|Publication number||US3495506 A|
|Publication date||Feb 17, 1970|
|Filing date||Oct 20, 1965|
|Priority date||Oct 20, 1965|
|Publication number||US 3495506 A, US 3495506A, US-A-3495506, US3495506 A, US3495506A|
|Inventors||Plymale Charles E|
|Original Assignee||Owens Illinois Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (23), Referenced by (11), Classifications (10), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
m. 11,1910; pumps j 3395506 1 mnon P0: was PRODUCT-I610? A plural-rm munmnucu run out, '20. 1965 United States Patent Office 3,495,506 Patented Feb. 17, 1970 3,495,506 METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF A MULTI-PLY TUBULAR ARTICLE Charles E. Plymale, Toledo, Ohio, assignor t Owens- Illinois, Inc., a corporation of Ohio Filed Oct. 20, 1965, Ser. No. 498,447
Int. Cl. B31c 5/00 US. Cl. 93 94 1 Clalm ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to a tubular article of multi-ply construction of a sheet of material and to the method and apparatus for the production of such an article on a relatively continuous basis. More particularly, the invention relates to a tubular article of multi-ply convolutely wound fibreboard and to the method and apparatus for the production of such an article on a relatively continuous basis utilizing a single longitudinally moving strand of such material being fed from a roll, or other source of supply, of indefinite length thereof. The invention has utility in that the tubular article may be severed in a known manner into tubular bodies of predetermined length which may then be used in the manufacture of cylindrical containers, e.g. the so-called composite or fibre cans. It has been demonstrated that fibreboard, e.g. a sturdy grade of kraft paper, when wound into cylindrical form, may be used to advantage as a structural or load-bearing material in the construction of cylindrical containers in place of the various metallic materials which have long been used for such a purpose. The formation of the fibreboard into cylindrical configuration may be accomplished by means of winding processes commonly referred to as spiral winding and convolute winding which impart the cylindrical article with characteristic spirallyextending and longitudinally extending joints, respectively.
The convolutely wound fibreboard tube, an example of which is disclosed in US. Patent 3,202,566 to M. O. Schur, assigned to the assignee of this application, is considered to be structurally superior to the spirally wound fibreboard tube due to the fact that the longitudinally extending seam has greater resistance to failure caused by hoop stress resulting from internal pressure than does a spirally wound seam of a comparable weight and grade of fibreboard.
In practice, service conditions prevalent for fibre can applications normally require the use of a multi-ply fibreboard wall, usually a double-ply wall, to obtain adequate strength. Notwithstanding the apparent structural superiority of convolutely wound tubes, however, multi-ply tubes are predominantly formed by spiral winding due to the fact that, heretofore, there has been no satisfactory technique for convolutely winding such a multi-ply tube on a continuous basis. Continuity in the winding step is, of course, important if winding costs are to be maintained at a level competitive with the costs of multi-ply winding by well known continuous spiral winding techniques.
It is, therefore, an object of the present invention, to provide apparatus and method for convolutely winding a strand of sheet-like material into a tubular article of multiply construction on a relatively continuous basis. It is a further object of the invention to provide the multi-ply article produced by means of such apparatus and method.
In accordance with the present invention, the leading portion of a strand of sheet-like material of indefinite length, for example from a supply roll thereof, is advanced longitudinally of itself by any suitable drive means toward a cylindrical mandrel along a path of travel generally parallel to and coaxial therewith. The portion of the strand advancing toward the mandrel is caused to assume an arcuate configuration in a direction transverse of the path of travel, which configuration is generally spiral-shaped. This is accomplished by placing a slotted member in the path of travel of the strand and by maintaining the width of the slot defining the strand passage commensurate with the width of the strand and the configuration of the slot in a spiral-like arcuate configuration. The means in the path of travel of the strand is maintained at a relatively substantial length along the path of travel and the configuration of the strand passage changes along the path of travel to progressively increase the arc of the spiral to of the order of at least 720, at a rate sufficiently gradual not to tear or crease the strand, thereby to decrease the spacing between radially overlapping portions of the strand and to form a generally frusto-conical shaped tube.
In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the apparatus for practicing the present invention, the slotted means in the path of travel of the strand comprises a plurality of thin plate-like members disposed transversely of the path of travel and spaced apart from one another in a series extending therealong. The are of the slot of each member of the series is incrementally greater than the arc of the slot of the preceding member by an amount depending largely on the distance therebet-Ween. The use of a single member of substantial length in place of the plurality of plate-like members, for example, a die block with an arcuate passage therethrough, is also contemplated.
Subsequent to the convolute winding of the leading portion of the fibreboard strand into the form of a spirallike are of at least 720, the strand will have the general appearance of a frusto-conical shaped tube and the leading portion of such tube is then passed onto the I cylindrical mandrel which has a diameter corresponding to the desired diameter of the finished article. Continued travel of the frusto-conical tube over the mandrel will cause the radius of the interior wind thereof to contract until it is equal to the radius of the mandrel; continued movement will lead to slippage between the winds and the leading portion of the frusto-conical tube will assume the desired cylindrical configuration. It is, of course, important that there not be excessive friction between the winds of the frusto-conical tube if such slippage is to be obtained. Ordinarily this will be no problem where a relatively smooth-surfaced strand of sheet-like material is employed, for example, a good commercial grade of kraft linerboard. In cases where friction would otherwise be a problem, however, it is contemplated that satisfactory operation can be. obtained, nonetheless, by coating the strand with a slip agent, many of which are well known in the art.
The changing of the shape of the frusto-conical tube to a cylindrical shape may be advantageously augmented by applying radial force against the tube as it moves along the mandrel, as by means of a plurality of rollers tangentially contacting the tube as it moves along the mandrel. The use of such rollers also serves to maintain the strand in a tightly wound state which is especially advantageous in that it facilitates bonding of the winds to one another by means of a heat-activatable adhesive preapplied to the strand in an easily deducible pattern, e.g. a hot-melt adhesive, in conjunction With a heating step to activate the adhesive.
The convolutely-wound cylindrical article with the winds thereof bonded to one another may thereupon be cut into individual cylinders of a predetermined length which may thereupon be provided with internal and external barrier coatings and end closures to form a composite can, all in accordance with known processes and by means of known equipment.
For a further understanding of the invention, attention is directed to the following portion of the specification, the drawing, and the appended claim.
In the drawing:
7 FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a schematic arrangement of apparatus in accordance with the present invention and useful in the practice of a method in accordance with the present invention and in the production or manufacture of an article in accordance with the present invention;
* FIGS. 2-7 are front elevational views of individual plate-like members of the plurality thereof illustrated .in FIG. 1; and
FIG. 8 is a sectional view taken on line 88 of FIG. 1. p In accordance with the illustrated embodiment of the present invention there is provided a reel 11 of sheet-like material, e.g. fibreboard and particularly a tough relatively smooth grade thereof such as kraft paper or linerboard, for delivering a sheet, web or strand 12 thereof longitudinally of itself to a generally cylindrical mandrel 13. As strand 12 advances toward mandrel 13 it is caused to be wound into the configuration of a generally frustoconical tube by causing it to pass through means, indicated generally by reference numeral 14, which extend across its path of travel. Means 14 defines an arcuate passage for strand 12 which, of course, must be of a width and thickness suitable for free movement of strand 12 therethrough, and which is of spiral-like arcuate configuration, the arc of which increases gradually along the path of travel to a value of the order of at least 720. In the illustrated embodiment, means 14 comprises a plurality of thin plate-like members, shown as six in numher and being noted by reference numerals 1520, respectively. The above-noted arcuate passage is defined by spiral-like arcuate slots 21-26 in members 15-20, respectively, each of which is of an incrementally greater are than the slot preceding it with the arc 26 of the last plate in the series being of the order of at least 720.
The frusto-conical tube 27 passing from means 14 would continue to diminish in diameter were it not for the presence of mandrel 13 over which tube 27 is caused to move. Mandrel 13 serves to induce slippage between the winds of tube 27 on a gradual basis commencing at the point that the minimum radius of the internal wind thereof is reduced to a value equal to the radius of mandrel 13. Such slippage continues until tube 27 is reformed into a cylindrical tube 28 and the tight winding of the plies of tube 28 about mandrel 13 may be enhanced by means of diametrically opposed rollers 30 and 31 which rotate tangentially with respect to wound strand 12 and which are biased or urged toward mandrel 13. One or both of rollers 30 and 31 may be positively driven by means not shown and in such event they will also serve as means for advancing strand 12 from reel 11 to mandrel 13.
It is to be noted that mandrel 13 may also extend into means 14, as shown, to serve as convenient means for mounting at least some of the individual plates, shown as plates 1620, inclusive, in fixed relationship to one another.
If a heat-activatable adhesive is pre-applied to strand 12 in a deducible pattern, the plies of cylindrical tube 28 may be bonded to one another by providing means, shown as radiant lamps 32, for heating tube 28 to activate such adhesive. Adhesive activation may also be enhanced by the circulation of a heating medium through the portion of mandrel 13 that is radially aligned with lamps 27 in a well-understood manner.
It is believed that tthe best mode known to me to carry out this invention has been described above in terms sufficiently full, clear, concise and exact as to enable any person skilled in the art to make and use tthe same. It is to be understood, however, that it is within my contemplation that certain modifications of the above-described mode of practicing the invention can be made by a skilled artisan without departing from the scope of the invention and it is, therefore, desired to limit the invention only in accordance with the appended claim.
1. The method of forming a tubular article of multiply construction by the convolute winding of sheet-like material on a relatively continuous basis comprising the steps of: advancing the leading portion of a strand of indefinite length of said material longitudinally of itself, said strand having a heat-activatable adhesive applied thereto in such a pattern as to result in bonding of the adjacent winds of the tube wound therefrom when said adhesive is activated; causing said leading portion to assume a spiral-like arcuate configuration in transverse section; progressively increasing the angle of the arc to a value at least of the order of at least 720 and decreasing the spacing between the winds thereof to form a frustoconical shaped tube; advancing the frusto-conical shaped tube over a cylindrical mandrel; reforming the shape of the tube to a cylindrical shape on the mandrel by the application of radial forces against the exterior of the tube to induce slippage between the winds thereof; and activating the adhesive of the portion of the tube that has been reformed to a cylindrical shape by the application of heat thereto.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 414,090 10/1889 Taylor 72468 1,945,594 2/1934 Chase 7252 2,055,771 9/193 6 McLaughlin 72282 2,998,047 8/1961 Mally 7252 469,663 2/1892 Greenfield 9382 X 634,230 10/1899 Dixon 138l56 666,721 1/1901 White 9382 666,722 1/ 1901 White 9382 962,614 6/1910 Blocki 22991 1,410,745 3/1922 Gates 931 2,255,887 9/1941 Katz 931 2,714,414 8/1955 Ganahl 9394 X 3,045,563 7/1962 Russo 9382 3,350,251 10/1967 Davis 9381 X 1,375,108 4/1921 Rees 9359 1,855,041 4/1932 Bodony 9394 3,256,783 6/1966 Richter 9359 2,133,620 10/1938 Isenberg 156466 X 3,108,516 10/1963 Elam 9359 3,164,069 1/1965 Wilkie 9384 3,260,636 7/1966 Witzenmann 156203 3,338,142 8/1967 Simpson 156218 X FOREIGN PATENTS 1,311,341 10/1962 France.
WAYNE A. MORSE, JR., Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US414090 *||Dec 12, 1888||Oct 29, 1889||Draw-plate|
|US469663 *||Aug 25, 1891||Feb 23, 1892||Edwin t|
|US634230 *||May 1, 1899||Oct 3, 1899||Asphalt Paper Pipe Company||Conduit-pipe.|
|US666721 *||Apr 28, 1899||Jan 29, 1901||John H White||Art of making paper tubes.|
|US666722 *||Dec 22, 1899||Jan 29, 1901||John Howard White||Apparatus for making paper tubes.|
|US962614 *||Jun 30, 1909||Jun 28, 1910||Herbert J Blocki||Tubular wrapper.|
|US1375108 *||Oct 20, 1919||Apr 19, 1921||Herbert C Rees||Process of forming tubes|
|US1410745 *||Jun 15, 1918||Mar 28, 1922||Gates Bernard W||Tape and process of making same|
|US1855041 *||Apr 23, 1930||Apr 19, 1932||Bodony Andrew||Method of manufacturing tubes, containers, cups, and the like|
|US1945594 *||Nov 23, 1929||Feb 6, 1934||Chase||Method of and apparatus for manufacturing tubing|
|US2055771 *||Apr 18, 1933||Sep 29, 1936||Aluminum Co Of America||Method of making shafts|
|US2133620 *||Apr 8, 1935||Oct 18, 1938||Iscnberg Hans D||Means for making tubular insulation|
|US2255887 *||Jun 29, 1939||Sep 16, 1941||Katz Morris||Paper rod and the method of constructing the same|
|US2714414 *||Aug 17, 1950||Aug 2, 1955||Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp||Fabrication of pipe from glass fiber and plastic material|
|US2998047 *||Mar 5, 1958||Aug 29, 1961||Bundy Tubing Co||Method of making tube from strip metal stock|
|US3045563 *||Jun 24, 1960||Jul 24, 1962||Lo Russo Joseph P||Tube forming device|
|US3108516 *||Dec 28, 1960||Oct 29, 1963||American Can Co||Spiral winding machine|
|US3164069 *||Sep 17, 1962||Jan 5, 1965||Ludlow Corp||Paper yarn and methods and apparatus for making same|
|US3256783 *||Jun 14, 1963||Jun 21, 1966||Schmalbach Ag J A||Procedure and apparatus for the production of cardboard cases noncircular in cross-section|
|US3260636 *||Mar 8, 1965||Jul 12, 1966||Pforzheim Metallschlauch||Method of forming a longitudinally slotted and corrugated tube|
|US3338142 *||Feb 8, 1965||Aug 29, 1967||Method and machine for making tubular container bodies|
|US3350251 *||Jul 30, 1962||Oct 31, 1967||Davis Harry E||Method and apparatus for producing plastic tubing|
|FR1311341A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3730061 *||Nov 30, 1970||May 1, 1973||Domtar Ltd||Air bearing anvil|
|US3762127 *||Sep 7, 1971||Oct 2, 1973||Union Carbide Corp||Apparatus for making seed tape|
|US4082598 *||Apr 20, 1976||Apr 4, 1978||Katagi Coseikagaku Kabushiki Kaisha||Apparatus for manufacturing an untwisted synthetic resin string|
|US4121402 *||Mar 10, 1976||Oct 24, 1978||Maryland Cup Corporation||Methods and means for manufacturing foam plastic containers and sidewall blanks for same|
|US4365460 *||Jul 17, 1980||Dec 28, 1982||Maryland Cup Corporation||Method and apparatus for manufacturing foam plastic containers by use of a tubular forming mandrel|
|US5247822 *||May 16, 1989||Sep 28, 1993||Spaeth Max M||Method and device for manufacturing filler elements from expanded material|
|US5376202 *||Feb 8, 1993||Dec 27, 1994||Maresh; Joseph D.||Method of forming an adhesive tape tube|
|US5624527 *||Oct 14, 1994||Apr 29, 1997||Maresh; Joseph D.||Adhesive tape tube former|
|US6176064 *||Apr 16, 1999||Jan 23, 2001||David Janelle||Apparatus and method for forming flashing|
|US8047038 *||Nov 26, 2008||Nov 1, 2011||Owens Iv John D||Flashing bender|
|US20100126247 *||Nov 26, 2008||May 27, 2010||Owens Iv John D||Flashing bender|
|U.S. Classification||493/274, 156/218, 72/468, 493/304, 72/52, 493/302, 72/282|
|Sep 30, 1983||AS02||Assignment of assignor's interest|
Owner name: AUTOMATED CONTAINER CORPORATION, ORLANDO, FLA. A F
Effective date: 19821013
Owner name: OWENS- ILLINOIS, INC.
|Sep 30, 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AUTOMATED CONTAINER CORPORATION, ORLANDO, FLA. A F
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:OWENS- ILLINOIS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004182/0152
Effective date: 19821013