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Publication numberUS3485436 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 23, 1969
Filing dateNov 20, 1967
Priority dateNov 20, 1967
Publication numberUS 3485436 A, US 3485436A, US-A-3485436, US3485436 A, US3485436A
InventorsMirasol Salustiano S Jr
Original AssigneePhillips Petroleum Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Container assembly structure
US 3485436 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 23, 1 969 S. S. MIRASOL, JR

CONTAINER ASSEMBLY STRUCTURE Filed Nov. 20, 1967 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG. a


13 'L N FIG. 2a 1 l0 -12 file; FIG. 2b 1 IO '3 {w FIG. 2c



Bybzgmek 1386- 1969 s. s. MIRASOL, JR

CONTAINER ASSEMBLYSTRUCTURE Filed Nov. 20, 1967 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG.


WM*QWLM A T TORNEKS United States Patent US. Cl. 22951 7 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A container is formed of a body member and a closure member. The body member is provided with a recess near the end to receive the rim of the closure member. The rim is of such configuration as to permit the container to be assembled by inserting the closure member. However, the rim then locks in position to resist withdrawal of the closure member.

This invention relates to locking mechanisms for securing closure members to body members to form containers.

It is common practice in the packaging industry to form containers of plastic materials, particularly for use as disposable items. However, a continuing need exists for containers which are of inexpensive construction and for containers which have tamper-proof closure members.

In accordance with the present invention, containers which fulfill these requirements are provided. A body member is provided with a recess into which a closure member is inserted. The closure member is formed of resilient material and is of such configuration that the edges can be deformed to be inserted into the recess of the body member when the container is assembled. The edges then expand into the recess to form a locking mechanism which prevents or limits removal of the closure member. In this manner, a container with a tamperproof closure is provided. The locking mechanism can also be employed to advantage to form inexpensive containers which utilize tubular members for the bodies.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved method of manufacturing containers:

Another object is to provide containers having bottoms and/or tops that are locked to the sidewalls of the container.

Another object is to provide novel tamper-proof containers.

Other objects, advantages and features of the invention should become apparent from the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which:

FIGURE 1 is a view, shown partially in section, of a first embodiment of a container formed in accordance with this invention. FIGURES 2a, 2b and 2c are schematic illustrations of the locking feature of the container construction of this invention. FIGURE 3 is a schematic representation of a modified embodiment of the locking feature of this invention. FIGURE 4 is a sectional view of a modified form of the locking structure of this invention. FIGURE 5 illustrates another embodiment of a tamper-proof container formed in accordance with this invention. FIGURE 6 is a view shown partially in "section, of a modified form of the container of FIGURE 5.

Referring now to the drawing in detail and to FIG URE 1 in particular, there is shown a container. which is formed of a generally cylindrical plastic tubular body member 10. The lower end of member 10 is provided with an outwardly bulged section 11 which provides an annular recess 12 of generally semi-circular configuration. A closure member 13 is inserted into body member 10 to form the bottom of the container. Closure member ICC 13 comprises a generally flat cylindrical disk 14 which has an outwardly extending hook-shaped rim 15 that enters recess 12 when the closure member is inserted into the body member. The resulting container can be open at the top, or provided with any convenient type of lid 16, depending on the purpose for which the container is to be used.

The operation of the locking mechanism of this invention is illustrated schematically in FIGURES 2a, 2b and 2c. Closure member 13 is formed so as to have a cross sectional configuration as illustrated in FIGURE 2a. This member is formed of a resilient material such that rim 15 can be deformed inwardly in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 2b to permit the closure to be inserted into recess 12 of member 10. When rim 14 enters the recess, the resiliency of the material restores the rim to its initial configuration with the result that the rim extends into recess 12, as illustrated in FIGURE 20. The closure member is sufficiently rigid that the weight of the material to be packed in the container will not deform rim 15 sufficiently to cause the closure member to be separated from the body member. Thus, member 13 is locked into position to form the bottom of container 10. Note that in FIGURE 20 the end of rim 15 contacts the wall 11 of recess 12 substantially normal to the wall of said recess. By normal to" is meant the geometrical meaning of perpendicular to or at right angles to the wall. The relationship of normal to the wall of the recess makes it be in the position most difiicult to remove.

A container of the general configuration of FIGURE 1 is particularly useful in packaging materials such as popcorn, potato chips and the like. The container can also be employed to pack relatively viscous materials, such as ice cream. A container of this type can be formed at relatively low cost because it is not necessary to employ either injection or blow molding techniques. Body member 10 can be formed in a conventional extruder by the use of appropriate movable molds which are clamped on the tube as it emerges from the extruder. These molds can be provided with a recess to form extended portion 11 into which the plastic material can be forced as it leaves the extruder, by the use of air pressure or a vacuum. The resulting tubing can subsequently be cut to length to provide body member 10. Of course, such body members can be formed by other molding procedures if desired.

FIGURE 3 is a schematic illustration of a modified form of the closure mechanism of this invention. As illustrated, member 10 is provided with an extended portion 11' which is of a configuration similar to the configuration of rim 15 of closure member 13', so that the rim mates with the recess. This provides a more positive lock if such is required or desired for a particular application.

If the container of FIGURE 1 is to be employed to hold a liquid, a sealant 17 can be positioned within recess 12, as illustrated in FIGURE 4. Any suitable caulking or sealing material which is insoluble in theliquid to be packaged can be employ-ed for this purpose;

In FIGURES 5 and 6 there is shown two similar embodiments of a container 18 which has a lid 19 secured thereto by the sealing mechanism of this invention. As illustrated in FIGURE 6, lid 19 is provided with a rim 20 which enters a recess 21 in the upper portion of container 18. In order to permit removal of the lid after the container has been filled and closed, an opening mechanism such as a tear strip 22, which has a tab 23 secured thereto, can be provided. This results in a tamperproof container which can not be opened without removal of the tear strip and destroying or substantially deforming the container lid. If it is desired or necessary to form a sterile or leakproof package, a film 25 can be secured to the upper rim 24 of the container, as shown in FIG- 3 URE 6. This can be accomplished by heat sealing or the use of a suitable adhesive. Film 25 can extend over a portion of the rim to provide a gripping means for removal of the film. A container of this type can be used to advantage to pack dairy foods and the like which are normally consumed at one time.

If desired, the closure member of this invention can be formed of a material which is sufficiently flexible to permit removal of the closure by the application of sufiicient force to withdraw the rim from the recess in the body wall. In such a construction, the closure can be provided with a suitable knob or recess to permit the closure to be gripped and removed.

Although the invention has been described and illustrated in conjunction with the formation of closures from plastic materials, it should be evident that any type of material can be used for the closure member which is sufliciently flexible to permit the rim to be deformed inwardly to enter the recess of the body member and then be restored to its initial position.

While this invention has been described in conjunction with present preferred embodiments, it should be evident that it is not limited thereto.

What is claimed is:

1. A container assembly comprising in combination:

a tubular body member having an open end and an outwardly extending annular recessed section formed in the interior of said body member adjacent said end, the closest portion of the inner wall of said recessed section to said end extending generally outward ly with respect to the axis of said body member;

a closure member having a generally plane central portion substantially filling said open end;

said closure member having an integral resilient rim extending upwardly from the peripheral edge of said central portion into said open end of said body member, the outer portion of said rim being bent back upon but spaced from itself extending outwardly and downwardly into the recess of said recessed section, the outer peripheral edge of said outer portion of said n'm expanding outwardly into said recess into contact with and substantially normal to said closest portion of said recessed section upon insertion of said closure member in said end of said body member, thereby locking said closure member to said body member.

2. The assembly of claim 1 in which said body member has a re-entrant peripheral shoulder adjacent the outer edge of said recess to interlock with the rim of said closure member.

3. The combination of claim 1 wherein said closure member is formed in part of a tear strip disposed to be torn out to make removal of said closure member easier.

4. The combination of claim 1 in which a continuous strip of sealing material extends around the interior of said recess and is forced into airtight sealing relation between said body member and the rim of said closure member.

5. The combination of claim 1 in which a sealing film is secured to the end of said body member and extends across said closure member.

6. The combination of claim 1 in which said end of said body member is provided with an outwardly extending rim.

7. The combination of claim 6 in which a sealing film is secured to said rim and extends across said closure member.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 564,060 7/1896 Draper 22060 1,227,338 5/1917 Steffan 22060 1,701,384 2/1929 McGarvey 22042 1,714,384 5/1929 Le Sauvage 22042 3,320,993 5/1967 Motsenbocker 22060 3,355,060 11/1967 Reynolds et a1. 22054 2,880,859 4/1959 Tupper 22054 2,628,264 2/ 1953 Esher 22027 3,391,847 7/ 1968 Christine et al. 229-43 WILLIAM T. DIXSON, JR., Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US564060 *Mar 16, 1896Jul 14, 1896 Charles t
US1227338 *Jul 3, 1915May 22, 1917Frank SteffanContainer.
US1701384 *Jan 10, 1928Feb 5, 1929Buckeye Aluminum CompanyCooking vessel
US1714384 *Nov 20, 1926May 21, 1929Republic Metalware CoAsh can and cover
US2628264 *Apr 4, 1951Feb 10, 1953Esher Ray RCombined pipe plug receptacle and insulator
US2880859 *Jul 30, 1956Apr 7, 1959Tupper CorpReceptacles having forced or snapped-in covers
US3320993 *Aug 11, 1965May 23, 1967Phillips Petroleum CoContainer and cover therefor
US3355060 *May 21, 1965Nov 28, 1967Reynolds Metals CoContainer with improved lift-off end closure
US3391847 *Jul 7, 1966Jul 9, 1968Aei CorpDisposable bowl
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3768638 *Feb 4, 1972Oct 30, 1973Lilly Co EliDisplay container
US3863552 *Mar 6, 1972Feb 4, 1975Gabarro Jose JorbaMethod of making a variable-configuration container
US4117926 *Jan 12, 1977Oct 3, 1978Johnson & JohnsonProbe cover
US4307817 *Mar 31, 1980Dec 29, 1981George CotroneoLid and container combination
US4438864 *Jun 9, 1982Mar 27, 1984Container Corporation Of AmericaTamperproof closure
US4471882 *Nov 19, 1982Sep 18, 1984Shikoku Kakooki Co., Ltd.Container
US5655652 *Mar 28, 1996Aug 12, 1997Ethicon, Inc.Center dispense suture package
US7419068 *Dec 24, 2002Sep 2, 2008Maxwell BushbyThermoplastic can
EP0038976A1 *Apr 10, 1981Nov 4, 1981Maschinenfabrik Rissen GmbHBox formed from a cardboard blank
EP0114049A1 *Jan 7, 1984Jul 25, 19844P Nicolaus Kempten GmbHMethod and apparatus for producing a cardboard container, and container made therewith
U.S. Classification229/123.2, 229/125.17, 220/610, 220/270, 220/257.2, 206/527, 229/5.5
International ClassificationB65D51/18, B65D43/02
Cooperative ClassificationB65D11/02, B65D2543/00768, B65D2543/00851, B65D2543/00509, B65D2543/00972, B65D43/0254, B65D2543/00685, B65D2543/0062, B65D2543/00092, B65D2251/0031, B65D51/185, B65D2543/00296, B65D2543/00796, B65D2251/0081, B65D2543/00546, B65D2543/00518
European ClassificationB65D51/18B, B65D43/02T3D, B65D11/02
Legal Events
Nov 30, 1982ASAssignment
Effective date: 19821116