US 3490410 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 20, 1970 J. M. CRAWFORDQSR CLAPPING MITTENS FOR INCREASING CROWD CLAPPING EFFECT 2 SheetsSheet 1 Filed July 24, 1967 J4 MES M (k4 l/i/FORD, 5R,
INVENTOR Jan. 20, 1970 J. M. CRAWFORD, SR 3,490,410
CLAPPING MI'ITENS FOR INCREASING CROWD CLAPPING EFFECT Filed July 24, 196'? 2 Sheets-$heet 2 T [7J1 5 JAAS CHM/mag 5/2.
United States Patent Office 3,490,410 Patented Jan. 20, 1970 3 490 410 CLAPPING MITTENS Fo1z INCREASING CROWD CLAPPING EFFECT James M. Crawford, Sr., League City, Tex.
(535 Nasa Blvd., Apt. 1111A, Webster, Tex. 77598) Filed July 24, 1967, Ser. No. 655,571 Int. Cl. G08]: 3/02 US. Cl. 116-67 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE As a primary object the invention sets out to provide spectators at athletic events with means readily carried into the spectators seats and installed on hands at the suggestion of substantial applause, as to inspire a rally for the home team.
The invention also has an important object of providing means to be installed on the hands of a number of people, each to bring their clappers together in substantial unison, so that each thus produces a larger amount of noise than could be produced by individual hand-clapping, while the substantially increased volume of noise has a designed effect.
The invention also has as an important object the fact that the clappers can be made of a variety of materials; as can the hand connections or handles; also the clappers may be of a variety of shapes, as desired.
As a further object, the invention may be taken with ease to the location of a sporting event, where a rally or burst of loud feeling, the clapper mittens being designed to be carried in a mans inside pocket, or in a purse.
Also, as still a further object, the invention may be employed at any event or on any occasion where the volume of noise of demonstration and/or applause is desired to be magnified, the clapping mittens being easily carried and easily and positively installed on the hands to be brought together in clapping action.
Other and further objects will be apparent when specification is considered in connection with the drawing, in which:
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of a pair of clapping mittens in which the hands are insertable into a resilient or stretchable material, as elastic, to hold the hands removably connected to the clappers;
FIG. 2 is a front elevation view, of the clapper mittens, as shown in FIG. 1 installed on the hands indicated as employing the mittens in the act of clapping;
FIG. 3 is an isometric view of a pair of clapper mit tens in which each mitten in shown as comprised of two hingedly connected sections;
FIG. 4 is a sectional view of a clapping mitten as shown in FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is an isometric view of a clapping mitten with hand connection and clapper formed integrally of plastic;
FIG. 6 is an elevational view of a clapper mitten in which the hand connection comprises a plurality of spaced apart straps conventionally connected on each side to the clapper;
FIG. 7 is an elevational view of a clapper mitten in which the hand connection comprises a plurality of buckle connected straps, as of leather, with the outer ends of the straps conventionally connected to the clapper;
FIG. 8 is an elevational view of a clapper mitten in which the hand connection comprises a plurality of spaced apart strings, conventionally connected on each side to the clapper and tied together over the hand to complete connection;
FIG. 9 is an isometric view of a slapper mitten portion, the clapper being of polygonal shape, in which the clapper is formed of plastic;
FIG. 10 is an isometric view of a clapper mitten portion, the clapper being of rectangular or square shape, in which the clapper is formed by hard rubber, or the like;
FIG. 11 is an isometric view of a clapper mitten portion, the clapper being of triangular shape, in which the clapper is formed of a fiber, as rubber;
FIG. 12 is a sectional elevation through a pair of clapper mittens in which the opposed clappers have concave surfaces to be brought into opposition as the clapper surfaces thereabout are brought into impact; the clappers being shown as comprised of wood;
FIG. 13 is a sectional elevation through a pair of clapper mittens, one having a concave and the other having a convex central surface, whereby the noise of impact may be increased when the clappers are brought into contact; the clappers being shown as comprised of metal;
FIG.-14 is an isometric view of a clapper mitten portion, the clapper being of round or oval shape, the clapper being formed of a refractory or ceramic material;
FIG. 15 is an isometric view of a clapper mitten portion, the clapper being the shape of a hand, the material of which the clapper is made being indicated as wood;
FIG. 16 is an isometric view, part in section, of a pair of clapper mittens, in which the material of which the clapper is made is of metal, as steel, the contact faces of the clappers being longitudinally serrated or grooved with the object of creating more noise on impact; and
FIG. 17 is a fragmentary isometric view of a corner of a clapper mitten in which the back or outer surface of the clapper is padded to pad the palm of the hand upon clapper imact.
Referring now in detail to the drawings, the clappers 10a, 10b shown in FIG. 1 may be of any desired shape or material, the upper ends 11a, 11b being shown slightly beveled on each side. An elastic handle 12, resilient and stretchable, is provided to receive the hands thereinto. As shown in FIG. 2, as an observer faces a clapping spectator, the elastic handles or backs 12 stretches to fit the size of hands inserted thereinto, and the spectator or manipulator brings his hands together to bring the flat, contact surfaces 10a, 10b into clapping contact, louder than can be produced by the hands.
As shown in FIG. 5, a clapping mitten 42 is shown with clapper 43 and hand connection means 44 formed integrally, as of plastic 45.
In FIGS. 3 and 4 a clapping mitten construction is shown where the clapper is comprised of two sections 14a, 14b connected by a hinge means 15, as a leaf spring. Suitable bands or straps 16a, 16b, 16c connected at their ends to the outer faces of the clapper sections, are shown to provide means into which the hands may be inserted. This type of clapper mittens can be employed to provide successive impacts, either the palms being first manipulated to bring the lower sections 14b into impact, with the finger holding parts 14a then being manipulated to bring the upper sections 14a into impact.
As shown in FIG. 6, the back side of a clapper 17a is shown having three spaced apart straps 18a, 18b and connected to the clapper, by suitable conventional means, for the insertion of the hand.
In FIG. 7 the back of a clapper 17b is shown providing leather straps, 19a, 1912, with ends conventionally and suitably connected to the clapper 17b, the straps being tightened or loosened across the back of the hand, by means of the tongue and buckle arrangements 17a, 170.
In FIG. 8 the back of a clapper 170 is shown providing a spaced apart pair of strings, 20a, 20b suitably connected to the sides of the clapper 170, the strings 20a, 2017 being suitably tied together across the back of the hand inserted therein, as by the bows 21a, 215.
As shown in FIGS. 9, and 11, respective polygonal, rectangular, and triangular plates 22, 23, 24 are shown, each comprising a part of a clapper, the plates or clappers thus indicated as being of plastic 25, hard rubber 26 and leather or fabric 27, respectively. Each of these materials, in proper thickness, hardness and processing may be calculated to produce much more noise than if the palms of.
the bare hands are brought together in the act of clapping. Noticeably the plastic of the plate 22 is indicated as being transparent.
As shown in FIG. 12, variation in sound is sought by having the opposed faces 29a, 29b of two clappers 30a, 30b centrally concave, thus to provide a free space between the clappers when they are brought together, from which greater noise may originate.
Also, as shown in FIG. 13, one of the variations of two clappers 31a is concave centrally at 33, or dished out,
while the other clapper 31b is convex or bulged out at 3317. Thus upon impact there is substantially greater noise to be created than by hand to hand contact.
As shown in FIG. 14, a clapper 32 of a pair of clapper mittens is disclosed which may be of round or oval shape,
at least atone end, or at both ends; the clapper being indicated as being constructed of a refractory material 34. As shown in FIG. 15, a clapper 35 of a pair 'of clapper mittens, having the shape of a hand, is disclosed, the hand being indicated as being constructed of wood 36.
' As shown in FIG. 16, a pair of clapper mittens 37 is shown, as viewed from one end thereof, the clapper contact faces having longitudinally extending grooves 38 therein,
while the hand connection means is shown comprising an elastic band 12a, comparably as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. As shown in FIG. 17, the clappers may be cushioned,
\ as with a sponge rubber cushion 39, to minimize the shock of impact against the palms of the spectator, a section of a clapper 40 being shown to which the cushion rubber 39 is attached, the clapper 40 being indicated as constructed of a plastic material 41.
The invention is thus comprehensively selective as to the material of the hand connection means, and as to the material of the clappers, also as to the shape of the clappers and as to the shape, construction, and number of straps or connection means extending across the back of the hand. Thus a clapper of one shape may be shown with a hand connection means of another type than indicated in g the examples of the drawings, and also the materials of which the clappers are constructed may be selectively varied both as to the hand connection means with which I combined, and as to the shapes of the clappers.
but other shape, materials and combinations are considered as long as such fall within the broad spirit of the invention, and within the broad scope of interpretation claimed for, and merited by, the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A pair of clapper mittens with hand connection means thereon whereby the hands may be inserted in connection means with palms to bear on the back sides of the mitten clappers so that in clapping the opposed faces of the clapper are brought into face impact to magnify the sound of clapping, the mitten clapper for each hand being divided into two hingedly connected sections.
2. A pair of clapper mittens with hand connection means thereon whereby the hands may be inserted in connection means with palms to bear on the back sides of the mitten clappers so that in clapping the opposed faces of the clapper are brought into face impact to magnify the sound of clapping, the mitten clapper for each hand being divided into two hingedly connected sections, said hinge means comprising leaf spring means. Y
3. A pair of clapper mittens with hand connection means thereon whereby the hands may be inserted in connection means with palms to bear on the back sides of the mitten clappers so that in clapping the opposed faces of the clapper are brought into face to face impactto magnify the sound of clapping, the hand connection means and said mitten clappers are rigidly integrally formed of a plastic and the clappers providing interfitting concave and convex surfaces. I
4. Clapping mittens as claimed in claim 3 in which the clappers are hand shaped. f 4
5. A pair of clapper mittens with hand, connection means thereon whereby the hands may be inserted in connection means with palms to bear on the back sides of the mitten clappers so that in clapping the opposed faces of the clapper are brought into face impact tomagnify the sound of clapping, said clappers beingprovided with longitudinally grooved, inter-meshing contact faces.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 385,002 6/1888 Pagan 84-402 2,169,939 8/ 1939 Anderson 9308 2,219,013 10/1940 Krasno 46-175 2,644,248 7/ 1953 Seligrnan 46l75 2,810,138 10/1957 Cochran 9-307 3,019,553 2/1962 Gomez et a1. 46' 191 3,122,760 3/1964- Glass 9308 3,170,360 2/1965 Miettinen 46-191 X 3,258,794 7/1966 Goodwin et al. 9307 OTHER REFERENCES Publication: Cymbals & Holders from C. Bruno & Son, Inc., catalog #96, p. 346. g
LOUIS R. PRINCE, Primary Examiner v D. YASICH, Assistant Examiner US. or. xn. 2-158; 46175