US 348923 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
0. A. MUNRO.
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CARRIE AURELIA MUN BO,
OF OLIVE BRANCH, OHIO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 349,923, dated September 7, 1886.
Application filed June 17, 1886.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CARRIE AURELIA MUN- R0, of Olive Branch, in the county of Clermont and State of Ohio, have invented a new and Improved Vapor-Bath, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
My invention relates to apparatus adapted for giving alcoholic or other medicated vapor baths for the treatment of disease, andhas for its object to provide a simple, inexpensive, and effective apparatus of this character which may be easily and quickly adjusted to administer baths, and may be stowed away in small space when out of use.
The invention consists in certain novel featu res of construction and combinations of parts of the vapor-bath apparatus, all as hereinafter fully described and claimed. V
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure 1. is a vertical longitudinal sectional elevation of my improved vapor-bath as adjusted for use. Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional elevation of the bath contracted as when out of use, for storage in small space. Fig. 8 is a sectional plan view of the bath. Fig. 4c is a rear end view of the bath in extended condition, and Fig. 5 is an enlarged front view of the rear section of the bath.
I make the body or walls of the bath in three separate sections, A B O. The front section, A, is provided with adoor, D, hinged at d at the front section, and adapted to close an opening or doorway made partly in the front and partly in the side of the section A, as most clearly shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings. Hooks dor other suitable latch devices hold the door closed. At the top of the section A there is formed an opening, a, the margin of which is formed partly by the upper end of the door D, whereby when the door is opened a person to take a vapor bath may slip his or her neck into the opening, and when the door is closed the head only of the patient,
who sits on a stool, E, (shown in dotted lines,)'
will be outside the bath. The rear side of the bath-section A has an opening, A, preferably surrounded at the margin by astiffening-bead, a, and into this opening A the bathsection B may slide, and so that a marginal lip or Serial No. 205,471. (No model.)
bead, b, on it may close tightly againstthemargin of the opening A of section A, as shown in Figs. 1, 3, and 4, and prevent escape of vapor at the joint. The floor of the bath section A is provided with rabbeted cleats a a which are engaged by like cleats, b b fixed to the under side of the floor of bathsection B, to guide the section B in its movements in and out of the section A in extending or contracting the bath, as herein after more fully explained. Suitable casterwheels, I)", may be fitted to the bottom of the section B, to support its rear end when drawn back, as in Fig. 1. The rear end of section B is provided with an opening, B, preferably surrounded by a stiffening-bead, b, and in this opening B the bath-section C may slide until a marginal lip, c, thereon fits closely to the margin of the opening B, to make a vaportight joint. The floor of bath-section B is provided with rabbeted cleats c, which are engaged by like cleats, c, fixed to the bottom of bath-section G, to guide the movements of section Gin section B. The extreme back end of section 0 may be supported by a leg adapted to fold up between the cleats c it'desired. At its rear the section 0 has an opening, which may be closed by a door, 6', provided with a fastening hook or latch, c, and which allows inspection of the interior of the bath when it is in use.
In the bath-section C is placed the vaporgenerator, which is made with a vessel, F, supported on a metallic floor-plate, f, resting on the floor of this section, and within the vessel F, which is intended to hold water, there is placed a smaller cup, G, in which alcohol or any suitable medicament to be vaporized will be'placed and fired. The water in vessel F is a safeguard against the bath taking fire from the burning fluid, and a hood, H, fixed to the top of the cup F, and ranging upward and forward, not only protects the walls of bath-section C from the direct effects of the heat from thebnrning alcohol, but also directs the vaporous products forward, so they diffuse more quickly throughout the entire bath.
A grating, I, which may consist of metal rods or wood slats, is fitted into the front end lof the bath-section O, and serves as a guard to keep the patient 5 feet away from the vaporgenerator.
Hooks J are provided on the bath-sections A B, which are adapted to enter holes in the sections B O, tohold the bath in extended condition.
The cleats a I) c 0 may be substituted by any other form of slideways which will guide the telescoping sections B O of the bath; and it will be understood that guides of any kind for this purpose are not essential to the successful workingof the bath, as the sections B 0 could be drawn tightly to each other and to the section A, if no guides were used.
The operation is as follows: XVhen the bath is out of use, the section B will be,,pushed forwardinto the section A. and the section 0 into the section B, as in Fig. 2, and the entire bath may then be stowed away in a closet, and will'oceupy very little floorspace. \Vhen the bath is to be used the front door D, will be opened and the generatonvessel F and cup G will be charged with water and alcohol, respectively, and the alcohol will be ignited. The sections B C of the bath then will be drawn backward and the bath will be se cured in extended condition by the hooks J, and the patient then may enter the bath, and the door D will be closed. The vapor from the generator will quickly envelop the body of the patient, who may remain in the bath as long as the treatment of any particular ailment or disease may require. \Vhen the bath is finished,it is the work of but a few minutes to unhook the bat-hseetions, push them together, as in Fig. 2, and extinguish the burning alcohol or other medican1ent,and the entire bath then may be stowed away out of sight.
I prefer to make the bath sections A B O'of papier-mach but they may be made of any other material having sufficient strength and light enough to be handled easily.
Having thus fully described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent-- 1. A vapor-bath formed of a series of tubular telescopic sections, the intermediate section 5 the forward end of the said section being of greater diameter than the opening A, the tubular section 0, open at its forward end and in clined, as shown, to readily pass through the opening B of section B, the open end of section 0 being of greater diameter than the opening B, and a vapor-generator within the section 0, substantially as set forth.
3. A vapor-bath comprising the tubular telescoplc sections A B O, the guard I, formed of 6 a series of bars extending across the open end of section 0, the water-vessel F in the section 0, the cup G within the vessel F and surrounded by a waterspace, and the hood H,inclining toward the guardbars I, to direct the vapor between them into the sections A B, substantial] y as shown and described.
4. A vapor-bath made in telesco 'iing sections A B O, the section A having a door for-entrance 0f the patient and an opening to receive the patients neck, and a rear opening, A, the section B having a lip, b, fitting at said opening A, and a rear opening, B',-and the section 0 having a lip, c, fitting at said opening B, and provided with a door, 0, substantially as described, for the purposes set forth.
CARRIE AURELIA MUN R0.-
G. A. FRAZIER, F. W. ROUDEBUSI-I.