 51, 51 as shown in FIG. 8. Longitudinally extending lines of weaking or perforation 72, 72 are preferably provided spaced inwardly from the marginal edge portions of the webs to facilitate ready separation of each envelope 12 from its marginal connecting portions 44, 44. A fold or score line 74 is also preferably provided between the flap portion 40 of each envelope and the front panel thereof so that the fiap may be readily folded to its closed position. In the i1- lustrated machine 10, the punching, perforating and scoring operations aforedescribed are simultaneously performed at a machine station 76 located forwardly of the joining station 68.

When remoistenable adhesive is used to join the webs and to provide means for sealing the flap portion 40 the machine 10 has provision for an adhesive drying cycle and may, if desired include a drying unit (not shown) to accelerate this cycle.

In some instances it may be desirable to form each envelope with the flap portion thereof in a closed and unsealed condition, or in a sealed condition as when envelopes are formed with inserts therein. The machine 10 includes an upper roll 78 and a lower roll 80 which cooperate to fold each flap portion 40 to its closed position and to seal each envelope, if such is desired, as each envelope passes therebetween. As each successive envelope 12 passes over the roll 80 it is directed downwardly or toward a collection point. Since the flap portion 40 is not joined to the marginal connecting portions 44, 44 it tends to follow a generally horizontal path as it travels over the lower roll 80. The upper roll 78 which is positioned in the path of the flap portion engages the flap portion of the envelope and urges it upwardly and rearwardly and folds it to a closed position as the envelope passes between the rolls 78 and 80 as best shown in FIGS. 1 and 3. The cooperating rolls 78 and 80 may, if desired, be arranged to apply sealing pressure to each envelope as it passes therebetween.

At the collection point the finished envelopes may be folded transversely of the connection portions and stacked in accordion fashion as shown at 82 or may be otherwise collected as by being wound in a roll as indicated at 83.

In accordance with another method of producing the envelopes of the present invention a lower web is cut to form series-connected envelope front panels in the man ner generally aforedescribed. However, the body of each envelope is formed by cutting a generally rectangular patch from an upper web and placing it on and joining it to an associated one of the front panels. This method provides continuous form envelopes having marginal connecting portions of a single web thickness whereas, in accordance with the previously described method series connected envelopes are provided which have marginal connecting portions of double thickness the connecting poritons being formed by both the upper and lower webs. However, it will be noted that the individual envelopes formed by either method are substantially identical.

Referring now to FIGS. 3, 4, 8, 9 and 10 and first to FIGS. 3 and 4 a machine for making continuous form envelopes in accordance with the latter method is indicated generally at 10a Parts of the machine 10a are substantially identical to corresponding parts of the machine 10 previously described, bear the same reference numerals and will not be hereinafter-further discussed. Like the machine 10, the machine 10a has a lower portion 14a and an upper portion 20a. The lower portion operates on a web 22 to form series-connected envelope front panels 18, '18 substantially identical to those previously described with reference to FIG. 6. However, an upper web 84 which is fed through the machine upper part 20a is of somewhat narrower width than the lower web 22, the width of the upper web being substantially equal to the width of a finished envelope 12. The machine upper por tion 20a includes a printing station 56 but it will be noted that it does not have a cutting station corresponding to the cutting station 58 of the previously described machine 10. After being imprinted with a message or design, as required, the upper web 84 passes over a machine roll 64 and is directed downwardly to a machine station 86 on the lower portion 14a where generally rectangular patches or back panels 88, 88 are cut from the web, a typical patch or back panel 88 being shown in FIG. 8. Each back panel 88 is carried to and positioned on an associated front panel 18 in registry therewith by a machine roll 90 at the station 86. As the front and back panels pass through the machine station 86 they are joined together or married under pressure in the manner previously discussed. Thereafter, the sequence of operation of the machine a is substantially identical to that of the machine 10 in finishing and collecting the envelopes.

I claim:

1. An assembly of series-connected separable envelopes comprising an elongated first web having a longitudinally spaced series of cut out portions inwardly of the marginal edge portions thereof, each of said cut out portions partially defining a closing flap portion of one envelope front panel, a generally transversely extending free edge portion of an adjacent envelope front panel and longitudinally extending marginal connecting portions joining said one front panel to said adjacent front panel, means defining a plurality of envelope back panels, each of said back panels being joined to an associated one of said front panels forming a succession of envelopes including pockets having transversely extending mouth openings, said envelopes being joined each to the other solely by said marginal connecting portion, each said closing flap being foldable to a closed position overlying a portion of an associated one of said back panels to provide a closure for an associated one of said mouth openings while said envelopes are joined together by said connecting portions.

2 An assembly of series connected separable envelopes as set forth in claim 1 wherein said means defining a plurality of envelope back panels comprises a plurality of patches.

3. An assembly of series-connected envelopes as set forth in claim 1 wherein said means defining a plurality of envelope back panels comprises an elongated second web having a longitudinally spaced series of transversely extending cut out portions inwardly of the marginal edge portions thereof, each of said cut out portions in said second web defining transversely extending edges of one and an adjacent envelope back panel and longitudinally extending marginal connecting portions joining said one back panel to said adjacent back panel, each of said out out portions in said second web being positioned to expose an associated said flap portion.

4. An assembly of series-connected envelopes as set fotrh in claim 3 wherein each of said marginal connecting portions of said first web is joined to an associated mar ginal connecting portion of said second web by a longitudinally spaced series of adhesive areas and each of said marginal connecting portions in said first web has a longitudinally spaced series of feed apertures therethrough interspersed between said adhesive areas and in registry with a longitudinally spaced series of feed apertures of said associated marginal connecting portion of said second web.

5. An assembly of series-connected separable envelopes as set forth in claim 1 including longitudinally extending lines of weakening spaced inwardly of the marginal edge portions of said first web to enable said envelopes to be readily separated therealong from said marginal connecting portions.

'6. An assembly of series-connected envelopes as set forth in claim 1 wherein each of said marginal connecting portions has a longitudinally spaced and longitudinally extending series of feed apertures therethrough.

7. An assembly of series-connected separable envelopes com-prising an elongated web having longitudinally spaced series of cut out portions inwardly of the marginal edge portions thereof each of said cut out portions at least partially defining a closing flap of one envelope front panel, at least a part of a generally transversely extending edge portion of an adjacent envelope front panel and longitudinally extending marginal connecting portions joining said one envelope front panel to said adjacent envelope front panel, a plurality of rear panel defining patches having a transverse width of substantially lesser extent than the transverse width of said web, each of said patches being joined to an associated one of said front panels forming a succession of envelopes including pockets having transversely extending mouth openings, said envelopes being joined each to the other at least by said marginal connecting portions.

8. An assembly of series-connected envelopes as set forth in claim 1 wherein each of said envelopes has an insert received in the pocket thereof, each of said closing flaps being sealed in its closed position.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,824,685 2/ 1958 Patton 22969 3,026,018 3/1962 Stratton et al. 22969 3,339,827 9/1967 Steidinger 22969 DAVID M. BOCKENEK, Primary Examiner @2 3 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION 'Patent 3.482 .763 A Dated .Qfl: u! Q I: a i a Inventor-(s) ROBERT J. CARRIGAN It is certified that error appears in th e above-ddentified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

r- 001 line 5, '"show" should be -shown- C01. 3, line 20, "ahes'ive" shouid be -adhesive- C01. line 54, "poritons" should be -portions- Col. 5, line 30, 'CLAIM 1 "portion" should be -por tions- Col. 6, line 32 CLAIM 7 after "patches" insert -,each of said patches- SIGNED AND SEALED JUN 16 1970 (SEAL) Edward M. Flmlm', 11'- V mm x a a I I" Atteatmg Offioar Comisaioner at tzlntl

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2824685 *Feb 11, 1954Feb 25, 1958Uarco IncAssembly of series-connected envelopes and method of making same
US3026018 *Aug 13, 1959Mar 20, 1962Uarco IncEnvelopes having gummed flaps formed with tape
US3339827 *Jan 17, 1966Sep 5, 1967Varco IncSealed envelope assembly with interior mailing material
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4066206 *Mar 22, 1977Jan 3, 1978Uarco IncorporatedContinuous envelope assembly
US4440341 *Nov 3, 1982Apr 3, 1984Moore Business Forms, Inc.Return envelope mailer
US4492334 *Mar 8, 1982Jan 8, 1985Transkrit CorporationTentless continuous mailer assembly
US4988124 *Oct 16, 1989Jan 29, 1991Solar Press, Inc.Packaging bag insert for folded publications
US5183203 *Oct 3, 1991Feb 2, 1993Sanders Raymond WMultiple purpose certified mail envelope assembly
US5232147 *Oct 23, 1991Aug 3, 1993Belknap Business Forms, Inc.Multi-component mailer and personalizing method
US5452851 *Jan 29, 1993Sep 26, 1995Gluefold, Inc.Two-sheet self-mailer
US5971138 *Mar 5, 1998Oct 26, 1999Soughan; John J.Toiletries dispensing package
DE2511946A1 *Mar 19, 1975Oct 30, 1975Alfons GysinVerfahren zum herstellen einer endlos-bahn mit taschen
DE2907180A1 *Feb 23, 1979Sep 13, 1979Paper Converting Machine CoVorrichtung zur herstellung einer zusammenhaengenden reihe von briefumschlaegen
EP0108567A2 *Oct 28, 1983May 16, 1984Moore Business Forms, Inc.Continuous business form assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/69, 281/5
International ClassificationB31B41/00, B42D5/02
Cooperative ClassificationB31B41/00, B42D5/025, B31B2221/10, B31B2221/05
European ClassificationB31B41/00, B42D5/02C2