|Publication number||US3493425 A|
|Publication date||Feb 3, 1970|
|Filing date||Feb 1, 1967|
|Priority date||Jan 9, 1967|
|Also published as||DE1719356A1, DE1719365A1|
|Publication number||US 3493425 A, US 3493425A, US-A-3493425, US3493425 A, US3493425A|
|Inventors||James K Campbell|
|Original Assignee||Dow Corning|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (11), Classifications (26)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent OT" 3,493,425 LUBRICATED FIBERS James K. Campbell, Midland, Mich., assignor to Dow Corning Corporation, Midland, Mich., a corporation of Michigan No Drawing. Filed Feb. 1, 1967, Ser. No. 613,105 Int. Cl. C08d 13/24; C03c 25/02 US. Cl. 117138.8 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The present invention relates to a process for lubricating synthetic and natural fibers which comprises applying to the fiber a coning oil which has incorporated therein a polysiloxane copolymer consisting of units of the unit formulae a)zSiO, (B) (C 3)(C11 2u+l) O, and
(C) (OH )SiO Due to the delicate balance existing between the hydrophobic and hydrophylic properties of the polysiloxane copolymer, the use of this additive enhances lubricity which facilitates production and is readily removable from the fiber by simple contact with water.
This invention relates to a process of applying a lubricant to a fiber and more particularly to a lubricant that effectively facilitates processing and which possesses the unique and added advantage of being easily and readily removed from the fiber prior to subsequent operations or ultimate use.
Under present practice, when natural or numerous synthetic fibers are processed prior to knitting or the like, the fiber must be immersed in a coning oil such as mineral oil, butyl stearate, and fatty acids among others to insure an efiicient and productive capacity. For example, following the initial or early processing stages, the fiber is wound about conical containers. The use of the coning oil serves a dual purpose; (1) it provides lubricity to increase the rate of processing, and (2) it imparts to the fiber, a surface tackiness of a consistency such that the fiber will remain in position upon the conical container and will not tend to sag or drop to the lower portion of the container which may disrupt production. In addition, the coning oil cannot provide too great a surface tackiness or when the fiber is unwound for further processing or use, it will stick and interfere with normal operations. Following the above processing stage and prior to ultimate use or subsequent operations, e.g., dying, the residual coning oil must be removed from the fiber. Removal of the coning oil is generally achieved by scouring and other cumbersome methods, however, an inherent disadvantage exists in that the coning oil is sufliciently diificult to remove so that 3,493,425 Patented Feb. 3, 1970 much of it remains on the fiber resulting in countless problems. Also, because the coning oil is especially difficult to remove, considerable expense is encountered due to the fact that removal of the coning oil requires a tremendous increase in labor costs and the like.
In accordance with the above, it is an object of the present invention to provide a lubricant for fibers which enhances processing and which can be easily removed from the fiber after said processing.
It is also an object of the present invention to provide a lubricant for fibers which can be virtually completely removed from the fiber in a rapid and simple fashion, thus alleviating the unduly high labor costs heretofore mentioned.
These and other objects will become apparent from a consideration of the following detailed description of the invention.
This invention relates to a process for lubricating fibers which comprises applying to the fiber a coning oil, the improvement comprising as an additive to the coning oil, a polysiloxane copolymer consisting of units of the unit formulae 3)3 (B) (CH3) (C H2n+1)SiO, and (C) (CHQSIQ I (C2 4 l )x in which R is a member selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a hydrocarbon radical containing less than 9 carbon atoms,
H a-fiR radical, a(|3 0R radical, and alCN R radical n has a value of at least 9, x has a value of at least 6, and
in which (A) Is present in an amount of from 18 to 32 weight percent based on the weight of (A) +(B)+(C),
(B) Is present in an amount of from 32 to 38 weight percent based on the weight of (A) +(B) +(C), and
(C) Is present in an amount of from 36 to 44 weight percent based on the weight of (A) +(B)+(C).
Illustrative examples of the R radical when it is a hydrocarbon radical containing less than 9 carbon atoms are the methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, hexyl, phenyl, tolyl, and allyl radicals, etc.
As related above, n has a value of at least 9, hence that radical can be represented as an alkyl radical such as the nonyl, decyl, hendecyl, dodecyl, tridecyl, tetradecyl, pentadecyl, hexadecyl, heptadecyl, octadecyl, nonadecyl, eicosyl, heneicosyl, docosyl, tricosyl, tetracosyl, pentacosyl, hexacosyl, triacontyl, tetracontyl, pentacontyl, and hexacontyl radical, among others.
By the term coning oil as used herein, it is simply meant a lubricant which is applied to both natural and synthetic yarns which assists in the further processing of yarns to piece goods, i.e., knitting and weaving. The term coning oil includes material such as mineral oil, butyl stearate, polyethylene oxides, glycol esters, fatty acids and fatty amides, etc. However, for practical considerations and the like, for most operations, mineral oil is generally preferred.
It is to be noted that the polysiloxane copolymers of the present invention can be endblocked by various groups including triorganosiloxy groups wherein the organo groups are the methyl, phenyl, ethyl, vinyl, and trifluoropropyl group; hydroxyl groups, and methyl radicals bonded to the termial silicon atoms through an Si-C bond, among many others.
Due to the delicate balance that must necessarily exist between the hydrophobic and hydrophylic properites of the polysiloxane copolymer, the weight percentages of (A), (B), and (C) are especially critical if the objects of this invention are to be achieved. Since very specific properties are of prime importance, the weight percentages heretofore related are of particular significance.
The above combination provides a polysiloxane cpolymer which exhibits both lubricity and self-emulsifiable characteristics. As a result, when added to the coning oil, it enhances lubricity for purposes of processing and since it is also self-emulsifiable, it can be easily removed upon simple contact with water, thus precluding the cumbersome scouring procedures which were previously necessary. It is believed that this very specific additive, in effect, lifts the coning oil off the surface of the fiber when subjected to water and acts as an internal scouring agent itself; thus making its use both beneficial and attractive to the textile industry.
Methods for preparing the polysiloxane copolymers defined herein are well known in the art and are described in US. application Ser. No. 591,957 filed Nov. 4, 1966, which application is hereby incorporated by reference. This application is now Patent No. 3,427,271.
Among the synthetic fibers that can be so treated include acrylic fibers in which the fiber-forming substance is any long chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85 percent by weight of acrylonitrile units; modacrylic fibers in which the fiber-forming substance is any long chain synthetic polymer composed of less than 85 percent but at least 35 percent by weight of acrylonitrile units; polyester fibers in which the fiber-forming substance is any long chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85 percent by weight of an ester of a dihydric alcohol and terephthalic acid; Saran fibers in which the fiber-forming substance is any long chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 80 percent by Weight of vinylidene chloride units; azlon fibers in which the fiber-forming substance is composed of any regenerated, naturally occurring proteins; nytril fibers in which there is at least 85 percent of a long chain polymer of vinlyidene dinitrile where the vinylidene dinitrile content is no less than every other unit in the polymer chain; nylon fibers in which the fiber-forming substance is any long chain synthetic polyamide having recurring amide groups as an integral part of the polymer chain; rayon fibers in which the fiber is formed from regenerated cellulose with less than percent by weight chemically combined substituents; olefin fibers in which the fiber-forming substance is any long chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85 percent by weight of ethylene, propylene, or other olefin units. The above list is merely illustrative since numerous other synthetic fibers can also be so treated with equally gratifying results.
In addition, natural fibers such as cotton, wool, etc. can be so treated to derive the aforementioned advantages.
The amount of the polysiloxane additive incorporated in the coming oil is not particularly critical with the exception that it be present in a sufficient quantity to impart the desired properties. Therefore, it has been found that approximately 0.5 percent to percent of the polysiloxane additive based on the weight of the coning oil is a perfectly satisfactory amount to achieve the desired effects.
It is to be noted that the polysiloxane additive of this invention is also potentially useful when employed alone as a fiber finish where unique compatibility is required. For example, to finish tire cord yarns where the cord is placed in the rubber and the finish does not affect subsequent adhesion.
The following examples are merely illustrative and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention which is properly delineated in the appended claims.
4 EXAMPLE 1 5 parts of a polysiloxane copolymer of the formula was added to 100 parts of a commercially available mineral oil. The mixture was then applied on nylon yarn. The yarn was looped over the spindle with a tension at rest of approximately grams. The yarn traveled over the spindle at yards per minute, and it was noted that the coefiicient of friction and build-up of static electricity were appreciably less than that obtained when straight mineral oil was employed, thus indicating improved lubricity characteristics when using the lubricant of this invention.
The yarns were then subjected to simple washing by merely spraying the fibers with water. Subsequent analysis of the fiber confirmed that virtually no residual lubricant remained.
EXAMPLE 2 When the following polysiloxane copolymers were substituted for the corresponding polysiloxane copolymer of Example 1, equivalent results were obtained.
When 0.5, 2.5, 10.0, 12.0, 15.0 18.0, and 20.0 parts of the polysiloxane copolymer of Example 1 were added to 100 parts of mineral oil and a nylon fiber was coated and treated as in Example 1, equivalent results were obtained.
EXAMPLE 4 When a cotton fiber was coated and treated as in EX- ample 1, equivalent results were obtained.
That which is claimed is: 1. A fiber having on its surface a lubricant comprising (1) a coming oil, and (2) from 0.5 percent to 20 percent based upon the Weight of 1) a polysiloxane copolymer consisting in which R is a member selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a hydrocarbon radical containing less than 9 carbon 40 atoms, a
?|)R radical, a -fi|3 0R radical, and a |(l3NR radical O O O 6 n has a value of at least 9, x has a value of at least 6, and in which (A) is present in an amount of from 18 to 32 weight percent based upon the Weight of (B) is present in an amount of from 32 to 38 weight percent based upon the weight of (A)'|(B)+(C), and
(C) is present in an amount of from 36 to 44 weight percent based upon the weight of (A)'+(B)I(C).
2. The fiber as recited in claim 1 wherein the fiber is nylon.
3. The fiber as recited in claim 2 wherein the coning oil is mineral oil.
4. The fiber as recited in claim 3 wherein the polysilox-ane copolymer has the formula References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,945,959 2/1934 Williams et al 117139.5 2,664,409 12/1953 Aickin et al 26023 3,288,622 11/1966 Weiss 117139.5 X 3,423,235 1/1969 Campbell 117138.8
WILLIAM D. MARTIN, Primary Examiner T. G. DAVIS, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1945959 *||Mar 25, 1929||Feb 6, 1934||Celanese Corp||Treatment of yarn|
|US2664409 *||Oct 9, 1950||Dec 29, 1953||British Nylon Spinners Ltd||Textile treating composition and method|
|US3288622 *||Oct 2, 1964||Nov 29, 1966||Nathan M Weiss||Method to impart suppleness to monofilament thread|
|US3423235 *||Nov 23, 1964||Jan 21, 1969||Dow Corning||Organosiloxane-containing finishes for organic fibers|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4076672 *||Jul 29, 1976||Feb 28, 1978||Wacker-Chemie Gmbh||Lubricants for organic fibres|
|US4105569 *||Feb 7, 1977||Aug 8, 1978||George A. Goulston Co., Ltd.||Yarn finish formulation|
|US4169905 *||Nov 7, 1977||Oct 2, 1979||Rhone-Poulenc Industries||Process for lubricating textile threads|
|US4394414 *||May 29, 1981||Jul 19, 1983||Ppg Industries, Inc.||Aqueous sizing composition for glass fibers for use on chopped glass fibers|
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|US4477524 *||Sep 23, 1982||Oct 16, 1984||Ppg Industries, Inc.||Aqueous sizing composition for glass fibers for use on chopped glass fibers|
|US4530860 *||Mar 8, 1984||Jul 23, 1985||Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corporation||Migration-free size for glass fibers|
|US4552671 *||Oct 15, 1984||Nov 12, 1985||Takemoto Yushi Kabushiki Kaisha||Spin finish compositions for polyester and polyamide yarns|
|US5387467 *||Dec 3, 1992||Feb 7, 1995||Th. Goldschmidt Ag||Method for modifying the surface of finely divided particles by the application of organofunctional polysiloxanes|
|US5672641 *||Jan 23, 1995||Sep 30, 1997||Ppg Industries, Inc.||Secondary coating compositions for glass fibers, glass fibers coated with the same and composites reinforced therewith|
|DE2900396A1 *||Jan 8, 1979||Sep 6, 1979||Goldschmidt Ag Th||Textilfaserpraeparationen|
|U.S. Classification||428/391, 252/8.84, 252/8.85, 252/8.86|
|International Classification||D06M15/643, D06M23/10, D06M15/653, D06M15/647|
|Cooperative Classification||D06M2200/40, D06M15/6436, D06M15/647, D06M7/00, D06M15/653, C10M2207/282, C10M2207/283, D06M23/10, C10M2207/286, C10M2207/281, C10N2240/62, D06M15/6433|
|European Classification||D06M7/00, D06M15/653, D06M23/10, D06M15/643B, D06M15/647, D06M15/643D|