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Publication numberUS3495108 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 10, 1970
Filing dateMar 19, 1968
Priority dateMar 19, 1968
Publication numberUS 3495108 A, US 3495108A, US-A-3495108, US3495108 A, US3495108A
InventorsBuskirk Lyman F Van
Original AssigneeUs Navy
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Self-contained servomechanism
US 3495108 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 10, 1970 F- VAN BUSKIRK 3, 5,

SELF- CONTAINED SERVOMECHANI SM Filed March 19, 1968 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG. '2 T w I5 ll 3 l5 s3 26 22 I3 38 as 1 l2 M f 25 36 4| INVENTOR. LYMAN F. Van: BUSKIRK ROY MILLER ATTORNEY.

Feb. 10, 1970 L. F. VAN BUSKIRK 3,495,108



United States Patent SELF-CONTAINED SERVOMECHANISM Lyman F. Buskirk, Ridgecrest, Calif., assignor to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy r 4 Filed Mar. 19, 1968, Ser. No. 714,247

' Int. Cl. H02k 11/00 U.S. Cl. 310-68 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A modular amplifier circuit is included in the housing of a synchro receiver to provide a unitary package. The housing is designed to provide easy access to the circuit module without disturbing the wiring.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a device for the positioning of one shaft in response to the angular positioning of another in an accurately controlled ratio. More specifically, the invention relates to a direct drive generatortransformer servo-system arranged in a unitary package along with a module containing the necessary electrical circuitry.

Prior devices of this type have suffered from numerous disadvantages, for example, (1) the electrical components required space outside of the servomechanism housing or (2) the electrical components were inaccessibly contained in a housing made larger to accommodate the components.

The present invention incorporates the electrical circuitry in an easily replaceable module fitted into the available space in a conventional servomechanism by modification of a portion thereof to provide a heat sink mounting for the components of the module. The electronic module may be easily inspected by removal of a cupshaped cover without disturbing the connections. The motor generator according to the invention also may include a tachometer in conjunction with the motor and, in a preferred embodiment includes a reduction gearing between the motor and the generator.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic view of a motor generator servomechanism according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is a planned view of a servomechanism with parts broken away and in cross section to illustrate the arrangement of parts;

FIG. 3 is a cross sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 3A is a cross sectional view similar to FIG. 3 showing a modification of the drive mechanism;

FIG. 3B is a similar view showing yet a second modification of the drive mechanism; and

FIG. 4 is a diagrammatic representation of the invention illustrating typical electrical circuitry.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION As shown in FIG. 1 the servomechanism comprises a control transformer 11 having an output shaft 12. The control transformer 11 is connected to a drive mechanism 15 by means of connecting shaft 18. The drive mechanism 15 is preferably a reduction gearing as will be more fully described in relation to FIG. 2. The coupling 15 is connected to a motor 14 and tachometer 16 by means of shaft 30, the end 19 of which may be splined to fit into a complementary splined portion of gearing 15. The power supply for the servomechanism is indicated at 13 as being inside the modified servo housing 17.

A more detailed description of the servomechanism 10 is possible by referring to FIG. 2 wherein housing 17 is ShOWn composed of several interfitting parts. One part 33 of housing 17 is provided with a flange 36 which acts as a carrier for the electronic component module including the power supply 13. Since the part 33 and flange 36 are of metal, the portion 36 acts as a heat sink for the components as necessary. The member 33 is also adapted to receive a cup-shaped housing member 41 which acts as a cover for motor 14 and the power supply 13. Cup 41 is provided at its outer end with a plurality of terminals indicated generally at 39 and 40 and the connecting conductors 38 are long enough to allow removal of the cup 41 without disturbing the internal connections.

Although the motor 14 and the control transformer 11 may be directly connected, the device according to the present invention contemplates the use of a reduction gearing 15 which may be advantageously in the form of a harmonic drive. For example, as shown in FIG. 2, the motor shaft 19 has a carrier 24 fastened thereto by a pin 25. Carrier 24 has a plurality of rollers 26 on the periphery thereof which are retained in place by shaft 31. A flexible gear 22 is fastened to the housing at 23 and has a flange portion 21 which overlies the rollers 26 of the carrier 24. At the points where the rollers 26 contact the flexible gear 22, the flexible gear 22 is deformed so that the external teeth of a gear 20 (see FIG. 3), gear 20 is fastened to the input shaft 18 of the control transformer as by a pin 27.

Turning now to FIG. 3 it may be seen that, if gear 20 be provided with 200 teeth and gear 21 be provided with 198 teeth, when the carrier 24 is rotated in the direction of arrow 32, the gear 20 will then rotate in the same direction (arrow 34) at a speed reduced by a ratio of 100.

An even greater gear reduction may be accomplished by the use of a planetary system as shown in FIG. 3B wherein a modified shaft 19' is frictionally engaged with three rollers 28 to provide a planetary system causing fiexible gear 21 to engage the gear 20 in three places. Because of the planetary arrangement of the input gearing, however, the rollers 28 will move around the flexible gear 21 at a much slower rate than did the rollers 26 of FIG. 3.

FIG. 3A shows a further modification of the harmonic gear drive in which a modified shaft 19" has an oval shape and is grooved to retain ball bearings 29 in contact with the flexible gear 21. This arrangement accomplishes the same result as the two roller system shown in FIG. 3.

FIG. 4 shows a circuit diagram in which leads S S and S represent the input from a conventional synchro transmitter operatively connected to control transformer 11. In response to the signals received from S S and S an error signal is generated in coil 42. The error signal is fed into amplifier 13 which in turn energizes center I tapped coil 43. It should be noted that coils 45 and 46 are always energized by AC main lines R and R thus two phase AC motor 14 will turn in response to the error signal generated from coil 42. As two-phase AC motor 14 turns output shaft 30, which is connected to tachometer 16, a current is generated in coil 44 which cancels the error signal generated by coil 42. Simultaneously, twophase AC motor 14 causes shaft 19 to turn drive 15 and shaft 18. Shaft 18 in turn causes shaft 12 to turn so that the angular displacement of control transformer 11 returns to a zero error position where coil 42 no longer generates an error signal and the system returns to its stable state. It is further noted that the system may operate without the use of a tachometer 16. In this case the error signal generated by coil 42 will drive coil 43 and amplifier 13 causing two-phase AC motor 14 to operate shaft 19 to turn drive 15 and shaft 18 to cause shaft 12 to coil 42. The advantage of tachometer 16 is that it pr o vide's additional -stalaility to "the'system by generating a second error signal in coi1f 44 which helps to stabilize amplifier 13.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that ,Within the scope of the appended claim the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described. I

The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes Without the payment of any' royalties thereon or therefor.

What is claimed is: 1. In a synchro receiver including; a control transformer, a drive motor, and a drive coupling between said motor and said control transformer; the improvement comprising:

an enclosing housing including; a cylindrical main body portion, and a cylindrical cup shaped end cover portion; said main body portion including a hollow cylindrical solid metal segment having oppositely extending first and second axial flanges; said flanges respectively providing means for attaching said segment to said main body and means forming an annular shelf between said ive motorandsaidendcover; said shelf forming, with said cover portion, a toroidal cavity surrounding said drive motor; and a toroidal electronics module, including power supply means for said"receiver, mounted on said sli'elfs'o tl'iat,-"allnecessa'iy electronics is included "within said housing, said shelf acts as heat sink for "electronics"components and inspection of said electronicsmodule may be made by removing said cup; shaped e'nd'co'ver without disturbing internal electrical connections.

References 'Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,383,669 8/1945 Moore 310-684 3,114,094 12/1963 Lee 310-68 3,170,079 2/1965 Jaeschke 31068 3,225,232 12/1965 Turley 310 3,299,303 1/1967 Newill 31066 3,329,841 7/1967 Binder 31068 3,250,929 5/1966 Maier 310-68 3,378,708 4/1968 Baker 3l066 I D MILLER, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2383669 *Nov 28, 1942Aug 28, 1945Leland Electric CoDynamoelectric machine
US3114094 *Nov 2, 1961Dec 10, 1963Lee William HAdjustable speed brushless a. c. motor
US3170079 *Jul 17, 1962Feb 16, 1965Eaton Mfg CoCoupling apparatus
US3225232 *Oct 17, 1962Dec 21, 1965Singer CoVariable speed portable tool
US3250929 *Oct 28, 1963May 10, 1966Syncro CorpHeat sink construction for generator regulators
US3299303 *Jan 7, 1963Jan 17, 1967Gen Motors CorpDynamoelectric machine with incorporated voltage regulator
US3329841 *Apr 13, 1964Jul 4, 1967Bosch Gmbh RobertThree-phase generator
US3378708 *Apr 12, 1965Apr 16, 1968Lucas Industries LtdAlternators
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3961212 *Dec 23, 1974Jun 1, 1976Litton Systems, Inc.Integral servomechanism
US4044274 *Jul 14, 1975Aug 23, 1977Stephan-Werke Gmbh & Co.Transmission system
US4557153 *Jun 13, 1983Dec 10, 1985Air Monitor CorporationHarmonic screw actuator
US4848184 *Apr 28, 1988Jul 18, 1989Windwinder CorporationRotary/linear actuator
US4854189 *Sep 4, 1987Aug 8, 1989Windwinder CorporationRotary/linear actuator
US5233247 *Jul 16, 1991Aug 3, 1993The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The NavyPrecision drive and speed reduction device
US5672135 *Dec 5, 1995Sep 30, 1997Teijin Seiki Co., Ltd.Controller for planetary differential type reduction gear device
US6100619 *Jul 30, 1998Aug 8, 2000General Motors CorporationDrive apparatus, in particular for a sliding door of a motor vehicle
US6566777 *Oct 5, 2001May 20, 2003Abuakeel HadiElastic wave actuator
US7880351 *May 14, 2008Feb 1, 2011Buehler Motor GmbhDrive with an electric motor, a housing and a direction-dependent brake
US9407121 *May 31, 2012Aug 2, 2016Hamilton Sundstrand CorporationElectromechanical rotary actuator and method
US20080290746 *May 14, 2008Nov 27, 2008Juergen StrueberDrive with an electric motor, a housing and a direction-dependent brake
US20130320782 *May 31, 2012Dec 5, 2013Hamilton Sundstrand CorporationElectromechanical rotary actuator and method
US20160229525 *Sep 10, 2014Aug 11, 2016Hamilton Sundstrand CorporationElectromechanical rotary actuator
WO2004040737A1 *Oct 28, 2002May 13, 2004Abu Akeel HadiElastic wave actuator
U.S. Classification310/68.00R, 310/66, 310/64, 310/50, 310/91, 310/83
International ClassificationG08C19/48, G08C19/38
Cooperative ClassificationG08C19/48
European ClassificationG08C19/48