Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3486752 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 30, 1969
Filing dateAug 28, 1967
Priority dateAug 28, 1967
Publication numberUS 3486752 A, US 3486752A, US-A-3486752, US3486752 A, US3486752A
InventorsColvin Ronald L, Manske Wendell J
Original AssigneeMinnesota Mining & Mfg
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Target toy device
US 3486752 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 3,486,752 TARGET TOY DEVICE Ronald L. Colvin, St. Paul, and Wendell J. Manske,

Birchwood, Minn., assignors to Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, St. Paul, Minn., a

corporation of Delaware Filed Aug. 28, 1967, Ser. No. 663,636 Int. Cl. A63b 63/00 US. Cl. 273102.1 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to an improved target toy device which provides a novel means for indicating the location of hits thereon.

There are many games and devices presently in use which provide means for testing the ability to accurately direct a projectile toward a target. A problem with many of the existing units concerns the inconvenience associated with accurately determining the location of hits on the target. The object of this invention is to provide a novel target which makes an immediate and lasting recording of hits made by non-piercing projectiles.

Various solutions have been employed in the prior art to overcome the problem of recording target hits. For example, in US. Patent 1,091,116 (W. H. Buell) issued Mar. 24, 1914, a target was disclosed in which the impact surface of the target was treated with a fiash-ligh composition which would ignite on the impact of the projectile to produce a circumscribed illumination of the target about the point of the impact. The Buell invention was limited to use with a high velocity projectile of specific composition (e.g., a bullet), whereas the present invention may be used with low velocity projectiles of any rigid composition.

Other solutions to the problem of recording hits on a target are shown in the following:

(1) US. Patent 794,601 (Ford et a1.) issued July 11, 1905, wherein the target consisted of a facing with target image, a record sheet similar to the facing sheet, and a transfer sheet between the facing and record sheets. When a projectile contacted the target, an impression was transferred to the record sheet by means of the carbon or similar transfer paper. This invention did not provide a visual indication of the hit until the record sheet was made visible by removing it from behind the facing sheet. The present invention provides an immediate visual indication of the hit.

(2) US. Patent 1,175,692 (W. L. Boicourt) issued Mar. 14, 1916, which provided a target with a mesh facing stretched over a casing containing a compressible member impregnated with powder. Upon subjecting the target to a force of contact, the powder would permeate the mesh facing at the point of contact and thereby indicate such contact point. It was necessary, in using this target, to periodically refill the casing with powder as the powder did escape through the mesh facing when the target was subjected to a force of contact.

(3) US. Patent 3,190,654 (I. T. Ross) issued June 22, 1965, wherein the invention employed a target and pro- 3,486,752 Patented Dec. 30, 1969 "Ice jectile combination which was adapted to form dye marks on the target at the point of impact. One member was adapted to retain moisture capable of reacting with chemical dye retained by the other member of the combination. When the moisture containing member contacted the reactive dye in the other member, a reaction on the target surface resulted which provided a visual indication of the hit. Ross target was designed for use with a particular type of complementary projectile. It was necessary to add moisture to the moisture containing member at periodic intervals. The present invention may be used with any low velocity, blunt-nosed projectile and does not require the addition of moisture.

The target of this invention generally comprises the combination of a backing member and a porous facing member having a target image thereon, there being interposed between the backing member and the facing member means containing a liquid capable of causing a colored stain on the porous facing member upon impact in the target image area.

The present invention provides a target employing a new technique for indicating the area of contact of a projectile with the target. The target is particularly suitable for use where it is desired to use an unlimited variety of blunt projectiles, for example, corks fired from pop guns, blunt darts, blunt arrows, and marbles. The present invention provides realism; for example, if an animal image is used for the target and the staining medium contains a red dye, the animal appears to bleed upon scoring a proper hit; it is therefore suitable for sustained periods of entertainment. Various other target pictures and dye-color combinations will be apparent to those skilled in the art. For example, a simple bulls-eye could be employed, or an enlarged picture of an insect could be used in combination with a green dye.

The invention may take many forms. Thus the liquid contained between the porous facing member and the backing may be contained as a saturant in a padmuch like a stamp pad, whereupon as a point on the target area of the porous facing member is pressed thereagainst upon projectile impact, liquid is wicked into the facing member to stain it at the point of impact. The liquid may b carried in small capsules which upon impact of a projectile against the target area rupture thereunder and produce a stain on the target in the area of impact. Regardless of whether the liquid is contained in capsules, pad or other means, it should be provided in sufficient volume to wick through and stain the visible side of the target.

The liquid may be a dye, ink, or the like, but is preferably a normally colorless dye precursor which forms a contrasting color with the target only upon reaction with a coreactant therefor carried by the porous facing member.

The invention will be further illustrated by the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a front elevation showing one embodiment of the target;

FIGURE 2 is a vertical section view of FIGURE 1.

Referring to FIGURES 1 and 2, the facing 2 and backing 6 are held together, at least around the edges, by an adhesive, a tape 8, 10 or other appropriate fastening device. The facing member of this invention can be made from any porous fabric which will permit ready wicking of an ink or liquid dye therein, for example, absorbent woven webs or absorbent paper such as paper toweling stock. The backing can be made from any conventidnal stiff cardboard, Bristol board, plastic sheeting, metal sheeting or various laminates. The liquid color-forming agent, such as pressure-rupturable capsules 4, or a blotter containing the liquid, is interposed between the facing and the backmg.

If the liquid is contained in capsules, these can be formed by employing the method described in US. Patent 3,310,-

3 612 (G. R. Somerville, I r.) issued March 21, 1967; by coacervation of a gelatin, as taught for example in US. Patents 2,800,457 and 2,800,458 (B. K. Green) issued July 23, 1957; by polymerization of a polymer around the fill droplets or by other methods known to the art.

The colorless dye precursor or colored dye contained in the capsules may be of various bases, for example, water or oil; and the capsule shell may be, for example, a ureaformaldehyde or other polymer, Wax, gelatin or other material. Peferably the capsule shells are of a sufiiciently brittle or otherwise easily rupturable material to permit release of the fill liquid upon relatively light impact. The capsules may be as small as 1 micron or as large as 2000 microns, but are preferably within a size range of 100 to 1500 microns. An adhesive coating may be used to hold the capsules in proper position and may be, for example, a vinyl plastisol adhesive, a tacky acrylate tape, a tackified butadiene-styrene or other rubber based adhesive, or other known adhesives, as will be apparent to those skilled in the art. The capsules can be adhered either to the front of the stiff backing, the back of the absorbent facing, or to the front side of a third member interposed between the facing and the backing. The capsules are preferably provided only in the target area so that no stain results when the projectile misses the target. The location of the capsules can be controlled by means of stencils. After adhering the capsules in their proper location, it may be desirable to apply a thin, preferably brittle polymeric overcoating to the capsules to insure continuous adherence during use and handling of the targets. An example of one such overcoating is polystyrene resin applied from dilute solution. It is to be understood that the capsules, although preferred only in the target area of the backing, may be spread over the entire backing or facing when applied according to a color scheme such that only capsules containing certain dye colors would be located in the target area.

In a preferred embodiment of the target illustrated in FIGURES 1 and 2, the capsules employed contain a nonstaining, colorless dye precursor which is capable of reacting with a coreactant target facing to form a visible colored stain; and the facing member employed is a porous sheet material carrying a color-forming coreactant capable of reacting with the dye precursor to form the visible colored stain. An advantage of this embodiment is that the dye precursor is substantially non-staining to walls, carpeting, furniture, skin and clothing.

The preferred dye precursors for use in practicing the invention are dithiooxamide and more preferably the N,N-di-organo-substituted dithiooxamides, for example N,N-dibenzyldithiooxamide and N,N'-bis (2-octanoyloxyethyl) dithiooxamide. These essentially colorless dye precursors react with the heavy metal salts (nickel, cadmium, copper, cobalt, and silver, for example) to form images. Other dye precursors which may be used include crystal violet lactone and triphenyl methane leuco dyes, such as benzoyl leuco methylene blue and nitro or halo derivatives thereof, which react with the acidic materials (clays, aluminum silicates, acid-reacting salts, and weak organic acids, for example) to form images.

What is claimed is:

1. A toy having a pictorial image thereon capable of becoming colored in predetermined areas upon application of localized pressure thereto, comprising the combination of a backing member and a porous facing member having said pictorial image thereon, there being inter posed between said backing member and said facing member small, pressure-rupturable capsules containing a liquid color-forming chemical in sufiicient quantities to wick through said facing member and cause a contrasting colored stain on the visible side of said facing member upon the rupturing of said capsules by localized pressure applied to said facing member, said capsules being located in predetermined areas coinciding with the pictorial image on said facing.

2. The toy of claim 1 wherein said capsules are in the range of about 100 to 1,500 microns in size.

3. The toy of claim 1 wherein said liquid color-forming chemical is a dye precursor, and said facing member consists essentially of a porous sheet material containing a color-forming co-reactant capable of reacting with said dye precursor to form a colored stain contrasting with the said pictorial image.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,550,469 4/1951 Green et al 282-28 X 2,730,457 1/1956 Green et a1. 11736.8 2,857,698 10/1958 Arthur 3526 X 3,016,308 1/1962 Macaulay. 3,128,627 4/1964 Harris. 3,330,561 7/1967 Kandel.

FOREIGN PATENTS 351,053 4/ 1905 France.

ANTON O. OECHSLE, Primary Examiner M. R. PAGE, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2550469 *Sep 7, 1950Apr 24, 1951Ncr CoManifold record material and process for making it
US2730457 *Jun 30, 1953Jan 10, 1956Ncr CoPressure responsive record materials
US2857698 *Feb 21, 1955Oct 28, 1958Western Printing And LithograpWater color picture
US3016308 *Aug 6, 1957Jan 9, 1962Moore Business Forms IncRecording paper coated with microscopic capsules of coloring material, capsules and method of making
US3128627 *Nov 7, 1962Apr 14, 1964George A HarrisGolf practice device
US3330561 *Mar 29, 1965Jul 11, 1967Walter KandelSelf-marking firearm target employing liquid marking material
FR351053A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4533145 *Aug 22, 1984Aug 6, 1985Liebman Bradley BLiquid absorbing playing piece
US4537128 *Oct 20, 1983Aug 27, 1985Massachusetts General HospitalHand printer designed to enable a handicapped person to apply a signature to a document
US4781595 *Dec 31, 1987Nov 1, 1988Cox James AVisual design and character formation composite
US5087053 *Jun 24, 1991Feb 11, 1992Head Robert HArchery target apparatus
US5141069 *May 16, 1990Aug 25, 1992Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KaishaSteering mechanism with toe-in control
US5186468 *Dec 10, 1991Feb 16, 1993Davies Clifford LFirearms target
US6845982 *Feb 25, 2003Jan 25, 2005Impaxx, Inc.Liquid reactive materials and method for using same in games and other applications
US6966557 *Dec 3, 2004Nov 22, 2005Dissolve, LlcLiquid reactive materials and method for using same in games and other applications
US7631877 *Jan 26, 2006Dec 15, 2009Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Firearm targets and methods for manufacturing firearm targets
US7681886Feb 26, 2007Mar 23, 2010Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Shooting gallery devices and methods
US7726478Feb 26, 2007Jun 1, 2010Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Containers for carrying firearm accessories and/or supporting firearms
US7774972Sep 11, 2007Aug 17, 2010Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Modular shooting rests and shooting rest assemblies
US7779572May 8, 2007Aug 24, 2010Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Bipod device for use with a firearm
US7823317Nov 2, 2010Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Adjustable shooting rests and shooting rest assemblies
US7845267Sep 11, 2008Dec 7, 2010Battenfield Technologies, Inc.Attachment mechanisms for coupling firearms to supporting structures
US7946071Jun 1, 2009May 24, 2011Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Firearm vise
US7954272Jun 7, 2011Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Adjustable firearm supports and associated methods of use and manufacture
US7997021Nov 21, 2008Aug 16, 2011Battenfeld TechnologiesShooting rests with adjustable height assemblies
US8011129Jun 10, 2004Sep 6, 2011Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Recoil-reducing shooting rest
US8104212Feb 26, 2007Jan 31, 2012Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Firearm supports, such as shooting bags, and firearm support assemblies
US8132351Sep 29, 2010Mar 13, 2012Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Adjustable shooting rests and shooting rest assemblies
US8296988Nov 30, 2006Oct 30, 2012Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Firearm supporting devices, methods of assembling firearm supporting devices, and methods of packaging firearm supporting devices
US8316570Nov 27, 2012Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Bipod device for use with a firearm
US8336708Jul 21, 2008Dec 25, 2012Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.System and container for organizing and carrying tools and tool sets
US8356442Mar 13, 2012Jan 22, 2013Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Adjustable shooting rests and shooting rest assemblies
US8371057May 9, 2007Feb 12, 2013Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Firearm cleaning apparatus with protective coating
US8393106Mar 12, 2013Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Shooting rests with adjustable height for supporting firearms
US8464628Jun 18, 2013Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Attachment mechanisms for coupling firearms to supporting structures
US8621773May 10, 2006Jan 7, 2014Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Shooting rests for supporting firearms
US8695985Jan 7, 2011Apr 15, 2014Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Stowable shooting target assemblies
US8814167 *Aug 3, 2012Aug 26, 2014ZMB Industries, LLCShooting target and method of manufacture
US8814168 *Apr 19, 2013Aug 26, 2014ZMB Industries, LLCShooting target, method of use, and method of manufacture
US8931201Dec 20, 2013Jan 13, 2015Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Gun support apparatus
US9151561Jan 3, 2014Oct 6, 2015Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Shooting rests for supporting firearms
US20040026864 *Feb 25, 2003Feb 12, 2004Kirk Dana ScottLiquid reactive materials and method for using same in games and other applications
US20050098953 *Dec 3, 2004May 12, 2005Kirk Dana S.Liquid reactive materials and method for using same in games and other applications
US20080054570 *Aug 28, 2007Mar 6, 2008Battenfeld Technologies, Inc.Shooting targets, including teaching targets, target assemblies and associated systems
US20080277875 *Jan 22, 2008Nov 13, 2008Mincenberg Jeff WTarget Shooting Game
US20130009364 *Jan 10, 2013Pink Mist Tech, LLCShooting target with annunciation of engagement of targeted regions of the target
US20130038020 *Feb 14, 2013ZMB Industries, LLCShooting Target and Method of Manufacture
US20130228974 *Apr 19, 2013Sep 5, 2013ZMB Industries, LLCShooting Target, Method of Use, and Method of Manufacture
U.S. Classification273/378, 434/19
International ClassificationF41J1/00
Cooperative ClassificationF41J1/00
European ClassificationF41J1/00