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Publication numberUS3489411 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 13, 1970
Filing dateJul 31, 1967
Priority dateJul 31, 1967
Publication numberUS 3489411 A, US 3489411A, US-A-3489411, US3489411 A, US3489411A
InventorsMorelli Dominick J, Morelli Frank
Original AssigneeMaschf Augsburg Nuernberg Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Coaches batting aid
US 3489411 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 13, 1970 D, J. MORELLI ETAL 3,489,411

COACHES BATTING AID Filed July 31, 1967 2 Sheets-Sheet l i P EZ/WVK 4/0254 4/ 4 $6 WW M 6 7 roan/EV Jan. 13, 1970 D. J. MORELLI ET AL COACHES BATTING AID 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 51, 1967 //v VEA/ 7-0/2 5 flaw/waz M12654 4/ U N W FM y 5 United States Patent 3,489,411 COACHES BATTING AID Dominick J. Morelli and Frank Morelli, Melville, N.Y.,

assignors to Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nurnberg, Ak-

tiengesellschaft, Augsburg, Germany, a corporation of Germany Filed July 31, 1967, Ser. No. 657,332 Int. Cl. A63b 69/00 US. Cl. 27326 8 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A batting teaching device for baseball batting practice having a base and an elongated support horizontally positioned on the top side of the base. The horizontal support carries a vertical telescoping tubular pedestal which is vertically adjustable and which also is horizontally adjustable lengthwise of the support. The upper end of the tubular pedestal has afl'lxed thereto the lower end of a co-axial flexible hose which at its upper end is adapted to support a baseball. The horizontal support is angularly adjustable on the base. The underside of the base is provided either with spikes for outdoor use or suction cups for indoor use.

This invention relates to a baseball batting practice device and as its primary object serves as a tracking aid to baseball coaches in giving practice to players in hitting the ball out in front of the plate and on the inside and outside corners of the plate.

Another object of this invention relates to providing a home plate base which carries a pivoted horizontal support that is angularly adjustable and on which is mounted for longitudinal adjustment therealong an upstanding telescoping tubular pedestal having aflixed to its upper end a flexible hose adapted to seat a baseball on its uppermost free end.

A further object of the invention relates to having the pedestal adjustable as to its height and the provision of limit stops at each side of the home plate for limiting the angular adjustment of the horizontal support.

A still further object of the invention relates to provide the under side of the home plate base with removable spikes for securing the base on the ground when the device is used outdoors which spikes may be replaced with suction cups for securing the base on a floor surface when the device is to be used indoors.

Further objects of the invention will appear as the description proceeds.

To the accomplishment of the above and related objects, our invention may be embodied in the form illustrated in the accompanying drawings, attention being called to the fact, however, that the drawings are illustrative only, and that change may be made in the specific construction illustrated and described within the scope of the appended claims.

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view showing the batting device in position for use.

FIGURE 2 is a partial cross-sectional view taken on line 22, FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 is a detail view of a limit stop.

FIGURE 4 is a plan view of the home plate base with angularly adjustable horizontal pedestal support thereon.

FIGURE 5 is a vertical elevational view partly in section of the batting device.

Referring to the drawings in detail, the batting device is shown in its entirety in FIGURE 1 and is seen to consist of a base 12, a horizontal support 14, and a pedestal 16 topped by a flexible baseball carrier 18.

The base 12 may be made of plywood or metal in the shape and dimensions of a home plate having parallel sides 20, 21, rear inclined sides 22, 23 and front side 24. The rear point 25 of the base 12 lies in the longitudinal medial axis of the base. Inwardly of the rear base point 25 there is provided in the base 12 a bushing 26 that is suitably fixed therein for the reception of a bolt 28, see FIGURE 5, for a purpose to be hereinafter described.

The horizontal support 14 is a metal channel member, preferably aluminum, disposed with its web 30 uppermost and with the edges of its legs 31, 32 engaging the upper surface of base 12. The horizontal support 14 is of a length considerably greater than the longitudinal length of base 12 and is provided in its web 30 with a longitudinal slot 34 the ends of which terminate adjacent the ends 35, 36 of the support. Provided in the web 30 adjacent end 35 is an opening 37 through which bolt 28 extends. A wing nut 38 on the projecting end of bolt 28 seats on Washer 39 to clamp the horizontal support 14 in fixed adjusted position on the base 12. A like washer 40 is provided under the head of bolt 28. A pair of legs 42, 43 depend from the inside of web 30 adjacent end 36 and are rigidly secured thereto in any desired manner. The legs 42, 43 are of a length such as to support the front end of the horizontal support 14 on the surface on which the base 12 rests. The angular position of the horizontal support 14 may be adjusted to that desired by loosening wing nut 38 and swinging the support 14 about bolt 28 to the selected position, at which it is clamped in place by tightening the wing nut 38. Secured as by screws 46 to each of the inclined sides 22, 23 of the base 12 is an upstanding limit plate or stop 48 which as shown in FIG- URES 3 and 4 serves to limit the outward angular adjustment of the horizontal support 14.

The pedestal 16 consists of a lower metal tube 50 and an upper metal tube 52 telescoping therewithin. The lower end of tube 58 is rigidly secured as by welds 53 to the upper surface of web 54 of an inverted channel member 55 providing a pedestal base 56. The channel member 55 is of a Width slightly less than the width of horizontal channel support 14, see FIGURES 1, 2 and 4, so as to insure that the edges of its legs will wholly engage the web 30 of horizontal support 14. The lower tube 50' extends vertical upwardly from the pedestal base 56. Provided in the web 54 adjacent each end thereof is a bolt receiving opening 58. Extending upwardly through slot 34 and through openings 58 are a pair of bolts 60, '61, carrying on their outer ends wing nuts 62, 63 and washers 64. Like washers 65 are disposed under the heads of bolts 68, 61. As is apparent, the pedestal base 56 is movable along the horizontal support 14 and is locked in its selected adjusted position by the wing nuts 62, 63 and bolts 60, 61.

The lower tube 50 carries a set screw 70 for locking the upper telescoping tube 52 in selected vertical position relative to tube 50.

The flexible baseball carrier 18 is preferably a rubber corrugated hose 72 the lower end 73 of which is slipped over the upper end of upper tube 52 and is secured thereto as by a conventional hose clamp 74. The terminal edge of the upper end 76 of hose 72 lies in a plane normal to the axis of the hose and may be chamfered to provide a seat 77 for a baseball 78. The rubber hose 72 will flex when the baseball 78 is hit acting as a shock absorber, and will also give in the event the player misses hitting the baseball and hits the hose thereby preventing damage to the batting device.

In the use of the batting device the pedestal 16 is adjusted so as to place the baseball 78 at the proper height and distance from the base 12 (home plate), in the manner readily apparent, by the respective movement to selected positions of upper tube 52 and pedestal base 56. This will place baseball 78 in the desired location with relation to the player, see FIGURE 1, practicing on the batting device. Also the pedestal 1 6 may be positioned by selectively varying the angular position of the horizontal support 14, see FIGURE 4. The batting device when practiced thereon will teach the player to hit inside pitches, outside pitches as well as to hit the baseball out in front of the base (home plate). The batting device may be used either by a right or left hand player.

When the batting device 10 is used outdoors the base 12 is provided on its underside with a plurality of spikes 80 disposed at the corners of the base to penetrate into the ground so as to hold the base in fixed position. Provided in the base 12 at each corner thereof, see FIGURE 2, is a flanged internally threaded socket 82 secured in the base 12 in any desired manner. The upper ends of the spikes 80 are each threaded for engagement within an associated socket for ready attachment thereto or detachment therefrom.

When it is desired to use the batting device indoors, the spikes 80 are removed from sockets 82 and replaced with suction cups 84, each having a threaded stem 85 for engagement within an associated socket. The vacuum cups 84 will securely hold the base 12 on a floor surface 86, see FIGURE 5.

While certain novel features of my invention have been shown and described and are pointed out in the annexed claims, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes in the forms and details of the device illustrated and in its operation can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Having described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A baseball practice batting device comprising:

(a) a base,

(b) an elongated horizontal support seated on said base and pivoted at one end to a rear portion of said base,

(c) means at said rear portion of said base securing said horizontal support in selected fixed angular positions on said base and about which said horizontal support pivots,

(d) a pedestal longitudinally adjustable on said horizontal support and extending vertically upwardly therefrom,

(e) a flexible baseball carrier secured to the upper end of said pedestal,

(f) an annular seat on said flexible carrier for receiving a baseball thereon,


(g) said base is in the form of a home plate having rearwardly inclined sides to provide a rear pointed end,

(h) said horizontal support is of a length exceeding the longitudinal length of said base such as to extend beyond the front side thereof,


(i) said horizontal support is a channel member having its web uppermost,

(j) there being a longitudinal slot in said web terminating adjacent the forward and rear ends of said channel member horizontal support,

(k) said securing means being disposed adjacent the rear pointed end of said base and connected to the rear end of said channel member horizontal support, and

(1) bolt means extending through said longitudinal slot connected to said pedestal and providing with said slot the longitudinal adjustment of said pedestal to selected positions on said horizontal support.

2. The batting device of claim 1, wherein said pedestal includes:

(a) a pedestal base seated on said channel member horizontal support,

(b) there being bolt receiving openings in said pedestal base through which said bolt means extend, and (c) a wing nut on each bolt means coacting therewith to clamp said pedestal base to said channel member horizontal support.

3. The batting device of claim 2, wherein:

(a) said securing means comprises a bolt member extending upwardly from said base and through the rear end of said channel member horizontal support, and

(b) a wing nut on said bolt member coacting therewith to clamp said horizontal support to said base.

4. The batting device of claim 3, including:

(a) a stop member secured to each of the rearwardly inclined sides of said base and extending above the upper surface thereof for limiting the outward angular adjustment of the channel member horizontal support.

5. The batting device of claim 4, wherein said pedestal comprises:

(a) a lower tube,

(b) an upper tube telescoping within the lower tube,

(c) said lower tube having its lower end secured to said pedestal base, and

(d) means carried by one of said tubes for locking said tubes in selected telescoping relation.

6. The batting device of claim 5, wherein said flexible baseball carrier comprises:

(a) a flexible and resilient non-metallic hose member,

(b) a clamp fastener means securing the lower end of said hose member to the upper end of said upper tube, and

(c) the upper terminal end of said hose member forming said annular seat for the baseball.

7. The batting device of claim 6, including:

(a) a plurality of socket means on the underside of said base, and

(b) a securing member connected to each socket means and readily attachable to and detachable therefrom.

8. The batting device of claim 7, wherein:

(a) each said socket means is internally threaded, and

(h) each said securing member is a threaded spike,

whereby when said spikes are attached to the base the batting device may be anchored to the ground for outdoor use and when the batting device is to be used indoors, the spikes may be replaced by vacuum cups.

References Cited UNlTED STATES PATENTS 2,964,316 12/1960 Rose 273-26 3,139,282 6/1964 Lande 2734-26 RICHARD C. PINKHAM, Primary Examiner '1, BROWN, Assistant Examiner UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No- 3,489 ,411 Dated January 13'. 1970 DOMINICK J. MORELLI ET. AL.

Inventofls) It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 1, lines 4, 5 and 6, cancel "assignors to Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nurnberg, Aktiengesellschaft,

Augsburg, Germany, a corporation of Germany" Signed and sealed this 6th day of August 1974.

(SEAL) Attest:

McCOY M. GIBSON, JR. C. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2964316 *Jul 31, 1959Dec 13, 1960Rose Louis LPitching practice apparatus
US3139282 *Nov 20, 1962Jun 30, 1964Lande Leon AMultiple batting tee
Referenced by
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US3904199 *Aug 13, 1973Sep 9, 1975Burchett Paul JamesSports racket stroking trainer
US3940131 *Oct 8, 1974Feb 24, 1976St Claire Jr Ebba JBatting practice device
US4029314 *Jan 2, 1976Jun 14, 1977Dalzell John JGolf game apparatus and method
US4383686 *Apr 30, 1981May 17, 1983Edward CardieriBatting tee
US4445685 *Mar 19, 1982May 1, 1984Cardieri Edward JBatting tee
US4647042 *Jul 25, 1985Mar 3, 1987Rally Mate Inc.Sports training apparatus
US4664374 *Jan 10, 1986May 12, 1987Groves Keith NAdjustable practice batting tee
US4709924 *Oct 3, 1985Dec 1, 1987Robert L. WrightAdjustable batting tee
US4819937 *Jul 12, 1988Apr 11, 1989James GordonCombined batting tee and strike indicator
US4993708 *Mar 7, 1989Feb 19, 1991William ProssorBatting tee
US5004234 *Jun 6, 1990Apr 2, 1991Hollis Ray AAdjustable batting tee
US5100134 *Oct 23, 1989Mar 31, 1992Aviva Sport, Inc.Ball support device
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US5386987 *Apr 13, 1994Feb 7, 1995Rodino, Jr.; John P.Two-in-one batting tee
US5662536 *Oct 12, 1994Sep 2, 1997Martinez; RodolfoBatting practice apparatus
US5848945 *Jan 2, 1998Dec 15, 1998Miller; Joseph M.Powered moveable batting tee
US5893806 *Jul 29, 1997Apr 13, 1999Martinez; RodolfoBatting instruction method and apparatus
US6099418 *Oct 1, 1997Aug 8, 2000Owen; JamesBatting tee for maximizing bat to ball contact
US6146289 *Dec 11, 1998Nov 14, 2000Miller; Joseph M.Powered movable hitting tee
US6238307 *Oct 13, 1999May 29, 2001James OwenBatting tee for maximizing bat to ball contact
US6398671 *Apr 11, 2000Jun 4, 2002Johnny RiosSelf-loading practice batting tee
US6893363 *Jan 9, 2004May 17, 2005Shyan-Wei ChenApparatus for practicing baseball batting
US6979273 *Dec 16, 2003Dec 27, 2005Peter TsaiRotary baseball batting practice device
US7344456 *Nov 9, 2004Mar 18, 2008Hayton Paul JFlexible golf tee
US7354360 *Aug 19, 2004Apr 8, 2008Ecksports, LlcMethod and apparatus for teaching a user how to hit a ball with a bat
US7744496Feb 22, 2007Jun 29, 2010Chisena Michael PBatting practice tee
US7935007 *Jun 7, 2008May 3, 2011Christopher Andrew GawrylaTurf accessory placement device
US7958880Feb 25, 2010Jun 14, 2011Batter's Dream, LLCPortable batting device and method
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US8042531Apr 20, 2011Oct 25, 2011Batter's Dream, LLCPortable batting device and method
US8066589 *May 5, 2010Nov 29, 2011Chisena Michael PBatting practice tee
US8167746Jun 8, 2010May 1, 2012William MassaroPortable pitching rubber
US8257202 *May 7, 2010Sep 4, 2012Stanek Jeffrey AAdjustable batting practice tee
US8413369 *Apr 26, 2011Apr 9, 2013Calvin E. NeymeyerMethod and device for halting mole tunneling activity
US8535178 *Dec 9, 2010Sep 17, 2013Steve KellerBatting tee system for bat-and-ball games
US8568254Dec 9, 2009Oct 29, 2013Steve KellerBatting tee system for bat-and-ball games
US8784239 *Apr 6, 2012Jul 22, 2014Bryan HarveyBatting training device
US20110136593 *Dec 9, 2010Jun 9, 2011Steve KellerBatting tee system for bat-and-ball games
US20120258822 *Apr 6, 2012Oct 11, 2012Bryan HarveyBatting training device
WO2011072162A2 *Dec 9, 2010Jun 16, 2011Steve KellerBatting tee system for bat-and-ball games
U.S. Classification473/417
International ClassificationA63B69/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63B69/0075
European ClassificationA63B69/00T1