|Publication number||US3491777 A|
|Publication date||Jan 27, 1970|
|Filing date||Jul 6, 1967|
|Priority date||Jul 6, 1967|
|Publication number||US 3491777 A, US 3491777A, US-A-3491777, US3491777 A, US3491777A|
|Original Assignee||Gen Patent Dev Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (20), Classifications (25)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 27, 1970 I G. GROSBARD MULTIPURPOSE HAIR TREATING IMPLEMENT 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 6, 1967 Gregbry Gresham INVENTOR.
Jan. 27 1970 f .c. GROSBARD I 3,
'MULTIPURPQSE HAIR TREATING IMPLEMENT Filed July-6, 1967 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Gregory Gresham l N V EN TO K Jan. 21, 1910 GROSBARD 3,491,111
MULTIPURPOSE HAIR TREATING IMPLEMENT Filed July '6, 1967 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 6749510131 Grosbara' INVENTOR.
United States Patent 3,491,777 MULTIPURPOSE HAIR TREATING IMPLEMENT Gregory Grosbard, El Paso, Tex., assignor to General Patent Development Corp., a corporation of Texas Continuation-impart of application Ser. No. 566,915,
July 21, 1966. This application July 6, 1967, Ser.
Int. Cl. A45d 24/16 U.S. Cl. 132-120 11 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A combined brush, comb and spray device for treating hair. The body of the device is generally triangular in cross-section to mount the brush bristles on its base, and removably mount a comb on the apex as well as to accommodate the mounting of a cleaning and stiffening plate for the brush bristles. Two fluid chambers are enclosed within the body for discharging hair treating fluid through two spray heads mounted at convenient locations on the body.
This application is continuation-in-part of my prior copending application U.S. Ser. No. 566,915, filed July 21, 1966, now abandoned.
The present invention generally relates to brush and/ or comb devices for conditioning the hair of humans as well as fur or hair bearing animals.
The conditioning and-treatment of hair requires several implements including a comb, a brush and a hair spray device. Aside from the cost involved in manufacturing several different implements, a considerable amount of time is expended and inconvenience involved in manipulating the several implements and changing from one to the other when treating the hair. Furthermore, it is often necessary to select from several different types and sizes of brushes, combs and hair spray devices.
The present invention therefore overcomes theforegoing problems by providing a single implement capable of fulfilling the requirements of the several different types, sizes and kinds of implements heretofore utilized. Obviously, the cost of manufacturing the single implement is substantially less than the total cost for the several types and kinds of implements being replaced. Also, use of a single implement is considerably more convenient and less time-consuming.
In accordance with the present invention, an elongated body is provided within which two fluid chambers are enclosed respectively within the head portion and the handle portion of the body. The chambers contain hair treating fluids of any type desired. The fluid is discharged from the chambers by spray heads conveniently located at opposite ends of the body or at the head end and intermediate the ends of the body. The spray heads discharge the fluids generally in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the body. Thus, the sprays may be applied to the hair adjacent to or spaced from the brush bristles that extend from the head portion of the body.
The body of the hair treating device is generally triangular in cross-section in order to present a wide base from which the brush bristles extend and a narrow apex portion from which comb teeth extend in a direction opposite to the brush bristles. The comb teeth may be replaceably mounted or removed entirely if desired. Furthermore, the triangular cross-sectional shape of the head portion of the body accommodates the mounting of a bristle cleaning and stiffening plate for the brush bristles. The plate is accordingly provided with star-shaped apertures through which the bristles extend and may also be provided with additional bristles that project between the 3,491,777 Patented Jan. 27, 1970 companying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein.
like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which: FIGURE 1 is a perspective view illustrating one form of a hair treating device constructed in accordance with the present invention.
FIGURE 2 is a transverse sectional view taken substantially through a plane indicated by section line 2-2 in FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 3 is a longitudinal sectional view taken substantially through a plane indicated by section line 33 in FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 4 is a transverse sectional view taken substantially through a plane indicated by section line 4-4 in FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 5 is an enlarged partial sectional view taken substantially through a plane indicated by section line 5-5 in FIGURE 3.
FIGURE 6 is a perspective view of the bristle stiflening and cleaning assembly associated with the implement shown in FIGURES 1-5.
FIGURE 7 is an enlarged partial bottom plan view of the stiffening and cleaning assembly shown in FIG- URE 6.
FIGURE 8 is a longitudinal sectional view through another form of hair treating implement.
FIGURES 9 and 10 are perspective views illustrating different replaceable forms of comb teeth assemblies capable of being utilized with the hair implement.
FIGURES 11 and 12 are perspective views illustrating use of the spray heads associated with the hair treating implement illustrated in FIGURE 3.
FIGURE 13 is a perspective view illustrating use of the spray heads associated with the hair treating implement illustrated in FIGURE 8.
Referring now to the drawings in detail, and initially to FIGURE 1, it will be observed that the hair treating implement generally denoted by reference numeral 10 supports all of the components thereof on an elongated body generally referred to by reference numeral 12 which is made of a suitable rigid material usually associated with hair brushes. The body 12 consists of a head portion 14 having a generally constant cross-sectional shape and a handle portion 16 dimensioned to make a convenient handgrip. The cross-sectional shape of the body throughout, as shown in FIGURES 2 and 4, is generally triangular. Thus, as indicated in FIGURE 2, the head portion 14 of the body includes a wide base 18 connected to two converging sides 20 which form a rounded apex 22. The base 18 may be provided with a slight curvature and permanently mounts a plurality of rows of brush bristles 24 that extend away from the base 18 with a slight divergence relative to the longitudinal axis of the body in view of the curvature of the base. The apex 22 of the head portion on the other hand removably or replaceably mounts a comb teeth assembly 26 and toward this end, the apex is formed with a T-slot 28 that opens at the head end 30 of the body.
Referring now to FIGURES 1, 2 and 3, it will be observed that separate fluid containing chambers 32 and 34 are enclosed respectively within the head portion 14 and handle portion 16 of the body. The head end 30 of the body is provided with a threaded bore 36 that opens into the chamber 32 so as to mount a push button type of spray head 38 of well known construction. The spray head 38 is provided with a discharge nozzle 40 that projects in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the body in the direction of the brush bristles 24. A supply tube 42 is connected to the spray head 38 and extends into the chamber 32 generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of the body terminating in spaced adjacency to the partition 44 between the chambers 32 and 34. A supply tube 46 is similarly connected to the push button spray head 48 which is threadably mounted within the bore 50 formed in the handle end 52 of the body, the supply tube 34 also terminating in spaced adjacency to the partition 44. The spray nozzle 54 associated with the spray head 48 also directs a spray generally in the direction of the brush bristles 24 perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the body. It will be apparent therefore, that the implement body 12 is to be held in a vertical position in order to utilize the spray heads 48 and 38, as respectively shown in FIGURES l1 and 12. Since the body 12 is inverted in order to utilize both spray heads 38 and 48, the supply tubes 42 and 46 extend in opposite directions from the associated spray heads. Also, the chambers 32 and 34 may be refilled by threaded removal of the spray heads and may even be replaced by threaded plugs if use of the spray heads is not desired.
An alternative arrangement is illustrated in FIGURE 8 wherein no spray head is mounted at the handle end 52 of the body. Instead, a spray head 56 is mounted by means of the threaded bore 58 transverse to the longitudinal axis of the body intermediate the opposite ends 30 and 52 of the body or adjacent to the end of the head portion 14 opposite the end 30. A supply tube 60 is connected to the spray head 56 within the fluid chamber 34 and extends at right angles thereto parallel to the longitudinal axis of the body terminating in spaced adjacency to the handle end 52 within the chamber 34 as shown in FIGURE 8. Thus, the body 12 is held in a vertical position to utilize the spray head 38 or 56 without inverting the body, as shown in FIGURE 13. The spray nozzle 62 associated with the spray head 56 extends from the spray head in a direction to discharge a spray in the same direction as the brush bristles.
As more clearly seen in FIGURE 6, the bristle cleaning and stilfening assembly generally referred to by reference numeral 64 comprises an elongated plate. 66 through which the bristles 24 extend. Connected to the plate 64 are converging, flexible side walls 68, the free ends of which are provided with releasing flanges 70. Each side wall is also provided in the inside with a ratchet pawl projection 72 adapted to be received in one of the parallel ratchet grooves 74 externally formed on the sides of the head portion as more clearly seen in FIGURE 2. It will also be observed from FIGURE 2, that the plate 66 and the side walls 68 generally conform in shape to the base and converging sides of the body so that the projection 72 will releasably engage the ratchet grooves 74. It will be further apparent, that the projection 72 and ratchet grooves 74 form a one-way ratchet means which prevents the plate 66 from being displaced away from the base of the head portion. However, by outwardly deflecting the side walls 68 by means of the flanges 70, the pawls 72 disengage the ratchet grooves so as to permit movement of the plate 66 to the dotted line position for example as shown in FIGURE 2. The plate may then be displaced toward the base and be yieldably held in different positions by the ratchet means. Complete disassembly of the cleaning and stiffening assembly 64 is prevented by means of the shoulders 76 at the ends of the base 18 as shown in FIGURE .2. The brush bristles 24 are stiffened to varying degrees by the positioning of the plate 66 r are cleaned because of the movement of the bristles through star-shaped apertures 78 formed in the plate as more clearly seen in FIGURE 7. The plate may also be provided with its own rows of bristles 80 embedded therein, the bristles 80 extending between the bristles 24 that project from the base 18 in order to present bristles of different lengths, the difference in lengths capable of being varied by changing the position of the plate 66. Thus, the multipurpose character of the implement is enhanced.
As hereinbefore indicated, the hair treating implement 10 may be utilized with or without the comb teeth assembly 26. Furthermore, the comb assembly 26 as illustrated in FIGURE 1 may be replaced by comb teeth assemblies of different teeth size and arrangements including the assemblies 26' and 26" illustrated in FIGURES 9 and 10. Each comb teeth assembly is provided with a bar portion 82 from which the comb teeth extend. Recesses 84 are formed adjacent one end of the bar portion so as to receive ball detents 86 as more clearly seen in FIGURE 5 when the comb teeth assembly is fully inserted into the T-slot groove 28. The ball detents are accordingly biased into the groove 28 by springs 88 seated within the spring pockets 90 formed in the head portion 14 of the body.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
1. A hair treating implement comprising an elongated body having a head portion and a handle portion, said body enclosing a fluid containing chamber therein, hair engaging means mounted by the head portion, spray nozzle means mounted by the body in fluid communication with said chamber for discharge of fluid therefrom,
a stiflening and cleaning plate having apertures through Which said hair engaging means extend, and flexible mounting means connected to the plate and engageable with the head portion of the body for positioning the plate generally perpendicular to the hair engaging means, said plate mounting means including side walls, and oneway ratchet means on the head portion and the side walls preventing displacement of the cleaning plate away from the head portion and release means connected to the side walls for deflection thereof to positions disengaging the ratchet means.
2. The combination of claim 1 wherein said hair engaging means includes parallel rows of bristles projecting from the head portion transverse to the longitudinal axis of the body, said spray nozzle means including at least one spray head discharging the fluid generally in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the body and a supply tube connected to the spray head and pro ecting into the chamber parallel to the longitudinal axis.
3. The combination of claim 2 wherein said body is generally triangular in cross-section having a base from which the bristles extend and sides converging toward an apex extending parallel to the longitudinal axis of the body along the head portion.
4. The combination of claim 3 wherein said ratchet means comprises grooves formed in said converging sides of the body and pawl projections on the side walls of the flexible plate mounting means engageable in said grooves. 5. The combination of claim 4 wherein said first-mentioned chamber is formed in the head portion of the body and a second separate fluid containing chamber is formed 1n the handle portion of the body, said spray nozzle means including a second spray and a second supply tube connected thereto within the second chamber.
6. The combination of claim 5 wherein said second spray head is mounted at an end of the handle portion opposite the head portion.
7. The combination of claim 1 wherein said body is generally triangular in cross-section having a base from which the bristles extend and sides converging toward an apex extending parallel to the longitudinal axis of the body along the head portion.
8. The combination of claim 7 wherein said ratchet means comprises grooved formed in said converging sides of the body and pawl projections on the side walls of the flexible plate mounting means engageable in said grooves.
9. A hair treating implement comprising an elongated body having a head portion and a handle portion, bristles mounted by the head portion of the body, a cleaning plate having apertures through which said bristles extend, and flexible mounting means connected to the plate and engageable with the head portion of the body for positioning the plate generally perpendicular to the bristles, said plate mounting means including side walls, and oneway ratchet means on the head portion and the side walls preventing displacement of the cleaning plate away from the head portion and release means connected to the side walls for deflection thereof to positions disengaging the ratchet means.
10. The combination of claim 9 wherein said body is generally triangular in cross-section having a base from which the bristles extend and sides converging toward 6 an apex extending parallel to the longitudinal axis of the body along the head portion.
11. The combination of claim 10 wherein said ratchet means comprises grooves formed in said converging sides of the body and pawl projections on the side walls of the flexible plate mounting means engageable in said grooves.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,408,262 2/1922 Brueck et a1 132-111 2,160,618 5/1939 Kreutzig 13236 2,228,213 1/1941 Hillsberry 15-138 2,610,638 9/1952 Franklin 132119 3,102,544 9/1963 Keegan et al. 132147 ROBERT PESHOCK, Primary Examiner G. MCNEILL, Assistant Examiner
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|EP0635222A2 *||Aug 9, 1993||Jan 25, 1995||Hong-Yuan Chen||A comb|
|EP0635222A3 *||Aug 9, 1993||Mar 29, 1995||Chen Hong Yuan||A comb.|
|U.S. Classification||132/120, 401/137, 401/190|
|International Classification||A46B9/10, A46B17/06, A46B9/02, A46B7/02, A46B15/00, A46B11/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A46B17/06, A46B11/0062, A46B9/023, A46B7/02, A46B2200/104, A46B11/0017, A46B9/10, A46B2200/20, A46B15/00|
|European Classification||A46B11/00C5, A46B11/00C8, A46B17/06, A46B15/00, A46B7/02, A46B9/02B, A46B9/10|