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Publication numberUS3493213 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 3, 1970
Filing dateSep 17, 1968
Priority dateSep 17, 1968
Publication numberUS 3493213 A, US 3493213A, US-A-3493213, US3493213 A, US3493213A
InventorsAckerman Thomas G
Original AssigneeBethlehem Steel Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Highway barrier
US 3493213 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 3, 1970 T, G. ACKERMAN HIGHWAY BARRIER Filed Sept. 1'7,

INVENTOR 7720/2705 G. Ackerman United States Patent C U.S. Cl. 256-13.1 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A highway barrier comprising a corrugated vguard rail panel joined to upright supporting posts with offset brackets, each of which comprises a plate essentially vertical and perpendicular to the panel, flanged around its edges, and whose end adjacent the panel is contoured to the panels shape. Where aligned holes are formed in the brackets flanges, the post and guard rail panel, a single bolt may be used to connect the three together. In addition, a hook, adapted to engage the top of the post, may be mounted on the top of the bracket and, thereby, allow it to be hung on the post while the highway barrier is being erected.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a highway barrier and, more particularly, to a highway barrier having olset brackets, i.e., brackets which hold a guard rail panel away from its supporting posts.

In highway barriers, offset brackets are utilized to overcome snagging of an impacting vehicles wheels on the posts which support the guard rail panel. Usually the supporting posts are I-shaped with their flanges parallel to the highway. The offset bracket commonly used is a short I-section placed parallel to the post and having one of its flanges abutting a flange of the post. This bracket is lgenerally connected to the post by two bolts to prevent its rotation and secured to the guard rail panel by an additional one.

However, with a corrugated guard rail panel, gaps are left between the I-shaped bracket and panel. With these gaps, there exists little resistance at the posts to deformation of the panel. Consequently, a vehicle impacting in this area causes substantial and permanent deformation.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The highway barrier of my invention joins a corrugated guard rail panel to a supporting post with an oifset bracket comprising a substantially vertical plate, essentially perpendicular to the panel and flanged around its edges. The end of the bracket adjacent the guard rail panel is contoured to the panels shape, so that deformation of the panel upon impact is limited. Also, since the bracket is anged around its edges and no gap exists between the bracket and panel, the contoured bracket may provide a stronger post-panel connection than the conventional I-shaped bracket.

In addition, since the interlocking corrugations of the bracket and panel will prevent the bracket from rotating,

my highway barrier may be erected with a single bolt passing through aligned holes in the guard rail panel, anges of the bracket and post. Erection of the barrier may be further facilitated by using a hook mounted on the top of the bracket and adapted to engage the top of the post; this allows the bracket to be hung on the post when connecting together the guard rail panel, bracket, and post.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIGURE 1 is an elevation of a highway barrier of my invention.

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged section taken along line 2 2 of FIGURE l.

FIGURE 3 is a section taken along line 3--3 of FIGURE 2.

. DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT FIGURE 1 shows a highway barrier having a series of I-posts 1 embedded in the ground with their flanges parallel to the highway. The posts support a corrugated guard rail panel 2 at at ixed elevation. An offset bracket 3, better shown in FIGURES 2 and 3, is interposed between each post and the panel. Each bracket, post, and the panel are connected together by a single bolt 4.

As shown in FIGURE 2, the -guard rail panel 2 has longitudinal corrugations Vwhich form, on its side adjacent the bracket, a convex portion located midway between its upper and lower edges and interposed between upper and llower concave portions. FIGURES 2 and 3 show each bracket 3 to comprise a vertical plate 3a having a flange 3 located around its edges and projecting from both sides of the vertical plate. Vertical plate 3a lies essentially perpendicular to the panel. One end of the bracket is contoured to, and adjoins, a vertical section of the guard rail panel. The other end of the bracket is essentially parallel and adjacent to one of the posts flanges. In the embodiment illustrated, interior bars 3c reinforce the bracket and apertures 3d are formed in vertical plate 3a to reduce the brackets weight. The single bolt 4 passes through aligned holes in theV convex portion of the guard rail panel 2, flanges 3b of the bracket, and the adjacent flange of the post 1. As shown in FIGURE 3, vertical plate 3a is displaced to one side between interior bars 3c to allow for passage of bolt 4.

The use of a single bolt facilitates erection of the highway barrier as does the hook 5 mounted on the top of bracket 3. Hook 5 is adapted to engage a flange at the top of post 1 and, thereby, allows the bracket to be hung on the post while the guard rail panel is lifted into place. Thereafter, bolt 4 and nut 6 connect the barrier together.

Since the completed highway barrier includes a bracket 3 which is contoured to the shape of the guard rail panel no gap is left between the two. This feature will limit deformation of the panel when struck by an impacting vehicle at a post. Also, because of the absence of a gap and since the bracket is flanged around its edges, the

bracket may provide a stronger connection than the normally used I-section.

I claim:

1. A highway barrier comprising a supporting post, a corrugated guard rail panel, an offset bracket between the post and guard rail panel, the bracket comprising:

a plate anged substantially entirely around its edges and lying substantially Vertical and essentially perpendicular to the guard rail panel, a rst portion of said flanged plate being contoured to, and abutting, the entire vertical section of the guard rail panel, another portion of said flanged plate, oppositely disposed from said rst portion, having a substantial part thereof in abutment with said post; and

means for connecting together the guard rail panel, 15 DENNIS L bracket and post.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Schutt.

Evelyn 293-99 Tarbox 256--13.1 Ramsey 256-l3.l X Cole et al. 256-13.l X Langenheim 25613.l X Brickman 256-l3.1

Jehu 256-l3.1

FOREIGN PATENTS 5/ 1964 Switzerland.

TAYLOR, Primary Examiner

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US893815 *Feb 18, 1907Jul 21, 1908Hinrich B SchuttStructural metal-work in buildings.
US1424395 *Nov 30, 1921Aug 1, 1922 Btjmper-stjpporting bracket
US1814868 *Jun 5, 1928Jul 14, 1931Eastern Malleable Iron CompanyGuard rail
US1828071 *Aug 4, 1930Oct 20, 1931Ramsey Joseph HHighway guard rail
US1883879 *Jan 6, 1932Oct 25, 1932Cole Elmer KOffset bracket for guard rails
US1895670 *Jul 11, 1932Jan 31, 1933Dayton Malleable Iron CoFence post
US2776116 *Oct 29, 1953Jan 1, 1957Acme Highway ProdBeam guard for highways and the like
US3390865 *Jun 17, 1966Jul 2, 1968Nat Res DevSafety fences
CH376535A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4138093 *May 18, 1977Feb 6, 1979Meinzer Lester NGuard rail cell
US6168346Jul 14, 1998Jan 2, 2001Ronald E. ErnsbergerSpacer for supporting a guard rail on a post
US6530560Feb 20, 2002Mar 11, 2003K.E.S.S. Inc.Guardrail support, attachment, and positioning block
US6758627Nov 15, 2001Jul 6, 2004K.E.S.S. Inc.Guard rail support, attachment, and positioning spacer block
US7234687 *Mar 16, 2005Jun 26, 2007K.E.S.S. Inc.Guardrail support, attachment, and positioning block
US7445402 *Dec 18, 2007Nov 4, 2008Chih-Hung ChenBarrier plate for highways
US7478796Jun 10, 2005Jan 20, 2009Monroeville Industrial Moldings, Inc.Guardrail support members
US7513710 *Aug 25, 2004Apr 7, 2009Provincia Autonoma Di TrentoSpacer for road or motorway crash barrier
US7530548Jul 13, 2005May 12, 2009Ochoa Carlos MReleasable highway safety structures
US7543369Jun 16, 2008Jun 9, 2009Monroeville Industrial Moldings, Inc.Guardrail support members
US7559535 *Oct 31, 2007Jul 14, 2009K.E.S.S. Inc.Guardrail support, attachment, and positioning block
US7798473 *Jun 26, 2007Sep 21, 2010K.E.S.S., Inc.Guardrail support, attachment, and positioning block
US7832713Feb 14, 2008Nov 16, 2010K.E.S.S. Inc.Guard rail mounting block and guard rail system incorporating the same
US7878485 *Feb 8, 2008Feb 1, 2011Nucor CorporationRoadway guardrail system
US7878486Mar 6, 2009Feb 1, 2011Carl M. OchoaReleasable highway safety structures
US8353499 *Aug 21, 2007Jan 15, 2013Nucor CorporationRoadway guardrail system
US8500103Feb 28, 2007Aug 6, 2013The Texas A&M University SystemYielding post guardrail safety system incorporating thrie beam guardrail elements
US20090050863 *Aug 21, 2007Feb 26, 2009Nucor CorporationRoadway guardrail system
US20120003039 *Mar 19, 2010Jan 5, 2012Industrial Galvanizers Corporation Pty LtdRoad Barrier
Classifications
U.S. Classification256/13.1
International ClassificationE01F15/04, E01F15/02
Cooperative ClassificationE01F15/0438
European ClassificationE01F15/04B6