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Publication numberUS3489988 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 13, 1970
Filing dateSep 22, 1967
Priority dateSep 22, 1967
Publication numberUS 3489988 A, US 3489988A, US-A-3489988, US3489988 A, US3489988A
InventorsLuason L Carnaghan
Original AssigneeUs Navy
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
In-line cable connectors
US 3489988 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jam 13, 1970 L. 1.. CARNAGHAN 3,489,988

IN-LINE CABLE CONNECTORS Filed Sept. 22, 1967 2 Sheets-Sheet l 2 3% &

INVENTOR. A U/450/V L. dam 04M BY 5M 5% United States Patent 3,489,988 IN-LINE CABLE CONNECTORS Luason L. Carnaghan, Norwich, Conn., assignor to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy Filed Sept. 22, 1967, Ser. No. 669,960 Int. Cl. H01r 11/02, 13/54, 12/18 US. Cl. 339-60 9 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An electrical cable connector for connecting coaxial to coaxial cable, coaxial to single-conductor cable, or single-conductor to single-conductor cable. The connector comprises five basic components; two cable terminations; means such as male and female contact pins for establishing electrical contact between the center conductors of the cables; :a cylindrical main body enclosing the electrical contact means and partially enclosing and being screwed to the cable terminations; and waterproofing means such as O-rings. The O-rings are placed between the cable terminations and the main body and also between the cable teminations and the dielectric layer of the cable so that water cannot come inside the connector to make contact with the center conductor contact means. The largest outer diameter is no larger than the outer diameter of the cables so that the connector appears to be a portion of the cable itself as far as size is concerned.

The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

This invention relates to connectors for electrical cables and especially to waterproof electrical-cable connectors having an outer diameter which is substantially the same as that of the electrical cables which are being connected.

The US. Navy employs buoyant electrical cable of the type having a center conductor which is surrounded by a dielectric layer which, in turn, is surounded by a thick layer of buoyant material such as foamed polyethylene. Between the dielectric layer and the buoyant layer, there may also be a layer of braiding of conductive material and a sheath of solid polyethylene.

One such cable must frequently be connected to another cable of the same type and the connected cables must be reeled in and out through openings in the reeling equipment which are only slightly larger than the outer diameter of the cables. Thus, it is necessary that the connector between the cables have an outer diameter that is no larger than the outer diameter of the cables. Conventional cable connectors are bulkier than the cables they connect.

For the marine work, it is also necessary, where coaxial cables are being employed, that the connector be waterproof so th-at the sea water cannot short the braiding to the center conductor. A waterproof connector may also have to be employed for connecting single-conductor cable to coaxial cable.

Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide a connector for electrical cable which has an outer diameter which is no larger than that of the cable.

A further object is to provide a connector as in the above object which is also waterproof.

These objects and advantages are accomplished by a connector having the following five basic components: two cable terminations, center-conductor cont-act means, means for enclosing said contact means, and waterproof- 3,489,988 Patented Jan. 13, 1970 ing means. Each cable termination fits over the outer layer of the cable which is cut down so that the cable termination does not extend outside of the outer circumference of the cable. Similarly, the enclosing means fits over and is affixed to a reduced portion of the cable termination so that the enclosing means does not extend outside of the outer circumference of the cable. The waterproofing means seals off the openings between the dielectric layer of the cable and the cable termination and also between the cable termination and the enclosing means so that no water can reach the center-conductor contact means.

Other objects and advantages will appear from the following description of an example of the invention, and the novel features will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

In the accompanying drawings:

FIG. 1 is a schematic representative of a section of buoyant coaxial cable cut away to show the different layers;

FIG. 2 is a schematic represenation of a section of buoyant single-conductor cable cut away to show the different layers;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view of a coaxial cable to singleconductor cable connector;

FIG. 4 is an exploded view of the connector illustrated in sectional view in FIG. 3; and

FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram illustrating how a CO- axial cable is prepared for the installation of the cable termination.

Similar numerals refer to similar parts throughout the several views.

The in-line cable connectors which are the subject matter of this invention are used to connect buoyant electrical cables together. Basically, three types of connection are necessary: single-conductor cable to single-conductor cable; single-conductor cable to coaxial cable; and coaxial cable to coaxial cable.

The two types of cable are shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. FIG. 1 shows a typical coaxial cable, the various layers being cut away to illustrate the construction. There is a center conductor 12 of copper-coated steel, a dielectric layer 14 of polyethylene, a layer of metallic braiding 16 which forms the outer conductor, -a sheath 18 of solid polyethylene, and a layer of buoyant, foamed polyethylene which forms the outer jacket 20 of the cable.

FIG. 2 shows a typical single-conductor cable with a center conductor 12, the dielectric layer 14 and two buoyant jackets of foamed polyethylene, an inner jacket 15 and the outer jacket 20. There is no layer of braiding in the single-conductor cable.

An in-line connector consists essentially of three parts, two cable terminations (also known as cable seal assemblies) and a central enclosing section (also known as the main body). FIG. 3 illustrates the component parts of a typical embodiment of a coaxial cable to single-conductor in-line connector (inflexible type). The coaxial cable termination includes a cable collar 22 which has a portion with a large outer diameter which is equal to the smallest allowable outer diameter of the electrical cable. Another portion has a smaller outer diameter with a circumferential recess which houses an O-ring 25. The outer diameter of the O-ring 25 is slightly larger than the outer diameter of the portion of the cable collar 22 on which it is located. There is also another, small O-ring 26, an O-ring follower 28 and a female conductor contact, or pin, 30.

The single-conductor termination includes a cable collar 22, large O-ring 25, small O-ring 26, insulating O-ring follower 28, and male conductor contact, or pin, 34.

The central enclosing section, or main body, 36 is the final component except for the fastening screws.

The male and female contacts 34 and .30 fit over the :enter conductor 12 of the cables and each is fastened to its conductor bya pair of set screws 32.- T he main body 36 is roughly cylindrical in shape, the outer surfacehaving the same diameter as the larger outer diameter of the cablecollars22 and the inner surface having different diameters according totheportion f the cable termination which it encloses. The main body 36 is fastened to the cable ,,collars by a setof self-locking, fillister-head set screws 24, which fit into screw holes 38 in the cable :ollars22. i a

The cable collar fora coaxial cable may have different inner dimensions than fora single-conductor cable collar :able collarstainless steel Drings-neoprene rubber D-ring follower-nylon male and female contacts-silver-coated brass main bodynylon set screwsstainless steel In assembling the coaxial cable seal assembly, the coaxial cable is trimmed back approximately as shown in FIG. 5. The outer jacket 20 of the cable is trimmed down 3y an amount substantially the same as the thickness of :he wall of the cable collar 22 where the latter fits over :he outer jacket20.

The cable is trimmed down at its end to uncover a ;mall portion of the center conductor 12. A longer por- :ion of the dielectric layer 14 is uncovered and the braidng 16 which lies along this section of the dielectric is ll'IlOOlIhCd back over the smaller section of the outer acket 20 so that good electrical contact is made with the :able' collar 22 when the latter is forcibly pushed into )lace on the small portion of the jacket 20. The small )-ring 26 is then dropped into the recess between the )ther end of the cable collar 22 and'the exposed dielectric ayer 14 of the cable and then is forced back by the O-ring oll0wer 28. The size of the O-ring 26 is such that wateright contact is made by the O-ring 26 with the dielectric ayer14 and the cable collar 22. The conductor contact 50' is then fastened in place over the central conductor :ortion of the cable. The assembly of the single-conductor :able seal assembly is essentially the same operation.

The cable terminations are set into the main body 36, he male contact 34 fitting tightly into the female conact 30, and the main body is then fastened to the cable :ollars 22 by the set screws 24. Watertight contact is made )y the larger O-ring with the inside surface of the main )ody 36 and the outside surface of the cable collar 22. Because of the O-rings, no water can seep through the :able seal assembly into the central area where the center :onductor is located even if the sheath 18 is not waterroof.

If the sheath 18 is waterproof, a slightly different em- Jodiment may be employed. The O-ring follower 28 may )e made of metal and the braiding 16 is no longer folded ack over the small portion of the outer jacket 20 but is olded back to make contact with the end of the O-ring 'ollower, a ring-like insulating washer now being posiioned between the O-ring follower 28 and the conductor :ontact 30..

The proper cable terminations are selected for the three asic types of cable connection. Since, in the coaxialcableo-coaxial cable connection, the braiding is electrically :onnected to the cable collar and the collar is in contact vith the sea water, electrical contact between the braidngs of the two connected cables is made through the ea water.

One final advantage of the connector should be menioncd. All connections to the cable and between the.

various components are mechanicalno soldering is necessary. Thus, there is mo -possibility of melting any of the insulation or other parts of the cable and weakening the cable or the connection.

1. An in line connector for electrically connecting a pair of cables, said cables-being of tlietype having at least a center conductor, a. dielectric layer surrounding said center conductor and an o-u'terxlayer o f electrically nonconducti ve material surrounding said dielectric layer, the outer diameters of the cables being substantially equal, said connector comprising in combination:

a pair of collar means of, electrically conductive material,'one for each cable, a portionof the collar means being fitted-tightly over'a portion of the outer layer of its associated cable which is reduced in area so that the outer diameter of'the largest-area section of the collar means is no larger than the outer diameter of the cable; 2 1

means for establishing electrical contact center conductors-of the two cables;

insulating means located-between each said collar means and its associated means for establishing elec-' trical contact between the center conductors; waterproofing means; and central enclosing means formed of electrically nonconductive material impervious to water for forming an enclosure aroundsaid means for establishing electrical contact, the outerwdiameter of said enclosing means being no larger than the outer diameter of a cable, said enclosing meansbeing' aflixedto said collar means on each cable, said waterproofing means being in close contact with and forming a waterproof seal between said enclosing means and each said collar means and also being in close contact with and forming awaterpi'oof seal between the dielectric layer of each "cable and its associated collar means, whereby water cannot penetrate said connector and come into contact with said means'for establishing electrical contact between the center conductors or with the center conductors themselves I a 2. A connector as set forth in clairn 1, wherein said collar means is formed in two sections, the outer diameter of one section being smaller than that of the other, said central enclosing mean's'fittin-g over the smaller portion and the larger portion being fitted over said portion of the outer layer of its associated cable'which'is reduced in area.

3. A connector asset forth in claim 2, wherein said waterproofing means comprise water-impervious, resilient O-rings and said insulating means comprise a pair of O-ring followers, eachfollower being used to 'push an O-ring into place between the dielectriclayer of a cable between the and its associated collar means and to provide electrical insulation between a collar' means and its for establishing electrical contact.

4. A connector as set forth in claim 2,-wherein said means for establishing electrical contact comprises a male and a female contact pin of electrically "conductive material. I Y

5. A connector as set forth inclaim 2, wherein said collar means and said central enclosing means .are circular in circumferential configuration, said cables being the same in circumferentialconfiguration.

6. An in-line connector for electrically connectinga pair of cables, said cables being of the type having-at least a center conductor, a dielectric layer surrounding said center conductor and an outer layer of electrically nonconductive material surroundings'aid dielectric layer, the outer diameters of. thecables being substantially equal, said connector-comprising, incombination:

a pair of collar means of electrically conductivematerial, one for each cable, a-portion of the collar means being fitted tightly over a portion of the outer layer of its associated cable which isreduced' in area so that the outer diameter of the largest-area associated means section of the collar means is no larger than the outer diameter of the cable;

means for establishing electrical contact between the center conductors of the two cables;

insulating means located between each said collar means and its associated means for establishing electrical contact between the center conductors;

waterproofing means; and

central enclosing means formed of electrically nonconductive material impervious to water for forming an enclosure around said means for establishing electrical contact, the outer diameter of said enclosing means being no larger than the outer diameter of a cable, said enclosing means being afiixcd to said collar means on each cable,

said waterproofing means being in close contact with and forming a waterproof seal between said enclosing means and each said collar means and also being in close contact with and forming a Waterproof seal between the center conductor of each cable and it associated collar means, whereby water cannot penetrate said connector and come into contact with said means for establishing electrical contact between the center conductors or with the center conductors themselves.

7. A connector as set forth in claim 6, wherein said waterproofing means comprise water-impervious, resilient O-rings and. said insulating means comprise a pair of O-ring followers, each follower being used to push an O-ring into place between the center conductor of a cable and its associated means for establishing electrical contact and to provide electrical insulation between a collar means and its associated means for establishing electrical contact.

8. An in-line connector for electrically connecting a pair of cables, said cables being of the type having at least a center conductor, a dielectric layer surrounding said center conductor and an outer layer of electrically nonconductive material surrounding said dielectric layer, the outer diameters of the cables being substantially equal, said connector comprising, in combination:

a pair of collar means of electrically conductive material, one for each cable, a portion of the collar means being fitted tightly over a portion of the outer layer of its associated cable which is reduced in area so that the outer diameter of the largest-area section of the collar means is no larger than the outer diameter of the cable;

means for establishing electrical contact between the center conductors of the two cables;

insulating means located between each said collar means and its associated means for establishing electrical contact between the center conductors; waterproofing means; and

central enclosing means formed of electrically nonconductive material impervious to water for forming an enclosure around said means for establishing electrical contact, the outer diameter of said enclosing means being no larger than the outer diameter of a cable, said enclosing means being afiixed to the collar means on each cable, said waterproofing means being in close contact with and forming a waterproof seal between said enclosing means and each said collar means, and also being in close contact with and forming a waterproof seal between said collar means and the center conductor on one cable and the collar means and the dielectric layer on the other cable, whereby water cannot penetrate said connector and come into contact with said means for establishing electrical contact between the center conductors or with the center conductors themselves.

9. A connector as set forth in claim 8, wherein said waterproofing means comprise water-impervious, resilient O-rings and said insulating means comprise a pair of O-ring followers, said followers being used to push an O-ring into place between the center conductor and its associated collar means on one cable and between the dielectric layer and its associated collar means on the other cable, said followers also providing electrical insulation between each collar means and its associated means for establishing electrical contact.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,677,813 5/1954 Sharp 339274 3,181,105 4/1965 Roach et al. 33994 3,397,377 8/1968 Potter 339- MARVIN Av CHAMPION, Primary Examiner J. H. MCGLYNN, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 33992, 177

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2677813 *Jun 27, 1951May 4, 1954Sharp Robert ACable connector
US3181105 *Jun 17, 1963Apr 27, 1965Denney Melvin LCable connector
US3397377 *Oct 6, 1965Aug 13, 1968Amp IncDetachable waterproof connector
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4342496 *May 22, 1980Aug 3, 1982Bunker Ramo CorporationContact assembly incorporating retaining means
US5435740 *Apr 19, 1993Jul 25, 1995Chicago Studio CityLocking sleeve connector for conductor cable
US6648683May 1, 2002Nov 18, 2003Timothy L. YoutseyQuick connector for a coaxial cable
US6821147 *Aug 14, 2003Nov 23, 2004Intelliserv, Inc.Internal coaxial cable seal system
US7070463 *Jan 28, 2005Jul 4, 2006Smk CorporationWaterproof relay connector
US8579658Aug 19, 2011Nov 12, 2013Timothy L. YoutseyCoaxial cable connectors with washers for preventing separation of mated connectors
Classifications
U.S. Classification439/274, 439/581, 439/578, 439/359, 439/279
International ClassificationH01R13/646
Cooperative ClassificationH01R24/40, H01R2103/00
European ClassificationH01R24/40