|Publication number||US3497877 A|
|Publication date||Mar 3, 1970|
|Filing date||Apr 29, 1969|
|Priority date||Apr 29, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3497877 A, US 3497877A, US-A-3497877, US3497877 A, US3497877A|
|Inventors||Joseph Diemond, Leonard E Greenberg|
|Original Assignee||Coleco Ind Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (14), Classifications (7), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 3, 1970 J, DIEMQND ET AL POOL WITH INTEGRAL SLIDE 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 29, 1969 A TTORNE Y March 3, 1970 DlEMOND ET AL 3,497,877
POOL WITH INTEGRAL SLIDE Filed April 29, 1969 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 H Wu Fl G14 INV NTOES Jess/=14 D/snoua, L EOMQPD 5 Glen-Mazes ATTORNEY March 3, 1970 J. DIEMOND ET L POOL WITH INTEGRAL SLIDE 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed April 29, 1969 s m m TM m m 5 /0 E 4 N am FIGI? zwfa ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,497,877 POOL WITH INTEGRAL SLIDE Joseph Diemond, Simsburk, and Leonard E. Greenberg, West Hartford, Conn., assignors to Coleco Industries, Inc., Hartford, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Filed Apr. 29, 1969, Ser. No. 828,065 Int. Cl. E04h 3/16 US. Cl. 4172 11 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A water-retaining recreational structure has a contain r member integrally formed from synthetic plastic material with a slide portion extending between the sidewall and the bottom wall thereof. A peripheral flange extends outwardly about the container member and the slide portion includes a pair of side walls and a top wall providing a hollow structure. The structure may also include a ladder member which can serve to reinforce the slide portion.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Use of synthetic thermoplastic materials for the production of childrens toys and recreational products has been constantly increasing but has been limited for some applications primarily by the necessity to obtain sufficient structural strength to withstand the applied stresses and loads. In the manufacture of pools and like structures, a generally circular configuration has been preferred because the stresses are more readily distributed thereabout.
Structures which are thermoformed with hollow portions represent a particular problem from the standpoint of providing suflicient strength and rigidity. In some instances, structures have used separate elements to reinforce a hollow or other readily distorted portion when it was designed to support a child or to carry any particular load. In thermoforming techniques, various modifications have been proposed in die design and pressure assisted equipment has been devised to facilitate forming into more complex configurations.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a water-retaining recreational structure with an integrally formed synthetic plastic container member having a slide as a part thereof.
Another object is to provide such a recreational structure with a separate ladder member by which the child may safely climb upon the slide.
Still another object is to provide such a recreational structure which may be readily and relatively economically manufactured and which is durable and attractive.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It has now been found that the foregoing and related objects may be readily attained in a water-retaining recreational structure including a container member integrally formed from synthetic plastic material with a bottom wall and a hollow slide portion extending upwardly from the bottom wall and inwardly from the periphery of the container member at one point thereabout. The container member has a peripheral sidewall extending from the slide portion in both directions about the remainder of the periphery thereof. An outwardly extending flange extends about the entire periphery of the container member about the upper ends of the slide portion and the sidewall and provides a band-like member.
The hollow slide portion has a top wall extending downwardly from the flange and blending into or joining with the bottom wall at its inner end; it also has a pair of side walls extending between the bottom wall and the top wall and blending thereinto. The peripheral sidewall extends outwardly upwardly from the bottom wall and blends into or joins with the side walls of the slide portion.
In its preferred aspect, the peripheral sidewall has a polygonal cross section formed by a multiplicity of rectilinear segments with generally vertically extending ribs at the intersection thereof. To further enhance the strength of the sidewall and the appearance of the structure, the sidewall is desirably formed with a plurality of generally vertically extending ribs spaced along the length of the segments between the ribs formed at the intersections thereof.
Similarly, the side walls of the slide portion are provided with a taper but in this instance the taper is upwardly and inwardly from the bottom wall and the side walls also taper toward each other inwardly from the flange. This double taper provides a high degree of strength and an attractive appearance. To further enhance the strength of the side walls of the slide portion, they are formed with a multiplicity of generally vertically extending ribs spaced along the length thereof.
In accordance with the most desirable embodiment, the structure includes a ladder member at the slide portion which has a pair of vertical members each with a leg portion extending through apertures in the flange or container portion adjacent the slide portions, and a step portion extending therebetween. By forming the vertical members of generally inverted U-shaped configuration with the inner legs thereof extending through the flange or container portion and with the step extending between the outer legs thereof, the ladder may include a support element extending between the inner legs below the flange or container portion to provide support for the upper end of the slide portion.
The terminology water-retaining recreational structure as used herein, includes pools, sandboxes and like closed container structures which are inherently adapted to retain water although they may be used for sand or other particulate material or be used as a slide only without any material disposed therein.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a water-retaining recreational structure embodying the present invention;
FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary exploded perspective view to an enlarged scale of the slide end of the structure of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a plan view of the structure of FIGURE 1 to an enlarged scale;
FIGURE 4 is a side elevational view thereof on the same scale as FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 5 is an end elevational view of the slide end of the structure to the same scale as FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary sectional view to an enlarged scale along the line 6-6 of FIGURE 3; and
FIGURE 7 is a fragmentary sectional view to an enlarged scale along the line 7-7 of FIGURE 3.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENT Turning first to FIGURE 1, a water retaining recreational structure embodying the present invention has a container or body member generally designated by the numeral 10 formed from an integral sheet of synthetic plastic material and a ladder generally designated by the numeral 12. The container 10 has a bottom wall 14, a slide generally designated by the numeral 16 and a sidewall of polygonal cross section extending from the outer end thereof generally designated by the numeral 18 and formed by a multiplicity of relatively short, straight sided or rectilinear segments 20.
As illustrated, the sidewall segments 20 slope upwardly and outwardly from the bottom wall 14 and inwardly projecting ribs 22 are provided at the intersections of segments 20 extending from the circumferential flange 24 at the upper end of the sidewall 18 to adjacent the bottom wall 14 where they fade into the radius at the juncture thereof. A multiplicity of shallower and narrower inwardly projecting ribs 26 in each segment 20 extend from the flange 24 to adjacent the bottom wall 14 and fade out similarly. The bottom wall 14 has designs 15 thereon which may be thermoformed therein or printed thereon and has a mesh pattern 17 formed therein to minimize slipping.
As best seen in FIGURE 7, the slide 16 has sidewalls 28 which slope upwardly and inwardly from the bottom Wall 14 and converge as they decrease in height towards the center of the container 10. Vertically extending inwardly projecting ribs 30 are spaced along the sidewalls 28 to provide enhanced rigidity thereto as best seen in FIGURE 2. The top wall 32 of the slide 16 is joined to the side walls 28 by the longitudinally extending ribs 34 as best seen in FIGURE 7, and the ribs 34 space the upper surface thereof below the upper end of the side walls 28. The slide top wall 14 has a relatively horizontal portion 36 adjacent the flange 24 and then has a sloping portion 38 which blends into or joins with the bottom wall 14.
The flange 24 about the peripheral sidewall 18 has a planar portion 40 immediately adjacent the sidewall 18 and an inverted U-shaped stiffening rib portion 42 about the outer end thereof. At the slide 16, the flange 24 has an enlarged planar portion 44 with ribs or corrugations 46 extending longitudinally thereof. A pair of apertures 48 are provided adjacent the ends of the planar portion 44 to seat the ladder 12. As best seen in FIG- URES l-3, the ends of the sidewall 18 are blended into or joined with the side walls 28 of the slide 16 by connecting Webs 50 of arcuate cross section which increase in width upwardly from the bottom wall 14 due to the slope of the side walls 28.
The ladder 12 has two vertical members 52 of generally inverted U-shaped configuration, the inner legs of which extend through the apertures 48 in the flange planar portion 44. A connecting rod 54 extends through apertures 56 therein adjacent the lower surface of the planar portion 44 and is secured therein by the nut 58. In this manner, the rod 54 also acts as a brace for the flange portion 44 and thereby the upper end of the slide 16. A step 60 is secured on the outer legs of the members 52 by the connecting rod 62 which extends through apertures 64 in the members '52 and apertures 66 in the step 60 and which is secured by the nut 68.
Although the cross section of the container may assume a variety of configurations including circular, FIG- URE 8, trilobal or rectangular, the preferred structures have a polygonal configuration defined by a multiplicity of short segments, at least six and desirably at least ten and even more. The polygonal configuration enables the provision of relatively deep ribs or corrugations at the intersections at relatively short spaces about the periphcry of the sidewall and the reinforcement provided by the ribs at these points of intersection greatly rigidifies the sidewall. Depending upon the thickness of the sheet material from which the container is formed, the ribs may continue into the bottom wall for the maximum rigidity. However, the depth of the sidewall drawn from the sheet materials and factors of economy will generally dictate the use of a radius at the point of intersection between the sidewall and the bottom wall, in which case the ribs will blend into the radius and terminate adjacent to but at a slight distance therefrom.
The relatively shallow ribs formed in the sidewall between the principal ribs at the points of intersection of the segments serve to rigidify further the sidewall and enhance the appearance thereof. As in the case of the main ribs, these blend into the radius at the juncture of the sidewall and. the bottom wall. Indicative of the dimensions which may be employed for the main ribs are a width of about /2 to 1 inch and a depth of A to 1 inch; for the small ribs, a width of about A; to inch and a depth of /s to /2 inch may be employed. The amount of the taper or inclination of the sidewall may vary but is desirably about 10 to 30 degrees.
Although the side walls of the slide portion may be essentially vertical and parallel, it has been found extremely beneficial to the strength of the slide portion to taper these walls inwardly as they extend upwardly from the bottom wall and also to have them converge as they extend inwardly from the peripheral flange. This appears to provide a highly eflicient distribution of load and stress to the remainder of the container. Shallow vertical ribs along the length of the side walls are also beneficial to the rigidity and strength thereof. As in the case of the ribs in the peripheral sidewall, these will normally fade into the radius at the juncture of the side walls and the bottom wall; dimensions are in width about A to inch and in depth about A; to /2 inch.
By joining the top wall of the slide portion to the side walls thereof with ribs of generally inverted U- shaped configuration, the juncture therebetween is strengthened and the top wall is disposed between guide ribs to prevent the child from falling off. The length of the downwardly tapering portion of the slide will vary with the size of the container and it may be concave or essentially rectilinear in its longitudinal configuration.
The flange extending about the periphery of the container member is of particular significance to the strength thereof since it ties together the sidewall and the slide portion. The flange itself is stiffened by the generally inverted U-shapedrib at the outer edge thereof, and the widened portion thereof at the slide is further stiffened by forming stiffening deformations therein such as one or more parallel extending ribs spaced inwardly from the flange at the outer edge thereof.
To minimize the chance of a child slipping on the bottom wall when the structure is used as a swimming or wading pool, the bottom wall is desirably formed with a slip resistant surface. This can be done by treating the inner surface thereof to make it relatively rough or it can be formed with stiffening deformations such as corrugations or ribs therein, such as may be formed by use of a mesh structure in the appropriate portion of the forming mold.
Although injection molding from thermoplastic materials and compression molding from thermosetting materials may be used to form the container, it is most desirably and conveniently formed by pressure and heat from synthetic-plastic sheet material in a conventional thermoforming operation. This may include various kinds of mechanical assistance in addition to air or other fluid pressure to effect the displacement of the sheet material. Exemplary of the thermoplastic resins which may be employed are polyethylene, polypropylene, nylon, impact polystyrene, ABS (a graft blend of styrene/acrylonitrile copolymer upon a butadiene rubber substrate), and various olefin copolymers.
Although the ladder member may have the step secured to a single vertical member or between a pair of single legged vertical members, it is most conveniently fabricated from two vertical members of generally inverted U-shaped configuration so that one leg thereof may extend through the fiange of the container and the other extend outwardly thereof for mounting of one or more steps. By having the vertical members of sufiiciently greater height than the container, they will project thereabove and provide a pair of rails which the child may grip while climbing up the ladder and while positioning himself at the top of the slide. The number of steps will vary with the height of the container and the age of the children who are to use it. By providing a connecting or support rod between the vertical members immediately below the flange or upper portion of the slide, the two vertical members are held together more firmly and the fiange is given added support which in .turn adds support to the upper end of the slide. As a result the entire structure is rigidified.
Thus it can be seen that the present invention provides a water-retaining recreational structure with an integrally formed synthetic plastic container having a slide as a part thereof. The structure is highly attractive and durable, and it may include a separate ladder member by which the child may safely enter upon the slide and which may serve to enhance the structural strength and rigidity of the assembly. The container member may be readily formed by conventional thermoforming techniques so as to provide a relatively economical unit.
Having thus described the invention, we claim:
1. A water-retaining recreational structure including a container member integrally formed from synthetic plastie with a bottom wall, a hollow slide portion extending upwardly therefrom and inwardly from the periphery of said container member at one point thereabout, a peripheral sidewall extending about the remainder of the periphery thereof, and an outwardl extending flange about the enire periphery at the upper ends of said slide portion and sidewall, said hollow slide portion having a top wall extending downwardly from said flange and joining with said bottom wall at its inner end and also having a pair of sidewalls extending between said bottom wall and said top wall and joining therewith, said peripheral sidewall extending outwardly and upwardly from said bottom wall and joining with the side walls of said slide portion.
2. The water-retaining recreational structure of claim 1 wherein said peripheral sidewall is polygonal in cross section and formed by a multiplicity of rectilinear segments with a generally vertical extending rib at the intersections thereof.
3. The water-retaining recreational structure of claim 2 wherein said peripheral sidewall has a plurality of generally vertically extending ribs formed therein spaced along the length of each of said segments between the ribs formed at the intersection thereof.
4. The water-retaining recreational structure of claim 1 wherein said sidewalls of said slide portion taper upwardly and inwardly from said bottom wall and taper towards each other inwardly from said flange.
5. The water-retaining recreational structure of claim 1 wherein said sidewalls of said slide portion have a multiplicity of generally vertically extending ribs formed therein spaced along the length thereof.
6. The water-retaining recreational structure of claim 1 wherein said top wall of said slide portion has a generally horizontal portion adjacent said flange and is joined with said side walls thereof by ribs of generally inverted U-shaped configuration providing longitudinally extending guides.
7. The water-retaining recreational structure of claim 1 wherein said structure includes a ladder member at said slide portion, said ladder member having a pair of vertical members each with a leg portion extending through apertures in said container adjacent said slide portion and a step portion extending therebetween.
8. The water-retaining recreational structure of claim 7 wherein said vertical members are of generally inverted U-shaped configuration with the inner legs thereof providing said leg portions extending through said container and with the step extending between the outer legs thereof, said ladder member including a support element extending between said inner legs below said container to provide support thereunder.
'9. The water-retaining recreational structure of claim 8 wherein said vertical members are of greater height than said container member and extend above said container to provide a hand hold.
10. The water-retaining recreational structure of claim 1 wherein said flange has an inverted generally U-shaped rib extending about the outer edge thereof and wherein said flange is of greater width at said slide portion.
11. The water-retaining recreational structure of claim 10 wherein the greater width portion of said flange at said slide portion has at least one rib extending longitudinally thereof inwardly from said U-shaped rib at the outer edge thereof.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,648,196 11/1927 Rohmer. 3,210,077 10/1965 Hjelte 272-56.5
LAVERNE D. GEIGER, Primary Examiner H. K. ARTIS, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R. Dl3l; 272-565
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1648196 *||Mar 30, 1925||Nov 8, 1927||Rohmer Gabriel E||Construction of swimming-pool water slides|
|US3210077 *||Aug 14, 1964||Oct 5, 1965||George Hjelte||Body muscular development device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3633221 *||Apr 1, 1969||Jan 11, 1972||Coleco Ind Inc||Decorated formed articles and method of making same|
|US3665523 *||Oct 20, 1970||May 30, 1972||Gen Foam Plastics Corp||Pool structure with built-in, externally supported slide|
|US3668715 *||Feb 5, 1971||Jun 13, 1972||Gen Foam Plastics Corp||Pool structure with built-in externally supported step-slide|
|US3708807 *||Jul 2, 1971||Jan 9, 1973||Gen Foam Plastics Corp||Slide-in, slide-out play pool|
|US3793653 *||May 17, 1972||Feb 26, 1974||Carolina Enterprises||One-piece plastic pool|
|US3908205 *||Sep 13, 1973||Sep 30, 1975||Gen Foam Plastics Corp||Thermoformed wading pool with integral slide and hand rail|
|US3956779 *||Jul 15, 1975||May 18, 1976||Jewett Harold A||Tippable sunken baffles for diver protection in pools|
|US3962734 *||Sep 3, 1974||Jun 15, 1976||General Foam Plastics Corporation||Thermoformed wading pool with integral slide and handrail|
|US4292355 *||Jun 18, 1979||Sep 29, 1981||Composite Container Corporation||Moisture-impervious coextruded container|
|US4510632 *||Oct 12, 1982||Apr 16, 1985||Elsis Christopher C||Children's game pool|
|US4555423 *||Jun 25, 1984||Nov 26, 1985||Coleco Industries, Inc.||Multicolored unitary thermoformed article|
|US5135440 *||Nov 22, 1989||Aug 4, 1992||Marchon, Inc.||System of water toys which may be assembled in play groupings|
|US5507696 *||Jun 20, 1994||Apr 16, 1996||Marchon, Inc.||Water slide|
|US20070011800 *||Jul 12, 2005||Jan 18, 2007||Frost Brian C||Swimming pool liner|
|U.S. Classification||4/513, D25/2, 472/117|
|Cooperative Classification||E04H2004/0068, E04H4/0037|
|Oct 9, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CONNECTICUT NATIONAL BANK, THE, 777 MAIN ST., HART
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:COLECO INDUSTRIES, INC., A CORP. OF CT.;REEL/FRAME:004613/0330
Effective date: 19860801
Owner name: NATIONAL BANK OF CANADA, 535 MADISON AVE., NEW YOR
|Sep 26, 1984||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CHASE MANHATTAN BANK, THE (NATIONAL ASSOCIATION),
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:COLECO INDUSTRIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004304/0617
Effective date: 19831231
|Jan 16, 1984||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COLECO INDUSRIES, INC., 945 ASYLUM AVE., HARTFORD,
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:STATE STREET BANK AND TRUST COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:004212/0129
Effective date: 19830525
|Jun 13, 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COLECO INDUSTRIES, INC.,
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:BA COMMERCIAL CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004136/0446
Effective date: 19830523
Owner name: COLECO INDUSTRIES, INC., 945 ASYLUM AVENUE HARTFOR
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:CHASE MANHATTAN BANK (NATIONAL ASSOCIATION) THE;REEL/FRAME:004151/0312
Effective date: 19830526
|May 6, 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COLECO INDUSTRIES, INC.
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:DOLLAR-DRY DOCK SAVINGS BANK OF NEW YORK;REEL/FRAME:004126/0120
Effective date: 19830414
|Jul 9, 1982||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CHASE MANHATAN BANK N.A., THE 1 CHASE MANHATTAN PL
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:COLECO INDUSTRIES, INC., A CORP. OF CT;REEL/FRAME:004011/0699
Effective date: 19820507
|Sep 11, 1981||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: STATE STREET AND TRUST COMPANY, 225 FRANKLIN ST.,
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:COLECO INDUSTRIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:003909/0232
Effective date: 19810624