Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3485412 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 23, 1969
Filing dateAug 27, 1968
Priority dateAug 27, 1968
Publication numberUS 3485412 A, US 3485412A, US-A-3485412, US3485412 A, US3485412A
InventorsHawley Harry R
Original AssigneeAmerican Can Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Stackable plastic container
US 3485412 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 23, 1969 H. R. HAWLEY 3,485,412

STACKABLE PLASTIC CONTAINER Original Filed March 11, 1966 F l G. 4.

f l2 I3 INVENTOR HARRY R. HAWLEY vauw ATTORNEY 3,485,412 STACKABLE PLASTIC CONTAINER Harry R. Hawley, Lombard, Ill., assignor, by mesne assignments, to American Can Company, New York, N.Y., a corporation of New Jersey Continuation of application Ser. No. 533,594, Mar. 11, 1966. This application Aug. 27, 1968, Ser. No. 757,215

Int. Cl. B65d 21/02 US. Cl. 220--97 7 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An integrally formed plastic cup wherein axially spaced upper and lower stacking rings in the cup side wall cooperate so that a plurality of cups may be readily stacked without jamming.

This application is a continuation of applieants application Ser. No. 533,594, filed Mar. 11, 1966, now abandoned.

When a large number of cups are nested together to form a relatively tall stack which will ultimately be dispensed one at a time, the Weight being supported by the stacking means of the bottom cup is relatively great and it is therefore important that the stacking means he sufficiently rigid and stiff to support this weight without causing jamming between adjacent cups. The thin walled plastic material presently in use in the drinking cup industry is relatively pliable and resilient, as has been brought out in Edwards Patent No. 3,139,213. I have found, however, that this resiliency and yieldability of the thin walled plastic cup does not actually assist in preventing jamming under the weight of a large number of cups but rather may even increase the jamming problem.

Objects of the invention It is therefore an object of this invention to provide stacking ring means which will produce substantially rigid, positive inter-engagement between adjacent pairs of stacked cups to prevent jamming of one cup within the other and permit easy removal of the cups, one at a time, from the stack.

More specifically it is an object to provide an open top drinking cup integrally formed from thin walled plastic material wherein the outwardly extending stacking ring of the inner cup is provided with a radially outwardly extending circumferential stitfening bead around the cup wall which is adapted to engage the inwardly extending shoulder of the next adjacent lower cup stacked therein.

It is another specific object of the invention to provide a cup of the type described wherein two axially spaced apart sets of stacking rings are respectively provided on upper and lower portions of the side wall of each cup in order to provide two circumferential supporting areas for each cup, one for supporting the lower portion of the cup and the other for supporting the upper portion of the cup.

These and other objects and advantages will more fully appear in the following description made in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein like reference characters refer to the same or similar parts throughout the several views, and in which:

FIG. 1 is an elevational view showing a pair of stacked cups with the outer cup being broken away,

FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1 showing a modified stacking arrangement,

FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a pair of stacked cups with the outer cup broken away and showing ICC the upper stacking ring means for both forms of the lnventlon,

FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a pair of stacked cups with the outer cup broken away and showing the bottom stacking ring means embodied in the form of the invention illustrated in FIG. 2, and

FIG. 5 is a bottom plan view of one of the cups shown in FIG. 1.

In FIG. 1 one embodiment of the invention is illustrated wherein a single set of spaced stacking rings is provided in the upper portion of each cup. A second embodiment of the invention is illustrated in FIG. 2. In both forms of the invention a tapered cup of thin walled thermo forming plastic material such as high impact polystyrene, rigid polyvinyl chloride, linear polyethylene is illustrated.

In the first embodiment of the invention the tapered cup has a side wall W with a curled upper lip L surrounding the open top thereof. A cup bottom B is provided which in the form shown has a central. recess to insure stability when placed on a table top and also to provide additional stiifness for the bottom panel.

A set of circumferential stacking rings 9 and 10 is formed in the upper portion of the side wall W. At least one of said rings must be continuous around the entire circumference of the cup. In the cup illustrated, the lower ring 10 is provided with an outwardly extending bead or step 10a. The spaced rings 9 and 10 are connected by an intermediate support section 11 which is cylindrical or may be tapered very slightly outwardly toward the top. In a plurality of stacked cups this intermediate section 11 serves to transfer the weight supported by the upper ring 9 to the lower ring 10 except for the top and bottom cups of the stack. The bead or step 10a provides circumferential stiffness for each of the rings 10 and said head also eliminates the necessity for a reverse taper in the intermediate support section 11, in order to provide the radial offset required for stacking engagement between the lower ring 10 and the upper ring 9 of adjacent cups.

In the second embodiment of the invention an upper set of stacking rings 9 and 10 is provided in the upper portion of the wall W of the cup C These are identical to the rings 9 and 10 in the first embodiment described above. In addition to the upper rings 9 and 10, a lower set of stacking rings 12 and 13 is also provided. The lower ring 13 is provided with a circumferential bead or step 13a which engages the inner portion of the upper ring 12 as best shown in FIG. 2, when adjacent cups are stacked together. The two sets of stacking rings provided in the second embodiment of the invention cooperate to support the weight of the cups stacked thereon and this materially reduces the weight carried by each set and substantially eliminates any problems of jamming.

It will be seen that both forms of the invention provide a novel and highly eflicient stacking structure without requiring the reverse taper previously used by many stacking cup designs and which provides substantially increased stiffness to each set of stacking rings by means of the outwardly projecting beads or steps.

I claim:

1. A thin walled plastic cup, comprising:

a tapered body having an integral bottom at the smaller end of said body and an annular brim surrounding the open opposite end;

axially spaced upper and lower peripheral stacking rings in the side wall of said body;

an intermediate section in said side wall separating said upper and lower rings;

said lower stacking ring being provided with an outwardly extending bead having a diameter greater than the diameter of said intermediate section; and

said upper stacking ring being a substantially horizontal shoulder having an outside diameter slightly greater than the outside diameter of said lower stacking ring and adapted to support the bottom surface of a lower stacking ring of a nested second cup.

2. The cup of claim 1 wherein said integral bottom has a flat bottom central recess therein to insure stability of said cup when placed on a horizontal surface.

3. The cup of claim 1 wherein said intermediate section is cylindrical.

4. The cup of claim 1 wherein said intermediate section tapers slightly outwardly toward the open cu end.

5. The cup of claim 1 wherein said stacking rings, separated by said intermediate section, are in the upper portion of said side wall.

6. The cup of claim 5 wherein a second pair of stacking rings, separated by an intermediate section, are in the lower portion of said side wall, so that there is a minim-um of frictional engagement between the tapered UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,223,305 12/1965 Edwards. 3,288,340 11/1966 Shapiro.

3,327,895 6/1967 Mueller.

3,347,411 10/1967 Kalata.

GEORGE E. LOWRANCE, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3223305 *Dec 14, 1962Dec 14, 1965Illinois Tool WorksPlastic cup with fins
US3288340 *May 25, 1964Nov 29, 1966Sweetheart PlasticsNestable container
US3327895 *Jan 5, 1965Jun 27, 1967Seymour C GrahamNestable plastic container
US3347411 *Mar 24, 1965Oct 17, 1967Huston Henry HNestable containers
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3612346 *Mar 4, 1969Oct 12, 1971Schneider Jack MPlastics containers
US3851781 *Apr 19, 1973Dec 3, 1974Marco LNurser bottle construction
US3927766 *Feb 4, 1974Dec 23, 1975Illinois Tool WorksCups for holding ingredients for drinks
US3971471 *Apr 16, 1973Jul 27, 1976Owens-Illinois, Inc.Close-nesting, light-weight, one-piece drinking cup and apparatus for the manufacture thereof
US3978232 *Jun 19, 1974Aug 31, 1976Edward DodsworthThin walled containers for pressurized liquids
US4003490 *Dec 23, 1974Jan 18, 1977Societe: Toscara AnstaltProcess and apparatus for the manufacture of white cheese or yoghurt
US4052037 *May 22, 1973Oct 4, 1977Mars LimitedDrinking cup structured to enhance beverage blending
US5617972 *Mar 24, 1995Apr 8, 1997Playtex Products Inc.Nurser liner
US7481356 *Nov 22, 2005Jan 27, 2009Ptm Packaging Tools Machinery Pte Ltd.Double-walled paperboard cup
US7905821Dec 19, 2008Mar 15, 2011Ptm Packaging Tools Machinery Pte Ltd.Double-walled paperboard cup
US8146796Apr 21, 2006Apr 3, 2012Seda S.P.A.Cardboard container for drinks and process therefor
US8146797Nov 9, 2006Apr 3, 2012Seda S.P.A.Insulated cup
US8191708Sep 14, 2010Jun 5, 2012Seda S.P.A.Package
US8240476Sep 14, 2010Aug 14, 2012Seda S.P.A.Package
US8267250Sep 14, 2010Sep 18, 2012Seda S.P.A.Package
US8393886Oct 13, 2006Mar 12, 2013Seda S.P.A.Device for producing a stacking projection and container with same
US8490792Nov 30, 2007Jul 23, 2013Seda S.P.A.Package
US8794294Mar 5, 2009Aug 5, 2014Seda S.P.A.Insulated container, method of fabricating same and apparatus for fabricating
US8807339Feb 8, 2013Aug 19, 2014Seda SpaPackage
US8932428Feb 21, 2014Jan 13, 2015Seda S.P.A.Insulated container, method of fabricating same and apparatus for fabricating
US9238524 *Jul 20, 2011Jan 19, 2016Ptm Packaging Tools Machinery Pte. Ltd.Cup made of a paper material
US9260220Apr 4, 2014Feb 16, 2016Ptm Packaging Tools Machinery Pte. Ltd.Cup made of a paper material
US9340345Mar 14, 2014May 17, 2016Berry Plastics CorporationStack shoulder for insulated container
US20060118608 *Nov 22, 2005Jun 8, 2006Michael Hoerauf Maschinenfabrik Gmbh U. Co. KgDouble-walled paperboard cup
US20070020362 *Feb 27, 2006Jan 25, 2007D Amelio VinceStructures and processes for packaging perishable and other products
US20080087714 *May 18, 2005Apr 17, 2008D Amato GianfrancoContainer
US20090071968 *Sep 10, 2008Mar 19, 2009O'brien DianeContainer
US20100326870 *Sep 14, 2010Dec 30, 2010Seda S.P.A.Package
US20110000809 *Sep 14, 2010Jan 6, 2011Seda S.P.A.Package
US20110174656 *Oct 13, 2006Jul 21, 2011Seda S.P.A.Device for producing a stacking projection and container with same
US20110281704 *Jul 20, 2011Nov 17, 2011Ptm Packaging Tools Machinery Pte. Ltd.Cup made of a paper material
USD639606 *Aug 24, 2010Jun 14, 2011Solo Cup Operating CorporationCup
DE2312116A1 *Mar 10, 1973Sep 27, 1973Itw LtdBecher zur aufnahme von getraenkeansaetzen
DE2404668A1 *Jan 31, 1974Aug 15, 1974Itw LtdNahtloser duennwandiger behaelter
DE2742657A1 *Sep 22, 1977Apr 5, 1979Henkel KgaaNachfuellpackung fuer einen automatischen toilettenreiniger
EP0825959A1 *Mar 22, 1996Mar 4, 1998Playtex Products, Inc.Nurser liner
EP0825959A4 *Mar 22, 1996Jan 27, 1999Playtex Products IncNurser liner
WO2016049049A1 *Sep 22, 2015Mar 31, 2016Dart Container CorporationInsulated container and methods of making and assembling
U.S. Classification206/519, 229/400
International ClassificationB65D1/22, B65D1/26
Cooperative ClassificationB65D1/265
European ClassificationB65D1/26B
Legal Events
Sep 11, 1984ASAssignment
Effective date: 19840905
Sep 28, 1982ASAssignment
Effective date: 19820924